National Socialist Flyers Corps

The National Socialist Flyers Corps (German: Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps; NSFK) was a paramilitary aviation organization of the Nazi Party.

National Socialist Flyers Corps
Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps - NSFK
NSFK Wimpel Fördernde Mitglieder.svg
NSFK pennant
Agency overview
Formed15 April 1937
Preceding agency
Dissolved8 May 1945
JurisdictionNazi Germany Nazi Germany
Occupied Europe
Agency executives

HistoryEdit

NSFK was founded 15 April 1937 as a successor to the German Air Sports Association; the latter had been active during the years when a German air force was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles. The NSFK organization was based closely on the para-military organization of the Sturmabteilung (SA). A similar group was the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK). During the early years of its existence, the NSFK conducted military aviation training in gliders and private airplanes.

LeadershipEdit

Friedrich Christiansen, originally a Generalleutnant then later a Luftwaffe General der Flieger, was NSFK Korpsführer from 15 April 1937 until 26 June 1943, followed by Generaloberst Alfred Keller until 8 May 1945.

Ranks, uniforms and other insigniaEdit

The paramilitary rank system was in use by the NSFK between the years of 1933 and 1945. The ranks were designed after paramilitary rank titles of the Sturmabteilung. Most ranks of the NSFK were also used by the National Socialist Motor Corps which maintained its own paramilitary rank system.

As with most Nazi paramilitary groups, rank patches were worn on a single collar opposite a badge of unit membership. The exception was for the ranks Standartenführer and above which displayed rank insignia on both collars.

Rank insigniaEdit

As of 1934, the final rank pattern of the National Socialist Flyer Corps was as follows:[1][2][3]

Insignia NSFK Rank Translation Luftwaffe equivalent
Collar Shoulder
    Korpsführer Corps Leader Generalfeldmarschall
    Ehrenführer Honorary Leader Generaloberst
  Obergruppenführer Senior Group Leader General
  Gruppenführer Group Leader Generalleutnant
  Brigadeführer Brigade Leader Generalmajor
  Oberführer Senior Leader Oberst
  Standartenführer Regiment Leader Oberst
  Obersturmbannführer Senior Assault Unit Leader Oberstleutnant
  Sturmbannführer Assault Unit Leader Major
    Hauptsturmführer Chief Assault Leader Hauptmann
  Obersturmführer Senior Assault Leader Oberleutnant
  Untersturmführer Junior Assault Leader Leutnant
    Obertruppführer Senior Troop Leader Stabsfeldwebel
  Truppführer Troop Leader Hauptfeldwebel
  Oberscharführer Senior Squad Leader Oberfeldwebel
  Scharführer Squad Leader Unteroffizier
  Rottenführer Section Leader Obergefreiter
  Sturmmann Storm Trooper Gefreiter
  Mann Trooper Flieger
None Anwärter Candidate None

UniformsEdit

Source:[4]

Rank flagsEdit

Source:[5]

NSFK badgesEdit

  • The Free Balloon Pilot Badge (Das Abzeichen für Freiballonführer). This was authorized on 10 March 1938 by NSFK Korpsführer, Christiansen.[6]
  • The Motor Aircraft Pilot Badge (Das Abzeichen für Motorflugzeugführer). This was authorized on 12 July 1938 by Christiansen.[6]
  • The Large Glider Flyer Badge (Das Große Segelfliegerabzeichen). This was authorized on 26 January 1942 by Christiansen.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Uniform und Rangabzeichen des NSFK" (in German). Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  2. ^ Ley, Robert (1937). "Table 73". Organisationsbuch der NSDAP (in German). Zentralverlag.
  3. ^ "Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps (NSFK) Regulation Collar Tabs". German Daggers. 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. ^ Ley, Robert (1943). Organisationsbuch der NSDAP. Zentralverlag der NSDAP, images 70-73.
  5. ^ Herzfeld, Andreas (2013). Die Riemann'sche Sammlung deutscher Autoflaggen und Kfz-Stander, vol. 1. p. 170, and image 71.
  6. ^ a b c Doehle 1995, p. 122.

Further readingEdit

  • Doehle, Heinrich (1995) [1943]. Medals & Decorations of the Third Reich: Badges, Decorations, Insignia. Reddick Enterprises. ISBN 0962488348.