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The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members, each of whom is elected from constituencies having approximately 77,000 to 91,000 residents, based on population figures from the 2010 U.S. Census. Its composition, powers, and duties are established in Article IV of the Michigan Constitution.

Michigan House of Representatives
100th Michigan Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
3 terms (6 years)
History
New session started
January 9, 2019
Leadership
Lee Chatfield (R)
since January 9, 2019
Speaker pro tempore
Jason Wentworth (R)
since January 9, 2019
Majority Floor Leader
Triston Cole (R)
since January 9, 2019
Minority Leader
Christine Greig (D)
since January 9, 2019
Minority Floor Leader
Yousef Rabhi (D)
since January 9, 2019
Structure
Seats110
Michigan House of Representatives.svg
Political groups
Majority

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Section 3, Michigan Constitution
Salary$71,865/year + expenses
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2018
(110 seats)
Next election
November 3, 2020
(110 seats)
RedistrictingIndependent Redistricting Commission
Meeting place
Michigan House of Representatives.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Michigan State Capitol
Lansing, Michigan
Website
Michigan House of Representatives

Members are elected in even-numbered years and take office at 12 p.m. (EST) on January 1[1] following the November general election. Concurrently with the Michigan Senate, the House first convenes on the second Wednesday in January, according to the state constitution.[2] Each member is limited to serving three terms of two years. The House meets in the north wing of the Michigan Capitol in Lansing.

Contents

TitleEdit

Members of the Michigan House of Representatives are commonly referred to as representatives. Because this mirrors the terminology used to describe members of Congress, constituents and news media, abiding by the Associated Press guidelines for journalists, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts. As elected officials, members of the Michigan House of Representatives also receive the courtesy title of the Honorable (abbreviated to Hon. or Hon'ble) for life.

CompositionEdit

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Ind Vacant
End 2016 60 46 1[3] 0 107 3
Begin 2017 session 63 47 0 110 0
End 2018
Begin 2019 Session 58 52 0 110 0
May 21, 2019[4] 57 1
Latest voting share 52.7% 0.9% 46.4% 0%

