1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.
|Ab urbe condita||2716|
|Balinese saka calendar||1884–1885|
|British Regnal year||11 Eliz. 2 – 12 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬寅年 (Water Tiger)|
4659 or 4599
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4660 or 4600
|- Vikram Samvat||2019–2020|
|- Shaka Samvat||1884–1885|
|- Kali Yuga||5063–5064|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 38|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 52|
|Thai solar calendar||2506|
2089 or 1708 or 936
— to —
2090 or 1709 or 937
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1963.|
- January 1
- Osamu Tezuka's Tetsuwan Atomu (Astro Boy), Japan's first serialized animated series based on the popular manga, debuts on Japanese television station Fuji Television.
- Bogle–Chandler case: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation scientist Dr. Gilbert Bogle and Mrs. Margaret Chandler are found dead (presumed poisoned), in bushland near the Lane Cove River, Sydney, Australia.
- The Camden railway line closes.
- January 2 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong win their first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.
- January 8 – Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
- January 13 - Coup d'état in Togo results in the assassination of president Sylvanus Olympio.
- January 14
- George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. In his inaugural speech, he defiantly proclaims "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever!"
- The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman (British Railways No. 60103) makes its last scheduled run, before going into the hands of Alan Pegler for preservation.
- January 18
- Due to severe winter conditions the twelfth elfstedentocht skating tour in the Netherlands turns into an almost total disaster. Of the 9,294 participants only more than 60 manage to finish, making this the heaviest elfstedentocht ever held.
- Hugh Gaitskell, leader of the U.K.'s Labour Party, dies and is replaced by acting leader George Brown.
- January 22 – France and West Germany sign the Élysée Treaty.
- January 26 – The Australia Day shootings rock Perth; 2 people are shot dead and 3 others injured by Eric Edgar Cooke.
- January 28 – Black student Harvey Gantt enters Clemson University in South Carolina, the last U.S. state to hold out against racial integration.
- January 29 – French President Charles de Gaulle vetoes the United Kingdom's entry into the European Common Market.
- February 5 – The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the basic tenets of European Union law.
- February 8 – Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy Administration.
- February 10 – Five Japanese cities located on the northernmost part of Kyūshū are merged and become the city of Kitakyūshū, with a population of more than 1 million.
- February 11
- February 12 – Northwest Airlines Flight 705 crashes in the Florida Everglades, killing all 43 aboard.
- February 14 – Harold Wilson becomes leader of the opposition Labour Party in the United Kingdom; in October 1964 he becomes prime minister.
- February 19 – The publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique launches the reawakening of the Women's Movement in the United States as women's organizations and consciousness raising groups spread.
- February 21 – The 5.6 Mw Marj earthquake affected northern Libya with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), causing 290–375 deaths and 375–500 injuries.
- February 27
- February 28 – Dorothy Schiff resigns from the New York Newspaper Publishers' Association, feeling that the city needs at least one paper as New York's 83-day newspaper strike ensued. Her paper, the New York Post, resumes publication on March 4.
- March – The divorce case of The Duke and Duchess of Argyll causes scandal in the United Kingdom.
- March 4 – In Paris, six people are sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardons five, but the other conspirator, Jean Bastien-Thiry, is executed by firing squad several days later.
- March 5 – In Camden, Tennessee, country music superstar Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley) is killed in a plane crash along with fellow performers Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and Cline's manager and pilot Randy Hughes, while returning from a benefit performance in Kansas City, Kansas, for country radio disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call.
- March 6 – The first frost-free day in the U.K. after many months of one of the coldest recorded winters in history.
- March 17 – Mount Agung erupts on Bali, killing approximately 1,500.
- March 18 – Gideon v. Wainwright: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that state courts are required to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who cannot afford to pay their own attorneys.
- March 21 – The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay closes; the last 27 prisoners are transferred elsewhere at the order of United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
- March 22 – The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me, in the United Kingdom.
- March 23 – Dansevise by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann (music by Otto Francker, text by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 for Denmark.
- March 27 – In Britain, Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report, The Reshaping of British Railways, calling for huge cuts to the country's rail network.
- March 28 – Director Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds is released in the United States.
- March 30 – Indigenous Australians are legally allowed to drink alcohol in New South Wales.
- March 31 – The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike ends after 114 days.
- April 1 – The long-running soap opera General Hospital debuts on ABC Television in the United States.
- April 3 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference volunteers kick off the Birmingham campaign (Birmingham, Alabama) against racial segregation in the United States with a sit-in.
- April 7 – Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a socialist republic, and Josip Broz Tito is named President for Life.
- April 8 – The 35th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture.
