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Ker-Xavier Roussel (left), Édouard Vuillard, Romain Coolus, and Félix Vallotton, 1899
Ker-Xavier Roussel, Landscape with House, ca. 1897, chromolithograph on wove paper, 29.2 × 41.8 cm. Brooklyn Museum

Ker-Xavier Roussel (10 December 1867 – 6 June 1944) was a French painter associated with Les Nabis.



Born François Xavier Roussel in Lorry-lès-Metz, Moselle in 1867, at age fifteen he studied at the Lycée Condorcet in Paris; alongside his friend Édouard Vuillard, he also studied at the studio of painter Diogène Maillart. In 1888, he enrolled in the École des Beaux-Arts, and soon began frequenting the Académie Julian where Maurice Denis and other students formed the group Les Nabis.[1]

He is best known for paintings of French landscapes usually depicting women, children, nymphs, and fauns in bucolic settings. In 1899, Roussel, Vuillard, and his another close friend, Pierre Bonnard, traveled to Lake Como, Venice, and Milan.

Roussel is mentioned in Gertrude Stein's Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, Chapter 3. There she recounts an exchange he had with Theodore Duret in Vollard's shop at an uncertain date after 1904. Roussel complained of the lack of recognition that he and the other Nabi painters had to contend with. Duret consoled him by pointing out his incompatibility with the manners and fashions of the bourgeois world and the differences between "art" and "official art".[2]


In 1926, Ker-Xavier Roussel won the Carnegie Prize for art.


Ker-Xavier Roussel died in 1944 at his home in L'Étang-la-Ville, Yvelines.


  • Frèches-Thory, Claire, & Perucchi-Petry, Ursula, ed.: Die Nabis: Propheten der Moderne, Kunsthaus Zürich & Grand Palais, Paris & Prestel, Munich 1993 ISBN 3-7913-1969-8 (German), (French)
  1. ^ Oxford Index
  2. ^ Stein, Gertrude. The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas. Penguin, 2001, p.37

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