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Gamma Phi Beta (ΓΦΒ, also known as GPhi or Gamma Phi) is an international college sorority. It was founded in Syracuse University in 1874, and was the first of the Greek organizations to call itself a sorority. The term "sorority" was coined for Gamma Phi Beta by Dr. Frank Smalley, a professor at Syracuse University.
|Gamma Phi Beta|
|Founded||November 11, 1874|
Syracuse University, (Syracuse, NY)
|Motto||Founded On A Rock|
|Colors||Blush (pink) and A-la-Mode (brown/gray)|
|Philanthropy||Building Strong Girls, Camp Fire, Girl Guides of Canada, Girls on the Run|
|Chapters||187 collegiate, 175+ alumnae|
|Headquarters||12737 E. Euclid Drive|
The sorority's international headquarters are located in Centennial, Colorado. As of 2016, Gamma Phi Beta listed more than 200,000 initiated members, 130 chartered collegiate chapters and more than 155 alumnae groups in the United States and Canada.
Colleges and universities admitted few women students in the 1870s. Erastus Otis Haven, Syracuse University chancellor and former president of the University of Michigan and Northwestern University instead maintained that women should receive the advantages of higher education and enrolled his daughter, Frances, at Syracuse.
Frances Haven and three friends organized their own society. Gamma Phi Beta Society was subsequently founded on November 11, 1874, at Syracuse University by:
- Helen M. Dodge
- Frances E. Haven
- E. Adeline Curtis
- Mary A. Bingham.
The founders had originally selected light blue as the official color but changed it in 1875 to brown and mode (dark and light brown). The society's first initiate, Clara Worden, joined in March 1875.
For its first several years Gamma Phi Beta was simply known as a society; it had never used the term fraternity. It was the first of the national women's organizations to adopt the word "sorority", coined in 1882 on behalf of the Syracuse chapter by one of the Latin professors on the faculty. From 1882 the organization was known as Gamma Phi Beta Sorority.
Gamma Phi Beta is a member of the Syracuse Triad, the name given to the three women's sororities founded at Syracuse University. Alpha Phi was founded first in 1872 by 10 of the original 20 women admitted into Syracuse University. Gamma Phi Beta came along two years later in 1874 and Alpha Gamma Delta completed the triad in 1904. Syracuse Triad ceremonies or events are held on most campuses with chapters of all three groups.
Expansion and Later HistoryEdit
Gamma Phi Beta expanded slowly at first. The sorority's second chapter, Beta chapter at the University of Michigan was placed in 1882, followed in 1885 by Gamma chapter at Wisconsin. Over the next ten years, the sorority expanded into the Midwest and to eastern schools. In 1894 Gamma Phi Beta expanded to the West Coast, to the University of California and at Washington, Oregon and Idaho.
Gamma Phi Beta's first convention was held in Syracuse in 1883, with annual sessions held until 1907. After that year, conventions became biennial, offset with a Leadership Training School held in the off-convention years.
In 1891, Gamma Phi Beta joined the National Panhellenic Conference's (NPC) as a founding member.
The crest, of coat of arms, of Gamma Phi Beta was adopted after a national crest design competition following the 1915 Convention. The winning crest was designed by Gertrude Comfort Morrow (California-Berkeley, 1913). In 1965 the use of color was officially included in the crest.
Frances E. Haven went on to assist in founding Omicron chapter at the University of Illinois in 1913. Omicron is the only other chapter established by one of the original founders.
- Gamma Phi Beta's symbol is the crescent moon.
- Its flower is the pink carnation.
- The official colors of Gamma Phi Beta have long been pink and shades of brown. At first, designated by "Brown and Mode", brown to honor Dr. John J. Brown's role at the sorority's founding, along with 'mode', meant as any stylish and complementary color of the day. In 2006 an extensive re-branding effort adopted updates to several of the symbols used along with the society's colors. The "primary pallet" of "Blush" (pink) and "A-la-Mode" (brown/gray) is now explained:
"To modernize our meaningful colors, we lightened the pink to blush and combined light brown with warm gray, creating a shade we call A-La-Mode. The updated colors exude femininity and strength; they are timeless and confident like our membership."
- Secondary colors were chosen and are listed as Once in A Blue Moon, Pearl, Brownstone and Carnation. The branding page explains these as "...the perfect accessories to our primary palette." 
The carnation was named the official flower at Convention 1888, while pink was designated the official color of the carnation in 1950. Carnations have been revered for more than 2,000 years as one of the most long-lasting flowers. Many varieties produce a clove-like scent, and the aroma is said to be both uplifting and motivating.
The open motto is "Founded on a Rock".
The Gamma Phi Beta crest, or coat of arms is in the shape of a shield featuring three pink carnations on a white background, an open book on a light brown background, and a waxing crescent moon on dark brown background. At the top of the shield is a golden oil lamp and at the bottom of the shield is a banner displaying the Greek letters Γ, Φ, and Β. The crest is only to be worn by initiated members.
The Gamma Phi Beta badge has not significantly changed since its design in 1874. It was designed by Tiffany & Co. It features a black crescent moon cradling the Greek letters, Gamma, Phi and Beta. Badges are currently produced by jeweler Herff Jones with customization options such as a gold or silver finish or adding jewels.
The badges worn by International Council members are larger and feature white crescent moons instead of black. The international president's badge is set with diamonds on the Greek letters; other international officers' badges are set with pearls. In 1902, a triangular-shaped shield of dark brown on which rests a crescent of gold was approved as the badge for uninitiated new members.
Philanthropy and community serviceEdit
Gamma Phi Beta provided humanitarian supplies during both WWI and WWII. Donation containers were placed throughout the United States by chapters, with the funds collected directed at the end of WWI to the relief of French war orphans.