- April 9 – British statesman Sir Winston Churchill becomes an honorary citizen of the United States.
- April 10 – The U.S. nuclear submarine Thresher sinks 220 mi (190 nmi; 350 km) east of Cape Cod; all 129 aboard (112 crewmen plus yard personnel) die.
- April 11 – Pope John XXIII issues his final encyclical, Pacem in terris, entitled On Establishing Universal Peace in Truth, Justice, Charity and Liberty, the first papal encyclical addressed to "all men of good will", rather than to Roman Catholics only.
- April 12
- Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and others are arrested in a Birmingham, Alabama protest for "parading without a permit".
- The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish Straits. Although severely damaged, both vessels make it to port.
- April 14 – The Institute of Mental Health (Belgrade) is established.
- April 15 – 70,000 marchers arrive in London from Aldermaston, to demonstrate against nuclear weapons.
- April 16 – Martin Luther King, Jr. issues his "Letter from Birmingham Jail".
- April 20 – In Quebec, Canada, members of the terrorist group Front de libération du Québec bomb a Canadian Army recruitment center, killing night watchman Wilfred V. O'Neill.
- April 21–23 – The first election of the Supreme Institution of the Bahá'í Faith (known as the Universal House of Justice, whose seat is at the Bahá'í World Centre on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel) is held.
- April 22 – Lester Bowles Pearson becomes the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
- April 28 – 1963 general election is held in Italy.
- April 29 – Buddy Rogers (wrestler) becomes the first WWWF Champion.
- May 1 – The Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink, Tab cola.
- May 2
- Thousands of black people, many of them children, are arrested while protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor later unleashes fire hoses and police dogs on the demonstrators.
- Berthold Seliger launches near Cuxhaven a 3-stage rocket with a maximum flight altitude of more than 62 miles (the only sounding rocket developed in Germany).
- May 4 – The Le Monde Theater fire in Dioirbel, Senegal kills 64.
- May 8
- Dr. No, the first James Bond film, is shown in U.S. theaters.
- Huế Phật Đản shootings: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam opens fire on Buddhists who defy a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, the birthday of Gautama Buddha, killing 9. Earlier, President Ngô Đình Diệm allowed the flying of the Vatican flag in honour of his brother, Archbishop Ngô Đình Thục, triggering the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- CVS Pharmacy opens in Lowell, Massachusetts.
- May 13
- May 14 – Kuwait becomes the 111th member of the United Nations.
- May 15 – Project Mercury: NASA launches Gordon Cooper on Mercury-Atlas 9, the last mission (on June 12 NASA Administrator James E. Webb tells Congress the program is complete).
- May 22 – A.C. Milan beats Benfica 2-1 at Wembley Stadium, London and wins the 1962–63 European Cup (football).
- May 23 – Fidel Castro visits the Soviet Union.
- May 25 – The Organisation of African Unity is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
- May 27 – The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan is singer-songwriter Bob Dylan's second studio album, and most influential, opening with the song "Blowin' in the Wind", released by Columbia Records in the United States.
- June 3
- June 4 – President John F. Kennedy signs Executive Order 11110, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to issue silver certificates.
- June 5 – The first annual National Hockey League Entry Draft is held in Montreal.
- June 10 – President John F. Kennedy delivers his American University speech, "A Strategy of Peace", in Washington, D.C.
- June 10 – The University of Central Florida is established by the Florida legislature.
- June 10 – President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law.
- June 11
- In Saigon, Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức commits self-immolation to protest the oppression of Buddhists by the Ngô Đình Diệm administration.
- Alabama Governor George Wallace stands in the door of the University of Alabama to protest against integration, before stepping aside and allowing black students James Hood and Vivian Malone to enroll.
- President John F. Kennedy broadcasts a historic Civil Rights Address, in which he promises a Civil Rights Bill, and asks for "the kind of equality of treatment that we would want for ourselves".
- June 12
- June 13
- June 15 – The AC Cobra makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It would go on to win its class the following year.
- June 16 – Vostok 6 carries Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman into space.
- June 17 – Abington School District v. Schempp: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that state-mandated Bible reading in public schools is unconstitutional.
- June 19 – Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in space, returns to Earth.
- June 20
- Establishment of the Moscow–Washington hotline (officially, the Direct Communications Link or DCL; unofficially, the "red telephone"; and in fact a teleprinter link) is authorized by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding in Geneva by representatives of the Soviet Union and the United States.
- Swedish Air Force Colonel Stig Wennerström is arrested as a spy for the Soviet Union.
- June 21 – Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII as the 262nd pope.
- June 23 – Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room opens at Disneyland, premiering the first Audio-Animatronics in the park.