LeadershipEdit

Majority partyEdit

Minority partyEdit

MembersEdit

 
Cora B. Anderson House of Representatives Office Building, Downtown Lansing
District Representative Party County(ies) Term
1 Tenisha Yancey Dem Wayne 2nd (1st full)
2 Joe Tate Dem Wayne 1st
3 Wendell Byrd Dem Wayne 3rd
4 Isaac Robinson Dem Wayne 1st
5 Cynthia A. Johnson Dem Wayne 1st
6 Tyrone Carter Dem Wayne 1st
7 LaTanya Garrett Dem Wayne 3rd
8 Sherry Gay-Dagnogo Dem Wayne 3rd
9 Karen Whitsett Dem Wayne 1st
10 Leslie Love Dem Wayne 3rd
11 Jewell Jones Dem Wayne 2nd
12 Alex Garza Dem Wayne 1st
13 Frank Liberati Dem Wayne 3rd
14 Cara Clemente Dem Wayne 2nd
15 Abdullah Hammoud Dem Wayne 2nd
16 Kevin Coleman Dem Wayne 1st
17 Joe Bellino Rep Monroe, Wayne 2nd
18 Kevin Hertel Dem Macomb 2nd
19 Laurie Pohutsky Dem Wayne 1st
20 Matt Koleszar Dem Wayne 1st
21 Kristy Pagan Dem Wayne 3rd
22 John Chirkun Dem Macomb 3rd
23 Darrin Camilleri Dem Wayne 2nd
24 Steve Marino Rep Macomb 2nd
25 Nate Shannon Dem Macomb 1st
26 Jim Ellison Dem Oakland 2nd
27 Robert Wittenberg Dem Oakland 3rd
28 Lori Stone Dem Macomb 1st
29 Brenda Carter Dem Oakland 1st
30 Diana Farrington Rep Macomb 2nd
31 William J Sowerby Dem Macomb 2nd
32 Pamela Hornberger Rep Macomb, St. Clair 2nd
33 Jeffrey Yaroch Rep Macomb 2nd
34 Sheldon Neeley Dem Genesee 3rd
35 Kyra Harris Bolden Dem Oakland 1st
36 Doug Wozniak Rep Macomb 1st
37 Christine Greig Dem Oakland 3rd
38 Kathy Crawford Rep Oakland 3rd
39 Ryan Berman Rep Oakland 1st
40 Mari Manoogian Dem Oakland 1st
41 Padma Kuppa Dem Oakland 1st
42 Ann Bollin Rep Livingston 1st
43 Andrea Schroeder Rep Oakland 1st
44 Matt Maddock Rep Oakland 1st
45 Michael Webber Rep Oakland 3rd
46 John Reilly Rep Oakland 2nd
47 Henry Vaupel Rep Livingston 3rd
48 Sheryl Kennedy Dem Genesee 1st
49 John Cherry Dem Genesee 1st
50 Tim Sneller Dem Genesee 2nd
51 Mike Mueller Rep Genesee 1st
52 Donna Lasinski Dem Washtenaw 2nd
53 Yousef Rabhi Dem Washtenaw 2nd
54 Ronnie Peterson Dem Washtenaw 2nd
55 Rebekah Warren Dem Washtenaw 3rd
56 Jason Sheppard Rep Monroe 3rd
57 Bronna Kahle Rep Lenawee 2nd
58 Eric Leutheuser Rep Branch, Hillsdale 3rd
59 Aaron Miller Rep Cass, St. Joseph 3rd
60 Jon Hoadley Dem Kalamazoo 3rd
61 Brandt Iden Rep Kalamazoo 3rd
62 Jim Haadsma Dem Calhoun 1st
63 Matt Hall Rep Calhoun, Kalamazoo 1st
64 Julie Alexander Rep Jackson 2nd
65 Sarah Lightner Rep Jackson 1st
66 Beth Griffin Rep Van Buren, Kalamazoo 2nd
67 Kara Hope Dem Ingham 1st
68 Sarah Anthony Dem Ingham 1st
69 Julie Brixie Dem Ingham 1st
70 James Lower Rep Montcalm, Gratiot 2nd
71 Angela Witwer Dem Eaton 1st
72 Steve Johnson Rep Kent 2nd
73 Lynn Afendoulis Rep Kent 1st
74 Mark Huizenga Rep Kent, Ottawa 1st
75 David LaGrand Dem Kent 3rd (2nd full)
76 Rachel Hood Dem Kent 1st
77 Tommy Brann Rep Kent 2nd
78 Brad Paquette Rep Berrien, Cass 1st
79 Pauline Wendzel Rep Berrien 1st
80 Mary Whiteford Rep Allegan 3rd (2nd full)
81 Gary Eisen Rep St. Clair 1st
82 Gary Howell Rep Lapeer 3rd (2nd full)
83 Shane Hernandez Rep Sanilac, St. Clair 2nd
84 Phil Green Rep Huron, Tuscola 1st
85 Ben Frederick Rep Saginaw, Shiawassee 2nd
86 Thomas Albert Rep Kent, Ionia 2nd
87 Julie Calley Rep Barry, Ionia 2nd
88 Luke Meerman Rep Ottawa 1st
89 Jim Lilly Rep Ottawa 2nd
90 Bradley Slagh Rep Ottawa 1st
91 Greg VanWoerkom Rep Muskegon, Ottawa 1st
92 Terry Sabo Dem Muskegon 2nd
93 Graham Filler Rep Clinton, Gratiot 1st
94 Rodney Wakeman Rep Saginaw 1st
95 Vanessa Guerra Dem Saginaw 3rd
96 Brian Elder Dem Bay 2nd
97 Jason Wentworth Rep Arenac, Clare, Gladwin, Osceola 2nd
98 Annette Glenn Rep Midland, Bay 1st
99 Roger Hauck Rep Isabella, Midland 2nd
100 Scott VanSingel Rep Lake, Newaygo, Oceana 2nd
101 Jack O'Malley Rep Benzie, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason 1st
102 Michele Hoitenga Rep Mecosta, Osceola, Wexford 2nd
103 Daire Rendon Rep Crawford, Kalkaska, Missaukee, Ogemaw, Roscommon 2nd
104 Larry C. Inman Rep Grand Traverse 3rd
105 Triston Cole Rep Antrim, Charlevoix, Otsego, Montmorency, Oscoda 3rd
106 Sue Allor Rep Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Iosco, Presque Isle 2nd
107 Lee Chatfield Rep Cheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Mackinac 3rd
108 Beau LaFave Rep Delta, Dickinson, Menominee 2nd
109 Sara Cambensy Dem Alger, Luce, Marquette, Schoolcraft 2nd[5]
110 Gregory Markkanen Rep Baraga, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Marquette, Ontonagon 1st

