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Gay-friendly or LGBT-friendly are the places, policies, people, or institutions that are open and welcoming to gay people (to include all members of the LGBTQ community) to create an environment that is supportive of gay people and their relationships, respectful of all people, treat all people equally, and are non-judgmental. This is typically a late 20th-century North American term that is the byproduct of both a gradual implementation of gay rights and acceptance of policies supportive of LGBTQ people in the workplace and in schools, as well as the recognition of gays and lesbians as a distinct consumer group for businesses etc.

PlacesEdit

 
Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven participated in Stockholm Pride parade, 30 July 2016

Cities that are known worldwide as being gay-friendly include New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Miami, São Paulo, Montevideo, San Francisco, Seattle, Tel Aviv, Sydney, Rio de Janeiro, Melbourne, Madrid, Paris, Puerto Vallarta, Chicago, Perth, Brighton, Amsterdam, Buenos Aires, Manchester, Montería, London, Copenhagen, and Berlin, amongst others.

The Advocate publishes a list periodically of the gayest cities in America that include cities such as Minneapolis, Albuquerque, San Diego, Austin, and several others based on facts such as their same sex marriage laws, number of same sex couples, and other qualifiers.[1]

The Spartacus International Gay Guide publishes the Gay Travel Index, a ranking of gay-friendly countries. Points are added to countries for anti-discrimination legislation, equal marriage, partnership and adoption laws, and LGBT marketing. Meanwhile, points are subtracted for anti-LGBT laws, HIV travel restrictions, religious influence, and prosecution, murders, and death sentences to LGBT.

In 2013, the Spartacus Gay Travel Index features a majority of Western European countries in the top 11 (Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Spain), plus Canada, New Zealand, and Uruguay.[2] The bottom 5 countries are Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Russia, Jordan and Jamaica.[3]

Spartacus also publishes a Gay Travel Index USA, listing the 50 states plus the District of Columbia with the same criteria as the countries ranking. In 2013, the top 5 regions were from the Northeast, whereas the top 10 also includes California, Illinois, and Oregon. The bottom 10 states are mainly from the Southeast and Mountain states (Utah, Idaho,and Montana).

BusinessesEdit

Many businesses now identify as gay-friendly, allowing for a more diversified employee and customer base. The Human Rights Campaign works to achieve equality for gays, lesbians, and other marginalized minorities, and publishes a list of companies in relation to issues concerning LGBT people. Companies that are noted for gay-friendly work environments include Dell Inc. and The Coca-Cola Company. Companies such as R Family Vacations, Manspray, Volkswagen, Ginch Gonch, and Egotour and numerous others offer niche products and services for gay customers.[4] Others, such as LOT Polish Airlines sends the message of gay-friendliness by offering travel to major gay destinations with a rainbow flag.[5] Studies have shown that LGBT communities tend to favor gay-friendly businesses, even if the cost of a particular product or service is higher.[6]

United StatesEdit

List of U.S. states by their Gay Travel Index [7]
Rank State Total Anti-discrimination legislation LGBT-Marketing Equal Age of Consent Religious Influence Anti-Gay Laws Locals hostile
1   New York 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
1   Massachusetts 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
1   California 4 2 1 1 0 0 0
4   Maine 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Vermont 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   New Hampshire 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Connecticut 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Oregon 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Maryland 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Illinois 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Rhode Island 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Nevada 3 2 1 0 0 0 0
4   Washington 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Wisconsin 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   New Mexico 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
4   Colorado 3 2 1 1 0 0 -1
17   Iowa 2 2 0 1 0 0 -1
17   Delaware 2 1 0 1 0 0 0
17   New Jersey 2 2 0 1 0 0 -1
17   Minnesota 2 2 0 1 0 0 -1
17   Florida1 2 1 1 1 0 -1 0
17   Arizona 2 1 1 1 0 0 -1
23   Pennsylvania 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
23   Hawaii 1 2 0 1 -1 0 -1
23   Kansas 1 1 0 1 0 0 -1
23   Alaska 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
27   Ohio 0 0 0 1 0 -1 0
27   Nebraska 0 1 0 1 0 -1 -1
27   Missouri 0 1 0 1 0 -1 -1
27   Indiana 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27   Wyoming 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27   West Virginia 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27   Virginia 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1
27   Texas 0 1 1 1 -1 -1 -1
35   South Dakota -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35    North Dakota -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35   Michigan -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35   Tennessee -1 1 0 1 -1 -1 -1
35   Louisiana -1 1 0 1 -1 -1 -1
35   Kentucky -1 1 0 1 -1 -1 -1
35   Utah -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35   Oklahoma -1 0 0 1 -1 0 -1
35   Montana -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
35   Idaho -1 0 0 1 0 -1 -1
45   Mississippi -2 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1
45   Georgia (U.S. state) -2 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1
45   Arkansas -2 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1
45   South Carolina -2 0 0 1 -2 0 -1
49   North Carolina -3 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1
49   Alabama -3 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1

