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Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo (/æˈkʊf ɑːˈd/ (About this soundlisten) a-KUUF-oh ah-DOH; born William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo;[1] 29 March 1944[2]) is currently the President of Ghana. He has been in office since January 2017.[3] He previously served as Attorney General from 2001 to 2003 and as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2007 under the Kufuor led administration.[4]

Nana Akufo-Addo
Nana Akufo-Addo at European Development Days 2017.jpg
President of Ghana
Assumed office
7 January 2017
Vice PresidentMahamudu Bawumia
Preceded byJohn Mahama
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 April 2003 – 1 July 2007
PresidentJohn Kufuor
Preceded byHackman Owusu-Agyeman
Succeeded byAkwasi Osei-Adjei
Attorney General of Ghana
In office
7 January 2001 – 1 April 2003
PresidentJohn Kufuor
Preceded byObed Asamoah
Succeeded byPapa Owusu-Ankomah
Member of Parliament
for Akim Abuakwa South
In office
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded bySamuel Atta Akyea
Member of Parliament
for Abuakwa
In office
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo

(1944-03-29) 29 March 1944 (age 75)
Accra, Gold Coast (now Ghana)
Political partyNew Patriotic Party
Spouse(s)Rebecca Griffiths-Randolph
Children5 daughters
ResidenceJubilee House
EducationLancing College
New College, Oxford
University of Ghana
Inns of Court School of Law
WebsiteCampaign website

Nana Addo first ran for president in 2008 and again in 2012, both times as the candidate of the New Patriotic Party (NPP), but was defeated on both occasions by National Democratic Congress' candidates: John Evans Atta Mills in 2008 and John Dramani Mahama in 2012 after the former's demise.[5] He was chosen as the presidential candidate of the New Patriotic Party for a third time for the 2016 general elections and this time, he managed to defeat John Dramani Mahama in the first round (winning with 53.85% of the votes), which marked the first time in a Ghanaian presidential election that an opposition candidate won a majority outright in the first round. [6]


Early life and educationEdit

Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo was born in Accra, Ghana, to a prominent Ghanaian royal and political family as the son of Edward and Adeline Akufo-Addo.[7] His father Edward Akufo-Addo from Akropong-Akuapem was Ghana's third Chief Justice from 1966 to 1970, Chairman of the 1967–68 Constitutional Commission and the non-executive President of Ghana from 1970 till 1972.[7] Akufo-Addo's maternal grandfather was Nana Sir Ofori Atta, King of Akyem Abuakwa, who was a member of the Executive Council of the Governor of the Gold Coast before Ghana's independence.[7] He is a nephew of Kofi Asante Ofori-Atta and William Ofori Atta. His granduncle was J. B. Danquah, another member of The Big Six.[8]

He started his primary education at the Government Boys School, Adabraka, and later went to Rowe Road School (now Kinbu), in Accra Central. He went to England to study for his O-Level and A-Level examinations at Lancing College, Sussex, where he was nicknamed 'Billy'.[1] He began the Philosophy, Politics and Economics course at New College, Oxford in 1962, but left soon afterwards.[9] He returned to Ghana in 1962 to teach at the Accra Academy, before going to read Economics at the University of Ghana, Legon, in 1964, earning a BSc(Econ) degree in 1967. He subsequently joined Inner Temple and trained as a lawyer under the apprenticeship system known as the Inns of court, where no formal law degree was required.[10] He was called to the English Bar (Middle Temple) in July 1971. He was called to the Ghanaian bar in July 1975.[11] Akufo-Addo worked with the Paris office of the U.S. law firm Coudert Brothers. In 1979, he co-founded the law firm Prempeh and Co.