- June 26
- July 1 – ZIP codes are introduced by the United States Postal Service.
- July 5 – Diplomatic relations between the Israeli and the Japanese governments are raised to embassy level.
- July 7 – Double Seven Day scuffle: Secret police loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, attack American journalists including Peter Arnett and David Halberstam at a demonstration during the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- July 11 – South Africa: police raid Liliesleaf Farm to the north of Johannesburg, arresting a group of African National Congress leaders.
- July 12 – Pauline Reade (16) is abducted by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley in Manchester, England, the first victim of the Moors murders; her remains are located in July 1987.
- July 19 – American test pilot Joe Walker, flying the X-15, reaches an altitude of 65.8 miles (105.9 kilometers), making it a sub-orbital spaceflight by recognized international standards.
- July 26
- July 30 – The Soviet newspaper Izvestia reports that British diplomat and double agent Kim Philby has been given asylum in Moscow.
- August 5 – The United States, United Kingdom and Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- August 8 – The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire, England.
- August 15 – Trois Glorieuses: President Fulbert Youlou is overthrown in the Republic of Congo after a three-day uprising in the capital, Brazzaville.
- August 18 – American civil rights movement: James Meredith becomes the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
- August 21 – Xá Lợi Pagoda raids: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, vandalise Buddhist pagodas across South Vietnam, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. In the wake of the raids, the Kennedy administration by Cable 243 orders the United States Embassy, Saigon to explore alternative leadership in the country, opening the way towards a coup against Diệm.
- August 22 – American test pilot Joe Walker again achieves a sub-orbital spaceflight according to international standards, this time by piloting the X-15 to an altitude of 67.0 miles (107.8 kilometers).
- August 24 – First games played in the Bundesliga, the primary professional Association football league in West Germany, replacing the Oberliga.
- August 28 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. It is, at that point, the single largest protest in American history.
- September 1 – Establishment of language areas and facilities in Belgium comes into effect. This will become the foundation for further state reform in Belgium.
- September 5 – British showgirl Christine Keeler is arrested for perjury for her part in the Profumo affair. On December 6 she is sentenced to 9 months in prison.
- September 6 – The Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI) is founded.
- September 7 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
- September 10 – Sicilian Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is indicted for murder (he is captured 43 years later, on April 11, 2006).
- September 15 – American civil rights movement: The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, in Birmingham, Alabama, kills 4 and injures 22.
- September 16 – Malaysia is formed through the merging of the Federation of Malaya and the British crown colony of Singapore, North Borneo (renamed Sabah) and Sarawak.
- September 18 – Rioters burn down the British Embassy in Jakarta, to protest the formation of Malaysia.
- September 23 – King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals is established by a Saudi Royal Decree as the College of Petroleum and Minerals.
- September 24 – The United States Senate ratifies the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- September 25
- September 29
- October 1 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy toasts Emperor Haile Selassie at a luncheon in Rockville, Maryland.
- October 2
- October 3 – 1963 Honduran coup d'état: A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform under President Ramón Villeda Morales and begins two decades of military rule under General Oswaldo López Arellano.
- October 4 – Hurricane Flora, one of the worst Atlantic storms in history, hits Hispaniola and Cuba, killing nearly 7,000 people.
- October 8 – Sam Cooke and his band are arrested after trying to register at a "whites only" motel in Louisiana. In the months following, he records the song "A Change Is Gonna Come".
- October 9 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
- October 10
- October 14 – A revolution starts in Radfan, South Yemen, against British colonial rule.
- October 16 – The thousandth day of John F. Kennedy's presidency.
- October 17 – Ludwig Erhard replaces Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany.
- October 19 – Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- October 24 – Fire at the Soviet Union's Baikonur Cosmodrome in an R-9 Desna underground missile silo; seven people are killed.
- October 28 – Demolition of the 1910 Pennsylvania Station begins in New York City, continuing until 1966.
- October 30 – The car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded in Italy.
- October 31 – 74 die in a gas explosion during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum in Indianapolis.
- November 1 – Arecibo Observatory, a radio telescope, officially begins operation in Puerto Rico.
- November 2 – 1963 South Vietnamese coup: Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem, the South Vietnamese President.
- November 6 – 1963 South Vietnamese coup: Coup leader General Dương Văn Minh takes over as leader of South Vietnam.
- November 7 – 11 German miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days in what becomes known as the "Wunder von Lengede" ("miracle of Lengede").
- November 8 – Finnair aircraft OH-LCA crashes before landing at Mariehamn Airport on the Åland Islands.
- November 9 – Two disasters in Japan:
- November 10 – Malcolm X makes an historic speech in Detroit, Michigan ("Message to the Grass Roots").
