Tab Hunter (born Arthur Andrew Kelm; July 11, 1931 – July 8, 2018) was an American actor, singer, film producer and author. He appeared in over forty films and was a well-known Hollywood star and heartthrob of the 1950s and 1960s, known for his blond, clean-cut good looks.
Arthur Andrew Kelm
July 11, 1931
|Died||July 8, 2018 (aged 86)|
|Other names||Arthur Gelien|
|Partner(s)||Allan Glaser (1983–2018)|
Hunter was born in Manhattan, New York City, the son of Gertrude (née Gelien) and Charles Kelm. His father was Jewish and his mother was a German Catholic immigrant, from Hamburg. He had an older brother, Walter. Hunter’s father was reportedly abusive, and within a few years of his birth, his parents divorced. He was raised in California living with his mother, brother, and maternal grandparents, John Henry and Ida (née Sonnenfleth) Gelien, living in San Francisco, Long Beach and Los Angeles. His mother reassumed her maiden surname, Gelien, and changed her sons’ surnames, as well. As a teenager, Arthur Gelien, as he was then known, was a figure skater, competing in both singles and pairs. Hunter was sent to Catholic school by his religious mother.
He joined the United States Coast Guard aged 15, lying about his age to enlist. While in the Coast Guard, he gained the nickname “Hollywood” for his penchant for watching movies rather than going to bars while on liberty. When his age was discovered, he was discharged by the Coast Guard. He met actor Dick Clayton socially; Clayton suggested that Hunter become an actor.
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Hunter's first film role was a minor part in a film noir, The Lawless (1950). He was friends with character actor Paul Guilfoyle, who suggested him to director Stuart Heisler, who was looking for an unknown to play the lead in Island of Desire (1952) opposite Linda Darnell. The film, essentially a two-hander between Hunter and Darnell, was a hit.
Hunter supported George Montgomery in Gun Belt (1953), a Western produced by Edward Small. Small used him again for a war film, The Steel Lady, (1953) supporting Rod Cameron, and as the lead in an adventure tale, Return to Treasure Island (1954). He began acting on stage, appearing in a production of Our Town.
He was then offered a contract at Warner Bros.
One of Hunter's first films for Warners was The Sea Chase (1955), supporting John Wayne and Lana Turner. It was a big hit, but Hunter's part was relatively small. Rushes were seen by William A. Wellman, who cast Hunter to play the younger brother of Robert Mitchum in Track of the Cat (1955). It was a solid hit and Hunter began to get more notice.
His breakthrough role came when he was cast as the young Marine Danny in 1955's World War II drama Battle Cry. His character has an affair with an older woman, but ends up marrying the girl next door. It was based on a bestseller by Leon Uris and became Warner Bros.' largest grossing film of that year, cementing Hunter's position as one of Hollywood's top young romantic leads. He was in the third (Battle Cry) and tenth (The Sea Chase) most popular films of the year.
In September 1955 the tabloid magazine Confidential reported Hunter's 1950 arrest for disorderly conduct. The innuendo-laced article, and a second one focusing on Rory Calhoun's prison record, were the result of a deal Henry Willson had brokered with the scandal rag in exchange for not revealing his more prominent client Rock Hudson's sexual orientation to the public.
Not only did this have no negative effect on Hunter's career, a few months later he was named Most Promising New Personality in a nationwide poll sponsored by the Council of Motion Picture Organizations. In 1956, he received 62,000 valentines. Hunter, James Dean and Natalie Wood were the last actors to be placed under an exclusive studio contract at Warner Bros. Warners decided to promote him to star status, teaming him with Natalie Wood in two films, a Western, The Burning Hills (1956), directed by Heisler, and The Girl He Left Behind (1956), a service comedy. These films also proved to be hits with audiences and Warners planned a third teaming of Hunter and Wood. Hunter rejected the third picture, thus ending Warners' attempt to make Hunter and Wood the William Powell and Myrna Loy of the 1950s. Hunter was Warner Bros.' most popular male star from 1955 until 1959.
Hunter had a 1957 hit record with the song "Young Love," which was No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for six weeks (seven weeks on the UK Chart) and became one of the larger hits of the Rock 'n' Roll era. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA.
He had another hit single, "Ninety-Nine Ways", which peaked at No. 11 in the United States and No. 5 in the United Kingdom. His success prompted Jack L. Warner to enforce the actor's contract with the Warner Bros. studio by banning Dot Records, the label for which Hunter had recorded the single (and which was owned by rival Paramount Pictures), from releasing a follow-up album he had recorded for them. He established Warner Bros. Records specifically for Hunter.
