Elizabeth Patterson (actress)

Mary Elizabeth Patterson (November 22, 1874 – January 31, 1966) was an American theatre, film, and television character actress who gained popular recognition late in her career playing the elderly neighbor Matilda Trumbull on the television comedy series I Love Lucy.[1]

Elizabeth Patterson
Elizabeth Patterson.jpg
Born
Mary Elizabeth Patterson

(1874-11-22)November 22, 1874
DiedJanuary 31, 1966(1966-01-31) (aged 91)
OccupationActress
Years active1890–1961

Early yearsEdit

Born in Savannah, Tennessee, she was the child of Mildred (née McDougal) and Edmund D. Patterson, a Confederate army veteran.[2] Federal census records document that her father by 1880 was a lawyer and residing with his wife and children in the home of his father-in-law, Garrick Archibald McDougal, a widower, who was also a lawyer and farmer in Savannah.[2] That same census lists Elizabeth as the second child of the Pattersons' four offspring. She had an older sister, Annie Belle, and two younger brothers, Edmund and Archie.[2]

StageEdit

She was educated at Tennessee colleges in Pulaski and Columbia, where her participation in campus theater groups fostered a growing passion for drama.[3] Her parents soon sent her to Europe in hopes of diminishing her interest in theater; yet, Patterson's determination to become an actress was only reinforced during those travels, especially in Paris, where she attended productions of the Comédie Française.[3]

After returning from Europe, Patterson used money from a small inheritance to move to Chicago. There she joined a theatrical troupe and subsequently toured with repertory companies.[3] In 1913, she made her Broadway debut in the play Everyman. She remained active in New York City theatre through 1954.

Broadway theatre credits of Elizabeth Patterson
Title Year Role Theatre Notes Ref(s)
Everyman 1913 Children's Theatre A 15th Century morality play [4]
The Family Exit 1917 Comedy Theatre [5]
In the Zone 1917 Comedy Theatre [6]
Jonathan Makes a Wish 1918 Princess Theatre [7]
A Night in Avignon 1919 Punch and Judy Theatre [8]
The Piper 1920 Old Ursula Fulton Theatre [9]
The Intimate Strangers 1921-1922 Aunt Ellen Henry Miller Theatre Starring production for Billie Burke
Produced by Florence Ziegfeld
written by Booth Tarkington
[10]
The Lady Cristilinda 1922-1923 Froggy Broadhurst Theatre [11]
Magnolia 1923 Madame Rumford Liberty Theatre [12]
Gypsy Jim 1924 Mary Blake 49th Street Theatre [13]
Lazybones 1924 Rebecca Fanning Vanderbilt Theatre [14]
The Book of Charm 1925 Mrs. Harper Comedy Theatre [15]
A Puppet-Play 1926 The Queen Nora Bayes Theatre [16]
Spellbound 1927 Mrs. Underwood Earl Carroll Theatre [17]
Paradise 1927-1928 Margaret, Mrs. Elder 48th Street Theatre [18]
Carry On 1928 Aunt Mary Marston Theatre Masque [19]
Rope 1928 Mrs. Roxie Biggers Biltmore Theatre [20]
Box Seats 1928 Mrs. Slocum Hayes Theater [21]
The Marriage Bed 1929 Caroline Reid Booth Theatre [22]
Man's Estate 1929 Minnie Jordan Biltmore Theatre [23]
Solid South 1930 Geneva Lyceum Theatre [24]
Her Master's Voice 1933-1934 Mrs. Martin Plymouth Theatre [25]
Spring Freshet 1934 Clementina Lynch Plymouth Theatre [26]
Yankee Point 1942 Miz Bekins Longacre Theatre [27]
But Not Goodbye 1944 Amy Griggs 48th Street Theatre [28]
His and Hers 1954 Avis 48th Street Theatre [29]

FilmEdit

In 1926, at the age of 51, Patterson was cast in her first movie, a silent film, The Boy Friend.[30] Transitioning successfully into the era of "talkies", she remained a very busy actress in Hollywood throughout the 1930s, averaging more than five films a year during that decade, usually in supporting roles. A few of her screen credits at that time include Tarnished Lady; Husband's Holiday; A Bill of Divorcement; So Big!; The Story of Temple Drake; Hold Your Man; Remember the Night; Dinner at Eight; High, Wide, and Handsome; and No Man of Her Own. She also appeared in the role of Susan in two adaptations of John Willard's popular play The Cat and the Canary: The Cat Creeps in 1930 and The Cat and the Canary in 1939.[31]

Patterson continued to perform frequently in the 1940s, when she was cast in more than 30 additional films. Among her notable roles is her 1949 portrayal of the heroic character Eunice Habersham in the groundbreaking racial crime drama Intruder in the Dust, a film based on the William Faulkner novel of the same name and set in the Deep South.[32] Although she would appear in a few more feature films in the 1950s, such as Washington Story and Pal Joey, Patterson by then began to focus her work increasingly on roles in the rapidly expanding medium of television.

Feature-length films of Elizabeth Patterson
Title Year Role Notes Ref(s)
The Boy Friend 1926 Mrs. Harper MGM [30]
The Return of Peter Grimm 1926 Mrs. Bartholomey Fox Film [33]
The Dancing Town 1928 Ma Pepperall
20-minute short significant as the film debut of Humphrey Bogart
Paramount Pictures
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[34]
The Gay Nineties, or, The Unfaithful Husband 1929 Town gossip Vitaphone short [35]
Words and Music 1929 Dean Crockett Fox Film [36]
South Sea Rose 1929 Sarah Fox Film [37]
The Lone Star Ranger 1930 Sarah Martin Fox Film
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[38]
The Cat Creeps 1930 Susan Universal Pictures [39]
The Big Party 1930 Goldfarb Fox Film [40]
Harmony at Home 1930 Haller Fox Film [41]
The Smiling Lieutenant 1931 Baroness von Schwedel (uncredited) Paramount Pictures
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[42]
Penrod and Sam 1931 Teacher (uncredited) Warner Bros. [43]
Husband's Holiday 1931 Mrs. Caroline Reid Paramount Pictures [44]
Daddy Long Legs 1931 Mrs. Lippett Fox Film [45]
Tarnished Lady 1931 Mrs. Courtney Paramount Pictures [46]
Heaven on Earth 1931 Aunt Vergie Universal Pictures [47]
New Morals for Old 1932 Aunty Doe MGM [48]
They Call It Sin 1932 Cullen|Mrs. Cullen First National Pictures [49]
Guilty as Hell 1932 Elvira Ward Paramount Pictures [50]
A Bill of Divorcement 1932 Hester RKO Radio Pictures [51]
The Expert 1932 Miss Crackenwald Warner Bros. [52]
Man Wanted 1932 Harper, Lois' secretary Warner Bros. [53]
Love Me Tonight 1932 First Aunt Paramount Pictures
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[54]
No Man of Her Own 1932 Mrs. Randall Paramount Pictures [55]
So Big 1932 Mrs. Tebbit (uncredited) Warner Bros. [56]
Breach of Promise 1932 Cora Pugmire Sono Art-World Wide Pictures [57]
Miss Pinkerton 1932 Juliet Mitchell First National Pictures [58]
Life Begins 1932 Mrs. Tubby (uncredited) First National Pictures [59]
The Conquerors 1932 Roger's Landlady (uncredited) RKO Radio Pictures [43]
They Just Had to Get Married 1932 Aunt Lizzie Universal Pictures [60]
Infernal Machine 1933 Elinor's Aunt Fox Film
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[61]
The Story of Temple Drake 1933 Aunt Jennie Paramount Pictures [62]
Hold Your Man 1933 Miss Tuttle MGM [63]
Secret of the Blue Room 1933 Mary, the cook Universal Pictures [64]
Dinner at Eight 1933 Miss Copeland MGM [65]
Doctor Bull 1933 Aunt Patricia Banning Fox Film [66]
Golden Harvest 1933 Lydia Paramount Pictures [67]
Ever in My Heart 1933 Clara Tuttle, Canteen Worker (uncredited) Warner Bros. [68]
Hide-Out 1934 'Ma' Miller MGM [69]
Chasing Yesterday 1935 Mlle. Prefere RKO Radio Pictures [70]
So Red the Rose 1935 Mary Cherry Paramount Pictures [71]
Men Without Names 1935 Aunt Ella Paramount Pictures [72]
Her Master's Voice 1936 Mrs. Ellie Martin Walter Wanger Productions [73]
Timothy's Quest 1936 Vilda Cummins Paramount Pictures [74]
Small Town Girl 1936 Ma Brannan MGM [75]
The Return of Sophie Lang 1936 Araminta Sedley Paramount Pictures [76]
Three Cheers for Love 1936 Wilma Chester Paramount Pictures [77]
Old Hutch 1936 Mrs. Sarah Hutchins MGM [78]
Go West, Young Man 1936 Aunt Kate Barnaby Paramount Pictures [79]
Night of Mystery 1937 Mrs. Tobias Greene Paramount Pictures [80]
High, Wide, and Handsome 1937 Grandma Cortlandt Paramount Pictures [81]
Hold 'em Navy! 1937 Grandma Stackpole Paramount Pictures [82]
Night Club Scandal 1937 Mrs. Elvira Ward Paramount Pictures [83]
Scandal Street 1938 Ada Smith Paramount Pictures [84]
Bulldog Drummond's Peril 1938 Aunt Blanche Clavering Paramount Pictures [85]
Bluebeard's Eighth Wife 1938 Aunt Hedwige Paramount Pictures [86]
Sing, You Sinners 1938 Mrs. Daisy Beebe aka Mother Beebe Paramount Pictures [87]
Sons of the Legion 1938 Grandmother Lee Paramount Pictures [88]
Bulldog Drummond's Secret Police 1939 Aunt Blanche Clavering Paramount Pictures [89]
The Story of Alexander Graham Bell 1939 Mrs. Mac Gregor 20th Century Fox [90]
Bulldog Drummond's Bride 1939 Aunt Blanche Clavering Paramount Pictures [91]
Our Leading Citizen 1939 Aunt Tillie Paramount Pictures [92]
The Cat and the Canary 1939 Aunt Susan Paramount Pictures [31]
Bad Little Angel 1939 Mrs. Perkins MGM [93]
Remember the Night 1940 Aunt Emma Paramount Pictures
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[94]
Adventure in Diamonds 1940 Nellie Paramount Pictures [95]
Earthbound 1940 Becky Tilden 20th Century Fox [96]
Anne of Windy Poplars 1940 Rebecca RKO Radio Pictures [97]
Who Killed Aunt Maggie? 1940 Aunt Maggie Ambler Republic Pictures [98]
Michael Shayne, Private Detective 1940 Aunt Olivia 20th Century Fox [43]
Tobacco Road 1941 Ada Lester 20th Century Fox [99]
Kiss the Boys Goodbye 1941 Aunt Lily Lou Bethany Paramount Pictures [100]
Belle Starr 1941 Sarah 20th Century Fox [101]
The Vanishing Virginian 1942 Grandma MGM [102]
Almost Married 1942 Aunt Matilda Manning Universal Pictures [103]
Beyond the Blue Horizon 1942 Mrs. Daly Paramount Pictures [104]
Her Cardboard Lover 1942 Eva MGM [105]
My Sister Eileen 1942 Grandma Sherwood Columbia Pictures [106]
Lucky Legs 1942 Annabelle Dinwiddie Columbia Pictures [107]
I Married a Witch 1942 Margaret Paramount Pictures [108]
The Sky's the Limit 1943 Mrs. Fisher RKO Radio Pictures [109]
Follow the Boys 1944 Annie Universal Pictures [110]
Hail the Conquering Hero 1944 Aunt Martha Paramount Pictures [111]
Together Again 1944 Jessie Columbia Pictures [112]
Lady on a Train 1945 Aunt Charlotte Waring Universal Pictures [113]
Colonel Effingham's Raid 1946 Cousin Emma 20th Century Fox [114]
The Secret Heart 1946 Mrs. Stover MGM [115]
I've Always Loved You 1946 Mrs. Sompter Republic Pictures
Preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive
[116]
Welcome Stranger 1947 Mrs. Gilley Paramount Pictures [117]
Out of the Blue 1947 Miss Spring Eagle-Lion Films [118]
The Shocking Miss Pilgrim 1947 Catherine Dennison 20th Century Fox [119]
Miss Tatlock's Millions 1948 Cora Paramount Pictures [120]
Song of Surrender 1949 Mrs. Beecham Paramount Pictures [121]
Little Women 1949 Hannah MGM [122]
Intruder in the Dust 1949 Miss Eunice Habersham 1949 premiere-1950 general release
MGM
[32]
Bright Leaf 1950 Tabitha Singleton Warner Bros. [123]
Katie Did It 1951 Aunt Priscilla Wakely Universal Pictures [124]
Washington Story 1952 Miss Dee MGM [125]
Las Vegas Shakedown 1955 Mary Raff William F. Broidy Pictures [126]
Pal Joey 1957 Mrs. Casey Columbia Pictures [127]
The Oregon Trail 1959 Maria Cooper 20th Century Fox [128]
Tall Story 1960 Connie Warner Bros. [129]

TelevisionEdit

In 1952, at the age of 77, Patterson made her first appearance on the hit CBS-TV sitcom I Love Lucy in the episode "The Marriage License". In that installment, Patterson's character, Mrs. Willoughby, is the wife of the Greenwich, Connecticut, justice of the peace (played by character actor Irving Bacon) who remarries Lucy and Ricky Ricardo. In that role, she most notably sings an off-key version of "I Love You Truly" during the wedding ceremony.[130] The following year she was cast in a featured guest role as Mrs. Matilda Trumbull in the episode "No Children Allowed".[131] Patterson's character of Mrs. Trumbull was initially an ornery curmudgeon who resided in the same New York apartment building as the Ricardos. In that installment, she threatened to make trouble for the Ricardos since the building did not allow children. At the end of the episode, however, her character softens as she holds for the first time the Ricardos' baby, "Little Ricky"; and, as a result, Mrs. Trumbull becomes friends with both the Ricardos and the building's owners, Fred and Ethel Mertz.

Patterson's character on I Love Lucy proved to be so popular among viewers, as well as useful to the writers of the series, that she continued in the role for three more years, often serving in episode storylines as a convenient babysitter for "Little Ricky". In the fall of 1956, with I Love Lucy in its final season, Patterson made her last appearance as Mrs. Trumbull in "Little Ricky Learns to Play the Drums".[132] Her character was mentioned one last time in the 1957 episode "Lucy Raises Chickens". In that installment, Fred and Ethel decide to follow the Ricardos and move to Connecticut to be near them, and Mrs. Trumbull's sister moves into 623 East 68th Street to manage the apartment building for the Mertzes.

I Love Lucy credits of Elizabeth Patterson[43]
Episode Date Role Ref(s)
"Marriage License" April 7, 1952 Mrs. Willoughby [130]
"No Children Allowed" April 20, 1953 Mrs. Matilda Trumbull [131]
"Lucy's Last Birthday" May 11, 1953 Mrs. Trumbull [133]
"Never Do Business with Friends" June 29, 1953 Mrs. Trumbull [134]
"Too Many Crooks" November 30, 1953 Mrs. Trumbull [135]
"Business Manager" October 4, 1954 Mrs. Trumbull [136]
"Ricky's Movie Offer" November 8, 1954 Mrs. Trumbull [137]
"California, Here We Come" January 10, 1955 Mrs. Trumbull [138]
"Homecoming" November 7, 1955 Mrs. Trumbull [139]
"Bon Voyage" January 16, 1956 Mrs. Trumbull [140]
"Little Ricky Learns to Play the Drums" October 8, 1956 Mrs. Trumbull [132]
Elizabeth Patterson television credits excluding I Love Lucy
Program Date Notes Ref(s)
The Chevrolet Tele-Theatre March 20, 1950 Episode: "The Walking Stick" [citation needed]
Pulitzer Prize Playhouse December 1, 1950 Episode: "Our Town" [citation needed]
Studio One in Hollywood December 25, 1950 Aunt March
Episode: "Little Women"
[citation needed]
Three Lives (Short) 1953 United Jewish Appeal [citation needed]
General Electric Theater November 29, 1953 Madame Elaine
Episode: "The Marriage Fix"
[citation needed]
Lux Video Theatre September 2 1954 Dr. Gilley
Episode: "Welcome Stranger"
[citation needed]
Stage 7 February 13, 1955 Grandmother
Episode: The Legacy
[citation needed]
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 1955 TV Movie
Aunt Polly
[43]
Adventures of Superman 1955-1956 Episodes:
Mrs. Peabody
"Olsen's Millions" (June 4, 1955); Mrs. Clara Exbrook
"The Unlucky Number" (February 25, 1956)
[141]
The Star and the Story January 21, 1956 Amy Carey
Episode: "The Unforgivable"
[citation needed]
Crossroads December 14, 1956 Episode:"Tenement saint" [142]
The Adventures of Jim Bowie October 18, 1957 Episode "Fortune for Madame" [143]
Alfred Hitchcock Presents March 30, 1958
Nov. 15, 1959
Episodes: "Bull in a China Shop"(March 30, 1958)
"The Blessing Method" (Nov. 15, 1959)
[citation needed]
Johnny Stacatto October 29, 1951 Episode: Evil [144]
Playhouse 90 January 10, 1957, May 7, 1959, July 18, 1961 Episodes: "The Ninth Day", "Diary of a Nurse", "Tomorrow" [145][146][147]
The Barbara Stanwyck Show February 13, 1961 Millicent Melvane
Episode: "Big Career"
[citation needed]

Personal life and deathEdit

Patterson, who never married, lived at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel during her 35-year film and television career.[148] On January 31, 1966, she died at age 91 in Los Angeles of complications from pneumonia.[149] Her gravesite is in Savannah Cemetery in her hometown in Tennessee.[150]

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Monush, Barry (2003). Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the silent era to 1965. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-1-55783-551-2.
  • Muir, John Kenneth (2008). The Encyclopedia of Superheroes on Film and Television, 2d ed. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3755-9.

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ Some references, including the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, state that Elizabeth Patterson was born in 1875; however, the United States Census of 1880, Patterson's California death certificate, the inscription on her elaborate grave marker in Tennessee, and other records confirm that her birth year was 1874.
  2. ^ a b c "United States Census of 1880", Fourth Civil District, Hardin County, Tennessee, enumeration dates June 22-23, 1880. Digital copy of original enumeration page available at FamilySearch, a free online genealogical database provided as a public service by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Cohen, Scott. "Elizabeth Patterson (1875–1966)". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  4. ^ "Everyman". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  5. ^ "The Family Exit". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  6. ^ "In the Zone". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  7. ^ "Jonathan Makes a Wish". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  8. ^ "A Night in Avignon". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  9. ^ "The Piper". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  10. ^ "The Intimate Strangers". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  11. ^ "The Lady Cristilinda". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  12. ^ "Magnolia". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  13. ^ "Gypsy Jim". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  14. ^ "Lazybones". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  15. ^ "The Book of Charm". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  16. ^ "A Puppet-Play". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  17. ^ "Spellbound". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "Paradise". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  19. ^ "Carry On". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  20. ^ "Rope". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  21. ^ "Box Seats". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  22. ^ "The Marriage Bed". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  23. ^ "Man's Estate". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  24. ^ "Solid South". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  25. ^ "Her Master's Voice". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  26. ^ "Spring Freshet". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  27. ^ "Yankee Point". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  28. ^ "But Not Goodbye". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  29. ^ "His and Hers". IBDB. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  30. ^ a b "The Boy Friend". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  31. ^ a b "The Cat and the Canary". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  32. ^ a b "Intruder in the Dust". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  33. ^ "The Return of Peter Grimm". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  34. ^ "The Dancing Town". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  35. ^ "The Gay Nineties". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  36. ^ "Words and Music". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  37. ^ "South Sea Rose". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  38. ^ "The Lone Star Ranger". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  39. ^ "The Cat Creeps". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  40. ^ "The Big Party]". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  41. ^ "Harmony at Home". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  42. ^ "The Smiling Lieutenant". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  43. ^ a b c d e Monush 2003, p. 587.
  44. ^ "Husband's Holiday". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  45. ^ "Daddy Long Legs". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  46. ^ "Tarnished Lady". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  47. ^ "Heaven on Earth". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  48. ^ "New Morals for Old". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  49. ^ "They Call It Sin". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  50. ^ "Guilty as Hell". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  51. ^ "A Bill of Divorcement". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  52. ^ "The Expert". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  53. ^ "Man Wanted". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  54. ^ "Love Me Tonight". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  55. ^ "No Man of Her Own". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  56. ^ "So Big". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  57. ^ "Breach of Promise". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  58. ^ "Miss Pinkerton". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  59. ^ "Life Begins". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  60. ^ "They Just Had to Get Married". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  61. ^ "Infernal Machine". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  62. ^ "The Story of Temple Drake". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  63. ^ "Hold Your Man". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  64. ^ "Secret of the Blue Room". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  65. ^ "Dinner at Eight". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  66. ^ "Doctor Bull". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  67. ^ "Golden Harvest". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  68. ^ "Ever in My Heart". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  69. ^ "Hide-Out". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  70. ^ "Chasing Yesterday". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  71. ^ "So Red the Rose". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  72. ^ "Men Without Names". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  73. ^ "Her Master's Voice". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  74. ^ "Timothy's Quest". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  75. ^ "Small Town Girl". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  76. ^ "The Return of Sophie Lang". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  77. ^ "Three Cheers for Love". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  78. ^ "Old Hutch". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  79. ^ "Go West, Young Man". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  80. ^ "Night of Mystery". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  81. ^ "High, Wide, and Handsome". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  82. ^ "Hold 'em Navy". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  83. ^ "Night Club Scandal". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  84. ^ "Scandal Street". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  85. ^ "Bulldog Drummond's Peril". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  86. ^ "Bluebeard's Eighth Wife". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  87. ^ "Sing, You Sinners". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  88. ^ "Sons of the Legion". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  89. ^ "Bulldog Drummond's Secret Police". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  90. ^ "The Story of Alexander Graham Bell". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  91. ^ "Bulldog Drummond's Bride". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  92. ^ "Our Leading Citizen". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  93. ^ "Bad Little Angel". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  94. ^ "Remember the Night". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  95. ^ "Adventure in Diamonds". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  96. ^ "Earthbound". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  97. ^ "Anne of Windy Poplars". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  98. ^ "Who Killed Aunt Maggie?". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  99. ^ "Tobacco Road". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  100. ^ "Kiss the Boys Goodbye". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  101. ^ "Belle Starr". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  102. ^ "The Vanishing Virginian". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  103. ^ "Almost Married". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  104. ^ "Beyond the Blue Horizon". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  105. ^ "Her Cardboard Lover". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  106. ^ "My Sister Eileen". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  107. ^ "Lucky Legs". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  108. ^ "I Married a Witch". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  109. ^ "The Sky's the Limit". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  110. ^ "Follow the Boys". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  111. ^ "Hail the Conquering Hero". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  112. ^ "Together Again". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  113. ^ "Lady on a Train". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  114. ^ "Colonel Effingham's Raid". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  115. ^ "The Secret Heart". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  116. ^ "I've Always Loved You". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  117. ^ "Welcome Stranger". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  118. ^ "Out of the Blue". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  119. ^ "The Shocking Miss Pilgrim". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  120. ^ "Miss Tatlock's Millions". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  121. ^ "Song of Surrender". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  122. ^ "Little Women". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  123. ^ "Bright Leaf". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  124. ^ "Katie Did It". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  125. ^ "Washington Story". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  126. ^ "Las Vegas Shakedown". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  127. ^ "Pal Joey". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  128. ^ "The Oregon Trail". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  129. ^ "Tall Story". TCM. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  130. ^ a b "Marriage License". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  131. ^ a b "No Children Allowed". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  132. ^ a b "Little Ricky Learns to Play the Drums". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  133. ^ "Lucy's Last Birthday". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  134. ^ "Never Do Business with Friends". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  135. ^ "Too Many Crooks". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  136. ^ "Business Manager". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  137. ^ "Ricky's Movie Offer". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  138. ^ "California, Here We Come". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  139. ^ "California, Here We Come". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  140. ^ "Bon Voyage". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  141. ^ Muir 2008, pp. 567–568.
  142. ^ "Crossroads". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  143. ^ "The Adventures of Jim Bowie". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  144. ^ "Johnny Stacatto". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  145. ^ "Playhouse 90: Ninth Day". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  146. ^ "Playhouse 90:Diary of a Nurse". UCLA Film & Television Archive. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
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