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Obersturmbannführer ([ˈoːbɐ.ʃtʊʁm.ban.fyːʀɐ], lit. "senior assault unit leader") was a paramilitary German Nazi Party (NSDAP) rank used by both the SA and the SS. It was created in May 1933 to fill the need for an additional rank above Sturmbannführer as the SA expanded. It became an SS rank at the same time.[1] Translated as "senior assault (or storm) unit leader",[2] Obersturmbannführer was junior to Standartenführer and was the equivalent to Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel) in the German Army.[3] The insignia for Obersturmbannführer was four silver pips and a stripe, centered on the left collar of an SS/SA uniform.[4] The rank also displayed the shoulder boards of an Oberstleutnant and was the highest SS/SA rank to display unit insignia on the opposite collar.[5]

Obersturmbannführer
Bundesarchiv Bild 101III-Jarolin-032-22, Manfred Schönfelder.jpg
An Obersturmbannführer in the Waffen-SS
Country Nazi Germany
Service branch Schutzstaffel
Sturmabteilung
National Socialist Motor Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps
NATO rankOF-4
Formation1933
Abolished1945
Next higher rankStandartenführer
Next lower rankSturmbannführer
Equivalent ranksOberstleutnant

Adolf EichmannEdit

 
The rank was held by Adolf Eichmann, shown on trial in 1961

Adolf Eichmann was promoted to Obersturmbannführer in 1940 and was still listed as one in the minutes of the Wannsee Conference January 1942. During the Eichmann trial for crimes against humanity in 1962, chief prosecutor Gideon Hausner drew attention to the significance and responsibility of Eichmann's Obersturmbannführer rank when, in response to Eichmann's claim that he was merely a clerk obeying orders, Hausner asked him, "Were you an Obersturmbannführer or an office girl?"[6]

But political theorist Hannah Arendt disputes the notion that Obersturmbannführer was a rank of significance in her 1963 book Eichmann in Jerusalem. She wrote Eichmann spent the war "dreaming" about promotion to Standartenführer. Arendt said "... people like Eichmann, who had risen from the ranks, were never permitted to advance beyond a lieutenant colonel [i.e., the rank of Obersturmbannführer] except at the front."[7]

InsigniaEdit

Junior Rank
Sturmbannführer
SS rank and SA rank
Obersturmbannführer
Senior Rank
Standartenführer

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McNab 2009, pp. 29, 30.
  2. ^ McNab 2009b, p. 15.
  3. ^ Yerger 1997, p. 236.
  4. ^ Flaherty 2004, p. 148.
  5. ^ Stein 2002, p. 300 chart.
  6. ^ Ronald C. Naso, Jon Mills, eds. (2016). Ethics of Evil: Psychoanalytic Investigations. Karnac Books. p. 289. ISBN 9781782203957.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)
  7. ^ Arendt 2006, p. 147.

BibliographyEdit