1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.
|Ab urbe condita||2716|
|Balinese saka calendar||1884–1885|
|British Regnal year||11 Eliz. 2 – 12 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬寅年 (Water Tiger)|
4659 or 4599
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4660 or 4600
|- Vikram Samvat||2019–2020|
|- Shaka Samvat||1884–1885|
|- Kali Yuga||5063–5064|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 38|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 52|
|Thai solar calendar||2506|
2089 or 1708 or 936
— to —
2090 or 1709 or 937
- January 1 – Bogle–Chandler case: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation scientist Dr. Gilbert Bogle and Mrs. Margaret Chandler are found dead (presumed poisoned), in bushland near the Lane Cove River, Sydney, Australia.
- January 2 – Vietnam War – Battle of Ap Bac: The Viet Cong win their first major victory.
- January 9 – A total penumbral lunar eclipse is visible in the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia, and is the 56th lunar eclipse of Lunar Saros 114. Gamma has a value of −1.01282. It occurs on the night between Wednesday, January 9 and Thursday, January 10, 1963.
- January 13 – 1963 Togolese coup d'état: A military coup in Togo results in the installation of coup leader Emmanuel Bodjollé as president.
- January 17 – A last quarter moon occurs between the penumbral lunar eclipse and the annular solar eclipse, only 12 hours, 29 minutes after apogee.
- January 19 – Soviet spy Gheorghe Pintilie is removed from his position as Deputy Interior Minister of the Romanian People's Republic, as a step in ensuring Romania's political independence; the Workers' Party Politburo discusses way of neutralizing "Soviet intelligence networks [...] which Gheorghe Pintilie had coordinated."
- January 22 – France and West Germany sign the Élysée Treaty.
- January 25 – A large annular solar eclipse covered 99.5% of the Sun and a narrow path at most 19.6 km (12.2 mi). It was visible in Chile, Argentina, South Africa, Madagascar, and was the 26th solar eclipse of Solar Saros 140. Gamma had a value of -0.48984.
- January 26 – The Australia Day shootings rock Perth; 2 people are shot dead and 3 others injured by Eric Edgar Cooke.
- January 29 – French President Charles de Gaulle vetoes the United Kingdom's entry into the European Common Market.
- February 5 – The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the basic tenets of European Union law.
- February 8 – Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy Administration.
- February 10 – Five Japanese cities located on the northernmost part of Kyūshū are merged and become the city of Kitakyūshū, with a population of more than 1 million.
- February 12 – Northwest Airlines Flight 705 crashes in the Florida Everglades, killing all 43 aboard.
- February 14 – Harold Wilson becomes leader of the opposition Labour Party in the United Kingdom; in October 1964 he becomes prime minister.
- February 21 – The 5.6 Mw Marj earthquake affects northern Libya with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), causing 290–375 deaths and 375–500 injuries.
- February 27 – Juan Bosch takes office as the 41st president of the Dominican Republic.
- March 4 – In Paris, six people are sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardons five, but the other conspirator, Jean Bastien-Thiry, is executed by firing squad several days later.
- March 17 – Mount Agung erupts on Bali, killing approximately 1,500.
- March 23 – "Dansevise" by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann (music by Otto Francker, text by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 for Denmark.
- March 30 – Indigenous Australians are legally allowed to drink alcohol in New South Wales.
- April 7 – Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a socialist republic, and Josip Broz Tito is named President for Life.
- April 8 – The 35th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture.
- April 10 – The U.S. nuclear submarine Thresher sinks 220 mi (190 nmi; 350 km) east of Cape Cod; all 129 aboard (112 crewmen plus yard personnel) die.
- April 11 – Pope John XXIII issues his final encyclical, Pacem in terris, entitled On Establishing Universal Peace in Truth, Justice, Charity and Liberty, the first papal encyclical addressed to "all men of good will", rather than to Roman Catholics only.
- April 12 – The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish Straits. Although severely damaged, both vessels make it to port.
- April 14 – The Institute of Mental Health (Belgrade) is established.
- April 16 – Martin Luther King, Jr. issues his "Letter from Birmingham Jail".