- November 14 – A volcanic eruption under the sea near Iceland creates a new island, Surtsey.
- November 16 – A newspaper strike begins in Toledo, Ohio.
- November 18 – The first push-button telephone is made available to AT&T customers in the United States.
- November 22
- Assassination of John F. Kennedy: In a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, and Governor of Texas John Connally is seriously wounded. Upon Kennedy's death, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes the 36th President of the United States. A few hours later, President Johnson is sworn in aboard Air Force One, as Kennedy's body is flown back to Washington, D.C. Stores and businesses shut down for the next four days, in tribute.
- English-born writer Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, dies of cancer in the United States.
- Irish-born theologian and writer C. S. Lewis, author of works including The Chronicles of Narnia, The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity, dies of renal failure at his home in Oxford (England).
- Phil Spector's A Christmas Gift for You from Phil Spector is released.
- The Beatles' second UK album, With the Beatles, is released.
- November 23
- November 24
- November 25 – State funeral of John F. Kennedy: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation cancel classes that day; millions watch the funeral on live international television. Lee Harvey Oswald's funeral takes place on the same day.
- November 29
- U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8 crashes into a wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval International Airport near Montreal, killing all 118 on board, the worst air disaster for many years in Canada's history.
- Foundation stone for Mirzapur Cadet College is laid in East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).
- November 30 – Australian federal election, 1963: Robert Menzies' Liberal/Country Coalition Government is re-elected with an increased majority to an unprecedented eighth term in office, defeating the Labor Party led by Arthur Calwell. (This would be the final lower house election won by Menzies, who would retire from office during the term as the longest-serving Prime Minister in Australian history; he would be replaced by Harold Holt.)
- December 3 – The Warren Commission begins its investigation into the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- December 4 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
- December 5 – The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH demonstrates rockets for military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near Cuxhaven. Although these rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws are violated, the Soviet Union protests this action.
- December 7 – Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director, debuts an improved version of instant replay during his direction of a live televised sporting event, the Army–Navy Game of college football played in Philadelphia. This instance is notable as it was the first instant replay system to use videotape instead of film.
- December 8
- December 10
- Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom, as a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
- In the United States, the X-20 Dyna-Soar spaceplane program is cancelled.
- Chuck Yeager narrowly escapes death while testing an NF-104A rocket-augmented aerospace trainer when his aircraft goes out of control at 108,700 feet (nearly 21 miles up) and crashes. He parachutes to safety at 8,500 feet after vainly battling to gain control of the powerless, rapidly falling craft. In this incident he becomes the first pilot to make an emergency ejection in the full pressure suit needed for high altitude flights.
- December 12 – Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom, with Jomo Kenyatta as prime minister.
- December 20 – The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials begin.
- December 21 – Cyprus Emergency: Inter-communal fighting erupts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
- December 22 – The cruise ship TSMS Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, with the loss of 128 lives.
- December 25
- Walt Disney releases his 18th feature-length animated motion picture The Sword in the Stone, about the boyhood of King Arthur. It is the penultimate animated film personally supervised by Disney.
- İsmet İnönü of the Republican People's Party (CHP) forms the new government of Turkey (28th government, coalition partners; independents, İnönü has served 10 ten times as a prime minister, this is his last government).
- December 26 – The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "I Saw Her Standing There" are released in the United States, marking the beginning of Beatlemania on an international level.
- December 31 – Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolves.
- David H. Frisch and J.H. Smith prove that the radioactive decay of mesons is slowed by their motion (see Einstein's special relativity and general relativity).
- The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment for the defense of the United States is fully deployed.
- The TAT-3 transatlantic communications cable goes into operation.
- Ivan Sutherland writes the revolutionary Sketchpad program and runs it on the Lincoln TX-2 computer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Construction of Moscow's Ostankino Tower begins.
- The IEEE Computer Society is founded.
- The Urdu keyboard is standardised by the Central Language Board in Pakistan.
- Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face symbol.
- The iconic Porsche 911 is first produced.
- The Reformed Druids of North America is founded.
- The 1955 film Oklahoma!, an adaptation of the famed Rodgers and Hammerstein musical, is re-released.
- Hergé's The Castafiore Emerald is published.
