Ellen O'Kane Tauscher (November 15, 1951 – April 29, 2019) was an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who was the U.S. Representative for California's 10th congressional district from 1997 until her resignation in 2009 upon joining the State Department, where she served as the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs until February 2012. She then served as Special Envoy for Strategic Stability and Missile Defense at the State Department until August 31, 2012.
|Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs|
June 26, 2009 – February 7, 2012
|Preceded by||John Rood|
|Succeeded by||Rose Gottemoeller|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's 10th district
January 3, 1997 – June 26, 2009
|Preceded by||Bill Baker|
|Succeeded by||John Garamendi|
November 15, 1951
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||April 29, 2019 (aged 67)|
Stanford, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||William Tauscher (divorced 1999)|
James Cieslak (2009–2011)
|Education||Seton Hall University (BS)|
She served on the University of California Board of Regents and, in February 2018, became chairman of the Board of Governors for Los Alamos National Security and Lawrence Livermore National Security, a consortium led by the University of California Board of Regents. She also served as Vice Chair of the Student and Academic Affairs Committee of the Board of Regents.
While in Congress, Tauscher was a leading centrist Democrat, and the chairman of the New Democrat Coalition, a caucus of 65 moderate Democrats in the House of Representatives. She also served as vice-chairwoman of the Democratic Leadership Council from 2001 to 2005.
After leaving the State Department, Tauscher assumed a number of publicly held corporate and non-profit board positions, including serving on the boards of Edison International/Southern California Edison (EIX) in Rosemead, California, and eHealth (EHTH) in Mountain View, California. She served on the Board of Advisors of SpaceX, the Board of Directors of BAE Systems, INC., NTI, and the Executive Committee of the Atlantic Council. She served as vice chair of the Atlantic Council's Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security and was a member of the Board of Regents of the University of California system.
Early life and careerEdit
Ellen Tauscher was born in Newark, New Jersey, the daughter of John E. O'Kane, a shop steward for the United Food and Commercial Workers union at a ShopRite store in Union City, and his wife Sally, a secretary for Marsh & McLennan in New York City. She graduated in 1974 from Seton Hall University, where she obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in early childhood education.
She then worked as an investment banker with Bache & Co. and, at age 25, was the youngest and one of the first women to become a member of the New York Stock Exchange. She also served as an officer of the American Stock Exchange from 1979 to 1983, after which she worked for Bear Stearns and a subsidiary of Drexel Burnham Lambert.
In 1989, Tauscher moved to California and later founded the ChildCare Registry, the first national research service to help parents verify the background of childcare workers. She also published The ChildCare Sourcebook and headed the Tauscher Foundation, which provided funds for elementary schools to buy computers and Internet access.
Before running for the United States House of Representatives, Tauscher was active in Democratic circles as a fundraiser and also chaired Dianne Feinstein's successful 1992 and 1994 Senate campaigns.
In 1996, Tauscher was recruited to run against two-term Republican incumbent Bill Baker in California's 10th congressional district, which included several wealthy suburbs in the East Bay. During the campaign, Tauscher emphasized balancing the federal budget, her support for business, the environment, and the military. She also charged that Baker was too conservative for the district, particularly given his opposition to abortion and gun control. She narrowly defeated Baker, claiming victory by a margin of 1.45% of the vote. The race was ranked as the fourth most expensive of that year's 435 House races.
Tauscher was re-elected in 1998 and 2000 against vigorous Republican opposition. While the 10th district was once considered "solid Republican territory," most Bay Area Republicans tend to be more moderate than their counterparts in the rest of California and since the 1990s have been increasingly willing to support Democrats at the national level.
In 2000, during the statewide redistricting process, some of the more Republican-leaning parts of Tauscher's district were removed and replaced with more Democratic territory near Berkeley and in Solano County. She was subsequently re-elected to four more terms, facing no substantive opposition and receiving more than 65 percent of the vote after 2002.
In the House of Representatives, Tauscher served on the Armed Services Committee and the Transportation and InfrastructureCommittee. She chaired the Strategic Forces subcommittee of the Armed Services Committee, which oversees the country's nuclear weapons stockpile, missile defense program, and the national labs. Tauscher was the only member of Congress who had two national labs in her district, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the California campus of Sandia National Laboratories. At the time she left Congress, Tauscher also was the senior member from California serving on the Highways and Transit subcommittee and the Aviation subcommittee of the Transportation and Infrastructure committee. From her position on the Transportation Committee, Tauscher brought $33 million to her district for transportation and infrastructure projects.
On March 18, 2009, President Obama nominated Tauscher to the position of Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 25, 2009, by unanimous consent. Notwithstanding her appointment, confirmation and acceptance, she served as Speaker Pro Tempore on June 26, 2009, when the House narrowly passed (219–212) a cap-and-trade global warming bill. Tauscher resigned her seat on June 26, 2009, after voting was finished on the American Clean Energy & Security Act. Her resignation necessitated a special election. Tauscher served as Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security until her appointment on February 6, 2012, as Special Envoy for Strategic Stability and Missile Defense. Tauscher retired from the State Department on August 31, 2012.
As Under Secretary of State, Tauscher successfully negotiated the New START treaty with the Russian Federation in March 2010. The first major agreement signed with Russia in nearly 20 years, the treaty was signed by Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitri Medvedev on April 8, 2010, and ratified by the U.S. Senate on December 22, 2010. Tauscher represented the United States at the U.N. NPT review conference that is held every five years to review the status of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT). The 2010 conference was the first in 10 years to result in an consensus agreement. Tauscher was also the lead official in the State Department working on the bilateral agreements with Poland, Romania, and Turkey for the European Phased Adaptive Approach missile defense system, negotiating timely agreements that allowed the President's deployment timeline to be met.
