Marcia Louise Fudge (born October 29, 1952) is an American attorney and politician serving as the 18th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development since 2021. A member of the Democratic Party, she served as the U.S. representative for Ohio's 11th congressional district from 2008 to 2021.
|18th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development|
|Assumed office |
March 10, 2021
|Deputy||Adrianne Todman (nominee)|
|Preceded by||Ben Carson|
|Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus|
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Emanuel Cleaver|
|Succeeded by||G. K. Butterfield|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Ohio's 11th district
November 18, 2008 – March 10, 2021
|Preceded by||Stephanie Tubbs Jones|
|Mayor of Warrensville Heights|
January 16, 2000 – November 18, 2008
|Preceded by||Clinton Hall|
|Succeeded by||William Pegues|
Marcia Louise Fudge
October 29, 1952
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Education||Ohio State University (BS)|
Cleveland State University (JD)
Following the death of Stephanie Tubbs Jones in 2008, Fudge ran unopposed in the special election to replace her. She was chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 113th Congress. She considered running for Speaker of the United States House of Representatives at the start of the 116th Congress but eventually announced she would back Nancy Pelosi.
President-elect Joe Biden nominated Fudge as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development on December 10, 2020. The U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs advanced her nomination by a vote of 17–7 on February 4, 2021. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 10, 2021, by a vote of 66–34. She was virtually sworn in by Vice President Kamala Harris on March 10, 2021. Upon taking her oath of office, she became the first African-American woman to serve as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development since Patricia Roberts Harris left the office in 1979.
Early life and educationEdit
Fudge was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 29, 1952. A 1971 graduate of Shaker Heights High School, she earned her Bachelor of Science in business from the Ohio State University in 1975. In 1983, she earned a Juris Doctor from Cleveland State University Cleveland–Marshall College of Law.
Early political careerEdit
After college, she worked as a law clerk and studied legal research. She also worked in the Cuyahoga County prosecutor's office as Director of Budget and Finance. Fudge has also worked as an auditor for the county's estate tax department and has occasionally served as a visiting judge and as a chief referee for arbitration.
Fudge was the mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio, from 2000 to November 18, 2008. Her 1999 campaign was her first run for any elected office. She was the town's first female and first African American mayor.
Fudge served as chief of staff to U.S. Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones during Jones's first term in Congress. She has also served on the board of trustees for the Cleveland Public Library.
U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit
After Stephanie Tubbs Jones's death on August 20, 2008, a committee of local Democratic leaders selected Fudge as her replacement on the November ballot. This virtually assured her election in the heavily Democratic, black-majority district. Fudge won the November 4 general election, defeating Republican Thomas Pekarek with 85% of the vote. She was unopposed in a November 18 special election for the balance of Jones's fifth term, and won with fewer than nine thousand votes cast. She was sworn in on November 19, 2008, giving her almost two months' more seniority than the rest of the 2008 House freshman class.
After the 2020 United States presidential election, Fudge and allies including Representative Jim Clyburn argued that she should be appointed as Secretary of Agriculture in the Biden administration. Fudge was quoted as saying, "You know, it's always 'we want to put the Black person in Labor or HUD'." Biden eventually selected Tom Vilsack as his agriculture secretary; he chose Fudge as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
Fudge resigned from the House of Representatives after being confirmed by the Senate as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development on March 10, 2021. The special election to replace her will occur on August 3, 2021, as per Ohio law.
Congressional Black CaucusEdit
During a presentation at the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation's 44th Annual Legislative Conference in September 2014, Fudge said the CBC would mobilize Black voters in the 2014 midterm elections by underscoring Republican attacks on President Obama, such as claims that he was not born in the United States.
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on House Administration
- Subcommittee on Elections (Chair)
- Committee on Education and Labor
Secretary of Housing and Urban DevelopmentEdit
On December 10, 2020, President Biden announced his plan to nominate Fudge for Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. She appeared before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on January 28, 2021. On February 4, committee chairman Sherrod Brown advanced her nomination after a 17–7 vote in favor.
On March 10, 2021, Fudge was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 66–34, garnering the support of every senator caucusing with the Democratic Party and 16 senators from the Republican caucus. She was sworn in by Vice President Kamala Harris hours after her confirmation.
Early in her tenure in office, there were allegations that Fudge had violated the Hatch Act of 1939 by commenting on the 2022 United States Senate election in Ohio during a White House press conference.
Fudge called for $100 billion to be added to the department's budget to tackle homelessness and housing subsidies.