- Marvel releases their Superhero assembly team The Avengers
- January 1 – Linda Henry, English actress
- January 2
- January 4
- January 5 – Jiang Wen, Chinese actor, film director and screenwriter
- January 6 – Tony Halme, Finnish boxer and politician (d. 2010)
- January 7 – Rand Paul, U.S Senator from Kentucky
- January 11 – Teal Marchande, American actress
- January 14 – Steven Soderbergh, American film director
- January 15 – Mathias Döpfner, journalist and chief executive officer of German media group Axel Springer SE
- January 16 – James May, English motoring journalist and television show host
- January 18 – Ian Crook, English footballer
- January 17 – Kai Hansen, German power metal guitarist and singer
- January 19 – Caron Wheeler, British singer-songwriter (Soul II Soul)
- January 20 – Firebreaker Chip, American professional wrestler
- January 21
- January 23 – Gail O'Grady, American actress
- January 24Arnold Vanderlyde, Dutch boxer
- January 25 – Fernando Haddad, Brazilian academic and politician
- January 26
- January 29 – Octave Octavian Teodorescu, Romanian composer, vanguard rock musician, multi-instrumentist
- January 30
- February 2
- February 3 – Gretel Killeen, Australian journalist
- February 4 – Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier
- February 8
- February 10 – Smiley Culture, British reggae singer (d. 2011)
- February 11 – Diane Franklin, American actress
- February 12
- February 14
- February 15 – Shoucheng Zhang, Chinese-American physicist (d. 2018)
- February 17
- February 18 – Rob Andrew, English rugby union player
- February 19
- February 20
- February 21
- February 22
- February 23 – Bobby Bonilla, American baseball player
- February 26 – Chase Masterson, American actress and singer
- February 27 – Virginie Boutaud, Brazilian singer and actress (Metrô, Virginie & Fruto Proibido)
- March 1
- March 2 – Tuff Hedeman, American PRCA World Champion Bull Rider
- March 3 – Martín Fiz, Spanish long-distance runner
- March 4
- March 5 – Joel Osteen, American pastor and televangelist
- March 6
- March 7 – Kim Ung-yong, Korean child prodigy
- March 8 – Jim Nelson, American editor-in-chief
- March 10 –
- March 11 – Alex Kingston, English actress
- March 12
- March 13 – Fito Páez, Argentine musician
- March 14
- March 15 – Bret Michaels, American rock singer (Poison)
- March 16
- March 17
- March 18
- March 19 – Mary Scheer, American actress and comedian
- March 20
- March 21
- March 22
- March 23 – Jose Miguel Gonzalez Martin del Campo, Spanish football player
- March 24 – John T. Chisholm, American prosecutor; District Attorney of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin (2007–present)
- March 25
- March 26 – Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
- March 27
- March 28
- April 3
- April 3 – Sarah Woodward, English actress
- April 4
- April 6
- April 8 – Julian Lennon, British musician, son of John Lennon
- April 9 – Joe Scarborough, American newscaster
- April 10
- April 11 – Chris Ferguson, American poker player
- April 12
- April 13 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
- April 15
- April 16 – Jimmy Osmond, American singer
- April 17 – Joel Murray, American actor
- April 18
- April 19 – Valerie Plame, United States CIA Operations officer
- April 21
- April 22 – Sean Lock, English comedian and actor
- April 24 – Tõnu Trubetsky, Estonian rock musician (Vennaskond)
- April 25 – Pascal of Bollywood, French singer
- April 26
- April 27
- April 29 – Mike Babcock, Canadian ice hockey coach
- April 30 – Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
- May 1 – Benjamin LaGuer, American prisoner proclaiming innocence for more than two decades
- May 2 – Ray Traylor, American professional wrestler ("Big Boss Man") (d. 2004)
- May 5 – James LaBrie, Canadian vocalist (Dream Theater)
- May 8 – Anthony Field, Australian musician, actor, songwriter and producer (The Wiggles)
- May 9 – Gary Daniels, British martial artist and actor
- May 10
- May 11
- May 12 – Jerry Trimble, American actor and martial artist
- May 16
- May 21 – Kevin Shields, Irish-American singer (My Bloody Valentine)
- May 23 – Wally Dallenbach Jr., American race car driver and announcer
- May 24
- May 25
- May 26
- May 29
- May 29 – Débora Bloch, Brazilian actress
- May 30 – Shauna Grant, American porn actress (d. 1984)
- May 31
- June 1 – David Westhead, English actor and producer
- June 2 – Bernard Cazeneuve, Prime Minister of France
- June 4 – Sean Fitzpatrick, New Zealand rugby union player
- June 5 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
- June 6
- June 9 – Johnny Depp, American actor and film director
- June 10 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
- June 11 – Cal Worsham, American mixed martial artist (d. 2018)
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14 – Rambo Amadeus, Montenegrin singer-songwriter
- June 15 – Helen Hunt, American actress
- June 16
- June 17 – Greg Kinnear, American actor
- June 18
- June 20 – Amir Derakh, American musician
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Wisit Sasanatieng, Thai film director and screenwriter
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2 – Faiq Al Sheikh Ali, Iraqi lawyer and politician
