people have a gender identity
or gender expression
that differs from their assigned sex
. Some transgender people who desire medical assistance to transition
from one sex to another identify as transsexual
– often shortened as trans
– is also an umbrella term
: in addition to including people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex (trans men
and trans women
), it may include people who are not exclusively masculine or feminine (people who are genderqueer or non-binary
, including bigender
, genderfluid, or agender). Other definitions of transgender
also include people who belong to a third gender
, or else conceptualize transgender people as
a third gender. Infrequently, the term transgender
is defined very broadly to include cross-dressers
, regardless of their gender identity.
Being transgender is independent of sexual orientation: transgender people may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, or may decline to label their sexual orientation. The term transgender is also distinguished from intersex, a term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies". The opposite of transgender is cisgender, which describes persons whose gender identity or expression matches their assigned sex.
The degree to which individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable within their external appearance and accept their genuine identity has been called transgender congruence. Many transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and some seek medical treatments such as hormone replacement therapy, sex reassignment surgery, or psychotherapy. Not all transgender people desire these treatments, and some cannot undergo them for financial or medical reasons.
Many transgender people face discrimination in the workplace and in accessing public accommodations, and healthcare. In many places they are not legally protected from discrimination.