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Lesbian Couple from back holding hands.jpg 3721 - Gay Pride di Milano, 2007 - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 23-Jun-2007.jpg Flying rainbow flag at Taiwan Pride 20041106.jpg Same Sex Marriage-02.jpg

Introduction

A six-band rainbow flag representing LGBT.

LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.

The initialism has become adopted into the mainstream as an umbrella term for use when labeling topics pertaining to sexuality and gender identity. For example, the LGBT Movement Advancement Project termed community centres, which have services specific to those member of the LGBT community, as "LGBT community centers", in a comprehensive studies of such centres around the United States. The term LGBTQ is advocated for use by The Association of LGBTQ Journalists when referring to topics regarding sexuality and gender identity for use by media in the United States, as well as some other English-speaking countries.

The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; "LGBTQ" has been recorded since 1996. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI. The two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender.[better source needed] Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity, including those over twice as long which have prompted criticism.

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Portrait of Tchaikovsky
The Symphony No. 6 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky has frequently been considered an expression of the composer's conflicted feelings about his sexual orientation. Dedicated to his nephew Vladimir Davydov who was also his confidant and lover, the Sixth Symphony has been used in the posthumously published E. M. Forster novel Maurice (as well as its film adaptation) to symbolize same-sex romantic attraction.

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Current events

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Lesbian and gay students kissing in front of anti-LGBT protesters (10 May 2000)

Credit: Paul M. Walsh

Lesbian and gay students kissing in front of anti-homosexuality protesters at Oberlin College (Oberlin, Ohio, USA) in May 2000. Several hundred Oberlin College students turned out to rally against the protesters. The protesters—from Westboro Baptist Church of Topeka, Kansas—also protested the General Conference of the United Methodist Church while in Ohio.


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Commons-logo.svg See Category:LGBT for more LGBT-related images

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Memorial plaque for Turing at Sackville Park

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS /ˈtjʊərɪŋ/ (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English mathematician, logician and cryptographer.

Turing is often considered to be the father of modern computer science. He provided an influential formalisation of the concept of the algorithm and computation with the Turing machine.

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