Sir Charles Fitzpatrick GCMG PC (December 19, 1851 – June 17, 1942) was a Canadian lawyer and politician, who served as the fifth Chief Justice of Canada. He was born in Quebec City, Canada East, to John Fitzpatrick and Mary Connolly.
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick
|5th Chief Justice of Canada|
June 4, 1906 – October 21, 1918
|Nominated by||Wilfrid Laurier|
|Preceded by||Henri Elzéar Taschereau|
|Succeeded by||Louis Henry Davies|
|12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec|
October 23, 1918 – October 31, 1923
|Governor General||The Duke of Devonshire|
The Lord Byng of Vimy
|Preceded by||Pierre-Évariste Leblanc|
|Succeeded by||Louis-Philippe Brodeur|
|MP for Quebec County|
August 19, 1896 – June 3, 1906
|Preceded by||Jules Joseph Taschereau Frémont|
|Succeeded by||Lorenzo Robitaille|
|Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada|
February 11, 1902 – June 3, 1906
|Preceded by||David Mills|
|Succeeded by||Allen Bristol Aylesworth|
|Solicitor General of Canada|
July 13, 1896 – February 9, 1902
|Preceded by||Charles Hibbert Tupper|
|Succeeded by||Henry George Carroll|
|MLA for Québec-Comté|
June 17, 1890 – June 11, 1896
|Preceded by||Thomas Chase-Casgrain|
|Succeeded by||Némèse Garneau|
|Born||December 19, 1851|
Quebec City, Canada East
|Died||June 17, 1942 (aged 90)|
Quebec City, Quebec
|Resting place||Cimetière Saint-Michel de Sillery|
|Political party||Quebec Liberal Party (1890–1896)|
Liberal Party of Canada (1896–1906)
He studied at Laval University, earning his B.A. degree (1873) and LL.B degree (1876), earning the Dufferin Silver Medal. Called to the bar of Quebec in 1876, he established his practice in Quebec City and later founded the law firm of Fitzpatrick & Taschereau.
Fitzpatrick entered politics in 1890, winning election to the Quebec Legislative Assembly in Québec-Comté electoral district. He was re-elected in 1892, but resigned in June 1896 to enter federal politics.
He was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in Quebec County electoral district in the 1896 federal election as a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP). He served as Solicitor General of Canada from 1896 to 1902, and as Minister of Justice from 1902 until 1906.
He was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada as Chief Justice. He served in that position until 1918 when he was appointed the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. During his period as Lieutenant Governor, his nephew acted as Premier of Quebec, Louis-Alexandre Taschereau.
He is the only Chief Justice other than Sir William Buell Richards to have served in that position without having first been a Puisne Justice on the court (Richards was Chief Justice at the court's creation in 1875), and the only Chief Justice to have been appointed without any prior judicial experience.
In 1905, he took part, as the federal government representative, in the negotiations that led to the creation of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. He was knighted in 1907.
May 20, 1879, Fitzpatrick married Marie-Elmire-Corinne Caron, daughter of René-Édouard Caron, 2nd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and his wife Marie-Joséphine De Blois.
- History of the Administration of the Earl of Dufferin in Canada, by William Leggo, Toronto: Lovell Printing and Publishing Company (1878), pg. 877
- "Sir Charles Fitzpatrick P.C.G.C.M.G. 1851—1942: BillionGraves Record". BillionGraves.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
- Media related to Charles Fitzpatrick at Wikimedia Commons
- Supreme Court of Canada Biography
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
- Charles Fitzpatrick – Parliament of Canada biography
- Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). . . Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co.
- Fitzpatrick, Sir Charles National Historic Person — Parks Canada
- Hon. Charles Fitzpatrick, B.A., KC — The Newspaper Reference Book of Canada: Embracing Facts and Data Regarding Canada and Biographical Sketches of Representative Canadian Men. Toronto: The Press Publishing Company, Limited (1903), p. 201
- Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian Confederation — Library and Archives Canada (2005)
- Sir Charles Fitzpatrick — The Canadian Encyclopedia (2013)