Hunter's acting career was also at its zenith. William Wellman used him again in a war film, Lafayette Escadrille (1958). Columbia Pictures borrowed him for a Western, Gunman's Walk (1958), a film which Hunter considered his favorite role.
Hunter starred in the 1958 musical film Damn Yankees, in which he played Joe Hardy of Washington, D.C.'s American League baseball club. The film had originally been a Broadway show, but Hunter was the only one in the film version who had not appeared in the original cast. The show was based on the 1954 best-selling book The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant by Douglass Wallop. Hunter later said the filming was hellish because director George Abbott was only interested in recreating the stage version word for word. In 1959, he starred in the films, They Came to Cordura with Gary Cooper and Rita Hayworth and That Kind of Woman opposite Sophia Loren.
The Tab Hunter ShowEdit
The Tab Hunter Show had moderate ratings (due to being scheduled opposite The Ed Sullivan Show) and lasted only one season (36 episodes) but was a huge hit in the United Kingdom, where it ranked as one of the top situation comedies of the year.
Hunter had a starring role as Debbie Reynolds's love interest in The Pleasure of His Company (1961). He played the lead in a swashbuckler shot in Italy, The Golden Arrow (1962) and was in a war movie for American International Pictures, Operation Bikini (1963).
Ride the Wild Surf (1964) was a surf film for Columbia, followed by a movie in Britain, Troubled Waters (1964). He stayed in England to make another picture for AIP, War Gods Of The Deep (1965). Back in Hollywood he had a supporting role in The Loved One (1965) and Birds Do It (1966). He made a film with Richard Rush, The Fickle Finger of Fate (1967).
For a short time in the late 1960s, after several seasons of starring in summer stock and dinner theater in shows such as Bye Bye Birdie, The Tender Trap, Under the Yum Yum Tree and West Side Story with some of the New York cast, Hunter settled in the south of France, where he acted in Spaghetti Westerns, including Vengeance Is My Forgiveness (1968), The Last Chance (1968) and Bridge over the Elbe (1969).
Hunter had the lead role in Sweet Kill (1973), the first movie from director Curtis Hanson. He won a co-starring role in the successful fiim The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972) with Paul Newman. He had small roles in Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood (1976) and Katie: Portrait of a Centerfold (1978).
1980s and laterEdit
Hunter's career was revived in the 1980s, when he starred opposite actor Divine in John Waters' Polyester (1981) and Paul Bartel's Lust in the Dust (1985). He played Mr. Stuart, the substitute teacher in Grease 2 (1982), who sang "Reproduction". Hunter had a major role in the 1988 horror film Cameron's Closet. He also wrote the story for, and starred in, Dark Horse (1992), his last film.
An award-winning 2015 documentary about his life, Tab Hunter Confidential, was directed by Jeffrey Schwarz and produced by Hunter's husband Allan Glaser. A feature film is currently in development at Paramount Pictures to be produced by Glaser, J. J. Abrams and Zachary Quinto. Pulitzer Prize- and Tony Award-winning writer Doug Wright is attached to create the screenplay.
Hunter's autobiography, Tab Hunter Confidential: The Making of a Movie Star (2005), co-written with Eddie Muller, became a New York Times best-seller as did the paperback edition in 2007. The book was nominated for several writing awards. It re-entered The New York Times' Best Seller list for a third time on June 28, 2015, during the release of the documentary film based on the book.
In the book, Hunter acknowledged that he was gay, confirming rumors that had circulated since the height of his fame. According to William L. Hamilton of The New York Times, detailed reports about Hunter's alleged romances with close friends Debbie Reynolds and Natalie Wood were strictly the fodder of studio publicity departments. As Wood and Hunter embarked on a well-publicized but fictitious romance, promoting his apparent heterosexuality while promoting their films, insiders developed their own headline for the item: "Natalie Wood and Tab Wouldn't."
During Hollywood's studio era, Hunter said, " [life] was difficult for me, because I was living two lives at that time. A private life of my own, which I never discussed, never talked about to anyone. And then my Hollywood life, which was just trying to learn my craft and succeed ..." The star emphasized that the word "'gay' ... wasn't even around in those days, and if anyone ever confronted me with it, I'd just kinda freak out. I was in total denial. I was just not comfortable in that Hollywood scene, other than the work process." "There was a lot written about my sexuality, and the press was pretty darn cruel," the actor said, but what "moviegoers wanted to hold in their hearts were the boy-next-door marines, cowboys and swoon-bait sweethearts I portrayed."