In WWII, funds were raised that supported a Mobile Canteen for Great Britain, and contributions were raised for the American Red Cross, the Queen's Canadian Fund for air raid victims throughout Great Britain, and the Army and Navy Relief Societies. Its War bonds drive campaign resulted in four drives that raised $14M, earning the sorority two U.S. Treasury citations for distinguished service rendered on behalf of the War Finance Program.
At Convention 2012, a new philanthropic focus was adopted: "to provide experiences and resources that build spiritual, mental and social resiliency in girls" and the sorority partnered with Girls on the Run. The official philanthropy of Gamma Phi Beta is Building Strong Girls. Gamma Phi Beta's current philanthropic focus is, "We are women building strong girls."
Every initiated member has a lifelong membership in Gamma Phi Beta and may participate in alumnae activities on the local, regional and international level. Women who have never been initiated to a National Panhellenic Conference sorority may be eligible to join Gamma Phi Beta through the alumnae initiate program. Once a woman is initiated into Gamma Phi Beta, she is no longer allowed to join any other National Panhellenic Conference sorority. One standard of membership is paying dues each semester during a member's college years and, once she graduates, paying a yearly due to International Headquarters.
- Birgitta Moran Farmer (Alpha) – Painter
- Kristin Chenoweth (Beta Omicron) – Tony Award and Emmy Award winning actress.
- Meagan Holder (Delta Delta) – Actress (You Again and Bring It On: Fight to the Finish)
- Heather McDonald (Beta Alpha) – Actress, comedian, writer best known for Chelsea Lately.
- Elizabeth Pitcairn (Beta Alpha) – Famous concert violinist, plays the famous violin on which the Academy Award winning film, The Red Violin was based.
- Bailey Hanks (Zeta Zeta) – Broadway actress (Legally Blonde).
- Susan Howard (Alpha Zeta) – Actress (Dallas).
- Cloris Leachman (Epsilon) – Actress, Academy Award winner.
- Kelli O'Hara (Beta Omicron) – Actress, Tony Award winner for The King and I.
- Kelli McCarty (Beta Chi) – Actress, model, Miss USA 1991
- Mary Beth Peil (Epsilon) – Tony Award nominated singer and actress (Dawson's Creek).
- Hope Summers (Epsilon) – Actress (The Andy Griffith Show).
- Jocelyn Burdick (Epsilon) – North Dakota governor appointed her to US Senate seat held by her late husband in 1992.
- Lane Carlson (Alpha Delta) – Former head of Public Affairs of US Army; First woman to be named full colonel in Army (1968).
- Laurel Clark (Gamma) – NASA Astronaut on the space shuttle Columbia.
- Jeannie Deakyne (Alpha Epsilon) – Mrs. U.S. Beauties 2008, Mrs. Texas International 2005 and Bronze Star Medal recipient.
- Jennifer Dunn (Lambda) – Former U.S. Congresswoman ('93–'05) – WA 8th District.
- Lynn Morley Martin (Omicron) – Secretary of Labor under President Bush.
- Carol Ryrie Brink (Xi) – Author of Caddie Woodlawn and winner of the Newbery Medal in 1936.
- Alex Flanagan (Alpha Epsilon) – Sports reporter for ESPN, NFL Network, and NBC.
- Marguerite Higgins (Eta) – UC Berkeley, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1951.
Many Gamma Phi Beta chapters have on-campus housing for members. Housing may be run by the Gamma Phi Beta national organization or an alumna-run local Affiliated Housing Corporation. Several Gamma Phi Beta sorority houses are registered as historical homes, including:
- "Sorority Symbols". Gamma Phi Beta. Retrieved 2020-09-21.
- Anson, Jack L.; Marchenasi, Robert F., eds. (1991) . Baird's Manual of American Fraternities (20th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Baird's Manual Foundation, Inc. p. IV-41–43. ISBN 978-0963715906.
- William Raimond Baird; Carroll Lurding (eds.). "Almanac of Fraternities and Sororities (Baird's Manual Online Archive), section showing Gamma Phi Beta chapters". Student Life and Culture Archives. University of Illinois: University of Illinois Archives. Retrieved 30 December 2021. The main archive URL is The Baird's Manual Online Archive homepage.
- "The History of Syracuse University Fraternity and Sorority Community". Syracuse University. 2010. Archived from the original on 2008-09-05. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- Becque, Fran; Ph.D. (2013-08-12). "Women's Fraternities, Sororities, and Dr. Frank Smalley". Fraternity History & More. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
- "Membership". Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- "Our History | Gamma Phi Beta". www.gammaphibeta.org. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
- "1875: The Colors • History of Gamma Phi Beta". gammaphibetahistory.org. Archived from the original on 2016-06-14. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Hultsch, Margaret Knights, Former Editor, Alpha Phi Quarterly. "Syracuse Triad". Alpha Gamma Delta Quarterly. Archived from the original on 1999-04-21. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
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- "Syracuse Triad". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- According to the sorority's Our Brand description, on its website. Accessed 21 Sept 2020.
- "1915: The Crest • History of Gamma Phi Beta". Archived from the original on 2016-05-02.
- Philanthropy notes according to the Philanthropy section of the sorority's website, accessed 21 Sept 2020.
- "Gamma Phi Beta Membership". Gamma Phi Beta. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- "Prominent Gamma Phi Betas". Gamma Phi Beta. Archived from the original on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
- Gamma Phi Beta The Buzz[permanent dead link], October 2010
- "Member to shine in Broadway musical". Gamma Phi Beta. July 23, 2008. Archived from the original on April 24, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Spotlight On: Life Abroad". The Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta. July 1, 2005. Archived from the original on April 24, 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-24.