Hōjō Tokiyori

Hōjō Tokiyori (北条 時頼, June 29, 1227 – December 24, 1263) was the fifth shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan.

Hōjō Tokiyori
北条 時頼
Hōjō Tokiyori.jpg
Shikken
In office
1246–1256
Monarch
ShōgunFujiwara no Yoritsugu
Prince Munetaka
RenshoHōjō Shigetoki
Preceded byHōjō Tsunetoki
Succeeded byHōjō Nagatoki
Personal details
Born(1227-06-29)June 29, 1227
DiedDecember 24, 1263(1263-12-24) (aged 36)
Spouse(s)daughter of Mōri Suemitsu
Kasai-dono (daughter of Hōjō Shigetoki
Children
  • Hōjō Tokisuke
  • Hōjō Tokimune
  • Hōjō Munemasa
  • Hōjō Munetoki
  • Hōjō Masayori
  • Hōjō Muneyori
  • Sakurada Jigon
  • a daughter
MotherMatsushita Zenni
FatherHōjō Tokiuji
Hōjō Tokiyori's tomb.

Early lifeEdit

He was born to warrior monk Hōjō Tokiuji and a daughter of Adachi Kagemori.

RuleEdit

Tokiyori became shikken following his brother Tsunetoki's death. Immediately after the succession, he crushed a coup plot by former shōgun Kujō Yoritsune and Tokiyori's relative Nagoe Mitsutoki. In the next year, he let Adachi Kagemori destroy the powerful Miura clan in the Battle of Hochi. He recalled his experienced grandfather's brother, Hōjō Shigetoki, from Kyoto and appointed him as rensho. In 1252, he replaced Shogun Kujō Yoritsugu with Prince Munetaka, and so successfully solidified the power base.

ReformsEdit

Tokiyori has been praised for his good administration. He worked on reforms mainly by writing various regulations. He reduced service of the vassals to guard Kyoto. He worked toward resolving the increasing land disputes of his vassals. In 1249, he set up the legal system of Hikitsuke or High Court.

Personal life and dictatorshipEdit

In 1252, he started to make policies at private meetings held at his residence instead of discussing at the Hyōjō (評定), the council of the shogunate. In 1256, when he became a Buddhist priest, he transferred the position of shikken to Hōjō Nagatoki, a son of Shigetoki, while his infant son with women named Akiko, Tokimune, succeeded to become tokusō, the head of the Hōjō clan and his son with Tsubone Sanuki, Hōjō Tokisuke succeeded as the head of rokuhara. thus separating the positions for the first time. He continued to rule in fact but without any official position. This is considered the beginning of the tokusō dictatorship.

LegendsEdit

There are a number of legends that Tokiyori traveled incognito throughout Japan to inspect actual conditions and improve the lives of the people.

DeathEdit

Tokiyori died in 1263 at the age of 36.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hōjō Tokiyori at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Hōjō Tsunetoki
Hōjō Regent (Shikken)
1246–1256
Succeeded by
Hōjō Nagatoki
Preceded by
Hōjō Tsunetoki
Tokusō
1246–1256
Succeeded by
Hōjō Tokimune