National Solidarity Party (Singapore)
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The National Solidarity Party (NSP, simplified Chinese: 国民团结党; traditional Chinese: 國民團結黨; pinyin: Guó Mín Tuán Jié Dǎng; Tamil: தேசிய ஒருமைப்பாட்டுக் கட்சி) is a political party in Singapore. The party was formed in 1987, and joined the Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA) political grouping in 2001, before withdrawing from the alliance in 2007. To date, no member of the party has won an election to claim a constituency seat in Parliament, although one member, the party's then Secretary-General, Steve Chia, was elected as a Non-Constituency Member of Parliament (NCMP) from 2001 to 2006.
|Malay name||Parti Perpaduan Nasional|
|Chinese name||国民团结党 Guómín tuánjié dǎng|
|Tamil name||தேசிய ஒருமைப்பாட்டுக் கட்சி Tēciya orumaippāṭṭuk kaṭci|
|President||Fong Chin Leong|
|Founded||6 March 1987|
|Headquarters||55 Serangoon North Ave 4|
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History and political developmentEdit
The NSP was founded by a group of middle-class businessmen and women on 6 March 1987. The founding president and secretary-general of the party were Kum Teng Hock and Soon Kia Seng respectively. Kum was a former member of the ruling People’s Action Party (PAP) while Soon was the ex-chairman of the Singapore Democratic Party.
According to its 1995 manifesto, the main political objective of the NSP was to organise and maintain a democratic movement that would ensure the solidarity and establishment of a just political system and standard of living. The party believed in a multi-party political system so that the rights and interests of the people could be proportionately represented. The NSP also aimed to establish an open and freely competitive economic environment that would provide sufficient opportunities for local enterprises. Today, the NSP continues to strive for these values. It continues to promote the establishment of a multi-party political system as well as a pro-business economic environment.
NSP made their political debut in the 1988 general election, and has contested in every election since. NSP also had contested in the 1992 by-election for the constituency of Marine Parade GRC, which was led by then-Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong.
As member of Singapore Democratic AllianceEdit
Ahead of the 2001 general election, the NSP became a founding member of the Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA), along with the Singapore Justice Party (SJP), the Singapore People's Party (SPP) and the Singapore Malay National Organization (PKMS). The Chairman of the alliance was the SPP leader and then-Member of Parliament (MP) for Potong Pasir, Chiam See Tong (who was the SDA's only candidate-elect until 2011).
On the polling day, the party's then-secretary General Steve Chia, who contested the Chua Chu Kang Single Member Constituency but defeated with a vote share of 34.6%, was the highest percentage secured by a losing opposition candidate at the election, and Chia assumed his Non-Constituency Member of Parliament (NCMP) post, becoming the first non-Workers' Party (WP) NCMP to do so.
However, despite Chia losing his election but increased his margin to 39.63% in the 2006 general election, he lost his position as a NCMP and did not return to Parliament (the highest percentage among losing candidates was for the WP team of Aljunied GRC at 43.9%; party's chairman Sylvia Lim succeeded Chia for the NCMP role).
Party rebuild and the 2011 general electionEdit
In 2007, the NSP decided to withdraw from the SDA with a view to "explore new possibilities through wider latitude to manoeuvre, re-engineer, and rebuild the NSP". Sebastian Teo also took over the leadership of the party from Steve Chia. The party acquired a new collective colour of orange for their activity jersey as a sign of vitality, rebirth and unity, and the newsletter underwent a transformation and adopted the new name North Star.
In the 2011 election, the party fielded the most candidates of all Opposition parties for the election, with 24 candidates contesting in four Group Representation Constituencies (Chua Chu Kang GRC, Jurong GRC, Marine Parade GRC and Tampines GRC), and four Single Member Constituencies (Mountbatten SMC, Pioneer SMC, Radin Mas SMC and Whampoa SMC; the latter was currently defunct). This election saw a boost in electoral support for the NSP, notably receiving endorsement from the newly-formed Reform Party along their supporters. The party was led by then Secretary-General Goh Meng Seng (a former WP candidate, and currently the leader for People's Power Party), and saw introductions to prominent candidates, which include Nicole Seah, Hazel Poa, Tony Tan Lay Thiam and Jeanette Chong-Aruldoss.
However, despite fielding notable candidates such as former MP Cheo Chai Chen and entrepreneur Hazel Poa, the undefinable branding took a huge toll on the party by a lack of a strong party brand, as the party was defeated in all eight of the contested constituencies; Goh resigned from his post shortly after the election.
General Election 2015Edit
The party expressed intention to contest five constituencies (MacPherson, Marine Parade, Pioneer, Sembawang and Tampines), but the party shortly dropped out on MacPherson and Marine Parade, citing the possibility of multi-cornered contests that were likely to dilute the votes from the incumbent opposition WP and reducing the chance for a more diverse Parliament.
