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16th Canadian Ministry

The Sixteenth Canadian Ministry was the third cabinet chaired by Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. It governed Canada from 23 October 1935 to 15 November 1948, including all of the 18th and 19th Canadian Parliaments, as well as the beginning of the 20th. The government was formed by the Liberal Party of Canada. Mackenzie King was also Prime Minister in the Twelfth and Fourteenth Canadian Ministries.

16th Canadian Ministry
16e conseil des ministres du Canada
Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg
16th ministry of Canada
William Lyon Mackenzie King 1942.jpg
Date formed23 October 1935
Date dissolved15 November 1948
People and organisations
Monarch
Governor GeneralEarl Bessborough
John Buchan
Earl Athlone
Prime MinisterWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
Member partyLiberal Party of Canada
Opposition party
Opposition leader
History
Election(s)1935, 1940, 1945
Legislature term(s)
Predecessor15th Canadian Ministry
Successor17th Canadian Ministry
Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King and members of the Cabinet, 1945

MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Term
Start End
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King 23 October 1935 15 November 1948
Minister of Agriculture Vacant 23 October 1935 25 October 1935
Thomas Crerar (acting) 25 October 1935 4 November 1935
James Garfield Gardiner 4 November 1935 15 November 1948
Minister for the Canadian Wheat Board William Daum Euler 23 October 1935 9 May 1940
James Angus MacKinnon 9 May 1940 19 January 1948
C. D. Howe 19 January 1948 15 November 1948
Secretary of State for External Affairs William Lyon Mackenzie King 23 October 1935 4 September 1946
Louis St. Laurent 4 September 1946 10 September 1948
Lester B. Pearson 10 September 1948 15 November 1948
Minister of Finance and Receiver General Charles Avery Dunning 23 October 1935 6 September 1939
James Ralston 6 September 1939 5 July 1940
Vacant 5 July 1940 8 July 1940
James Lorimer Ilsley 8 July 1940 10 December 1946
Douglas Abbott 10 December 1946 15 November 1948
Minister of Fisheries Joseph-Enoil Michaud 23 October 1935 6 October 1942
Vacant 6 October 1942 7 October 1942
Ernest Bertrand 7 October 1942 29 August 1945
Vacant 29 August 1945 30 August 1945
Hedley Francis Gregory Bridges 30 August 1945 11 August 1947
Vacant 11 August 1947 14 August 1947
Ernest Bertrand (acting) 14 August 1947 2 September 1947
Milton Fowler Gregg 2 September 1947 19 January 1948
James Angus MacKinnon 19 January 1948 11 June 1948
Robert Wellington Mayhew 11 June 1948 15 November 1948
Minister of Immigration and Colonization Thomas Crerar 23 October 1935 1 December 1936
Minister of the Interior Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs Thomas Crerar 23 October 1935 1 December 1936
Minister of Justice and Attorney General Ernest Lapointe 23 October 1935 27 November 1941
Joseph-Enoil Michaud (acting) 27 November 1941 10 December 1941
Louis St. Laurent 10 December 1941 10 December 1946
James Lorimer Ilsley 10 December 1946 1 July 1948
Louis St. Laurent (acting) 1 July 1948 10 September 1948
Louis St. Laurent 10 September 1948 15 November 1948
Minister of Labour Norman McLeod Rogers 23 October 1935 19 September 1939
Norman Alexander McLarty 19 September 1939 15 December 1941
Humphrey Mitchell 15 December 1941 15 November 1948
Minister of Marine C. D. Howe 23 October 1935 2 November 1936
Minister of Mines Thomas Crerar 23 October 1935 1 December 1936
Minister of Mines and Resources Thomas Crerar 1 December 1936 18 April 1945
James Allison Glen 18 April 1945 11 June 1948
James Angus MacKinnon 11 June 1948 15 November 1948
Minister of Munitions and Supply C. D. Howe 9 April 1940 1 January 1946
Associate Minister of National Defence Charles Gavan Power 12 July 1940 27 November 1944
Vacant 27 November 1944 15 November 1948
Minister of National Defence Ian Alistair Mackenzie 23 October 1935 19 September 1939
Norman McLeod Rogers 19 September 1939 11 June 1940
