Elio Di Rupo (French: [eljo di ʁupo];[1] born 18 July 1951) is a Belgian politician who has served as the minister-president of Wallonia since 2019. He is affiliated with the Socialist Party. Di Rupo previously served as the prime minister of Belgium from 6 December 2011 to 11 October 2014, heading the Di Rupo Government. He was the first francophone to hold the office since Paul Vanden Boeynants in 1979,[2] and the country's first socialist prime minister since Edmond Leburton left office in 1974. Di Rupo was also Belgium's first prime minister of non-Belgian descent, and the world's second openly gay person and first openly gay man to be head of government in modern times.

Elio Di Rupo
Di Rupo in 2012
Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
6 December 2011 – 11 October 2014
MonarchsAlbert II
Preceded byYves Leterme
Succeeded byCharles Michel
Minister-President of Wallonia
Assumed office
13 September 2019
Preceded byWilly Borsus
In office
6 October 2005 – 20 July 2007
Preceded byAndré Antoine
Succeeded byRudy Demotte
In office
15 July 1999 – 4 April 2000
Preceded byRobert Collignon
Succeeded byJean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe
Leader of the Socialist Party
In office
22 November 2014 – 21 October 2019
Preceded byPaul Magnette
Succeeded byPaul Magnette
In office
16 September 1999 – 6 December 2011
Preceded byPhilippe Busquin
Succeeded byThierry Giet
Mayor of Mons
In office
8 October 2000 – 3 December 2018
Preceded byMaurice Lafosse
Succeeded byNicolas Martin
Personal details
Born (1951-07-18) 18 July 1951 (age 72)
Morlanwelz, Belgium
Political partySocialist Party
Alma materUniversity of Mons-Hainaut
University of Leeds

Background and early life edit

Di Rupo was born in Morlanwelz, Wallonia, to Italian parents. His father was born in San Valentino in Abruzzo Citeriore. While Di Rupo was born in Belgium,[3] his brothers and sisters were all born in Italy. When he was one year old, his father died in a car crash and his mother was unable to raise all seven children. Due to the poor financial state of his family, three of his brothers were raised in a nearby orphanage.[4]

When he was 12, he attended boarding school. Due to medical issues, Di Rupo had to re-do his first year of high school twice, but eventually excelled in science at the end of his high school years.[5] This led him to pursue a degree in chemistry at the University of Mons, where he eventually obtained a PhD in Chemistry, after being a part-time lecturer at Leeds University as well.

Political career edit

Di Rupo came in contact with the socialist movement for the first time during his studies in Mons, where he first obtained a master's degree and afterwards a PhD in chemistry. He went during the preparation of his doctorate to the University of Leeds (United Kingdom), where his function was that of lecture member of staff in 1977–1978.[6]

He started his political career as an attaché at the cabinet of Jean-Maurice Dehousse in 1980–81. His first political mandate came in 1982, when he was Councillor of Mons (until 1985, and again from 1988 until 2000). In 1986, he was mayor of health, urban renewal and social affairs. Professionally, Di Rupo was at the same time cabinet member and then Deputy Head of Cabinet of the minister of finance of that time of the Walloon region and consequently Deputy Head of Cabinet of the minister of finance and energy of the Walloon region at that time Philippe Busquin (1981–85) and superintendent of the energy-inspection of the ministry of the Walloon region.[citation needed]

He is a deputy (MP) for the Arrondissement of Mons in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives. He once described François Mitterrand as being "a character from a novel".[7]

In 2000, he became the mayor of Mons,[8] which is the capital of the province of Hainaut.

In 1987, he got his national political breakthrough. He was elected as member of the Chamber of Deputies and went two years later for a short time to the European Parliament.