- April 20 – In Quebec, Canada, members of the terrorist group Front de libération du Québec bomb a Canadian Army recruitment center, killing night watchman Wilfred V. O'Neill.
- April 21–23 – The first election of the Supreme Institution of the Baháʼí Faith (known as the Universal House of Justice, whose seat is at the Baháʼí World Centre on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel) is held.
- April 22 – Lester Bowles Pearson becomes the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
- April 28 – 1963 general election is held in Italy.
- April 29 – Buddy Rogers becomes the first WWWF Champion.
- May 2 – Berthold Seliger launches near Cuxhaven a 3-stage rocket with a maximum flight altitude of more than 62 miles (the only sounding rocket developed in Germany).
- May 4 – The Le Monde Theater fire in Dioirbel, Senegal, kills 64 people.
- May 8 – Huế Phật Đản shootings: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam opens fire on Buddhists who defy a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, the birthday of Gautama Buddha, killing 9. Earlier, President Ngô Đình Diệm allowed the flying of the Vatican flag in honour of his brother, Archbishop Ngô Đình Thục, triggering the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- May 13 – A smallpox outbreak hits Stockholm, Sweden, lasting until July.
- May 14 – Kuwait becomes the 111th member of the United Nations.
- May 15 – Project Mercury: NASA launches Gordon Cooper on Mercury-Atlas 9, the last Mercury mission (on June 12 NASA Administrator James E. Webb tells Congress the program is complete).
- May 22 – A.C. Milan beats Benfica 2–1 at Wembley Stadium, London and wins the 1962–63 European Cup (football).
- May 23 – Fidel Castro visits the Soviet Union.
- May 25 – The Organisation of African Unity is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
- June 3 – Huế chemical attacks: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam rains liquid chemicals on the heads of Buddhist protestors, injuring 67 people. The United States threatens to cut off aid to the regime of Ngô Đình Diệm.
- June 4 – President of the United States John F. Kennedy signs Executive Order 11110, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to continue issuing silver certificates.
- June 5 – The first annual National Hockey League Entry Draft is held in Montreal.
- June 10 – In the United States:
- June 11Saigon, Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức commits self-immolation to protest the oppression of Buddhists by the Ngô Đình Diệm administration.
- June 13
- June 15 – The AC Cobra makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It will go on to win its class the following year.
- June 16 – Vostok 6 carries Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman into space.
- June 19 – Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in space, returns to Earth, landing in the Soviet Union.
- June 20
- Establishment of the Moscow–Washington hotline (officially, the Direct Communications Link or DCL; unofficially, the "red telephone"; and in fact a teleprinter link) is authorized by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding in Geneva by representatives of the Soviet Union and the United States.
- Swedish Air Force Colonel Stig Wennerström is arrested as a spy for the Soviet Union.
- June 21 – Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII as the 262nd pope.
- June 26
- July 1 – ZIP codes are introduced by the United States Postal Service.
- July 5 – Diplomatic relations between the Israeli and the Japanese governments are raised to embassy level.
- July 7 – Double Seven Day scuffle: Secret police loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, attack American journalists including Peter Arnett and David Halberstam at a demonstration during the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- July 11 – South Africa: police raid Liliesleaf Farm to the north of Johannesburg, arresting a group of African National Congress leaders.
- July 19 – American test pilot Joe Walker, flying the X-15, reaches an altitude of 65.8 miles (105.9 kilometers), making it a sub-orbital spaceflight by recognized international standards.
- July 26
- July 30 – The Soviet newspaper Izvestia reports that British diplomat and double agent Kim Philby has been given asylum in Moscow.
- August 5 – The United States, United Kingdom and Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- August 8 – The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire, England.
- August 14 – A huge and devastating forest fire hits the region around Paraná State, Brazil. According to government documents, two million hectares (4.94 million acres) were lost to burning and 110 persons perished.
- August 15 – Trois Glorieuses: President Fulbert Youlou is overthrown in the Republic of Congo after a three-day uprising in the capital, Brazzaville.
- August 21 – Xá Lợi Pagoda raids: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, vandalise Buddhist pagodas across South Vietnam, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. In the wake of the raids, the Kennedy administration by Cable 243 orders the United States Embassy, Saigon to explore alternative leadership in the country, opening the way towards a coup against Diệm.