Racial impact of housing problemsEdit
In one of her first acts as secretary, Fudge discussed the effects of homelessness on people of color, evictions in the United States, and creating avenues for fair housing with civil rights leaders including Marc Morial and Al Sharpton.
|2008||General||Marcia Fudge||Democratic||212,485||85.2%||Thomas Pekarek||Republican||36,705||14.7%||Craig Willis||Independent||144||0.1%|
|2010||General||Marcia Fudge||Democratic||139,693||82.9%||Thomas Pekarek||Republican||28,754||17.1%|
|2014||General||Marcia Fudge||Democratic||132,396||79.2%||Mark Zetzer||Republican||34,769||20.8%|
|2016||General||Marcia Fudge||Democratic||233,285||80.1%||Beverly Goldstein||Republican||58,066||19.9%|
|2018||General||Marcia Fudge||Democratic||206,138||81.9%||Beverly Goldstein||Republican||48,866||14.9%|
|2020||General||Marcia Fudge||Democratic||242,098||80.1%||Laverne Gore||Republican||60,323||19.9%|
Fudge was the president of the Delta Sigma Theta sorority from 1996 to 2000, co-chair of the sorority's National Social Action Commission, and a member of its Greater Cleveland Alumnae Chapter. In 2003, she was a member of the Shaker Heights Alumni Association's Hall of Fame Class.
In 2015, Fudge wrote a letter asking for leniency in the sentencing of Cleveland politician Lance Mason on felony assault and domestic violence charges. Fudge described Mason as "kind", and wrote that "Lance [...] has assured me that something like this will never happen again." Mason subsequently attacked and killed his ex-wife, in 2018, stabbing her 59 times. After the attack, Fudge released a statement saying she condemned the crimes committed by Mason. She said her support for Mason in 2015 was based on the person she knew for almost thirty years, writing that "the person who committed these crimes is not the Lance Mason familiar to me."
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- Clare Foran (November 20, 2018). "Marcia Fudge, who was considering run for House speaker, says she will back Nancy Pelosi – CNN Politics". CNN. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- "Banking Committee Advances Fudge, Rouse Nominations | United States Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs". www.banking.senate.gov. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Senate confirms Ohio Rep. Marcia Fudge as HUD secretary". CNN. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- "Marcia Fudge Sworn in As Secretary of Housing and Urban Development" (Press release). Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. March 10, 2021. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
- Prater, Nia (March 10, 2021). "Marcia Fudge Confirmed As Biden's HUD Secretary". Intelligencer. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
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- "The Shaker School Review" (PDF). Winter 2004. pp. 13–14. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2009. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
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- Korecki, Natasha; Evich, Helena Bottemiller; Crampton, Liz (November 11, 2020). "'I've been very, very loyal': Marcia Fudge makes the case for Ag secretary". Politico. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- Axelrod, Tal (December 10, 2020). "Biden makes Fudge, Vilsack, Tai nominations official". The Hill. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
- @Transition46 (December 10, 2020). "Working families, veterans, farmers and producers, and those fighting for their place in the middle class will have partners in government once again. This experienced group will help us make it through this pandemic and thrive once the crisis is over" (Tweet). Retrieved December 10, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Swanson, Ian (March 10, 2021). "Fudge resigns to go to HUD after voting for COVID-19 relief". TheHill. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- "Marcia Fudge Submits Resignation Letter to House | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- "Lawriter – ORC". codes.ohio.gov. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- Eaton, Sabrina (January 12, 2019). "Rep. Marcia Fudge says Congressional Black Caucus will mobilize voters by stressing GOP threats to President Obama". Cleveland.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
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- "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Archived from the original on May 24, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
- Bowden, Ebony (December 8, 2020). "Joe Biden chooses Ohio Rep. Marcia Fudge to be HUD secretary". New York Post. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
- "Nomination Hearing | United States Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs". www.banking.senate.gov. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
- "Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
- "Election Results and Data". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved March 10, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Marcia Fudge elected national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc". Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. September 16, 1996. p. 52.
- "Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. – Past National Presidents". Archived from the original on September 14, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
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- "Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Awards Melanie L. Campbell Social Action Award". August 15, 2008. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- "About the Mayor". City of Warrensville. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Buffington, Randy (November 20, 2018). "Read Rep. Marcia Fudge's letter of support of Lance Mason before domestic violence conviction". Cleveland19.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Haag, Matthew (November 19, 2018). "Former Ohio Judge Who Beat His Wife Is Arrested in Her Stabbing Death". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 18, 2020. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Homan, Timothy R. (November 20, 2018). "Marcia Fudge once wrote letter of support for man now accused of murder". The Hill. Archived from the original on October 19, 2020. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marcia Fudge.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th congressional district
| Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus
G. K. Butterfield
|Party political offices|
| Permanent Chair of the Democratic National Convention
| United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
| Order of precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
as Secretary of Transportation
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
| 13th in line
as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
as Secretary of Transportation