In 2008, Tauscher was a strong supporter of Hillary Rodham Clinton's candidacy for President. She traveled around the country as a surrogate for Clinton's campaign in the primary. In 2013, she was one of the first prominent elected officials to join the Ready for Hillary effort which became one of the largest independent grassroots efforts on behalf of an undeclared Presidential candidate in history.
Career after politicsEdit
In 2012, Tauscher returned to the private sector, joining the boards of a number of publicly held corporations, including Invacare Corporation, ehealth, Inc, Edison International and Southern California Edison, and SeaWorld Entertainment. She also served as an independent member of the Board of Governors of Lawrence Livermore National Security LLC and Los Alamos National Security LLC; a member of the Board of Directors of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and was chairman of the Board of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Foundation.
In August 2013, the Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety elected Tauscher as independent chairperson. The Alliance is a coalition of some of the largest clothing retailers and brands in North America, including Wal-Mart, Target, the Gap, Costco, and VF Brands. The Alliance is working with the government of Bangladesh, factory owners, and international organizations to improve worker safety for Bangladeshi garment workers.
Tauscher also served as a strategic advisor to the Washington, D.C. law firm of Baker Donelson on matters of defense, transportation, energy, and health care.
A leading centrist Democrat, Tauscher was the chairwoman of the New Democrat Coalition, a caucus of moderate Democrats in the House. She also served as vice-chairwoman of the Democratic Leadership Council from 2001 to 2005.
While in Congress, she supported universal health care and, in particular, covering uninsured children through the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). She also supported scaling back the estate tax, tightening bankruptcy rules, and expanding free trade.
Tauscher was in favor of more extensive gun control. She expressed her support for the Second Amendment, but has also said that "we should keep guns out of the hands of criminals and those with history of violence." She called for "common sense gun safety legislation that strikes a balance between Second Amendment protections and protections for the public."
While in Congress, she supported arming commercial pilots, requiring background checks of legal gun owners, and banning Saturday night specials. She received an F rating from the National Rifle Association.
In October 2002, Tauscher voted in favor of the Iraq Resolution, approving the use of military force in Iraq. However, she later became a critic of the Iraq War, while continuing to vote for funding for the War (see HR 1585). In December 2005, Tauscher led a group of twenty-two other House Democrats in sending a letter to President George W. Bush urging him to withdraw U.S. troops, expressing the hope that the "Iraqi government takes increased responsibility" for its political and security needs. She later voted to redeploy troops out of Iraq within 90 days and even to impeach President Bush over the war.
Tauscher was an early proponent of same-sex marriage, publicly stating in 2004 in response to President George W. Bush's call for a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage, "It is clear to me that this is the civil rights issue of the 21st century, and it is unambiguous in my mind that the government cannot discriminate by gender the rights conferred by the state in marriage." In 2006, she voted against the Federal Marriage Amendment, which would have constitutionally defined marriage as being between a man and woman.
On March 3, 2009, Tauscher introduced the Military Readiness Enhancement Act of 2009 to the House of Representatives, which would have repealed Don't Ask, Don't Tell. The bill eventually passed in a slightly different form in 2010 after Tauscher had left the House, repealing Don't Ask, Don't Tell.
Personal life and deathEdit
Tauscher lived in Pleasanton and later Alamo, California, during her Congressional career. Prior to their divorce in 1999, she was married to William Tauscher, former Chairman and CEO of Vanstar Corporation, current director of Safeway, Inc., and founder of the Tauscher Group, which invests and assists in the management of enterprises in home products, transportation, security and real estate. She had a daughter, Katherine (born 1991).
In July 2010, Tauscher was diagnosed with Stage 3 esophageal cancer, one of the fastest growing cancers in the United States and one of the deadliest, with a survival rate of 18%. After a grueling regimen of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery to remove her esophagus, Tauscher was declared cancer-free in December 2010. Following that time, she was active as a board member of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and as Chair of the NCCN Foundation, as well as speaking around the country, advocating for more information, more funding and earlier screening for the disease.
|Republican||Bill Baker (incumbent)||133,633||47.2|
|Natural Law||Valerie Janlois||3,047||1.0|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Democratic||Ellen Tauscher (incumbent)||127,134||53.46|
|Natural Law||Valerie Janlois||3,941||1.66|
|Democratic||Ellen Tauscher (incumbent)||160,429||52.7|
|Republican||Claude B. Hutchison, Jr.||134,863||44.2|
|Natural Law||Valerie Janlois||9,527||3.1|
|Democratic||Ellen Tauscher (incumbent)||123,481||75.6|
|Libertarian||Sonia E. Alonso Harden||39,858||24.4|
|Democratic||Ellen Tauscher (incumbent)||182,750||65.8|
|Democratic||Ellen Tauscher (incumbent)||130,859||66.5|
|Republican||Jeff Ketelson (write-in)||50||0.0|
|Democratic||Ellen Tauscher (incumbent)||192,226||65.1|
|Peace and Freedom||Eugene Ruyle||11,062||3.8|
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- Ellen Tauscher (September 23, 2011). "CTBT Article XIV Conference". Retrieved May 6, 2015. Text of Tauscher speech at CTBT Article XIV Conference in New York City.
- Ellen Tauscher (October 7, 2009). "Transcript: Missile Defense in Europe". Atlantic Council. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- Carla Marinucci (April 9, 2013). "Hillary Clinton backers see state as key". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ellen Tauscher.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Ellen Tauscher in good spirits after cancer fight
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 10th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Chair of the New Democrat Coalition
| Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs