Pat Martino

Pat Martino (born Patrick Azzara;[1] August 25, 1944)[2] is an American jazz guitarist and composer.

Pat Martino
Pat Martino.jpg
Background information
Birth namePatrick Azzara
Born (1944-08-25) August 25, 1944 (age 77)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
GenresJazz fusion, mainstream jazz, soul jazz
Occupation(s)Musician
InstrumentsGuitar
Years active1959–present
LabelsPrestige, Warner Bros, Muse, Blue Note, HighNote,
Websitepatmartino.com

BiographyEdit

Martino was born Patrick Azzara in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.[2] He began playing professionally at the age of 15 after moving to New York City. He lived for a period with Les Paul and began playing at jazz clubs such as Smalls Paradise. He later moved into a suite in the President Hotel on 48th Street. He would play at Smalls for six months of the year, and then in the summer play at the Club Harlem in Atlantic City, New Jersey.[3]

Martino played and recorded early in his career with Lloyd Price, Willis Jackson, and Eric Kloss. He also worked with jazz organists Charles Earland, Richard "Groove" Holmes, Jack McDuff, Don Patterson, Trudy Pitts, Jimmy Smith, Gene Ludwig, and Joey DeFrancesco.

Martino had been performing until a hemorrhaged arteriovenous malformation caused a "near-fatal seizure" in 1980.[4] This left him with amnesia and no recollection or knowledge of his career or how to play the very instrument that made him successful. Martino says he came out of surgery with complete forgetfulness, learning to focus on the present instead of the past or what may lie ahead. He was forced to learn how to play the guitar from zero. This circumstance is crucial to understand his career and his particular way of thinking.[4][5]

Martino is married to Ayako Asahi Martino, whom he met in Tokyo, Japan, in 1995.[6]

He was chosen as Guitar Player of the Year in the Down Beat magazine Readers' Poll of 2004. In 2006, Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab reissued his album East! on Ultradisc UHR SACD.

In 2017, he shot a series of educational videos entitled A Study of the Opposites and How They Manifest on the Guitar.[7]

Musical approachEdit

Martino states, "There are elements within an instrument’s architecture that initiate a continuous source of valuable information. For the guitar, there are two. The first is the major third interval, and the second is the minor third interval. Once we view their repetitive information, they begin to appear as a series of automatic functions."[8]

Martino's lines contain chromatic links outside any particular IIm7 chord that might be conceptualized over a chord progression, even in the examples he provides in his books and instructional videos. On his bulletin board he has stated that he formulated the system more as a way to explain his playing rather than as something to use to create music. In his own words, "although the analysis of some of my recorded solos have been referred to as modal, personally I've never operated in that way. I've always depended upon my own melodic instinct, instead of scale like formulas."[9]

Awards and honorsEdit

 
Martino in Denmark, 2015
  • 1995 Mellon Jazz Festival dedicated in honor[10]
  • 1996 Philadelphia Alliance Walk of Fame Award[11]
  • 1997 National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences Songs from the Heart Award[12]
  • 2002 Grammy Award nominations for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Live at Yoshi's, and Best Jazz Instrumental Solo on "All Blues"[13]
  • 2002 National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences 2nd Annual Heroes Award[14]
  • 2003 Grammy nominations for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Think Tank, and Best Jazz Instrumental Solo on "Africa"[15]
  • 2004 Guitar Player of the Year, DownBeat Magazine's 2004 Readers' Poll [16]
  • 2016 Pennsylvania State Senator Vincent Hughes and his wife Sheryl Lee Ralph-Hughes presented Pat Martino with the Jazz Legacy Award[17]

DiscographyEdit

As leaderEdit

As sidemanEdit

With Eric Alexander

With Willis Jackson

With Eric Kloss

With Jack McDuff

With Charles McPherson

With Don Patterson

With Trudy Pitts

With others

BibliographyEdit

  • Martino, Pat; Milkowski, Bill (2011). Here and Now! The Autobiography of Pat Martino. Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-1617130274.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Silbergleit, Paul (November 1, 2015). 25 Great Jazz Guitar Solos: Transcriptions * Lessons * Bios * Photos. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4950-5541-6.
  2. ^ a b Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 1631/2. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
  3. ^ Spatz, David (October 11, 2017). "Jazz festival to bring legends like Pat Martino to Somers Point". The Press of Atlantic City.
  4. ^ a b Gallagher, Brian (January 8, 2015). "Brain Damage Saved His Music". Nautilus. ISSN 2372-1766.
  5. ^ "Jazz Guitar After Brain Damage". Discover. October 6, 2013. ISSN 0274-7529.
  6. ^ Brady, Shaun (August 2008). "Pat Martino". Jazz Times. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  7. ^ "Pat Martino: A Study of the Opposites and How They Manifest on the Guitar". Tagapublishing.com. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  8. ^ Martino, Pat (February 15, 2011). "Inside Jazz: Augmented and Diminished Forms". Premierguitar.com. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  9. ^ "Jazz Bulletin Board – View Single Post – Pat Martino". Forums.allaboutjazz.com. January 29, 2010. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  10. ^ "Pat Martino Trio". Jazzalley.com. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  11. ^ "Biography". Patmartino.com.
  12. ^ "Jazz great Pat Martino to play two nights at Chris' Jazz Cafe". Pressreader.com.
  13. ^ "Complete List Of Grammy Nominees". Cbsnews.com.
  14. ^ "Pat Martino Organ Trio featuring Pat Bianchi and Carmen Intorre Jr". Theiridium.com.
  15. ^ "Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times. Associated Press.
  16. ^ Schoof, Dustin (May 15, 2014). "Pat Martino discusses relearning to play guitar after a near-fatal brain aneurysm left him with amnesia". The Express-Times.
  17. ^ Arlene Edmonds. "Jazz Legacy Awards honors Northwest Philadelphia jazz artists". Montgomerynews.com.
  18. ^ Taylor, Derek (February 13, 2014). "Review of Young Guns". Dustedmagazine.tumblr.com.

Other sourcesEdit

  • Marshall, Wolf (Winter 1991) Pat Martino. Guitar Extra Volume 1 No. 4.
  • Marshall, Wolf (November 2005) Pat Martino: Legend, Treasure, Inspiration. Vintage Guitar Magazine.

External linksEdit