Hunter had long-term relationships with actor Anthony Perkins and champion figure skater Ronnie Robertson, before settling down and marrying his partner/spouse of over 35 years, film producer Allan Glaser.
Hunter was raised in his mother's Catholic faith which he practiced, except for a breach in his youth, for the rest of his life. Hunter was a Republican and supported the campaign of Dwight Eisenhower during the 1952 presidential election.
Hunter has a star for his contributions to the music industry on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6320 Hollywood Blvd. In 2007, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars was dedicated to him.
|"Red Sails In The Sunset"||57||—|
|"Don't Get Around Much Anymore"||74||—|
|1959||"(I'll Be with You) In Apple Blossom Time"||31||—|
|"There's No Fool Like A Young Fool"||68||—|
|1950||The Lawless||Frank O'Brien||also released under the title The Dividing Line|
|1952||The Island of Desire||Marine Corporal Michael J. "Chicken" Dugan||also released under the title Saturday Island|
|1953||Gun Belt||Chip Ringo|
|1953||The Steel Lady||Bill Larson||also released under the title Treasure of Kalifa|
|1954||Return to Treasure Island||Clive Stone|
|1954||Track of the Cat||Harold Bridges|
|1955||Battle Cry||Danny Forrester|
|1955||While We're Young||Gig Spevvy||Episode of Ford Television Theatre, with Claudette Colbert|
|1955||Fear Strikes Out||Jimmy Piersall||2 episodes of Climax!|
|1955||The Sea Chase||Cadet Wesser|
|1956||The People Against McQuade||Donald McQuade||Episode of Conflict"|
|1956||The Burning Hills||Trace Jordan|
|1956||The Girl He Left Behind||Andy L. Shaeffer|
|1956||Forbidden Area||episode of Playhouse 90 directed by John Frankenheimer with Charlton Heston|
|1957||Mask for the Devil||episode of Climax!|
|1958||Hans Brinker and the Silver Skates||Hans Brinker||TV movie|
|1958||Portrait of a Murderer||episode of Playhouse 90 directed by Arthur Penn|
|1958||Gunman's Walk||Ed Hackett|
|1958||Lafayette Escadrille||Thad Walker|
|1958||Damn Yankees||Joe Hardy||Also released under the title What Lola Wants in the UK|
|1959||They Came to Cordura||Lt. William Fowler|
|1959||That Kind of Woman||Red||Directed by Sidney Lumet|
|1960–61||The Tab Hunter Show||Paul Morgan||Star of regular series|
|1961||The Pleasure of His Company||Roger Henderson|
|1961||Summer on Ice||Himself||TV movie|
|1962||The Golden Arrow||Hassan|
|1962||Three Columns of Anger||episode of Saints and Sinners|
|1962||The Celebrity||episode of Combat!|
|1963||Operation Bikini||Lt. Morgan Hayes|
|1964||Ride the Wild Surf||Steamer Lane|
|1964||Troubled Waters||Alex Carswell|
|1965||City Under the Sea||Ben Harris||released as War Gods of the Deep in US|
|1965||The Loved One||Whispering Glades Tour Guide|
|1966||Birds Do It||Lt. Porter|
|1967||The Fickle Finger of Fate||Jerry||AKAS: El Dedo del Destino and The Cup of San Sebastian|
|1967||Hostile Guns||Mike Reno|
|1968||Vengeance Is My Forgiveness||Sheriff Durango|
|1968||The Last Chance||Patrick Harris|
|1969||Bridge over the Elbe||Richard|
|1970||The Virginian||Cart Banner|
|1971||Hacksaw||Tim Andrews||TV movie|
|1972||Treasure of St. Ignacio||Bob Neal|
|1972||Sweet Kill||Eddie Collins|
|1972||The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean||Sam Dodd|
|1975||Timber Tramps||Big Swede|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||David Hamilton|
|1978||Katie: Portrait of a Centerfold||Elliot Bender||TV movie|
|1979||The Kid from Left Field||Bill Lorant||TV movie|
|1982||Grease 2||Mr. Stuart|
|1982||And They're Off||Henry Barclay|
|1982||Natalie: A Very Special Tribute to a Very Special Lady||Himself||Made-for-TV documentary|
|1985||Lust in the Dust||Abel Wood|
|1988||Out of the Dark||Driver|
|1988||Cameron's Closet||Owen Lansing|
|1988||James Stewart's Wonderful Life||Himself||Made-for-TV documentary|
|1995||Wild Bill: Hollywood Maverick||Himself||Documentary|
|1996||Ballyhoo: The Hollywood Sideshow||Himself||Documentary|
|1998||The Best of Hollywood||Himself/Presenter/Narrator||Made-for-TV documentary|
|2002||Elvis Forever||Himself||Made-for-TV documentary about Elvis Presley|
|2003||Rita||Himself||Made-for-TV documentary about Rita Hayworth|
|2007||The Brothers Warner||Himself||Documentary|
|2008||Hollywood Singing and Dancing: A Musical Treasure||Himself||Made-for-TV documentary|
|2008||Hollywood Singing and Dancing: A Musical History||Himself||Made-for-TV documentary|
|2013||I Am Divine||Himself||Documentary about regular co-star and drag queen Divine|
|2015||Tab Hunter Confidential||Himself||Documentary about Hunter's life as a matinee idol, based upon his book of the same name|
- "Actor Tab Hunter, Star of 'Damn Yankees' Movie, Dies Age 86".