- July 3 – Zainudin Nordin, Singaporean politician
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6 – Sorin Matei, Romanian high jumper
- July 7
- Othman Abdul, Malaysian politician
- Vonda Shepard, American pop/rock singer, songwriter and actress
- Doug Dunakey, American golfer
- Fermín Alvarado Arroyo, Mexican politician
- Janni Larsen, Danish female darts player
- José María Larrañaga, Peruvian swimmer
- Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra, Indian filmmaker and screenwriter
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11 – Lisa Rinna, American actress
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19 – Bertrand Burgalat, French musician, composer and producer
- July 20
- July 21 – Giant Silva, Brazilian national basketball player, mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
- July 22
- July 24
- July 27 – Donnie Yen, Hong Kong actor and martial artist
- July 28 – Beverley Craven, British singer-songwriter
- July 29
- July 30
- July 31
- Martin H. Wiggers, German economist, editor, author and businessman
- August 1
- August 2 – Laura Bennett, American fashion designer
- August 3
- August 5
- August 6 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
- August 7
- August 8
- August 9 – Whitney Houston, African-American singer (d. 2012)
- August 10 – Andrew Sullivan, British-born American blogger and political commentator
- August 13
- August 14 – Emmanuelle Béart, French actress
- August 15
- August 16 – Christine Cavanaugh, American voice actress (d. 2014)
- August 17 – James Whitbourn, British composer
- August 18 – Heino Ferch, German actor
- August 19
- August 21
- August 22 – Tori Amos, American singer
- August 23
- August 24 – Hideo Kojima, Japanese director, screenwriter, video game designer and video game producer
- August 25 – Miro Cerar, 10th Prime Minister of Slovenia
- August 26
- August 30
- August 31
- September 1 – Carola Smit, Dutch musician
- September 6 – Geert Wilders, Dutch politician
- September 7
- September 8 – Li Ning, Chinese gymnast
- September 9 – Markus Wasmeier, German alpine-skier
- September 10 – Randy Johnson, American baseball player
- September 11
- September 12
- September 13 – Ilya São Paulo, Brazilian actor
- September 14 – Robert Herjavec, Canadian businessman, investor and television personality
- September 15 – Stephen C. Spiteri, Maltese military historian
- September 16
- September 17
- September 18
- September 19
- September 21
- September 25 – Tate Donovan, American actor and director
- September 26 – Joe Nemechek, American race car driver
- September 28
- September 29
- October 1
- October 5
- October 6 – Elisabeth Shue, American actress
- October 10
- October 12
- October 14
- October 19 – Sinitta, Anglo-American singer
- October 20
- October 21 – Marisa Orth, Brazilian actress, singer and TV host
- October 22 – Brian Boitano, American figure skater
- October 23
- October 25 – John Levén, Swedish bassist (Europe)
- October 26
- October 27
- October 28 – Lauren Holly, American actress
- October 31
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4 – Lena Zavaroni, Scottish entertainer (d. 1999)
- November 5
- November 6
- November 7 – John Barnes, Jamaican-born English footballer
- November 8 – Paul Butcher, American football linebacker
- November 10
- November 11 – Billy Gunn, American professional wrestler
- November 13 – Vinny Testaverde, American football player
- November 15 – Benny Elias, Australian rugby player
- November 18
- November 19
- November 20 – Ming-Na Wen, Macanese-American actress
- November 21 – Nicollette Sheridan, English actress
- November 22 – Winsor Harmon, American actor
- November 23
- November 25
- November 28 – Matt Parkinson, Australian comedian, actor, radio presenter, and game show personality
- December 2 – Ann Patchett, American novelist
- December 3 – Terri Schiavo, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 2005)
- December 4 – Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter
- December 7
- December 8
- December 9 – Bárbara Palacios, Miss Universe 1986
- December 12
- December 13
- December 14
- December 15 – Helen Slater, American actress
- December 16
- December 18
- December 19
- December 20 – Joel Gretsch, American actor
- December 21
- December 22
- December 23
- December 24
- December 26 – Lars Ulrich, Danish rock drummer (Metallica)
- December 29
- December 30 – Kim Hill, American Christian singer
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 2
- January 5
- January 6
- January 7 – Erik Lundqvist, Swedish athlete (b. 1908)
- January 8
- January 9 – Enea Bossi, Sr., Italian-born American aerospace engineer and aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
- January 10 – Franz Planer, European film cinematographer (b. 1894)
- January 11 – Arthur Nock, English classicist, theologian and Harvard University professor (b. 1902)
- January 13
- January 14 – Gustav Regler, German Socialist novelist (b. 1898)
- January 15 – Cesare Fantoni, Italian actor (b. 1905)
- January 16
- January 18
- January 20 – Fyodor Terentyev, Soviet Olympic cross-country skier (b. 1925)
