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Esioff-Léon Patenaude, PC KC, often called E.L. Patenaude (February 12, 1875 – February 7, 1963) was a Canadian statesman who served as the 17th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. Born in Saint-Isidore, Quebec, in 1875, he studied law at Université de Montreal and was called to the Quebec bar in 1899. He established a successful law practice and was soon drawn to politics, serving as a chief organizer for the Conservative Party of Canada in Montreal.

The Hon.

Esioff-Léon Patenaude
Esioff-Léon Patenaude.png
17th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
April 29, 1934 – December 30, 1939
MonarchGeorge V
Edward VIII
George VI
Governor GeneralThe Earl of Bessborough
The Lord Tweedsmuir
PremierLouis-Alexandre Taschereau
Adélard Godbout
Maurice Duplessis
Preceded byHenry George Carroll
Succeeded byEugène Fiset
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Hochelaga
In office
October 15, 1915 – December 17, 1917
Preceded byLouis Coderre
Succeeded byJoseph Edmond Lesage
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Laprairie
In office
June 8, 1908 – October 15, 1915
Preceded byCôme-Séraphin Cherrier
Succeeded byWilfrid Cédilot
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Jacques-Cartier
In office
February 5, 1923 – October 8, 1925
Preceded byJoseph-Séraphin-Aimé Ashby
Succeeded byVictor Marchand
Personal details
Born(1875-02-12)February 12, 1875
Saint-Isidore, Quebec
DiedFebruary 7, 1963(1963-02-07) (aged 87)
Montreal, Quebec
Resting placeNotre Dame des Neiges Cemetery
Political partyConservative
Other political
Conservative Party of Quebec
Spouse(s)Georgiana Deniger dit Poupart
CabinetMinister of Inland Revenue
Secretary of State of Canada
Minister of Mines
Minister of Marine and Fisheries (Acting)
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada

He was first elected to the Quebec National Assembly as a Conservative in La Prairie in the 1908 provincial election, and was re-elected in the 1912 election. In 1915, he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in a by-election, and joined the government of Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden as Minister of Inland Revenue. He served in that position until early 1917, when he was appointed as Secretary of State and Minister of Mines. In July, however, Patenaude resigned from the Canadian Cabinet in protest of the government's decision to implement conscription. He chose not to seek re-election in the 1917 federal election. When Arthur Meighen became Prime Minister in 1920, he offered Patenaude a seat in cabinet, which the latter declined.

Esioff-Léon Patenaude at Saint Helen's Island, 1938

Returning to provincial politics, Patenaude was re-elected to the Quebec National Assembly in Jacques-Cartier in 1923. In 1925, however, Meighen persuaded Patenaude to return to federal politics as his Quebec lieutenant. He was given almost exclusive authority over the Conservative Party's campaign in Quebec during the 1925 federal election as Meighen's Quebec lieutenant. Patenaude proved, however, to be little match for Ernest Lapointe and the Liberal Party of Canada, securing only 4 seats in the province. Patenaude, who had resigned his seat in the Quebec National Assembly to contest the election, was himself defeated.

Despite this setback, Patenaude continued to enjoy the favour of Meighen. When Meighen formed a second government in 1926, he appointed Patenaude as Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Patenaude led the Conservative Party in Quebec for a second time during the 1926 federal election, but again fared poorly and was personally defeated.

In 1934, the Governor General of Canada, on the advice of Prime Minister Richard Bedford Bennett, appointed Patenaude as Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, a position in which he served until his retirement from public life in 1940. In his later years, he experienced a successful career as a banker (became President of the Provincial Bank of Canada in 1946) and businessman (as director withMcColl Frontenac, Crown Life Insurance and board of Texaco Canada).

External linksEdit

  • Esioff-Léon Patenaude – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
Political offices
Preceded by
Pierre Edouard Blondin
Minister of Inland Revenue
Succeeded by
Albert Sevigny
Secretary of State for Canada
Minister of Mines
Preceded by
Hugh Guthrie
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Ernest Lapointe
Preceded by
William Anderson Black
Minister of Marine and Fisheries
Succeeded by
Pierre Joseph Arthur Cardin