Aid and Rescue Committee

The Aid and Rescue Committee, or Va'adat Ha-Ezrah ve-ha-Hatzalah be-Budapesht (Vaada for short; name in Hebrew: ועדת העזרה וההצלה בבודפשט) was a small committee of Zionists in Budapest, Hungary, in 1944–1945, who helped Hungarian Jews escape the Holocaust during the German occupation of that country.[1] The Committee was also known as the Rescue and Relief Committee, and the Budapest Rescue Committee.

The main personalities of the Vaada were Dr. Ottó Komoly, president; Rudolf Kastner, executive vice-president and de facto leader; Samuel Springmann, treasurer; and Joel Brand, who was in charge of tijul or the underground rescue of Jews.[2] Other members were Hansi Brand (Joel Brand's wife); Moshe Krausz and Eugen Frankl (both Orthodox Jews); and Ernst Szilagyi from the left-wing Hashomer Hatzair.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Bauer, Yehuda (1994). Jews for Sale: Nazi–Jewish Negotiations, 1933-1945. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 152. ISBN 978-0300059137
  2. ^ Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews, Yale University Press, 2003, p. 901.
  3. ^ Bauer 1994, p. 153.

Further readingEdit

  • Szita, Szabolcs (2005). Trading in Lives? Operations of the Jewish Relief and Rescue Committee in Budapest, 1944–1945. Budapest and New York: Central European University Press. ISBN 963-7326-30-8.