OfficialsEdit

Speaker of the HouseEdit

The 74th and current Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of the majority party. The current Speaker is Lee Chatfield, a third-term Republican from Levering.

The Speaker calls the House to order at the hour to which the House last adjourned, preserves order and decorum in the chamber, recognizes Members to speak, and puts all questions. The Speaker is the chief administrator of the House and is technically the employer of all legislative staff. There is also a Speaker pro tempore and two associate Speakers pro tempore who preside in the absence of the Speaker. The full duties of the Speaker are described in Chapter II of the Rules of the House.[6]

Clerk of the HouseEdit

Clerk of the Michigan House of Representatives
Incumbent
Gary L. Randall

since January 12, 2011
StyleMister Clerk
AppointerElected by the House
Term lengthPleasure of the House (nominally a two-year Legislature)
Inaugural holderGeorge R. Griswold

The Clerk of the House of Representatives is elected by Members of the House at the beginning of each two-year term. The 33rd and current clerk is Gary L. Randall.[7] Randall also served as clerk from 1999 to 2006. The assistant clerk is Richard J. Brown, who served as clerk from 2007 to 2010. Both Randall and Brown are former Members of the House.

Under the rules of the House, the clerk is the parliamentarian of the House, presides in the absence of the Speaker or any Speaker pro tempore, takes roll at the beginning of each session day and announces whether or not a quorum is present, prepares the official calendar and journal of the House, is responsible for the care and preservation of all bills introduced in the House, and for bills sent from the Senate until they are returned to the Senate.[6][8]

Sergeant at ArmsEdit

The sergeant at arms of the House of Representatives is the chief police officer of the House, appointed by the Speaker. The current chief sergeant at arms is David D. Dickson, Jr.

The chief sergeant and the assistant sergeants are empowered as law enforcement officers by statute.[9] The sergeants at arms have authority to serve subpoenas and warrants issued by the House or any duly authorized officer or committee, see that all visitors are seated and at no time are standing on the floor or balconies of the House, ensure that reasonable decorum is maintained in the lobby immediately in front of the entrance to the chamber to ensure access for Members and to ensure equal treatment for all citizens.[6]

CommitteesEdit

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution authorizes each house of the Legislature to "establish the committees necessary for the conduct of its business."[10] The House does much of its work in committees, including the review of bills, executive oversight, and the budget and appropriations process. Members of committees and their chairmen are appointed by the Speaker.[6][11] Bills are referred to a committee by the Speaker, and the chairman of a committee sets its agenda, including whether or not a bill will be reported to the full House. The Committee on Appropriations divides its work among subcommittees ordinarily structured by state department or major budget area.

There are also four statutory standing committees: Joint Committee on Administrative Rules; House Fiscal Agency Governing Committee; Legislative Council; Michigan Capitol Committee.