In 1991, Di Rupo was chosen as a senator, but shortly afterwards (1992), he took in the French-speaking community his first ministerial function in Education and later also Media. These were his responsibilities until Guy Coëme, who was mentioned in the Agusta-scandal, resigned and Di Rupo went to the federal government in 1994 as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Traffic and Governmental companies. Following the elections in 1995, he remained the Vice-Prime Minister of Belgium and was appointed minister of Economics and Telecommunications. In 1995 he signed the merger of the Belgian airline Sabena with Swiss Air that eventually led to the bankruptcy of Sabena with thousands of unemployed employees as result.[9]

In 1996, at the time of the Dutroux affair, Olivier Trusgnach, a prostitute, alleged that Di Rupo paid him for sex while Trusgnach was still a minor.[10] This accusation could have meant the end of his political career. Di Rupo denied the accusations.

After the federal and regional elections of June 1999 in which, due to the Dioxin Affair, the Christian-Democrats lost many of their votes, Di Rupo negotiated with the Flemish socialists of sp.a, the Liberals and Green Party to form a "purple-green" government. Di Rupo himself was in charge of the function of minister-president of the Walloon region, but already in October of the same year the members of the party chose him as president and in April 2000, he was succeeded in his function of minister-president by Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe.[citation needed]

As new president of the party, Di Rupo was forced to make a generation change within the PS and go down a new path. During the regional and federal elections of 1995 and 1999, the PS lost many of its votes, partly because of corruption scandals in the 1990s (named Agusta-scandal and UNIOP-affair), in which the most prominent PS-politicians were involved. PS had been in the government subsequently since 1988 (in the regional government and in the federal government), but the liberal PRL (now MR) became in the 1999-elections as strong as the PS. Apart from those two, Ecolo also became an important political party. Di Rupo realised that drastic action was required to regain the position of the PS. By several measures, such as "Contrat d'avenir pour la Wallonie" (Contract for the Future of Wallonia) and a new generation of party leaders, by which Marie Arena was important, he tried to reassemble the left wing-forces around him. Successfully, because in the elections of 2003, PS regained the electoral score of 1991 and was by far the most important political party before MR. During the regional elections of 2004, it also became the most important party in the Brussels capital region.[citation needed]

Di Rupo in 2007

Di Rupo changed, in 2004, the liberal coalition partner for the Christian-democratic party, in the Walloon Government and in the Brussels Capital Government (in the last also the green party Ecolo was part of the government). By doing this, coalitions were made which differed from the federal coalition at that time. In October 2005, he became Minister-President of Wallonia[8] after Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe resigned amid a corruption scandal, involving several members of Di Rupo's party. He continued as party leader though and has had to deal with the PS's ICDI affair that emerged in May 2006.[citation needed]

In 2006 and 2007, Di Rupo and his party appeared unsuccessful in trying to clean out corruption. This was probably instrumental in the party's losing its first place amongst French community parties 2007 federal election.[11] Di Rupo then decided to take a firmer stance against corruption in Charleroi: he virtually took control of the city's Socialist Party and ordered the Socialist mayor and aldermen to resign.[12][13]

After former PS president Guy Spitaels urged him to choose between the presidency of the party and of the Walloon Government, Di Rupo decided to organise internal elections for party president in July 2007 rather than in October of that year and announced that he would resign from his mandate as Minister-President if re-elected. On 11 July 2007, he was re-elected president of the Socialist Party with 89.5% of the votes.[14]

Prime Minister of Belgium edit

Following the 2010 Belgian general election, in which the PS emerged as the largest of the Francophone parties and the second largest political party in Belgium, speculation emerged as to whether Di Rupo could be the Prime Minister in a new government. The RTBF raised questions, however, about whether Di Rupo's limited fluency in Dutch would be a stumbling block in seeking that office; every prime minister since 1979 had been a Fleming.[citation needed]

In May 2011, he was appointed Formateur by King Albert II, which gave Di Rupo the task of forming a government. Traditionally, the Formateur also becomes the Prime Minister of the government he forms. He became prime minister of the Di Rupo I Government on 6 December 2011.[15]