- January 21 – Al St. John, American actor (b. 1893)
- January 23
- January 24
- January 25 – Marion Sunshine, American actress (b. 1894)
- January 26 – Ole Olsen, American actor (b. 1892)
- January 27
- January 28 – John Farrow, American film director (b. 1904)
- January 29
- January 30
- January 31
- February 1
- February 2 – William Gaxton, American vaudeville, film and theatre performer (b. 1893)
- February 6
- February 8
- February 9 – Abd al-Karim Qasim, Iraqi general, 24th Prime Minister of Iraq (executed) (b. 1914)
- February 11 – Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (b. 1932)
- February 15
- February 16
- February 18
- February 19 – Benny Moré, Cuban singer (b. 1919)
- February 20
- February 22 – Arthur Guy Empey, British soldier, author, screenwriter and actor (b. 1883)
- February 24 – Herbert Asbury, American journalist and writer (b. 1889)
- February 25 – Melville J. Herskovits, American anthropologist (b. 1895)
- February 28
- March 1 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1893)
- March 4 – William Carlos Williams, American writer (b. 1883)
- March 5
- Patsy Cline, American singer plane crash (b. 1932)
- Cowboy Copas, American country music singer plane crash (b. 1913)
- Ludde Gentzel, Swedish film actor (b. 1885)
- Hawkshaw Hawkins, American country music singer plane crash (b. 1921)
- Cyril Smith, Scottish actor heart attack (b. 1892)
- Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed, Egyptian intellectual and anti-colonial activist (b. 1872)
- March 6 – Robert E. Cornish, scientist (b. 1903)
- March 7 – Joachim Holst-Jensen, Norwegian film actor (b. 1880)
- March 11
- March 16
- March 17
- March 18
- March 20 – Manuel Arteaga y Betancourt, Cuban Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1879)
- March 21 – Felice Minotti, Italian film actor (b. 1887)
- March 22
- March 23 – Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1887)
- March 25 – Felix Adler, American screenwriter (b. 1884)
- March 26 – Jean Bruce, French writer (b. 1921)
- March 27 – Harry Piel, German actor, film director, screenwriter and film producer (b. 1892)
- March 28
- March 29
- March 31
- April 1 – Agnes Mowinckel, Norwegian actress and stage producer (b. 1875)
- April 3 – Alma Richards, American Olympic gold medalist (b. 1890)
- April 4
- April 6
- April 7 – Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (b. 1886)
- April 9
- April 11 – Nando Bruno, Italian film actor (b. 1895)
- April 12
- April 14
- April 23
- Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Israel historian and politician, 2nd President of Israel (b. 1884)
- Ferruccio Cerio, Italian film writer and director (b. 1904)
- Paul Fejos, Hungarian film director (b. 1897)
- Harry Harper, American baseball player (b. 1895)
- Don C. Harvey, American television and film actor (b. 1911)
- Frederick Peters, American film actor (b. 1884)
- William Lewis Moore, American postal worker (b. 1927)
- April 24
- April 25 – Christopher Hassall, English actor, dramatist, librettist, lyricist and poet (b. 1912)
- April 26 – Roland Pertwee, English playwright, screenwriter, director and actor (b. 1885)
- April 27 – Kenneth Macgowan, American film producer (b. 1888)
- April 30
- May 1 – Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of Philippine National Language and Grammar (b. 1879)
- May 2 – Van Wyck Brooks, American literary critic and writer (b. 1886)
- May 5 – Mohamed Khemisti, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria (assassinated) (b. 1930)
- May 6 – Monty Woolley, American actor (b. 1888)
- May 7
- May 11 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- May 12
- May 16 – Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet military officer & spy (b. 1919)
- May 18 – Ernie Davis, American football player, first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy (b. 1939)
- May 24 – Elmore James, American blues guitarist (b. 1918)
- May 25 – Mehdi Frashëri, Albanian politician, 15th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1872)
- May 29 – Netta Muskett, British novelist (b. 1887)
- May 31 – Edith Hamilton, German-born author (b. 1867)
- June 3
- June 6 – William Baziotes, American painter (b. 1912)
- June 7 – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
- June 9
- June 10 – Anita King, American actress and race-car driver (b. 1884)
- June 11
- June 12
- June 17
- June 18 – Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (b. 1912)
- June 24 – Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala, Mexican Roman Catholic religious professed and saint (b. 1878)
- June 27 – John Maurice Clark, American economist (b. 1884)
- June 28 – Frank Baker, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1886)
- July 1 – Sultan Abdullah bin Khalifa of Zanzibar (b. 1910)
- July 4 – Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, British army general and Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
- July 6 – George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)
- July 10 – Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
- July 18 – Jack Solomon, American restaurateur (b. 1896)
