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Streatham (/ˈstrɛt.əm/ STRET-əm) is a district in south London, England, mostly in the London Borough of Lambeth but with some areas to the west stretching out into the neighbouring London Borough of Wandsworth. It is centred 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Charing Cross. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[1]

Streatham
Streatham High Road, SW16 - geograph.org.uk - 285403.jpg
Streatham High Road, looking north from the junction of Streatham High Road and Mitcham Lane
Streatham is located in Greater London
Streatham
Streatham
Streatham shown within Greater London
Population58,055 (2011 census)
OS grid referenceTQ305715
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtSW16/part SW2 shared with Brixton
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°25′40″N 0°07′25″W / 51.4279°N 0.1235°W / 51.4279; -0.1235Coordinates: 51°25′40″N 0°07′25″W / 51.4279°N 0.1235°W / 51.4279; -0.1235

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A map showing the Streatham ward of Wandsworth Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

Streatham means "the hamlet on the street". The street in question, the London to Brighton Way, was the Roman road from the capital Londinium to the south coast near Portslade, today within Brighton and Hove. It is likely that the destination was a Roman port now lost to coastal erosion, which has been tentatively identified with 'Novus Portus' mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia.[2] The road is confusingly referred to as Stane Street (Stone Street) in some sources and diverges from the main London-Chichester road at Kennington.

After the departure of the Romans, the main road through Streatham remained an important trackway. From the 17th century it was adopted as the main coach road to Croydon and East Grinstead, and then on to Newhaven and Lewes. In 1780 it then became the route of the turnpike road from London to Brighton, and subsequently became the basis for the modern A23. This road (and its traffic) have shaped Streatham's development.

Streatham's first parish church, St Leonard's, was founded in Saxon times but an early Tudor tower is the only remaining structure pre-dating 1831 when the body of the church was rebuilt. The mediaeval parish covered a wider area including Balham and Tooting Bec.[3]

Streatham appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Estreham. It was held by Bec-Hellouin Abbey (in Normandy) from Richard de Tonbrige. Its domesday assets were: 2 hides, 1 virgate and 6½ ploughlands of cultivated land and 4 acres (1.6 ha) of meadow and herbage (mixed grass and bracken). Annually it was assessed to render £4 5s 0d to its overlords.[4]

Streatham Village and Streatham WellsEdit

 
Streatham Green with the spire of the Catholic English Martyrs Church beyond.

The village remained largely unchanged until the 18th century, when its natural springs, known as Streatham Wells, were first celebrated for their health-giving properties. The reputation of the spa, and improved turnpike roads, attracted wealthy City of London merchants and others to build their country residences in Streatham.

In spite of London's expansion, a limited number of developments took place in the village in the second half of the nineteenth century, most notably on Wellfield Road and Sunnyhill Road. These roads are today considered an important part of what remains of the historic Streatham village.

Wellfield Road, which had previously been known as Leigham Lane, was renamed to reflect its role as the main route from the village centre to one of the well locations. Another mineral well was located on the south side of Streatham Common, in an area that now forms part of The Rookery.[5]

Streatham Park or Streatham PlaceEdit

In the 1730s, Streatham Park, a Georgian country mansion, was built by the brewer Ralph Thrale on land he bought from the Lord of the Manor - the fourth Duke of Bedford. Streatham Park later passed to Ralph's son Henry Thrale, who with his wife Hester Thrale entertained many of the leading literary and artistic characters of the day, most notably the lexicographer Samuel Johnson. The dining room contained 12 portraits of Henry's guests painted by his friend Joshua Reynolds. These pictures were wittily labelled by Fanny Burney as the Streatham Worthies.[6]

Streatham Park was later leased to Prime Minister Lord Shelburne, and was the venue for early negotiations with France that led to the Peace Treaty of 1783. Streatham Park was demolished in 1863.

Park HillEdit

One large house that survives is Park Hill, on the north side of Streatham Common, rebuilt in the early 19th century for the Leaf family. It was latterly the home of Sir Henry Tate, sugar refiner, benefactor of local libraries across south London, including Streatham Library, and founder of the Tate Gallery at Millbank.