- August 22 – American test pilot Joe Walker again achieves a sub-orbital spaceflight according to international standards, this time by piloting the X-15 to an altitude of 67.0 miles (107.8 kilometers).
- August 24 – First games played in the Bundesliga, the primary professional Association football league in West Germany, replacing the Oberliga.
- August 28 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. It is, at that point, the single largest protest in American history.
- [September 1 – Establishment of language areas and facilities in Belgium comes into effect. This will become the foundation for further state reform in Belgium.
- September 6 – The Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI) is founded.
- September 10 – Sicilian Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is indicted for murder (he is captured 43 years later, on April 11, 2006).
- September 15 – American civil rights movement: The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, in Birmingham, Alabama, kills 4 and injures 22.
- September 16 – Malaysia is formed through the merging of the Federation of Malaya and the British crown colony of Singapore, North Borneo (renamed Sabah) and Sarawak.
- September 18 – Rioters burn down the British Embassy in Jakarta, to protest the formation of Malaysia.
- September 23 – King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals is established by a Saudi Royal Decree as the College of Petroleum and Minerals.
- September 24 – The United States Senate ratifies the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- September 25 – In the Dominican Republic, Juan Bosch is deposed by a coup d'état led by the military with civilian support.
- September 29 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council in Rome opens.
- October 1 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy toasts Emperor Haile Selassie at a luncheon in Rockville, Maryland.
- October 2
- October 3 – 1963 Honduran coup d'état: A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform under President Ramón Villeda Morales and begins two decades of military rule under General Oswaldo López Arellano.
- October 4 – Hurricane Flora, one of the worst Atlantic storms in history, hits Hispaniola and Cuba, killing nearly 7,000 people.
- October 7 – Buddhist crisis: Amid worsening relations, outspoken South Vietnamese First Lady Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu arrives in the US for a speaking tour, continuing a flurry of attacks on the Kennedy administration.
- October 9 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
- October 10 – Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, signed on August 5, takes effect.
- October 14 – A revolution starts in Radfan, South Yemen, against British colonial rule.
- October 16 – Ludwig Erhard replaces Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany.
- October 19 – Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- October 24 – Fire at the Soviet Union's Baikonur Cosmodrome in an R-9 Desna underground missile silo; seven people are killed.
- October 30 – The car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded in Italy.
- October 31 – 1963 Indiana State Fairgrounds Coliseum gas explosion: 81 die in a gas explosion during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fairgrounds Coliseum in Indianapolis, United States.
- November 1 – Arecibo Observatory, a radio telescope, officially begins operation in Puerto Rico.
- November 2 – 1963 South Vietnamese coup: Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem, the South Vietnamese President.
- November 6 – 1963 South Vietnamese coup: Coup leader General Dương Văn Minh takes over as leader of South Vietnam.
- November 7 – 11 German miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days in what becomes known as the "Wunder von Lengede" ("miracle of Lengede").
- November 8 – Finnair aircraft OH-LCA crashes before landing at Mariehamn Airport on Åland.
- November 9 – Two disasters in Japan:
- November 10 – Malcolm X makes an historic speech in Detroit, Michigan ("Message to the Grass Roots").
- November 14 – A volcanic eruption under the sea near Iceland creates a new island, Surtsey.
- November 22
- Assassination of John F. Kennedy: In a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, and Governor of Texas John Connally is seriously wounded at 12:30 CST. Upon Kennedy's death, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes the 36th President of the United States. A few hours later, President Johnson is sworn in aboard Air Force One, as Kennedy's body is flown back to Washington, D.C. Stores and businesses shut down for the next four days, in tribute.
- November 23
- November 24
- November 25 – State funeral of John F. Kennedy: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation cancel classes that day; millions watch the funeral on live international television. Lee Harvey Oswald's funeral takes place on the same day.
- November 29
- U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8 crashes into a wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval International Airport near Montreal, killing all 118 on board, the worst air disaster for many years in Canada's history.
- Foundation stone for Mirzapur Cadet College is laid in East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).