With Di Rupo's appointment, Belgium ended 589 days without a government, believed to be the longest such streak ever for a country in the developed world. Yves Leterme had resigned on 26 April 2010 and had been serving as caretaker prime minister since then.[16]

Board of directors edit

Between 2004 and 2005, Elio Di Rupo was on the board of directors of what was then Dexia bank, currently Belfius.[17]

Personal life edit

Di Rupo describes himself as an "atheist, rationalist, and Freemason."[4] He is fluent in Italian, French and English. After becoming Prime Minister, he took Dutch lessons to address his previous limited fluency in the language and this improved enough for him to be able to address the parliament in Dutch and conduct TV interviews in the language.[18]

Di Rupo came out as gay in 1996, and when asked by a confrontational "media pack" if he was gay, he responded, "Yes. So what?"[4] He is the first openly gay man to lead a sovereign state, and the first openly gay person to win the position through an election.[19]

Between Di Rupo's election and 2013, he was one of the only three openly gay or lesbian national heads of government, the other ones being Icelandic Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, and Luxemburgish Prime Minister Xavier Bettel.[20]

Honours edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ "Elio Di Rupo pronunciation: How to pronounce Elio Di Rupo in Italian, French, Dutch". Forvo.com. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  2. ^ Castle, Stephen (1 December 2011). "18 Months After Vote, Belgium Has Government". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  3. ^ Patrick Jackson (5 December 2011). "Profile: Belgium's Elio Di Rupo". BBC News.
  4. ^ a b c Jackson, Patrick (5 December 2011). "Profile: Elio Di Rupo". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  5. ^ Francis Van de Woestyne (30 November 2011). "Hoe Elio Di Rupo doctor in de chemie werd". Vacature. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  6. ^ "Biography | Elio Di Rupo". Premier.be. 18 July 1951. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  7. ^ (in French) Elio, tout simplement, article from La Libre Belgique, 22 April 2003
  8. ^ a b "Elio di Rupo: Belgium's unlikely prime minister". FT.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Archives - lesoir.be". Archives.lesoir.be. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  10. ^ Helm, Sarah (26 November 1996). "Gays under pressure in Belgium's moral backlash: Anger over child murders switches to Belgium's gays". The Independent. London. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  11. ^ The party lost 20% of its seats at the Chamber of Representatives, see also this article Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine that analyses the impact on socialists
  12. ^ "deredactie.be". Vrtnieuws.net. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  13. ^ Belga. "Démission du collège communal". La Libre.be. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  14. ^ BELGA (12 July 2007). "Elio Di Rupo est réélu". La Libre.be. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Regering Di Rupo I legt de eed af". De Standaard (in Dutch). 6 December 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  16. ^ "Belgium ends record-breaking government-free run". CNN. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Page 111: Monsieur Elio Di Rupo, qui avait été coopté par le conseil d'administration de Dexia SA le 16 novembre 2004. Monsieur Elio Di Rupo a démissionné du conseil d'administration de Dexia SA le 6 octobre 2005" (PDF). Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Elio Di Rupo is tweetalig (zegt zijn leraar Nederlands)". Knack.be. 17 August 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  19. ^ Broverman, Neal (6 December 2011). "World's First Full-Time Gay Male Leader: Belgium's Elio Di Rupo". The Advocate. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012.
  20. ^ Moody, Jonas (30 January 2009). "Iceland Picks the World's First Openly Gay PM". Time. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2015.

References edit

External links edit

Political offices
Preceded by Deputy Prime Minister of Belgium
Succeeded by
Minister of Traffic and Governmental Companies
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Economics and Telecommunications
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister-President of Wallonia
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Mons
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister-President of Wallonia
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Belgium
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister-President of Wallonia
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Socialist Party
Succeeded by
Thierry Giet
Preceded by Leader of the Socialist Party
Succeeded by