Unlike the Senate, the House does not utilize the committee of the whole.

House Fiscal AgencyEdit

House Fiscal Agency
Agency overview
HeadquartersCora B. Anderson House Office Building
Employees23
Annual budget$3,105,200
Agency executives
  • Mary Ann Cleary, Director
  • Kevin Koorstra, Deputy Director
Parent departmentHouse Fiscal Agency Governing Board (Michigan House of Representatives)
Websitehouse.mi.gov/hfa/

The House Fiscal Agency is a nonpartisan agency within the House of Representatives which provides nonpartisan expertise to members of the House Appropriations Committee, as well as all other Members of the House. Fiscal analysts review the governor's budget recommendation, review and prepare budget bills, supplemental appropriations, and certain transfer requests, provide fiscal impact statements on legislative proposals, monitor state and national situations that may have budgetary implications, research and analyze fiscal issues, prepare reports and documents to assist legislative deliberations, and prepare special reports at the request of Representatives. The economist analyzes legislation related to tax and lottery issues, respond to Representatives' inquiries regarding state tax revenue, revenue sharing, and other economic issues, monitors state revenue, tracks state, and national economic conditions, and prepares reports on revenue and other economic issues. Legislative analysts prepare concise, nonpartisan summaries and analyses of bills. Summaries, completed prior to committee deliberations, describe how a bill would change current law, including any fiscal impact. Analyses are prepared for bills reported to the full House from committee and include, with the summary information, a description of the problem being addressed, arguments for and against the bill, and positions of interested organizations.[12]

The agency is governed by a six-member board consisting of the chairman and minority vice chairman of the Appropriations Committee, the Speaker of the House and the minority leader, and the majority and minority floor leaders. The governing committee is responsible for HFA oversight, establishment of operating procedures, and appointment of the HFA director. The director is one of three state officials charged with annually forecasting the state's revenues at the Consensus Revenue Estimating Conferences, which are held at least twice each year.[13]

In January 1993, a front-page story in The Detroit News detailed a massive scandal in the House Fiscal Agency. For six years, the agency's imprest account was used to finance credit card payments, vacations, and property tax payments as well as payments to HFA employees and contract workers for non-existent workers. The scandal threatened to collapse the joint leadership agreement between the Democrats and Republicans brought about by a 55-55 partisan split in the House from the 1992 election. It resulted in Representative Dominic J. Jacobetti of Negaunee in the Upper Peninsula, the longest-serving Member in history, losing his position as chairman of the powerful Appropriations Committee.[14]

Past composition of the House of RepresentativesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Michigan Legislature - Article XI § 2". legislature.mi.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  2. ^ "Michigan Legislature - Article IV § 13". legislature.mi.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  3. ^ One Democrat removed from the caucus. [1]
  4. ^ Republican Larry C. Inman (District 102) removed from the Republican caucus. [2]
  5. ^ http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/11/michigan_house_democrats_gain.html
  6. ^ a b c d Rules of the Michigan House of Representatives
  7. ^ House Resolution 3: A resolution to provide for the Clerk of the House of Representatives for the Ninety-seventh Legislature
  8. ^ 2011-2012 Michigan Manual: Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives (p. 302)
  9. ^ Legislative Sergeant at Arms Police Powers Act, 185 PA 2001, MCL 4.381-4.382
  10. ^ Michigan Constitution: Article IV, § 17 Committees; record of votes, public inspection, notice of hearings.
  11. ^ Journal of the House of Representatives: 97th Legislature—Regular Session of 2013, No. 5 (pg. 77-78)
  12. ^ About Us :: House Fiscal Agency
  13. ^ Michigan Legislature: Management and Budget Act: MCL 18.1367b Revenue estimating conference; principals; forecasts.
  14. ^ Gongwer News Service Blog: The Scandal, 20 Years Later

Coordinates: 42°44′01″N 84°33′20″W / 42.733601°N 84.555470°W / 42.733601; -84.555470