UrbanisationEdit

Development accelerated after the opening of Streatham Hill railway station on the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway in 1856. The other two railway stations followed within fifteen years. Some estates, such as Telford Park to the west of Streatham Hill, were spaciously planned with facilities like tennis clubs.[7] Despite the local connections to the Dukes of Bedford, there is no link to the contemporary Bedford Park in west London. Another generously sized development was Roupell Park, the area near Christchurch Road promoted by the Roupell family. Other streets adopted more conventional suburban layouts. Three more parish churches were built to serve the growing area, including Immanuel and St Andrew's (1854), St Peter's (1870) and St Margaret the Queen's (1889). There is now a mixture of buildings from all architectural eras of the past 200 years.

The inter-war periodEdit

After the First World War Streatham developed as a location for entertainment, with Streatham Hill Theatre (now a bingo hall), three cinemas, the Locarno ballroom (latterly Caesar's nightclub, which closed in 2010) and Streatham Ice Rink all adding to its reputation as "the West End of South London". With the advent of electric tram services it also grew as a shopping centre serving a wide area to the south. In the 1930s large numbers of blocks of flats were constructed along the High Road. These speculative developments were not initially successful. They were only filled when émigré communities began to arrive in London after leaving countries under the domination of Hitler's Germany. In 1932 the parish church of the Holy Redeemer was built in Streatham Vale to commemorate the work of William Wilberforce.[8]

Retail decline and recoveryEdit

 
Pratt's department store in summer 1978. The store closed down in 1990 and the building was demolished in 1996.[9]

In the 1950s Streatham had the longest and busiest shopping street in south London. Streatham became the site of the UK's first supermarket, when Express Dairies Premier Supermarkets opened its first 2,500 square feet (230 m2) store in 1951;[10] Waitrose subsequently opened its first supermarket in Streatham in 1955, but it closed down in 1963.[11]

However, a combination of factors led to a gradual decline through the 1970s and a more rapid decline in the 1980s. These included long term population movements out to Croydon, Kingston and Sutton; the growth of heavy traffic on the A23 (main road from central London to Gatwick Airport and Brighton); and a lack of redevelopment sites in the town centre. This culminated in 1990 when the closure of Pratts, which had grown from a Victorian draper's shop to a department store operated since the 1940s by the John Lewis Partnership, coincided with the opening of a large Sainsbury's supermarket half a mile south of the town centre, replacing an existing, smaller Sainbury's store opposite Streatham Hill railway station.

Several recent additions, such as Argos, Lidl and Peacocks, are located in new retail spaces on the site of Pratt's but, in common with other high streets, retail recovery has been slow, and a substantial proportion of vacant space has been taken by a growing number of restaurants, bars and coffee shops.[citation needed]

In August 2011, Streatham was selected as one of the areas to benefit from Round 1 of the Mayor of London's Outer London Fund, gaining £300,000. Later, Streatham was awarded a further £1.6 million, matched by another £1 million by Lambeth.[12] The money from this fund was spent on improving streets and public spaces in Streatham. This includes the smartening up of shop fronts through painting and cleaning, replacing shutters and signage as well as helping to reveal facilities behind the high street such as The Stables Community Centre.[13] Streatham Library has also undergone a £1.2 million refurbishment. The Tudor Hall behind the library was brought back into public use as The Mark Bennett Centre providing a meeting and performance space. The central reservation along the A23 is being removed, which involves some repaving and resurfacing, planting of new trees, and the creation of an enlarged bus and cycle lane.[14] Streatham Skyline introduced new lighting to highlight some of Streatham's more attractive buildings and monuments with the aim of improving safety and the overall attractiveness of the area.[13]

Contemporary StreathamEdit

 
Streatham Common. Avenue of autumn trees looking down Streatham Common towards Streatham High Road

In September 2002, Streatham High Road was voted the "Worst Street in Britain"[15] in a poll organised by the BBC Today programme and CABE. This largely reflected the dominance of through traffic along High Road.