- November 30 – 1963 Australian federal election: Robert Menzies' Liberal/Country Coalition Government is re-elected with an increased majority to an unprecedented eighth term in office, defeating the Labor Party led by Arthur Calwell. (This would be the final lower house election won by Menzies, who would retire from office during the term as the longest-serving Prime Minister in Australian history; he would be replaced by Harold Holt.)
- December 3 – The Warren Commission begins its investigation into the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy.
- December 4 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
- December 5 – The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH demonstrates rockets for military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near Cuxhaven. Although these rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws are violated, the Soviet Union protests this action.
- December 7 – The first instant replay system to use videotape instead of film is used by Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director, during a live televised sporting event, the Army–Navy Game of college football played in Philadelphia, United States.
- December 8 – A lightning strike causes the crash of Pan Am Flight 214 near Elkton, Maryland, United States, killing 81 people.
- December 10
- Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom, as a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
- Chuck Yeager narrowly escapes death while testing an NF-104A rocket-augmented aerospace trainer when his aircraft goes out of control at 108,700 feet (nearly 21 miles up) and crashes. He parachutes to safety at 8,500 feet after vainly battling to gain control of the powerless, rapidly falling craft. In this incident he becomes the first pilot to make an emergency ejection in the full pressure suit needed for high altitude flights.
- December 12 – Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom, with Jomo Kenyatta as prime minister.
- December 20 – The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials begin.
- December 21 – Cyprus Emergency: Inter-communal fighting erupts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
- December 22 – The cruise ship TSMS Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, with the loss of 128 lives.
- December 25 – İsmet İnönü of the Republican People's Party (CHP) forms the new government of Turkey (28th government, coalition partners; independents, İnönü has served ten times as a prime minister, this is his last government).
- December 31 – Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolves.
- David H. Frisch and J.H. Smith prove that the radioactive decay of mesons is slowed by their motion (see Einstein's special relativity and general relativity).
- The TAT-3 transatlantic communications cable goes into operation.
- Ivan Sutherland writes the revolutionary Sketchpad program and runs it on the Lincoln TX-2 computer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Construction of Moscow's Ostankino Tower begins.
- The IEEE Computer Society is founded.
- The Urdu keyboard is standardised by the Central Language Board in Pakistan.
- Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face symbol.
- The classic Porsche 911 is first produced.
- The Reformed Druids of North America is founded.
- Hergé's The Castafiore Emerald is published.
- Marvel releases their Superhero assembly team The Avengers
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown|
- January 4
- January 5 – Jiang Wen, Chinese actor, film director and screenwriter
- January 6 – Paul Kipkoech, Kenyan long-distance runner (d. 1995)
- January 10 – Kira Ivanova, Soviet Russian figure skater (d. 2001)
- January 14 – Steven Soderbergh, American film director
- January 15 – Bruce Schneier, American cryptographer, cyber security expert, and writer
- January 16 – James May, English motoring journalist and television show host
- January 17 – Kai Hansen, German power metal guitarist and singer
- January 21 – Hakeem Olajuwon, Nigerian basketball player
- January 23 – Gail O'Grady, American actress
- January 25 – Fernando Haddad, Brazilian academic and politician
- January 26
- February 2 – Eva Cassidy, American vocalist (d. 1996)
- February 3 – Gretel Killeen, Australian journalist
- February 4 – Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier
- February 6
- February 12 – John Michael Higgins, American actor and voice actor
- February 14
- February 15 – Shoucheng Zhang, Chinese-American physicist (d. 2018)
- February 16 – Claudio Amendola, Italian actor, television presenter and director
- February 17
- February 18 – Rob Andrew, English rugby union player
- February 19 – Seal, English singer
- February 20 – Charles Barkley, American basketball player
- February 21 – William Baldwin, American actor, producer and writer
- February 22 – Vijay Singh, Fijian golfer
- February 23 – Reza Abdoh, Iranian-American director and playwright (d. 1995)
- February 25 – Merab Katsitadze, retired Georgian professional football player
- February 27 – Virginie Boutaud, Brazilian singer and actress (Metrô, Virginie & Fruto Proibido)
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3 – Martín Fiz, Spanish long-distance runner
- March 4 – Jason Newsted, American bassist
- March 8 – Juan Gilberto Funes, Argentine footballer (d. 1992)
- March 9 - Jean-Marc Vallée, Canadian filmmaker and screenwriter (d. 2021)
- March 10
- March 11
- March 12
- March 13 – Fito Páez, Argentine musician
- March 14
- March 15 – Bret Michaels, American rock singer (Poison)
- March 16 – Kevin Smith, New Zealand actor (d. 2002)
- March 17 – Alex Fong, Hong Kong actor
- March 18
- March 20 – Kathy Ireland, American model and actress
- March 21 – Ronald Koeman, Dutch football player and manager
- March 22
- March 23 – Jose Miguel Gonzalez Martin del Campo, Spanish football player
- March 25 – Andrew O'Connor, English actor, comedian, magician, television presenter and executive producer
- March 26 – Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
- March 27
- March 28
- March 30 – Panagiotis Tsalouchidis, Greek footballer
- March 31 – Stephen Tataw, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2020)
- April 3 – Sarah Woodward, English actress
- April 4
- April 6
- April 8 – Dean Norris, American actor
- April 9
- April 10 – Doris Leuthard, Swiss politician and lawyer
- April 11
- April 13 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
- April 15
- April 16 – Jimmy Osmond, American singer
- April 18
- April 21 – Roy Dupuis, Canadian actor
- April 22 – Blanca Fernández Ochoa, Spanish ski racer (d. 2019)
- April 23 – Mohammad Ali Ramazani Dastak, Iranian politician (d. 2020)
- April 26 – Jet Li, Chinese martial artist and actor
- April 27– Russell T Davies, Welsh television producer and writer
- April 28 – Beate Grimsrud, Norwegian novelist and playwright (d. 2020)
- April 29 – Mike Babcock, Canadian ice hockey coach
- May 2 – Yoram Yosefsberg, Israeli actor and voice actor
- May 5 – James LaBrie, Canadian vocalist (Dream Theater)
- May 9 – Gary Daniels, British martial artist and actor
- May 10
- May 11
- May 16 – Mercedes Echerer, Austrian actress and politician
- May 21 – Kevin Shields, Irish-American singer (My Bloody Valentine)
- May 24
- May 25
- May 26
- May 29 – Débora Bloch, Brazilian actress
- May 31 – Viktor Orbán, Prime Minister of Hungary
- June 1 – David Westhead, English actor and producer
- June 2 – Bernard Cazeneuve, Prime Minister of France
- June 3 – Alessandra Karpoff, Italian voice actress
- June 4
- June 5 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
- June 6 – Jason Isaacs, British actor
- June 9 – Johnny Depp, American actor and film director
- June 10 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
- June 11 – Chic Charnley, Scottish footballer
- June 12 – Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
- June 13 – Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
- June 14 – Rambo Amadeus, Montenegrin singer-songwriter
- June 15
- June 17 – Greg Kinnear, American actor
- June 18
- June 19 – Laura Ingraham, American television host
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Wisit Sasanatieng, Thai film director and screenwriter
- June 29
- July 1
- July 2 – Faiq Al Sheikh Ali, Iraqi lawyer and politician
- July 3 – Zainudin Nordin, Singaporean politician
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6 – Sorin Matei, Romanian high jumper
- July 7
- Othman Abdul, Malaysian politician
- Vonda Shepard, American pop/rock singer, songwriter and actress
- Doug Dunakey, American golfer
- Fermín Alvarado Arroyo, Mexican politician
- Janni Larsen, Danish female darts player
- José María Larrañaga, Peruvian swimmer
- Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra, Indian filmmaker and screenwriter
- July 8
- July 9 – Marc Mero, American amateur boxer and professional wrestler
- July 10
- July 11
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 – Wouter Bos, Dutch politician
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18 – Martín Torrijos, President of Panama
- July 19 – Sándor Wladár, Hungarian swimmer
- July 20
- July 21 – Giant Silva, Brazilian national basketball player, mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
- July 22
- July 24 – Karl Malone, American professional basketball player
- July 27 – Donnie Yen, Hong Kong actor and martial artist
- July 28 – Beverley Craven, British singer-songwriter
- July 29
- July 30
- July 31
- August 1
- August 3
- August 4 – Keith Ellison, American politician and lawyer
- August 5
- August 6 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
- August 7
- August 9 – Whitney Houston, American singer (d. 2012)
- August 13
- August 14 – Emmanuelle Béart, French actress
- August 15
- August 16 – Christine Cavanaugh, American actress and voice actress (d. 2014)
- August 17 – James Whitbourn, British composer
- August 18 – Heino Ferch, German actor
- August 19
- August 21
- August 22 – Tori Amos, American singer
- August 23
- August 24 – Hideo Kojima, Japanese director, screenwriter, video game designer and video game producer
- August 25 – Miro Cerar, 10th Prime Minister of Slovenia
- August 26
- August 30
- August 31 – Todd Carty, Irish actor
- September 2 - Tio Pakusadewo, Indonesian actor
- September 6
- September 8 – Li Ning, Chinese gymnast
- September 9 – Markus Wasmeier, German alpine-skier
- September 10
- September 11 – Gabriela Goldsmith, Mexican actress
- September 12 – Michael McElhatton, Irish actor and writer
- September 14 – Robert Herjavec, Canadian businessman, investor and television personality
- September 16
- September 17 – Masahiro Chono, Japanese professional wrestler
- September 18
- September 19
- September 21
- September 25 – Tate Donovan, American actor and director
- September 29
- October 1
- October 2 – Maria Ressa, Filipina American campaigning journalist, Nobel Prize laureate
- October 4 – Marcelo Buquet, Uruguayan-Mexican actor, previously model
- October 5 –Dame Laura Davies, English golfer
- October 6 – Elisabeth Shue, American actress
- October 10
- October 11 – Ronny Rosenthal, Israeli footballer
- October 12 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director (d. 2010)
- October 14 – Alan McDonald, Northern Irish footballer
- October 19
- October 20
- October 21 – Marisa Orth, Brazilian actress, singer and TV host
- October 22 – Brian Boitano, American figure skater
- October 23 – Wilson Yip, Hong Kong actor and director
- October 25 – John Levén, Swedish bassist (Europe)
- October 26 – Tom Cavanagh, Canadian actor and director
- October 27
- October 28 – Lauren Holly, American actress
- October 31
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4 – Lena Zavaroni, Scottish entertainer (d. 1999)
- November 5 – Tatum O'Neal, American actress and author
- November 7 – John Barnes, Jamaican-born English footballer
- November 8 – Paul Butcher, American football linebacker
- November 10
- November 11 – Billy Gunn, American professional wrestler
- November 15 – Benny Elias, Australian rugby league player
- November 18 – Peter Schmeichel, Danish-born football goalkeeper
- November 19
- November 20 – Ming-Na Wen, Macanese-American actress
- November 21 – Nicollette Sheridan, English actress
- November 23
- November 25 – Holly Cole, Canadian jazz singer
- November 28 – Matt Parkinson, Australian comedian, actor, radio presenter, and game show personality
- December 2 – Ann Patchett, American novelist
- December 4 – Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter
- December 7
- December 8
- December 9
- December 12
- December 13
- December 14
- December 15 – Helen Slater, American actress, singer and songwriter
- December 16
- December 18
- December 19
- December 20
- December 21
- December 22
- December 23 – Donna Tartt, American author
- December 24
- December 26 – Lars Ulrich, Danish rock drummer (Metallica)
- December 29
- December 30 – Kim Hill, American Christian singer
- December 31 – Azalina Othman Said, Malaysian politician
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown|
- January 2
- January 3 – Shinobu Ishihara, Japanese ophthalmologist (b. 1879)
- January 5 – Erik Strandmark, Swedish film actor (b. 1919)
- January 6 – Frank Tuttle, American film director (b. 1892)
- January 7 – Erik Lundqvist, Swedish athlete (b. 1908)
- January 9 – Enea Bossi, Sr., Italian-born American aerospace engineer and aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
- January 10 – Franz Planer, Austrian film cinematographer (b. 1894)
- January 13
- January 14 – Gustav Regler, German socialist novelist (b. 1898)
- January 15 – Cesare Fantoni, Italian actor and voice actor (b. 1905)
- January 18
- January 20
- January 21 – Al St. John, American actor (b. 1892)
- January 23
- January 24
- January 25 – Marion Sunshine, American actress (b. 1894)
- January 26 – Ole Olsen, American actor (b. 1892)
- January 27 – John Farrow, Australian-born American film director (b. 1904)
- January 29
- January 30
- January 31 – Alasgar Alakbarov, Azerbaijani actor (b. 1910)
- February 1
- February 2 – William Gaxton, American vaudeville, film and theatre performer (b. 1893)
- February 6
- February 8
- February 9 – Abd al-Karim Qasim, Iraqi general, 24th Prime Minister of Iraq (executed) (b. 1914)
- February 11 – Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (b. 1932)
- February 15
- February 16
- February 18
- February 19 – Benny Moré, Cuban singer (b. 1919)
- February 20
- February 22 – Arthur Guy Empey, American soldier (in British service), author, screenwriter and actor (b. 1883)
- February 24 – Herbert Asbury, American journalist and writer (b. 1889)
- February 25 – Melville J. Herskovits, American anthropologist (b. 1895)
- February 28
- March 1 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1893)
- March 4 – William Carlos Williams, American writer (b. 1883)
- March 5
- March 6 – Robert E. Cornish, scientist (b. 1903)
- March 7 – Joachim Holst-Jensen, Norwegian film actor (b. 1880)
- March 11
- March 16
- March 17
- March 18
- March 20 – Manuel Arteaga y Betancourt, Cuban Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1879)
- March 21 – Felice Minotti, Italian film actor (b. 1887)
- March 22
- March 23 – Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1887)
- March 25 – Felix Adler, American screenwriter (b. 1884)
- March 26 – Jean Bruce, French writer (b. 1921)
- March 27 – Harry Piel, German actor, film director, screenwriter and film producer (b. 1892)
- March 28
- March 29
- March 31
- April 1 – Agnes Mowinckel, Norwegian actress and stage producer (b. 1875)
- April 3 – Alma Richards, American Olympic gold medalist (b. 1890)
- April 4
- April 6
- April 7 – Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (b. 1886)
- April 9
- April 11 – Nando Bruno, Italian film actor (b. 1895)
- April 12
- April 14
- April 23
- Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Israel historian and politician, 2nd President of Israel (b. 1884)
- Ferruccio Cerio, Italian film writer and director (b. 1904)
- Paul Fejos, Hungarian film director (b. 1897)
- Harry Harper, American baseball player (b. 1895)
- Don C. Harvey, American television and film actor (b. 1911)
- Frederick Peters, American film actor (b. 1884)
- William Lewis Moore, American postal worker (b. 1927)
- April 24
- April 26 – Roland Pertwee, English playwright, screenwriter, director and actor (b. 1885)
- April 27 – Kenneth Macgowan, American film producer (b. 1888)
- April 30
- May 1 – Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of Philippine National Language and Grammar (b. 1879)
- May 2 – Van Wyck Brooks, American literary critic and writer (b. 1886)
- May 5 – Mohamed Khemisti, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria (assassinated) (b. 1930)
- May 6 – Monty Woolley, American actor (b. 1888)
- May 7 – Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-American engineer and physicist (b. 1881)
- May 11 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- May 12
- May 16 – Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet military officer & spy (b. 1919)
- May 18 – Ernie Davis, American football player, first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy (b. 1939)
- May 24 – Elmore James, American blues guitarist (b. 1918)
- May 25 – Mehdi Frashëri, Albanian politician, 15th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1872)
- May 29 – Netta Muskett, British novelist (b. 1887)
- May 31 – Edith Hamilton, German-born author (b. 1867)
- June 3
- June 5 – Adrian Carton de Wiart, English general (b. 1880)
- June 6 – William Baziotes, American painter (b. 1912)
- June 7 – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
- June 9
- June 10 – Anita King, American actress and race-car driver (b. 1884)
- June 11
- June 12
- June 17
- June 18 – Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (b. 1912)
- June 19 – Amy Hannah Adamson, Australian principal (b. 1893)
- June 24 – Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala, Mexican Roman Catholic religious professed and saint (b. 1878)
- June 27 – John Maurice Clark, American economist (b. 1884)
- June 28 – Frank Baker, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1886)
