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Eliza Jane Pratt (March 5, 1902 – May 13, 1981) was a U.S. Representative from North Carolina, the first woman to represent her state in the U.S. Congress.[1][2]

Eliza Jane Pratt
Eliza Pratt.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 8th district
In office
May 25, 1946 – January 3, 1947
Preceded byWilliam O. Burgin
Succeeded byCharles B. Deane
Personal details
Born(1902-03-05)March 5, 1902
Anson County, North Carolina
DiedMay 13, 1981(1981-05-13) (aged 79)
Charlotte, North Carolina
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materQueens College

Pratt was born in Anson County, North Carolina on March 5, 1902. She attended Queens College in Charlotte, North Carolina from 1918 to 1920.[3]

In 1923, Pratt worked as an editor for the Montgomerian newspaper in Troy, North Carolina. In 1924, she was hired as an administrative assistant for Congressman William C. Hammer.[3] Following Hammer's death in 1930, Pratt worked for a succession of North Carolina representatives: Hinton James, J. Walter Lambeth and William O. Burgin.[1]

When Burgin died in office in 1946, Pratt was elected as a Democrat to fill the vacancy. She served from May 25, 1946, to January 3, 1947, and was not a candidate in the 1946 general election.[1] During her time in office, Pratt was appointed to three committees: Pensions, Territories, and Flood Control.[1]

Pratt went on to a variety of federal government jobs between 1947-1956 with the Office of Alien Property, the Agriculture Department, and the Library of Congress.[1] She worked as secretary for another member of Congress, Alvin Paul Kitchin, from 1957 through 1962.[1][3] In 1962, Pratt returned to North Carolina and worked as a public relations executive for the North Carolina Telephone Company.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f "PRATT, Eliza Jane | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  2. ^ "Eliza Jane Pratt enters U.S. House, May 25, 1946". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  3. ^ a b c d "Pratt, Eliza Jane | NCpedia". Retrieved 2018-01-18.

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