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Lesbian Couple love in bed 01.jpg 3721 - Gay Pride di Milano, 2007 - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 23-Jun-2007.jpg Flying rainbow flag at Taiwan Pride 20041106.jpg Same Sex Marriage-02.jpg

Introduction

LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.

The initialism has become adopted into the mainstream as an umbrella term for use when labeling topics pertaining to sexuality and gender identity. For example, the LGBT Movement Advancement Project termed community centres which have services specific to those member of the LGBT community as "LGBT community centers", in a comprehensive studies of such centres around the United States. The term LGBTQ is advocated for use by The Association of LGBTQ Journalists when referring to topics regarding sexuality and gender identity for use by media in the United States, as well as some other English-speaking countries.

The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; "LGBTQ" has been recorded since 1996. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI. The two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity, including those over twice as long which have prompted criticism.

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Reel Affirmations (RA) is a non-profit, all-volunteer LGBT film festival in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1991 and held every year in mid-October, Reel Affirmations is the third largest LGBT film festival (in terms of attendance) in the United States and the largest all-volunteer film festival in the world.

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Elagabalus

Credit: G.dallorto

Bust of Elagabalus, Roman Emperor of the Severan dynasty who reigned from 218 to 222. Elagabalus' sexual orientation and gender identity are the source of much controversy and debate. He married and divorced five women but also married two men. He is characterized by modern writers as transgender, most likely transsexual.


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Commons-logo.svg See Category:LGBT for more LGBT-related images

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Harvey Milk

Harvey Bernard Milk (22 May 1930 – 27 November 1978) was an American politician and the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California, as a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Politics and gay activism were not Milk's early interests; he did not feel the need to be open about his homosexuality or participate in civic matters until around age 40, after his experiences in the counterculture of the 1960s.

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