Political lifeEdit

Akufo-Addo's participation in politics began in the late 1970s when he joined the People's Movement for Freedom and Justice (PMFJ),[12] an organization formed to oppose the General Acheampong-led Supreme Military Council's Union Government proposals.[13] In May 1995, he was among a broad group of elites who formed Alliance for Change, an alliance that organized demonstrations against neo-liberal policies such as the introduction of Value Added Tax and human rights violations of the Rawlings presidency.[14] The broad-based opposition alliance later collapsed as the elite leaders jostled for leadership positions.[11] In the 1990s, he formed a civil rights organization called Ghana's Committee on Human and People's Rights.[12]

Presidential bidsEdit

In October 1998, Akufo-Addo competed for the presidential candidacy of the NPP[11] and lost to John Kufuor, who subsequently won the December 2000 presidential election and assumed office as President of Ghana in January 2001. Akufo-Addo was the chief campaigner for Kufuor in the 2000 election. He became the first Attorney General and Minister for Justice of the Kufuor era, and later moved to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).[15][16]

In 2007, he was the popular candidate tipped to win New Patriotic Party's presidential primaries.[17] In 2008, Akufo-Addo represented NPP in a closely contested election against John Atta Mills of NDC.[18] In the first round of voting, Akufo-Addo tallied 49.13%, leading Atta Mills with a slim margin that was below the constitutional threshold of 50% to become the outright winner.[19]

Akufo-Addo ran again as NPP's presidential candidate in the 2012 national elections against NDC's John Mahama, successor to the late Atta Mills. Mahama was declared the winner of the election, an outcome that was legally challenged by Akufo-Addo. The court case generated considerable controversy, and was finally decided by the Ghana Supreme Court in a narrow 5/4 decision in favour of Mahama. Akufo-Addo accepted the verdict in the interest of economic stability and international goodwill.[7]

In March 2014, Akufo-Addo announced his decision to seek his party’s nomination for the third time ahead of the 2016 election. In the NPP primary conducted in October 2014, he was declared victor with 94.35% of the votes.[20] Akufo-Addo also served as Chair of the Commonwealth Observer Mission for the South African elections in 2014.[21][22]

He focused his campaign on the economy, promising to stabilize the country's foreign exchange rate and to reduce unemployment levels.[23] On 9 December 2016, sitting president Mahama conceded defeat to Akufo-Addo.[24] Akufo-Addo won the election with 53.83% of the votes against Mahama's 44.4%.[25]

President of GhanaEdit


Akufo-Addo took office on 7 January 2017. His inauguration was held at Black Star Square in Accra. Twelve presidents from African and European countries attended the ceremony, including Edgar Lungu of Zambia, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, Ernest Bai Koroma of Sierra Leone, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria.[26][27][28]

Akufo-Addo faced backlash, especially on social media, for plagiarizing parts of his inauguration speech, having lifted passages, word-for-word, from previous inaugural addresses given by American presidents John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush as well as prepared remarks given by Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari at a 2015 United States Institute of Peace event.[29][30][31][32][33][34] After the scandal came to light, his press office issued an apology, with his communication director describing the situation as a "complete oversight and never deliberate."[35][36][37] However, after the mea culpa, it was found that Akufo-Addo had also plagiarized portions of his 2013 concession speech after the Supreme Court of Ghana upheld the 2012 electoral victory of President John Mahama. In that speech, lines were lifted verbatim from United States Vice President Al Gore's 2000 presidential concession speech given after the US Supreme Court verdict.[38][39][40]


In September 2017, the president launched the Free High School Education (SHS) policy, which will make secondary high school free for students in Ghana. The president states it is a "necessary investment in the nation's future workforce" and will help parents who are unable to pay for their children's education due to financial hardships. The program met with positive reaction from the nation, parents and students were excited and fervent, but private schools opposed to the program state it will decrease the number of students enrolling in their system.[41][42]


In 2018, the president introduced the 7-year Co-ordinated Programme of Economic and Social Development Policies which is expected to create jobs for the country. According to the president, The policies are founded on "five pillars of growth and development, namely revitalizing the economy; transform agriculture and industry; revamping economic and social infrastructure; strengthening social protection and inclusion; and reforming delivery system of public services institutions."[43]


In February 2019, Akuffo-Addo's administration announced a complete renovation of sports buildings around Ghana due to the country hosting the Africa Games in 2023. Buildings include Accra and Cape Coast Sports Stadium and the Azumah Nelson Sports Complex in Kaneshie. The University of Ghana Sports Stadium which renovations were abandoned in 2009 after former President John Kufuor left office will also proceed.[44]

Other venturesEdit

In 2019, Ghana’s regions increased from ten to sixteen under the president’s administration. The new regions are Oti, Western North, North East, Ahafo (splitting from Brong) Savannah and Bono East Regions. The creations of the regions end decades of petitions to the government calling for the development of new regions.[45]

Personal lifeEdit

Akufo-Addo is from Akropong-Akuapem and Kyebi in the Eastern Region. He is married to Rebecca Akufo-Addo (née Griffiths-Randolph), the daughter of judge, Jacob Hackenburg Griffiths-Randolph, the Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana during the Third Republic.[46][47] They have five daughters; Gyankroma Funmi Akufo-Addo, Edwina Nana Douka Akufo-Addo, Adriana Dukua Akufo-Addo, Yeboakua Akufo-Addo , and Valerie Obaze.[48][49][50][51]

Awards and honoursEdit

Akufo-Addo was presented with the Mother Theresa Memorial International Award for Social Justice in 2016 by the Harmony Foundation for sacrificing political ambitions for the sake of national peace and reconciliation.[52]

In 2017, he received the National Achievement Award by the Africa-America Institute’s on behalf of the people of Ghana. The award was given to recognize Ghana as a country which represent freedom, democracy and stability in Africa.[53]

Akufo-Addo was given an award for Exemplary Leadership in June 2018 by the Whitaker Group.[54][55] In August 2018 he received the African Port Award by The African Port Award (APA) Foundation for his projects on modernizing Ghana's ports.[56] In September 2018, the U.S. Africa Business Centre of the United States Chamber of Commerce presented Akufo-Addo with the 2018 Outstanding Leader's Award in recognition of regional, diplomatic, and economic leadership in Africa.[57][58][59] In October 2018 he received the 2018 Governance Leadership Award "in recognition of his commitment towards enhancing the living standards of the Ghanaians and governing the country in accordance with the rule of law".[60]

In June 2019, the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) announced it will honour Akufo-Addo with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) Merit Award for Heads of State due to his tremendous contribution to sports development and projects in Ghana and for the successful bid for Ghana to host the 2023 African Games.[61]

See alsoEdit


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  2. ^ "Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo". Office of the President, Republic of Ghana. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
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  6. ^ "World Digest: Dec. 9. 2016: Ghana president concedes to opposition leader". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d Duodu, Cameron (April 2014). "Why Akufo-Addo chose caution, not confrontation". New African.
  8. ^ "Salute the New King: President-elect of Ghana Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo". 9 December 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  9. ^ Ata, Kofi (11 November 2012). "Why has Nana Akufo Addo omitted Oxford University from his Profile?". Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Prof. Kwaku Asare writes: Nana Akufo-Addo has no law degree but..." 5 October 2016. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Agyeman-Duah, Ivor (2003). Between Faith and History: A Biography of J.A. Kufuor. Africa World Press. pp. 81, 95.
  12. ^ a b Oquaye, Mike (24 December 2008). "Why Nana Akufo-Addo Should be Elected President". Daily Graphic. Ghana. Archived from the original on 9 December 2017.
  13. ^ Owusu-Ansah, David (2014). Historical Dictionaries of Africa : Historical Dictionary of Ghana (4). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  14. ^ Ayelazuno, Jasper (2011). "7". Neo-liberalism and Resistance in Ghana: Understanding the Political Agency of the Subalterns in Social-historical Context (Thesis). York University.
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