Goodbye Again (1961 film)
Goodbye Again (released in Europe as Aimez-vous Brahms?) is a 1961 American romantic drama film produced and directed by Anatole Litvak. The screenplay was written by Samuel A. Taylor, based on the novel Aimez-vous Brahms? by Françoise Sagan. The film, released by United Artists, stars Ingrid Bergman, Anthony Perkins, Yves Montand, and Jessie Royce Landis.
Original film poster
|Directed by||Anatole Litvak|
|Produced by||Anatole Litvak|
|Screenplay by||Samuel A. Taylor|
|Based on||Aimez-vous Brahms?|
by Françoise Sagan
Jessie Royce Landis
|Music by||Georges Auric|
|Edited by||Bert Bates|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||2,387,793 admissions (France)|
Paula Tessier (Bergman) is a 40-year-old interior designer who for the past five years has been the mistress of Roger Demarest (Montand), a "philandering business executive" who refuses to stop seeing other women. When Paula meets Philip (Perkins), the 25-year-old son of one of her wealthy clients, he falls in love with her and insists that the age difference will not matter. Paula resists the young man's advances, but finally succumbs when Roger initiates yet another affair with one of his young "Maisies". While she is initially happy with Philip, her friends and business associates disapprove of the May–December romance.
- Ingrid Bergman as Paula Tessier
- Yves Montand as Roger Demarest
- Anthony Perkins as Philip Van Der Besh
- Jessie Royce Landis as Mrs. Van Der Besh
- Jackie Lane as First Maisie
- Jean Clarke as Second Maisie
- Michèle Mercier as Third Maisie
- Pierre Dux as Maitre Fleury
- Uta Taeger as Gaby
- André Randall as M. Steiner
- Lee Patrick as Mme. Fleury
- Annie Duperoux as Madeline Fleury
- Raymond Gerome as Jimmy
- Jean Hebey as Mons. Cherel
- Alison Leggatt as Alice
- Michel Garland as Young Man in Club
- David Horne as Queen's Counsel
- Colin Mann as Assistant Lawyer
- Diahann Carroll as Night Club Singer
- Peter Bull as The Client
Litvak and others thought "Aimez-vous Brahms?" would be a confusing title for U.S. audiences, and initially chose Time on My Hands as the title for the American release, after the song of that name they had selected as the main theme; when the song's publishers insisted on a $75,000 license for its use, they dropped plans to use the song, and the production team settled on "Goodbye Again" as the title, a suggestion from Perkins that he had taken from a Broadway production in which his father Osgood had had a role.
—Letter written by Ingrid Bergman while on set
Scenes were filmed on location in Paris. During principal photography, Perkins thought Bergman was a "little too persistent" in her attempts to get him to rehearse their kissing scenes; Perkins later said "Bergman would have welcomed an affair with him", but Bergman had a different explanation in her 1980 autobiography, saying it was her shyness and tendency to blush: "You see, although the camera has no terrors at all for me, I'm very bad at this sort of intimacy on the screen, especially when the men are practically strangers."
Uncredited "stars" of the film were the automobiles: as Time magazine pointed out, Goodbye Again "is thoroughly French. That is to say, all of its important scenes take place in restaurants or automobiles."
The score is by Georges Auric, with additional music by Brahms. The Brahms motifs are the 4th movement from Symphony No. 1 in C minor, Op. 68, and the 3rd Movement from Symphony No. 3 in F major, Op. 90. Film critic Bosley Crowther called the score "almost as elegant as the settings, which are the most respectable things in the film."
The soulful theme of the third movement of Brahms' Symphony No. 3 is heard repeatedly, including as the tune of a song ("Love Is Just a Word") sung by the night club singer (Diahann Carroll). Lyrics to the film are by Dory Langdon (later known as Dory Previn).
The film "found success in Europe, where Perkins won an award for his performance at the Cannes Film Festival, but in America critics and audiences were generally unenthusiastic." According to Bosley Crowther, "Taylor's derivative screen play has a few flights of fancy and wit, but on the whole it is solemn and pedestrian"; "Perkins not only has the most engaging role but he also plays it in the most engaging fashion and almost carries the picture by himself." Years later, Andrea Foshee, writing for Turner Classic Movies, agreed:
Co-star Anthony Perkins was just coming off his smash 1960 success as Norman Bates in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho, a role that would typecast him for the rest of his career. Yet, as the charming, aimless Philip in Goodbye Again, Perkins clearly demonstrates his versatility as an actor in a role that couldn't be further removed from his turn as a cross-dressing schizophrenic killer.
It was the 25th most popular movie of the year in France.
- "Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
Location scenes filmed in Paris. Opened in Paris in May 1961 as Aimez-vous Brahms? Only British sources credit France with co-production status.
- "1961 Films". Box Office Story.
- "Goodbye Again". FSM online liner notes. 6311 Romaine Street, Suite 7109, Hollywood CA: Film Score Monthly. 2008. Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- "Full Synopsis". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- Foshee, Andrea. "Articles". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- "Goodbye Again". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- "Cinema: Aimez-Vous Maxim's?". Time. June 30, 1961. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
Goodbye Again (Litvak; United Artists) is an American film in the sense that the U.S. is where the money to make it came from, but otherwise it is thoroughly French. That is to say, all of its important scenes take place in restaurants or automobiles.
- Crowther, Bosley (June 30, 1961). "Goodbye Again at 2 Theatres: Film Based on Novel by Francoise Sagan". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- "Festival de Cannes: Goodbye Again". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2009-02-21.