Plans for investment and regeneration had begun before the poll, with local amenity group the Streatham Society leading a successful partnership bid for funding from central government for environmental improvements. Work started in winter 2003-04 with the refurbishment of Streatham Green and repaving and relighting of the High Road between St Leonard's Church and the Odeon Cinema. In 2005 Streatham Green won the Metropolitan Public Gardens Association 'London Spade' award for best public open space scheme in the capital.

The poll was a catalyst for Lambeth London Borough Council and Transport for London's Street Management to co-operate on a joint funding arrangement for further streetscape improvements, which benefited the section of the High Road between St Leonard's and Streatham station, and the stretch north of the Odeon as far as Woodbourne Avenue. However, further spending has currently been halted because of TfL's budgetary shortfall.

Streatham Festival was established in 2002. It has grown to a festival with over 50 events held in an array of locations, from bars to churches and parks to youth centres, attracting over 3,000 people.[16]

After several years of delay and controversy over phasing, construction started in the autumn of 2011 on the Streatham Hub - a major redevelopment next to Streatham railway station. The project was a joint development by Lambeth Council and Tesco.

The Streatham Hub project involved the demolition of Streatham Ice Arena, Streatham Leisure Centre and the former Streatham Bus Garage, and their replacement with a new leisure centre and a Tesco store with 250 flats above it. The leisure centre would be owned by Lambeth and would have an ice rink on the upper floors with a sports hall, gym and swimming pool on the levels below. Streatham Leisure Centre had been closed since November 2009 due to health and safety concerns when part of the pool hall ceiling collapsed.[17] Streatham Ice Arena closed on 18 December 2011, having celebrated eighty years of operation in February 2011.

In November 2013, the new Streatham Ice and Leisure Centre opened to the public.[18] The leisure centre houses a 60 m x 30 m indoor ice rink with 1,000 rink-side seats,[19] a six-lane 25 m swimming pool, 13 m teaching pool, four-court sports hall and a gym with 100 stations.[20]

The jazz venue Hideaway continues Streatham's long entertainment tradition. It features live performances of jazz, funk, swing and soul music as well as stand-up comedy nights. It won the Jazz Venue/Promoter of the Year category in the 2011 Parliamentary Jazz Awards.[21]

ConstituencyEdit

EducationEdit

SportEdit

Places of worshipEdit

  • St Leonard's Church (Church of England) - the historic parish church
  • English Martyrs' Church (Roman Catholic)
  • Streatham Central Church, Wellfield Road (SW16 2BP)
  • Christ Church, Streatham Hill (Church of England)
  • Holy Redeemer Church, Streatham Vale (Church of England)
  • St Margaret the Queen, Cricklade Avenue, Streatham Hill (Church of England)
  • St Peter's Church, Streatham (Church of England)
  • St Simon and St Jude, Hillside Road, Streatham Hill (Roman Catholic)
  • Streatham Baptist Church, Lewin Road
  • Hambro Road Baptist Church
  • Streatham Methodist Church, Riggindale Road
  • New Covenant Church, Pendennis Road
  • Islamic Centre, Estreham Road (Shi’a)
  • Streatham Friends Meeting House, Roupell Park Estate (Religious Society of Friends (Quakers))
  • Streatham Mosque, Mitcham Lane (Sunni)
  • Streatham Hill Mosque, Norfolk House Road (Sunni)
  • South London Synagogue, Leigham Court Road (United Synagogue)
  • South London Liberal Synagogue, Prentis Road (Liberal Judaism)
  • Hitherfield Road Baptist Church Streatham {SW16 2LN}
  • St James' Streatham, Mitcham Lane (SW16 6NT)
  • Mitcham Lane Baptist Church, Mitcham Lane (SW16 6NT)
  • St Albans - Evangelical, Pretoria Road (SW16 6RR)

Notable residentsEdit

Among the people who were born, lived or worked in Streatham, or are otherwise associated with the area are:

Nearest placesEdit

Nearest railway stationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Roman Britain – Organisation".
  3. ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Streatham". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Surrey Domesday Book". Archived from the original on 30 October 2007.
  5. ^ "The Suburbanisation of Streatham - Case Studies - Ideal Homes".
  6. ^ "Streatham Park - Thrale.com".
  7. ^ Stopford, Vanessa. "Telford Park Estate".
  8. ^ "The History of The Holy Redeemer Church Streatham".
  9. ^ "Pratt's, Streatham High Road, Streatham Central".
  10. ^ Helen Gregory (3 November 2001). "It's a super anniversary: it's 50 years since the first full size self-service supermarket was unveiled in the UK". The Grocer. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  11. ^ "Streatham - closed branch". waitrosememorystore.org.uk.
  12. ^ "Town centres to receive cash boost". Streatham Guardian.
  13. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 April 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Work scheduled to begin tomorrow to remove central reservation on Streatham High Road".
  15. ^ "Britons name 'best and worst streets'". BBC. 20 September 2002.
  16. ^ "The Streatham Festival -".
  17. ^ "Council closes Streatham swimming pool".
  18. ^ "Streatham ice rink and sports centre opens". 18 November 2013 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  19. ^ "Streatham Ice and Leisure Centre - Lambeth Council".
  20. ^ "Streatham Ice and Leisure Centre is now open – Streatham Wells SW16 News".
  21. ^ "Winners announced at the Parliamentary Jazz Awards". News and events. PPL. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  22. ^ "London walks: Taking a look at the Rookery nook: Streatham's gardens". The Independent. 2 September 1994.
  23. ^ "Meandering along Telford Avenue". News Shopper. 20 January 2003.
  24. ^ "Tate Reynolds exhibition,Creation of celebrity-live in tutor to Thrales May 2005".
  25. ^ Moss, Stephen (11 October 2007). "Building a classical music library: Arnold Bax". The Guardian.
  26. ^ "Help! Sarah Beeny's burrowing under home". The Daily Telegraph.
  27. ^ Cavendish, Lucy (11 January 2009). "Interview: Sarah Beeny, TV property expert". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
  28. ^ Collingwood, Charles (31 August 2011). "Brian and Me: Life on - and off - The Archers". Michael O'Mara Books – via Google Books.
  29. ^ "My perfect weekend: Simon Callow, actor, director and writer". The Daily Telegraph.
  30. ^ "In celebration of Mr Callow; Did you know Simon Callow had directed opera, is a dictionary obsessive and loved to torment his teachers? As he brings a one-man show to Wales, Kathryn Williams reveals some facts about the much-loved actor. - Free Online Library".
  31. ^ "Not bad for a girl from Streatham! Naomi Campbell lives it up in the French Riviera". Daily Mail.
  32. ^ "Supermodel Naomi Campbell causes a stir when she films in Brixton". Daily Mail.
  33. ^ Hallifax, Stuart (3 November 2014). "Great War Britain London: Remembering 1914-18". History Press – via Google Books.
  34. ^ "Nicholas Clay". The Guardian. 30 May 2000.
  35. ^ "Streatham: The luckiest constituents in Britain?".
  36. ^ "Writing Cynthia Payne's biography – archive, 1982".
  37. ^ "Peter Davison: having another Doctor Who as a son-in-law is rather weird". The Daily Telegraph.
  38. ^ "Streatham Park Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Strategy: Wandsworth Borough Council- owner of Woodlands in Streatham Park".
  39. ^ Fryer, Jonathan (23 August 2007). "Siobhan Dowd". The Guardian.
  40. ^ "Made in Streatham, made it in Paris". The Independent. 22 January 1997.
  41. ^ "Socialist MP George Galloway puts London house on market for £1.5million... a 600 per cent mark-up on what he paid for it". Daily Mail.
