Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen

Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen or Kunigunde of Swabia (German: Kunigunde von Staufen or Kunigunde von Schwaben, Czech: Kunhuta Štaufská or Kunhuta Švábská) (February/March 1202 – 13 September 1248) was the third daughter of Philip, Duke of Swabia and his wife, Irene Angelina.[1]

Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
Queen consort of Bohemia
Tenure1230–1248
Coronation6 February 1228
BornFebruary or March 1202
Swabia, Germany
Died13 September 1248 (aged 47–48)
Prague, Bohemia
Burial
Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia in Prague
SpouseWenceslaus I of Bohemia
IssueVladislaus, Margrave of Moravia Ottokar II of Bohemia
HouseHohenstaufen
FatherPhilip of Swabia
MotherIrene Angelina

FamilyEdit

She and her three sisters were orphaned in 1208; that year, her father was murdered, and a few months later her mother died following the birth of a fifth daughter, who did not live either.

Marriage and childrenEdit

Kunigunde soon moved to Prague, where her fiancé Wenceslaus lived.[1] He was the eldest surviving son of Ottokar I of Bohemia and his second wife Constance of Hungary.[2] In 1224, Kunigunde married Wenceslaus.[1] They were crowned in 1228.[3]

In 1230, Wenceslaus succeeded his father as King of Bohemia, with Kunigunde as his queen consort. However, Queen Kunigunde seems to be not important in politics, although she founded many monasteries. They had:

When Wenceslaus' childless brother Přemysl, Margrave of Moravia died in 1239, the sons of Wenceslaus and Kunigunde were the only chances for the survival of the House of Přemysl. The first-born son Vladislaus died in 1247. His mother probably mourned for him less than his father, who was heartbroken.

 
Kunigunde's tomb at the Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia

In 1248, the younger son Přemysl was enticed by discontented nobles to lead a rebellion against his father. Queen Kunigunde stayed in Prague, but died during this revolt on 13 September 1248. Neither husband nor son attended her funeral. She was buried in the Agnes nunnery.

The rebellion was defeated and Ottokar was imprisoned by his father, but released shortly afterwards.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Sturner 1992, p. 295.
  2. ^ Wihoda 2015, p. 299.
  3. ^ Druhé pokračování Kosmovy kroniky, Praha: Svoboda, 1974, OCLC 3097148

SourcesEdit

Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
Born: 1200? Died: 13 September 1248
Royal titles
Preceded by Queen consort of Bohemia
1230–1248
Vacant
Title next held by
Margaret of Austria