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Minister of Justice (Canada)

The Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for the Department of Justice, chief federal legal adviser and is also Attorney General of Canada (French: Procureur général du Canada).

Minister of Justice and
Attorney General of Canada
Ministre de la justice et
procureur général du Canada
Government of Canada signature.svg
Jody Wilson-Raybould.jpg
Incumbent
Jody Wilson-Raybould

since November 4, 2015
Department of Justice
Style The Honourable
Member of
Appointer Governor General of Canada
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder Sir John A. Macdonald
Formation July 1, 1867
Salary $255,300 (2017)[1]
Website www.justice.gc.ca

This cabinet position is usually reserved for someone holding a legal qualification. There have been exceptions: Joe Clark only studied the first year of law at University of British Columbia Faculty of Law before embarking on political life.

This cabinet portfolio has been held by many individuals who went on to become Prime Minister including John Sparrow David Thompson, R. B. Bennett, Louis St Laurent, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, John Turner, Kim Campbell and Jean Chrétien (Clark became Minister after his time as Prime Minister). This is the only Canadian Ministry (other than that of the Prime Minister) which has not been reorganized since its creation in 1867.

Contents

Attorney General of CanadaEdit

The role was created in 1867 to replace the Attorney General of Canada West and Attorney General of Canada East.

As the top prosecuting officer in Canada, the Attorney General of Canada (French: Procureur général du Canada) is a separate title held by the Canadian Minister of Justice (Ministre de la Justice)—a member of the Cabinet. The Minister of Justice is concerned with questions of policy and their relationship to the justice system. In their role as attorney general, they are the chief law officer of the Crown.

A separate cabinet position, the Minister of Public Safety (Ministre de la Sécurité publique)—formerly the "Solicitor General"—administers the law enforcement agencies (police, prisons, and security) of the federal government.