- August 4 – Tom Keene, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 10 – Estes Kefauver, American politician (b. 1903)
- August 11 – Clem Bevans, American actor (b. 1879)
- August 17 – Richard Barthelmess, American actor (b. 1895)
- August 20 – Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (b. 1879)
- August 22 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, British businessman and a philanthropist (b. 1877)
- August 23 – Larry Keating, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 24 – James Kirkwood, Sr., American film director (b. 1875)
- August 27
- August 30 – Guy Burgess, British spy, one of the Cambridge Five (b. 1911)
- August 31 – Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
- September 4 – Robert Schuman, French statesman, a founding father of the European Union (b. 1886)
- September 9 – Edwin Linkomies, 25th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1894)
- September 11
- September 13 – Eduardo Barrios, Chilean writer and poet (b. 1884)
- September 12 – Modest Altschuler, Belarus-born American composer (b. 1873)
- September 14 – Feng Zhanhai, Chinese military leader and government official (b. 1899)
- September 17 – Eduard Spranger, German philosopher and psychologist (b. 1882)
- September 19 – David Low, New Zealand cartoonist (b. 1891)
- September 25
- October 4
- October 7 – Gustaf Gründgens, German actor (b. 1899)
- October 9 – Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt (b. 1938)
- October 10 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
- October 11 – Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
- October 15 – Alan Goodrich Kirk, American admiral (b. 1888)
- October 20 – Diana Churchill, daughter of Winston Churchill (b. 1909)
- October 21 – Jean Decoux, French admiral, Governor-General of French Indochina (1940-1945) (b. 1884)
- October 24
- October 25
- October 28 – Jack E. Bairstow, American politician and lawyer (b. 1902)
- October 29 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
- October 31 – Henry Daniell, English actor (b. 1894)
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4
- November 5 – Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (b. 1902)
- November 12
- November 15 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian conductor (b. 1888)
- November 16 – Albert H. Pearson, American politician (b. 1920)
- November 19 – Carmen Amaya, Spanish dancer (b. 1918)
- November 21 – Robert Stroud, American prisoner, known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz" (b. 1890)
- November 22
- Wilhelm Beiglböck, German Nazi physician at Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
- Aldous Huxley, British writer (Brave New World) (b. 1894)
- John F. Kennedy, American politician, 35th President of the United States (assassinated) (b. 1917)
- J. D. Tippit, American police officer (b. 1924)
- C. S. Lewis, Irish-born British critic, novelist (The Chronicles of Narnia) and Christian apologist (b. 1898)
- November 23 – John Baumgarten, American businessman and politician (b. 1902)
- November 24 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of President John F. Kennedy (assassinated) (b. 1939)
- November 26 – Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian opera singer (b. 1882)
- November 28 – Ernesto Lecuona, Cuban composer (b. 1896)
- November 30
- December – Andy Kennedy, Northern Ireland footballer (b. 1897)
- December 2
- December 5 – Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (b. 1905)
- December 10 – K. M. Panikkar, Indian scholar, diplomat and journalist (b. 1895)
- December 12
- December 14
- December 15 – Rikidōzan, Korean-born Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1924)
- December 21 – Jack Hobbs, English cricketer (b. 1882)
- December 25 – Tristan Tzara, French poet (b. 1896)
- December 26 – Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (b. 1915)
- December 28
- Physics – Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen
- Chemistry – Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta
- Physiology or Medicine – Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley
- Literature – Giorgos Seferis
- Peace – International Committee of the Red Cross, League of Red Cross Societies
- "Timeline of George Wallace's Life, 1952–1972". The American Experience. Public Broadcasting Service. 2000. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- Klarman, Michael J. (March – April 2004). "Brown v. Board: 40 Years Later". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities.
- "Dallas: JFK is shot dead". Wolverhampton: Express & Star. Archived from the original on June 28, 2002.
- Tracker, "Footprints Tracker", August 2012, p. 46.
- Sacco, Ugo Colombo (1999). John Paul II and World Politics: 20 Years of a Search for a New Approach, 1978-1998. Peeters Publishers. p. 6.
- Larsen, Jeffrey A.; Smith, James M. (2005). "Hot Line Agreements (1963, 1971, 1984)". Historical Dictionary Of Arms Control And Disarmament. Scarecrow Press. p. 107.
- Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet. Simon and Schuster. p. 715.
- "Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water". United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- Warren Commission Report.