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James McDonald (Canadian politician)

James McDonald, PC (1 July 1828 – 3 October 1912) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and judge.

The Hon.

James McDonald
Hon James McDonald.jpg
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Pictou
In office
1872–1874
Preceded byJames William Carmichael
Succeeded byJames William Carmichael
In office
1878–1881
Preceded byJames William Carmichael
Succeeded byJohn McDougald
Personal details
Born(1828-07-01)1 July 1828
Bridgeville, Nova Scotia
Died3 October 1912(1912-10-03) (aged 84)
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Political partyConservative
CabinetMinister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada (1878–1881)

He was born in Bridgeville, Nova Scotia, the son of Alexander McDonald and Janet Fraser. McDonald moved to London, Upper Canada in 1834 with his family but the family later returned to New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. McDonald studied law with Martin Isaac Wilkins and was called to the bar in 1851. In 1855, he married Jane Mortimer. He was elected to the Nova Scotia House of Assembly for Pictou County in 1859. McDonald was reelected in 1863 and was named chief railway commissioner. In 1864, he was named financial secretary and served in that post until 1867 when he was an unsuccessful candidate for a federal seat. In 1871, McDonald was elected to the Nova Scotia assembly for Pictou County. He resigned his seat after he was elected to the House of Commons in 1872. From 1878 to 1881, he was the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Rodolphe Laflamme
Minister of Justice
1878–1881
Succeeded by
Alexander Campbell
Legal offices
Preceded by
William Young
Chief Justice of Nova Scotia
1881–1904
Succeeded by
Robert Linton Weatherbe