Isabella County, Michigan
Isabella County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 70,311. Its county seat is Mount Pleasant. The area was known as Ojibiway Besse, meaning "the place of the Ojibwa" (known as the Chippewa in the United States.
|Isabella County, Michigan|
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Queen Isabella I of Castile|
|Largest city||Mount Pleasant|
|• Total||578 sq mi (1,497 km2)|
|• Land||573 sq mi (1,484 km2)|
|• Water||5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 0.9%|
|• Density||124/sq mi (48/km2)|
Isabella County was described by action of the Michigan Territorial legislature in 1831. But for purposes of population, revenue, and judicial matters, it was assigned to nearby counties. Its area was partitioned from unorganized territory plus a portion of Mackinac, which had existed as a Territorial County since 1818.
The Michigan Territory was admitted to the Union as Michigan State in early 1837. By 1859, Isabella had sufficient settlement and interest in self-government that the State legislature authorized its organization. The county name recognized Queen Isabella I of Castile, who with her husband Ferdinand commissioned Columbus's expedition in which he discovered the New World, based on a suggestion by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, the US Indian Agent in this area in the late 19th century and an ethnologist.
Isabella County comprises the Mount Pleasant, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area in Mid-Michigan, also known as Central Michigan. The county's boundary contains the Isabella Indian Reservation, which has a total area of 217.67 square miles (563.8 km2). It is the major land base of the federally recognized Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Nation. Part of the county seat of Mount Pleasant is located within the reservation.
- I-73 (proposed) –
- US 10 – cuts across NE corner of county. Enters at Clare; runs ESE to east county line. Exits to Coleman.
- US 127 – runs north-south through the eastern central part of county. Passes Rosebush and Mt. Pleasant, runs SE to Shepherd, then runs south into Gratiot County.
- M-20 – runs east-west across lower central part of county. Enters from Remus. Ends at Mt. Pleasant.
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 63,351 people, 22,425 households, and 13,006 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (43/km²). There were 24,528 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.51% White, 1.93% Black or African American, 2.75% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 2.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of German, 10.1% English, 10.0% Irish, 7.5% American and 6.0% Polish ancestry, 95.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.
There were 22,425 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.40% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.00% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.
The county population contained 20.30% under the age of 18, 29.40% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,262, and the median income for a family was $45,953. Males had a median income of $32,270 versus $24,180 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,242. 7.40% of families and 20.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
- "Bibliography on Isabella County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- History of Isabella County Archived May 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Isabella County, Michigan website (accessed April 21, 2007)
- Isabella County History and Information Archived December 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Genealogy Inc. (accessed April 21, 2007)
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- Google (September 6, 2018). "Isabella County MI" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
- "American FactFinder". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
- US Election Atlas