Notes

1 In 2015 Florida explicitly lifted the adoption ban for homosexuals after federal judges ruled it unconstitutional in 2010.

WorldEdit

List of Countries by their Gay Travel Index [7]
Rank Country Total Anti-discrimination legislation Marriage/Civil Partnership Adoption allowed LGBT-Marketing Equal Age of Consent Religious Influence HIV Travel Restrictions Anti-Gay Laws Homosexuality illegal Pride banned Locals hostile Prosecution Murders Death sentences


1   Canada 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1   Portugal 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1   Sweden 10 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Austria 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Belgium 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Denmark 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Finland 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Iceland 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Luxembourg 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Malta 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Netherlands 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   New Zealand 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Norway 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Reunion 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   Spain 9 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4   United Kingdom 9 3 2 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17   France 8 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
17   Gibraltar 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17   Greenland 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17   Ireland 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17    Switzerland 8 3 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17   Uruguay 8 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23   Colombia 7 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
23   French Polynesia 7 2 2 2 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23   Germany 7 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
23   Israel 7 2 1 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23   New Caledonia 7 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
28   Andorra 6 3 1 2 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28   Argentina 6 1 2 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
28   Australia 6 1 2 1 2 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28   Guadeloupe 6 2 2 2 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
28   Martinique 6 2 2 2 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
28   Slovenia 6 3 2 2 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28   South Africa 6 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
35   Czech Republic 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35   Estonia 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35   Guam 5 1 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
35   Puerto Rico 5 2 2 2 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
39   Liechtenstein 4 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
39   Slovakia 4 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41   Bolivia 3 2 0 0 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41   Ecuador 3 3 1 0 1 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41   Italy 3 1 1 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
41   Mozambique 3 1 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
41     Nepal 3 3 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
41   Taiwan 3 2 2 0 1 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47   Bermuda 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47   Bosnia-Herzegovina 2 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
47   Chile 2 1 1 0 2 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
47   Costa Rica 2 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47   Croatia 2 2 1 0 1 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47   Cuba 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47   Macao 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47   Seychelles 2 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47   Thailand 2 2 1 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
47   USA 2 1 2 2 -1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
57   Cambodia 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   Cyprus 1 1 1 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   El Salvador 1 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
57   Greece 1 1 1 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0
57   Hungary 1 2 1 0 -1 1 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   India 1 1 0 0 1 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   Lithuania 1 2 0 0 1 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   Mexico 1 2 1 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   Mongolia 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
57   Panama 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
57   United States Virgin Islands/  USA 1 1 2 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0
62   St. Maarten8 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Bulgaria 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Montenegro 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Romania 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Benin 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Cambodia 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   China/  Hong Kong 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Philippines9 0 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
62   Vietnam 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Albania 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
62   British Virgin Islands 0 3 0 0 0 1 -2 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Japan 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Nicaragua 0 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Kosovo 0 3 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
62   Latvia 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Venezuela 0 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Bermuda 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
62   Lithuania 0 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
80   Poland -1 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80   Guinea-Bissau -1 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80   Monaco -1 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80   San Marino -1 1 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80   Kazakhstan -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80   Laos -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
80   Moldova -1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
80   Chile -1 1 1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0
80   Seychelles10 -1 2 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
89   North Macedonia -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89   Azerbaijan -2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
89   Armenia11 -2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89   Serbia -2 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 -2 0 0 0
89   Gabon -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
89   Fiji -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89   Ukraine -2 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0
89   Vanuatu -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89   Cabo Verde -2 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
89   El Salvador -2 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
