Prince Munetaka (宗尊親王, Munetaka Shinnō, 15 December 1242 – 2 September 1274) was the sixth shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan who reigned from 1252 to 1266.[1]

Prince Munetaka
宗尊親王
Shōgun
In office10 May 1252 – 22 August 1266
PredecessorFujiwara no Yoritsugu
SuccessorPrince Koreyasu
MonarchGo-Fukakusa
Kameyama
ShikkenHōjō Tokiyori
Hōjō Nagatoki
Hōjō Masamura
Born15 December 1242
Heian-kyō, Japan
Died2 September 1274(1274-09-02) (aged 31)
Heian-kyō, Japan
SpousesKonoe Saishi
daughter of Horikawa Tomonori
IssuePrince Koreyasu
Princess Rinshi
Shingaku, Prince Hayata
Princess Zuishi
FatherEmperor Go-Saga
MotherTaira no Muneko

He was the first son of the Emperor Go-Saga and replaced the deposed Fujiwara no Yoritsugu as shōgun at the age of ten. He was a puppet ruler controlled by the Hōjō clan regents.

  • 10 May 1252 (Kenchō 4, 1st day of the 4th month): Hōjō Tokiyori and Hōjō Shigetoki sent a representative to Kyoto to accompany Munetaka to Kamakura where he would be installed as shogun.[2]
  • 22 August 1266 (Bun'ei 3, 20th day of the 7th month): Munetaka was deposed, and his son Koreyasu was installed as the 7th shōgun at the age of two.[3]

The deposed shōgun became a Buddhist monk in 1272. His priestly name was Gyōshō.[1] He was a writer of Waka poetry.

Family

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Parents

  • Father: Emperor Go-Saga (後嵯峨天皇, Go-Saga-tennō, April 1, 1220 – March 17, 1272)
  • Mother: Taira no Muneko (d. 1302), Taira no Munemoto's daughter
    Consorts and issues:
  • Wife: Konoe Saiko (近衛 宰子, b. 1241), daughter of Konoe Kanetsune (近衛 兼経)
    • Prince Koreyasu (惟康親王, 26 May 1264 – 25 November 1326), first son
    • Princess Rinshi (掄子女王, b. 1265), Consort of Emperor Go-Uda, first daughter
  • Concubine: Horikawa no Tsubone, daughter of Horikawa Tomomori (堀川具教)
    • Prince Hayata (早田宮真覚), second son
    • Princess Mizuko (瑞子女王) later Eikamon'in (永嘉門院; 1272–1329), Consort of Emperor Go-Uda, second daughter

Eras of Munetaka's bakufu

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The years in which Munetaka was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.

Notes

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  1. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Munetaka shinnō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 666, p. 666, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 251., p. 251, at Google Books
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 256., p. 256, at Google Books

References

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  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.
Preceded by Shōgun:
Prince Munetaka

1252–1266
Succeeded by