Solar eclipse of January 25, 1944

A total solar eclipse occurred on January 25, 1944. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Totality was visible from Peru, Brazil, British Sierra Leone (today's Sierra Leone), and French West Africa (the parts now belonging to Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, including Guinean capital Conakry). At greatest eclipse, the Sun was 78 degrees above horizon (just 12 degrees from zenith).

Solar eclipse of January 25, 1944
SE1944Jan25T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.2025
Magnitude1.0428
Maximum eclipse
Duration249 sec (4 m 9 s)
Coordinates7°36′S 50°12′W / 7.6°S 50.2°W / -7.6; -50.2
Max. width of band146 km (91 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse15:26:42
References
Saros130 (48 of 73)
Catalog # (SE5000)9384

Related eclipsesEdit

Solar eclipses 1942–1946Edit

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[1]

Note: The partial solar eclipse on September 10, 1942 occurs in the previous lunar year eclipse set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1942–1946
Ascending node   Descending node
115 August 12, 1942
 
Partial
120 February 4, 1943
 
Total
125 August 1, 1943
 
Annular
130 January 25, 1944
 
Total
135 July 20, 1944
 
Annular
140 January 14, 1945
 
Annular
145 July 9, 1945
 
Total
150 January 3, 1946
 
Partial
155 June 29, 1946
 
Partial

Saros 130Edit

This eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 73 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. There are no annular eclipses in the series. The series ends at member 73 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 41 seconds on July 11, 1619. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.[2]

Series members 43–56 between 1853 and 2300
43 44 45
 
November 30, 1853
 
December 12, 1871
 
December 22, 1889
46 47 48
 
January 3, 1908
 
January 14, 1926
 
January 25, 1944
49 50 51
 
February 5, 1962
 
February 16, 1980
 
February 26, 1998
52 53 54
 
March 9, 2016
 
March 20, 2034
 
March 30, 2052
55 56 57
 
April 11, 2070
 
April 21, 2088
 
May 3, 2106
58 59 60
 
May 14, 2124
 
May 25, 2142
 
June 4, 2160
61 62 63
 
June 16, 2178
 
June 26, 2196
 
July 8, 2214
64 65 66
 
July 18, 2232
 
July 30, 2250
 
August 9, 2268
67
 
August 20, 2286

Metonic seriesEdit

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

NotesEdit

  1. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Saros Series catalog of solar eclipses". NASA.

ReferencesEdit