- Hamilton, William L. (September 18, 2005). "Did Success Spoil Tab Hunter?". The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2010.
- "Tab Hunter, 86, 1950s Hollywood Heartthrob, Is Dead". The New York Times. July 9, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Weinraub, Bernard (September 9, 2003). "A Star’s Real Life Upstages His Films; Tab Hunter Looks Back on Sadness and Success and Ahead to a Book". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock ’N’ Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 38. CN 5585.
- "Tab Hunter Confidential: The Making of a Movie Star". Books.google.ca. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Tab Hunter at Coast Guard History". Uscg.mil. Retrieved August 17, 2015.[dead link]
- "SXSW: Tab Hunter Opens Up About Life As a Closeted Gay Star During Hollywood’s Golden Age". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- The Man Who Invented Rock Hudson: The Pretty Boys and Dirty Deals of Henry Willson by Robert Hofler, published by Carroll & Graf, 2005, ISBN 0-7867-1607-X
- "A Critic's Remark and Hard Work Put Tab Hunter on Top: Critic and Work Spur Tab Hunter" Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times February 13, 1955: D1.
- Drama: Skip Homeier Returns, Murvyn Vye With U-I; MGM Rushes POW Job Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times November 5, 1953: B11.
- "1955's Top Grossers". Variety. January 25, 1956. p. 1.
- Hunter, Tab (2005). Tab Hunter Confidential: The Making of a Movie Star. With Eddie Muller. Algonquin Books. p. 172. ISBN 1-56512-466-9.
- Hunter, Tab (2005). Tab Hunter Confidential: The Making of a Movie Star. With Eddie Muller. Algonquin Books. pp. 116–118. ISBN 1-56512-466-9.
- "Playhouse 90 – And Why It Is a Great Series: Key to Success Is Its Young Producer" Wolters, Larry. Chicago Daily Tribune March 17, 1957: s8.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 136. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Hollywood Confidential by Tab Hunter, p. 297
- Gerard Raymond, Interview with Tab Hunter, October 21, 2015; accessed March 14, 2018.
- "Tab Hunter Confidential". IMDb.com. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Tab Hunter, Anthony Perkins Forbidden Love Drama in the Works From J.J. Abrams, Zachary Quinto (Exclusive)".
- McNary, Dave (June 6, 2018). "JJ Abrams, Zachary Quinto Developing Tab Hunter-Anthony Perkins Movie".
- See William L. Hamilton, "Did Success Spoil Tab Hunter?," The New York Times (September 18, 2005)
- See Tim Parks, "The many lives of Tab Hunter", Gay and Lesbian Times (December 15, 2005)
- Bayard, Louis (October 9, 2005). ""The Celluloid Closet"". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
- "Interview: Tab Hunter Gets Confidential | Feature | Slant Magazine". Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Fillo, MaryEllen. "Hollywood's All-American Boy Tab Hunter Brings His Documentary To Warner Theater". courant.com. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Lattanzio, Ryan (October 12, 2015). "Tab Hunter, Out of the Hollywood Closet and in His Own Words". IndieWire. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 34, Ideal Publishers
- "Tab Hunter". latimes.com. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- "Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated" (PDF). Palmspringswalkofstars.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Veteran Hollywood actor Tab Hunter dies aged 86". Independent.co.uk. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- "Tab Hunter". IMDb. Retrieved March 14, 2018.