89   Honduras12 -2 2 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
89   Panama -2 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0
101   Singapore -3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
101   Rwanda -3 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
101   Georgia -3 2 0 0 0 1 -2 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
101   Kyrgyzstan -3 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
101   Myanmar -3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
101   Tunisia -3 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
101   Botswana13 -3 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
101   Cuba -3 1 0 0 0 1 0 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
101   Burkina Faso -3 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
101   Mauritius14 -3 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
101   Peru15 -3 1 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
112   Antigua & Barbuda -4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
112   Equatorial Guinea -4 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0
112   Suriname -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
112   Tajikistan -4 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
112   Trinidad & Tobago -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
112   Guatemala -4 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
112   South Korea -4 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0
112   Lebanon16 -4 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
112   Barbados -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
112   Namibia -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
112   Belize -4 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 -1 0 0
123   Angola -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123   Democratic Republic of the Congo -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
123   Sri Lanka18 -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
123   Burundi -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123   Republic of the Congo -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
123   Samoa -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
123   Sierra Leone -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
123   Paraguay -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
123   Grenada -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123   Belarus -5 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 -2 0 0 0
123   Oman -5 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
123   Syria -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
123   Madagascar -5 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
123   Bahrain19 -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 0 0
123   Ivory Coast -5 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 0 0
139   Haiti -6 0 0 0 0 1 -2 0 0 0 -1 -2 0 -2 0
139   Morocco -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139   Kenya -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139   Turkey20 -6 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 -1 -1 -1 -2 0
139   Bhutan -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
139   Brunei -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
139   Central African Republic -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139   Djibouti21 -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 0 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139   Eritrea -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139   Ghana22 -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139   Liberia -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139   Togo -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
139   Tonga -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -1 0 0 0
139   Uzbekistan -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
139   Zambia -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
139   Pakistan -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
139   Bahamas -6 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
139   Malaysia -6 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0
139   Nigeria23 -6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 -1
158   Chad -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Dominican Republic -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 -2 0
158   The Gambia -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Egypt -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158 Comoros Islands -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Dominica -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Ethiopia -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Iraq24 -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 0
158   Kuwait -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Mauritania -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 -1
158   Papua New Guinea -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
158   Senegal -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Solomon Islands -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
158   Tanzania -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158   Turkmenistan -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
158   Maldives -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
158    Vatican City25 -7 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 -2 -2 0 0
175   Bangladesh -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 0
175   Swaziland -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 0
175   Uganda -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 -1 -2 -1 0 0
175   Cook Islands -8 -1 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 0
175   Qatar -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 0
175   Sudan -8 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 0 -1
175   Zimbabwe -8 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
175   Jordan -8 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1 0 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183   Malawi -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183   Cameroon -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183   Guyana -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183   Libya -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183   Afghanistan -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 -1
183   Jamaica -9 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 0
183   Russia -9 0 0 0 0 1 -2 -1 -1 0 -1 -2 -1 -2 0
190   Yemen -10 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 0 -2 -1
191   Saudi Arabia -12 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 -5
192   United Arab Emirates -13 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 0 -5
192   Iran -13 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 -2 -5
194   Somalia26 -14 0 0 0 0 0 -2 0 -1 -1 0 -2 -1 -2 -5

Notes:

1 In Northern Ireland the legal situation for same-sex adoption is unclear.

2 In Canada the adoption laws vary per province. Same-sex-adoption is however possible countrywide.

3 The Employment Equality Act allows religious-run workplaces exemption from its anti-discrimination provisions in order to protect their ethos.

4 In Germany, due to federal government system, there are varying regulations regarding arrival/residence HIV. For example, in Bavaria someone who is HIV-positive can be denied entry. The Federal Constitutional Court has stipulated in several renditions of judgment that the politicians implement the same rights for gay men and lesbians which apply to heterosexuals.