Charles Gavan Power (acting) 11 June 1940 5 July 1940
James Ralston 5 July 1940 2 November 1944
Andrew McNaughton 2 November 1944 21 August 1945
Douglas Abbott 21 August 1945 12 December 1946
Brooke Claxton 12 December 1946 15 November 1948
Minister of National Defence for Air Vacant 22 May 1940 23 May 1940
Charles Gavan Power 23 May 1940 27 November 1944
Vacant 27 November 1944 30 November 1944
Angus Lewis Macdonald (acting) 30 November 1944 11 January 1945
Colin W. G. Gibson (acting) 11 January 1945 8 March 1945
Colin W. G. Gibson 8 March 1945 12 December 1946
Minister of National Defence for Naval Services Angus Lewis Macdonald 12 July 1940 18 April 1945
Douglas Abbott 18 April 1945 12 December 1946
Minister of National Health and Welfare Brooke Claxton 18 October 1944 12 December 1946
Paul Martin Sr. 12 December 1946 15 November 1948
Minister of National Revenue James Lorimer Ilsley 23 October 1935 8 July 1940
Colin W. G. Gibson 8 July 1940 8 March 1945
James Angus MacKinnon (acting) 8 March 1945 19 April 1945
David Laurence MacLaren 19 April 1945 30 July 1945
James Angus MacKinnon (acting) 30 July 1945 29 August 1945
James Joseph McCann 29 August 1945 15 November 1948
Minister of National War Services James Garfield Gardiner 12 July 1940 11 June 1941
Joseph Thorarinn Thorson 11 June 1941 6 October 1942
Vacant 6 October 1942 7 October 1942
Léo Richer Laflèche 7 October 1942 18 April 1945
James Joseph McCann 18 April 1945 19 January 1948
Vacant 19 January 1948 15 November 1948
Minister of Pensions and National Health Charles Gavan Power 23 October 1935 19 September 1939
Ian Alistair Mackenzie 19 September 1939 18 October 1944
Postmaster General John Campbell Elliott 23 October 1935 23 January 1939
Norman Alexander McLarty 23 January 1939 19 September 1939
Charles Gavan Power 19 September 1939 23 May 1940
James Lorimer Ilsley (acting) 23 May 1940 8 July 1940
William Pate Mulock 8 July 1940 9 June 1945
Vacant 9 June 1945 29 August 1945
Ernest Bertrand 29 August 1945 15 November 1948
President of the Queen's Privy Council William Lyon Mackenzie King 23 October 1935 15 November 1948
Minister of Public Works Pierre Joseph Arthur Cardin 23 October 1935 13 May 1942
Joseph-Enoil Michaud (acting) 13 May 1942 7 October 1942
Alphonse Fournier 7 October 1942 15 November 1948
Minister of Railways and Canals C. D. Howe 23 October 1935 2 November 1936
Minister of Reconstruction Vacant 30 June 1944 13 October 1944
C. D. Howe 13 October 1944 1 January 1946
Minister of Reconstruction and Supply C. D. Howe 1 January 1946 15 November 1948
Secretary of State for Canada Fernand Rinfret 23 October 1935 12 July 1939
Vacant 12 July 1939 26 July 1939
Ernest Lapointe (acting) 26 July 1939 9 May 1940
Pierre-François Casgrain 9 May 1940 15 December 1941
Norman Alexander McLarty 15 December 1941 18 April 1945
Paul Martin Sr. 18 April 1945 12 December 1946
Colin W. G. Gibson 12 December 1946 15 November 1948
Solicitor General Vacant 23 October 1935 18 April 1945
Joseph Jean 18 April 1945 15 November 1948
Minister of Trade and Commerce William Daum Euler 23 October 1935 9 May 1940
James Angus MacKinnon 9 May 1940 19 January 1948
C. D. Howe 19 January 1948 15 November 1948
Minister of Transport C. D. Howe 2 November 1936 8 July 1940
Pierre Joseph Arthur Cardin 8 July 1940 13 May 1942
C. D. Howe (acting) 13 May 1942 6 October 1942
Joseph-Enoil Michaud 6 October 1942 18 April 1945
Lionel Chevrier 18 April 1945 15 November 1948
Minister of Veterans Affairs Ian Alistair Mackenzie 18 October 1944 19 January 1948
Milton Fowler Gregg 19 January 1948 15 November 1948
Minister without portfolio Raoul Dandurand 23 October 1935 12 March 1942
James Angus MacKinnon 23 January 1939 9 May 1940
James Horace King 26 May 1942 25 August 1945
Wishart McLea Robertson 4 September 1945 15 November 1948

ReferencesEdit

  • Government of Canada. "Sixteenth Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2010-07-01.

SuccessionEdit

Ministries of Canada
Preceded by
15th Canadian Ministry
16th Canadian Ministry
1935–1948
Succeeded by
17th Canadian Ministry