  42. ^ "The name Woodfield House, occasionally referred as Woodfield Lodge. From 1834 until 1852 Robert Garrard, a goldsmith, and his family, occupied the house.Garrards Road is named after the family- Garrard's and Co".
  43. ^ "Grooverider - New Songs, Playlists & Latest News". BBC.
  44. ^ "eminent victorian chess players by Tom Hardy - lived 4 Woodfield ave".
  45. ^ "Derrick Guyler lived in Streatham Vale and I often saw him in Streatham Library".
  46. ^ "Jeremy on Jeremy: Comedian Jeremy Hardy talks about Corbyn and his weirdest ever gig".
  47. ^ Harewood, David (29 April 2012). "Streatham's no s***hole, it's a vibrant place I'm proud to call my home". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  48. ^ "Source BFI forever, born Streatham".
  49. ^ "MP shared flat with cross-dressing comedian".
  50. ^ "Haunted: Shadow Chancellor's wife accused of cheating on him with his police bodyguard faces the world".
  51. ^ "Telegraph Mayor of London, Resident in Streatham Park SW16".
  52. ^ "Afghan charged with torture". BBC News.
  53. ^ "Afghan torture trial begins in UK". BBC News.
  54. ^ "The Fiver". The Guardian.
  55. ^ "Benny Lee". Herald Scotland 13 Jan 1996.
  56. ^ "Ken Livingstone: Profile of former London Mayor". BBC News. 28 April 2016.
  57. ^ Streatham-based Musician Dies[permanent dead link]
  58. ^ "Merry Kissmiss: Museum uncovers huge collection of saucy festive cards by Donald McGill". Daily Mail.
  59. ^ Pateman, John (1 January 2009). "The Ramsden Estate". Lulu.com – via Google Books.
  60. ^ "THE FIRST TIME I...CILLA BLACK. - Free Online Library".
  61. ^ "Paul Merton: 'I couldn't have written about my father while he was alive'". The Daily Telegraph.
  62. ^ "Jo Brand told: Streatham is no laughing matter". The Daily Telegraph.
  63. ^ "'I'm not there to be abused': BBC Breakfast presenter Naga Munchetty hits back at 'idiot' racist and sexist trolls". Daily Mail.
  64. ^ "Finding Eden in the streets of Streatham Hill".
  65. ^ "Rudy Narayan lived in Woodbourne Avenue, Streatham, and ran a law office in Brixton- News Shopper 11 July 1998".
  66. ^ "local historians memoirs- David Gower".
  67. ^ "My London: Steve Norris".
  68. ^ Campbell, Duncan (16 November 2015). "Cynthia Payne obituary". The Guardian.
  69. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (15 November 2015). "Former brothel madam Cynthia Payne dies, aged 82". The Guardian.
  70. ^ "Born Streatham, designer of the mutiplane U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006". Archived from the original on 23 September 2006.
  71. ^ "I live in Streatham with my partner and our two cats-Steve Reed wordpress biography".
  72. ^ "I lived with my mother in Streatham and Ray used to get the bus over-Galton and Simposon interview-Den of Greek 23 Jan 2009".
  73. ^ "Guardian March 2009- ...round the corner from Mark King of Level 42....he sold his house to Michaela Strachan".
  74. ^ "Shaw Taylor used to walk his Pekingese late at night".
  75. ^ "I was a wild child, boasts new EastEnders star Nina Toussaint-White". 16 February 2009.
  76. ^ "Drink and drugs past of soap star Nina. - Free Online Library".
  77. ^ "My Home: John Torode". The Independent. 24 January 2007.
  78. ^ "He wrote much of it while travelling home from Scott's on the night bus to Streatham- Telegraph 7 December 2013 -".
  79. ^ Sweet, Matthew (18 August 2009). "You lucky people: remembering Tommy Trinder". The Guardian.
  80. ^ "Streatham suburbanite who specialised in sin and Satan". Daily Mail.
  81. ^ "June Whitfield interview: 'Middle class is still a dirty word in TV'". The Daily Telegraph.
  82. ^ "Bill Wyman: 'The Stones never forgave me for leaving'". The Times. 13 June 2015.
  83. ^ "Andy Zaltzman - Streatham's Political Animal".

Further readingEdit

  • Daniel Lysons (1792), "Streatham", Environs of London, 1: County of Surrey, London: T. Cadell
  • James Thorne (1876), "Streatham", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray

External linksEdit