Attorneys General and ProvincesEdit

Ministers of JusticeEdit

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1   Sir John A. Macdonald July 1, 1867 November 5, 1873 Liberal-Conservative 1 (Macdonald)
2   Antoine-Aimé Dorion November 7, 1873 May 31, 1874 Liberal 2 (Mackenzie)
  Sir Albert James Smith
(Acting)
June 1, 1874 July 7, 1874 Liberal
3   Télesphore Fournier July 8, 1874 May 18, 1875 Liberal
4   Edward Blake May 19, 1875 June 7, 1877 Liberal
5   Rodolphe Laflamme June 8, 1877 October 8, 1878 Liberal
6   James McDonald October 17, 1878 May 18, 1881 Conservative (historical) 3 (Macdonald)
7   Alexander Campbell May 20, 1881 September 24, 1885 Conservative (historical)
8   Sir John Thompson September 26, 1885 June 6, 1891 Conservative (historical)
June 16, 1891 November 24, 1892 4 (Abbott)
December 5, 1892 December 12, 1894 5 (Thompson)
9   Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper December 21, 1894 January 5, 1896 Conservative (historical) 6 (Bowell)
  Thomas Mayne Daly
(Acting)
January 6, 1896 January 14, 1896 Liberal-Conservative
10   Arthur Rupert Dickey January 15, 1896 April 27, 1896 Conservative (historical)
May 1, 1896 July 8, 1896 7 (Tupper)
11   Sir Oliver Mowat July 13, 1896 November 17, 1897 Liberal 8 (Laurier)
12   David Mills November 18, 1897 February 7, 1902 Liberal
13   Charles Fitzpatrick February 11, 1902 June 3, 1906 Liberal
14   Sir Allen Aylesworth June 4, 1906 October 6, 1911 Liberal
15   Charles Doherty October 10, 1911 July 9, 1920 Conservative (historical) 910 (Borden)
July 10, 1920 September 20, 1921 11 (Meighen)
16   R. B. Bennett October 4, 1921 December 28, 1921 Conservative (historical)
17   Lomer Gouin December 29, 1921 January 3, 1924 Liberal 12 (King)
18   Ernest Lapointe
(1st time)
January 4, 1924
(Acting until Jan.30)
June 28, 1926 Liberal
  Hugh Guthrie
(Acting)
June 29, 1926 July 12, 1926 Conservative (historical) 13 (Meighen)
19   Esioff-Léon Patenaude July 13, 1926 September 24, 1926 Conservative (historical)
(18)   Ernest Lapointe
(2nd time)
September 25, 1926 August 6, 1930 Liberal 14 (King)
20   Hugh Guthrie August 7, 1930 August 11, 1935 Conservative (historical) 15 (Bennett)
21   George Reginald Geary August 14, 1935 October 22, 1935 Conservative (historical)
(18)   Ernest Lapointe
(3rd time)
October 23, 1935 November 26, 1941 Liberal 16 (King)
  Joseph-Enoil Michaud
(Acting)
November 27, 1941 December 9, 1941 Liberal
22   Louis St. Laurent
(1st time)
December 10, 1941 December 9, 1946 Liberal
23   James Lorimer Ilsley December 10, 1946 June 30, 1948 Liberal
(22)   Louis St. Laurent
(2nd time)
July 1, 1948
(Acting until Sep.10)
November 14, 1948 Liberal
24   Stuart Garson November 15, 1948 June 20, 1957 Liberal 17 (St. Laurent)
25   Davie Fulton June 21, 1957 August 8, 1962 Progressive Conservative 18 (Diefenbaker)
26   Donald Fleming August 9, 1962 April 21, 1963 Progressive Conservative
27   Lionel Chevrier April 22, 1963 February 2, 1964 Liberal 19 (Pearson)
28   Guy Favreau February 3, 1964 June 29, 1965 Liberal
  George McIlraith
(Acting)
June 30, 1965 July 6, 1965 Liberal
29   Lucien Cardin July 7, 1965 April 3, 1967 Liberal
30   Pierre Trudeau April 4, 1967 April 19, 1968 Liberal
April 20, 1968 July 5, 1968 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
31   John Turner July 6, 1968 January 27, 1972 Liberal
32   Otto Lang
(1st time)
January 28, 1972 September 25, 1975 Liberal
33   Ron Basford September 26, 1975 August 2, 1978 Liberal
(32)   Otto Lang
(2nd time)
August 3, 1978
(Acting until Aug.9)
November 23, 1978 Liberal
34   Marc Lalonde November 24, 1978 June 3, 1979 Liberal
35   Jacques Flynn June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 (Clark)
36   Jean Chrétien March 3, 1980 September 9, 1982 Liberal 22 (P. E. Trudeau)
37   Mark MacGuigan September 10, 1982 June 29, 1984 Liberal
38   Donald Johnston June 30, 1984 September 16, 1984 Liberal 23 (Turner)
39   John Crosbie September 17, 1984 June 29, 1986 Progressive Conservative 24 (Mulroney)
40 Ray Hnatyshyn June 30, 1986 December 7, 1988 Progressive Conservative
  Joe Clark
(Acting)
December 8, 1988 January 29, 1989 Progressive Conservative
41   Doug Lewis January 30, 1989 February 22, 1990 Progressive Conservative
42   Kim Campbell February 23, 1990 January 3, 1993 Progressive Conservative
43   Pierre Blais January 4, 1993 June 24, 1993 Progressive Conservative
June 25, 1993 November 3, 1993 25 (Campbell)
44   Allan Rock November 4, 1993 June 10, 1997 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
45   Anne McLellan June 11, 1997 January 14, 2002 Liberal
46   Martin Cauchon January 15, 2002 December 11, 2003 Liberal
47   Irwin Cotler December 12, 2003 February 5, 2006 Liberal 27 (Martin)
48   Vic Toews February 6, 2006 January 3, 2007 Conservative 28 (Harper)
49   Rob Nicholson January 4, 2007 July 13, 2013 Conservative
50   Peter MacKay July 13, 2013 November 4, 2015 Conservative
51   Jody Wilson-Raybould November 4, 2015 Incumbent Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Parliament of Canada.