The party later changed their mind a few days later, and announced their intention to contest MacPherson SMC citing closeness with the constituency as they had contested there in the prior election. In a response, a few party members, such as acting secretary-general Hazel Poa and a CEC member Fazli Talip, resigned from NSP, citing that they were strongly opposed on a very controversial decision to contest MacPherson. The party initially fielded Chia as the candidate, but he later withdrew on 23 August due to the online abuse that received from him, and the party eventually chose Cheo as a candidate. Prior to the election, few members had earlier resigned, which members include Nicole Seah and Jeanette Chong-Aruldoss, who later joined WP and SPP, respectively.
During the campaigning period, Cheo drew public outcry on an interview citing MacPherson's incumbent Tin Pei Ling's status as a new mother was "her weakness" and saying that she might spend more time focusing on her child than on her constituents, and later claimed it as a joke.
The party failed to win any of the constituencies, and Cheo had his S$14,500 electoral deposit forfeited as a consequence of garnering less than 12.5% of the valid votes cast for MacPherson (215 or 0.82%).
Earlier, Lim Tean was appointed as acting-secretary general following Poa's resignation, but resigned from his post and left NSP on May 2017, and formed his new party, Peoples Voice, in October 2018.
Objectives and policiesEdit
In late-2007, the NSP formulated a set of political objectives and mission statements. According to its website, these are:
Political Ideology: The National Solidarity Party believes in a multi-political system that upholds economic progress and nation-building as the twin pillars of a strong and vibrant Singapore where the supremacy of the citizenry is respected and the natural rights of every individual may be enjoyed in harmony with a fair and equitable society."
Mission Statements: NSP exists to uphold democracy and to provide constructive policies. The Party positively promotes the establishment of a multi-party political system. It envisions to be a credible and caring political party in the pursue of rational and responsible politics in the interest of Singapore and Singaporeans.
- The Right to Dignity
- Respect for Diversity
- Service to Society
Organisation and structureEdit
18th Central Executive CouncilEdit
The 18th NSP CEC comprises :
- President: Reno Fong
- Vice-President: Ridzuan Mohamed
- Secretary-General: Spencer Ng
- Treasurer: Ivan Yeo
- Assistant Treasurer: Raymond Chua
- Organising Secretary: Sean M.
- Other Members:
- Sebastian Teo
- Eugene Yeo
- Yip Yew Weng
- Yadzeth Haris
The party is led by its Central Executive Committee and adherence to its Party Constitution. The Party went through several leadership changes and renewal in its constant effort to assemble the best team possible. Its past Secretary-General includes: Steve Chia, Goh Meng Seng, Hazel Poa, Jeannette Chong-Aruldoss and Lim Tean. Spencer Ng is currently the Secretary-General of National Solidarity Party. Unlike other Political Parties, the President in NSP is the one leading the Party while the Secretary-General is second in the hierarchy.
Due to a merger with the Singapore Democratic Alliance in the 2001 and 2006 elections, the number of candidates represented by the National Solidarity Party was displayed in parenthesis; the number of elected seats represented shown first was for the National Solidarity Party, and the next by SDA.
|Election||Seats up for election||Seats contested by party||Seats won by walkover||Contested seats won||Contested seats lost||Total seats won||Change||Total votes||Share of votes||Popular vote||Resulting Government||Leader|
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|50,432||34.6%||3.8%||No seats||Kum Teng Hock|
0 / 81
|57,306||37.1%||7.3%||No seats||Rasiah Thiagarajah|
0 / 83
|48,322||30.1%||6.7%||No seats||Tan Chee Kien|
|2001||84||13 (9)||0||1 (0)1||11 (11)1||
0 / 841
1 / 84
|Chiam See Tong (SDA)|
|2006||84||20 (11)||0||1 (0)||19 (11)||
0 / 84
1 / 84
0 / 87
|1||244,682||39.25%||12.04%||No seats||Goh Meng Seng|
0 / 89
|79,780||25.27%||3.53%||No seats||Lim Tean|
0 / 93
|93,546||33.15%||3.76%||No seats||Spencer Ng|
- Parliamentary By-elections
|Election||Seats up for election||Seats contested by party||Contested seats won||Contested seats lost||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Constituency contested|
|1992||4||4||0||4||950||1.4%||No seat||Marine Parade GRC|
- ^ Though no NSP candidates was elected in the 2001 election, one candidate from the NSP had the best score among losing candidates and was made a member of NCMP.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Solidarity Party.|
- "New name for a new political party". The Straits Times. 10 March 1987. Retrieved 31 July 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- http://www.nsp.sg/nspnews/NSP_News_7/Press%20Release%20-%20Re-positioning%20of%20the%20NSP.pdf[permanent dead link]
- Walter Sim (19 August 2015). "NSP acting sec-gen Hazel Poa resigns, says she strongly disagrees with decision to contest MacPherson". The Straits Times. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Sim, Walter (24 August 2015). "National Solidarity Party CEC member Mohamed Fazli Talip quits in party's second resignation in a week". The Straits Times. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "NSP's Steve Chia not contesting MacPherson SMC, upcoming GE". Channel NewsAsia. 23 August 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Tin Pei Ling’s new status as a mum is a weakness: Cheo. Channel NewsAsia, 4 September 2015.
- Chen, May (11 September 2015). "GE2015: All three-cornered fights won by PAP candidates". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.