5 In Israel a civil marriage for both homosexual and heterosexual couples is not possible as marriage can only be performed by a Rabbi. This problem does not only apply to gays and lesbians but also heterosexuals belonging to different religious affiliations. There are limited anti-discrimination laws (exception: certain religious groups).

6 The Virgin Islands of the USA have the same legal status as Puerto Rico regarding the USA. Here there is also a ban on hate crimes. After the Supreme Court decision pro same sex marriage in the US, there are plans to implement SSM in Puerto Rico too.

7 Bosnia and Herzegovina passed an unclear anti-discrimination law in 2009 in which a ban on discrimination against “sexual expression” is mentioned. There is a reference that “sexual identity” is not meant in this case. It is obvious that an attempt to adhere to the minimum requirements from the EU has been made, in order to be accepted into the EU.

8 As an overseas territory of the Netherlands St. Maarten recognizes same-sex marriages which are performed in the Netherlands. In St. Maarten itself gay marriage is still not possible, but changes can soon follow. There are no adoption laws.

9 There are regional differences in the laws relating to homosexuals. In addition, the local religion is just as crucial, whether a law is implemented or not.

10 In May 2016 the Parliament of Seychelles decided to make homosexuality legal.

11 Armenia has received many reports of illegal violence from police against homosexuals.

12 In Honduras an anti-discrimination law has recently been passed, but in practice it is ignored.

13 In Botswana homosexuality is practically illegally on the basis of the ban on “unnatural act”, but in the labor law there is still an explicit prohibition of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation.

14 In Mauritius, the sodomy law tends to find application with the heterosexual population. The Equal Opportunities Act protects homosexuals against discrimination at work. It is therefore questionable whether homosexuality is classified as illegal or not.

15 Consensual homosexual acts in Peru between adults are legal. An exception applies for members of the military and police, who can be prosecuted with a prison sentence ranging from 60 days to 20 years or suspension from duty.

16 There are reports of a different judicial interpretations of the law on “sex against nature”.

17 In December 2013, the Supreme Court set aside a 2009 verdict by the Delhi High Court that had decriminalized homosexuality. This decision was once again overturned in September 2018.

18 At the request of the UNHCR Sri Lanka has announced that discrimination of homosexuals is constitutionally forbidden. It was further stressed that the anti-sodomy law is not aimed against homosexuals, but applies for all to protect public morals.

19 In Bahrain although the paragraph referring to sodomy was abolished in 1976 from the local legal code, gay men can still be punished with imprisonment according to the laws regarding “unmoral” behavior.

20 Police stopped violently the Gay Pride on June 29 th, 2015. This can be considered a de facto ban on the Pride.

21 The Shariah-law in Djibouti is often superior to the constitutional laws, so it could be expected that homosexuality is punishable.

22 In Ghana there is a ban on unnatural sex. The government recognizes in this a clear ban on homosexuality.

23 In Nigeria the death penalty only applies for homosexuals according to the Shariah laws and therefore relates only to Muslims in the north of Nigeria.

24 Homosexuality in Iraq is formally legal, but police and military track down homosexuals, and reports of murder and rape exist.

25 The Vatican City adheres to Italian law, but restrictions are possible if the ecclesiastical law contradicts Italian law. Therefore, there are conflicting opinions that homosexuality is not illegal or just not happily seen, but tolerated.

26 Shariah laws applies in Somalia since 2012. There is however contradictory information, since, on the other hand the maximum penalty is up to 3 years in prison, nevertheless in 2013 a homosexual was stoned to death after a judgment.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2014's Gayest Cities in America". 6 January 2014.
  2. ^ "1st place for Canada and Sweden - Spartacus Gay Travel Blog".
  3. ^ Spartacus Ranks Gay-Friendly Destinations: Sweden’s On Top (USA Not So Much) - Queerty, 3 March 2013
  4. ^ "egotour.eu - user reviews, gay travel portal". www.egotour.eu.
  5. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Gay Consumers See Themselves as Tastemakers, Prefer Gay-Friendly Companies, Says Study". EDGE Media Network. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Spartacus World - The Home to international Gay Travelers -". Spartacus Gay Guide.

External linksEdit