- July 1 – Sultan Abdullah bin Khalifa of Zanzibar (b. 1910)
- July 4 – Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, British army general and Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
- July 6 – George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)
- July 7 – Frank P. Lahm, American aviator (b. 1877)
- July 14 – Rasmus Hatledal, Norwegian topographer and military officer (b. 1885)
- July 22 – Albertus Soegijapranata, Indonesian Jesuit priest (b. 1896)
- July 27 – Garrett Morgan, American inventor (b. 1877)
- August 1 – Theodore Roethke, American poet (b. 1908)
- August 4 – Tom Keene, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 10 – Estes Kefauver, American politician (b. 1903)
- August 11
- August 14 – Clifford Odets, American dramatist (b. 1906)
- August 17 – Richard Barthelmess, American actor (b. 1895)
- August 22 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1877)
- August 23 – Larry Keating, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 24 – James Kirkwood, Sr., American film director (b. 1875)
- August 27
- August 30 – Guy Burgess, British spy, one of the Cambridge Five (b. 1911)
- August 31 – Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
- September 4 – Robert Schuman, French statesman, a founding father of the European Union (b. 1886)
- September 9 – Edwin Linkomies, 25th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1894)
- September 11
- September 17 – Eduard Spranger, German philosopher and psychologist (b. 1882)
- September 19 – David Low, New Zealand cartoonist (b. 1891)
- September 25
- September 30 – Paul Alexiu, Romanian general (b. 1893)
- October 4
- October 7 – Gustaf Gründgens, German actor (b. 1899)
- October 9 – Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt (b. 1938)
- October 10 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
- October 11 – Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
- October 15 – Alan Goodrich Kirk, American admiral (b. 1888)
- October 20 – Diana Churchill, daughter of Winston Churchill (b. 1909)
- October 21 – Jean Decoux, French admiral, Governor-General of French Indochina (1940-1945) (b. 1884)
- October 24
- October 25
- October 28 – Jack E. Bairstow, American politician and lawyer (b. 1902)
- October 29 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
- October 30
- October 31 – Henry Daniell, English actor (b. 1894)
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4 – Pascual Ortiz Rubio, Mexican politician, substitute President of Mexico 1930-1932 (b. 1877)
- November 5 – Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (b. 1902)
- November 12
- November 15 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian conductor (b. 1888)
- November 16 – Albert H. Pearson, American politician (b. 1920)
- November 19 – Carmen Amaya, Spanish dancer (b. 1918)
- November 21 – Robert Stroud, American prisoner, known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz" (b. 1890)
- November 22
- Wilhelm Beiglböck, German Nazi physician at Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
- Aldous Huxley, British writer (Brave New World) (b. 1894)
- John F. Kennedy, American politician, 35th President of the United States (assassinated) (b. 1917)
- C. S. Lewis, Irish-born British critic, novelist (The Chronicles of Narnia) and Christian apologist (b. 1898)
- November 23 – John Baumgarten, American businessman and politician (b. 1902)
- November 24 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of President John F. Kennedy (murdered) (b. 1939)
- November 26
- November 28 – Ernesto Lecuona, Cuban composer (b. 1896)
- November 30
- December – Andy Kennedy, Northern Ireland footballer (b. 1897)
- December 2
- December 5 – Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (b. 1905)
- December 10 – K. M. Panikkar, Indian scholar, diplomat and journalist (b. 1895)
- December 12
- December 14
- December 15 – Rikidōzan, Korean-born Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1924)
- December 21 – Jack Hobbs, English cricketer (b. 1882)
- December 25 – Tristan Tzara, French poet (b. 1896)
- December 26 – Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (b. 1915)
- December 28
- Physics – Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen
- Chemistry – Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta
- Physiology or Medicine – Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley
- Literature – Giorgos Seferis
- Peace – International Committee of the Red Cross, League of Red Cross Societies
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