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New York's at-large congressional seat

On three occasions in New York history, some members of the United States House of Representatives were elected statewide at-large. This was due to an increase of the number of representatives after the previous federal census, and the failure of the State Legislature to re-apportion the congressional districts in time for the next election.

In 1872 and 1882, one representative each was elected for the ensuing term. The Legislature then re-apportioned the congressional districts before the elections in 1874 and 1884.

From 1933 to 1945, two representatives elected at-large sat in the House because the Legislature could not agree on a re-apportionment of the districts. For the election to the 79th United States Congress, which was held in 1944, the congressional districts were finally re-apportioned.

List of members representing the districtEdit

1873–1875: One seatEdit

New York gained one seat following the 1870 Census.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Lyman Tremain
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
Retired.

1883–1885: One seatEdit

New York gained one seat following the 1880 Census.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Henry W. Slocum
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
[Data unknown/missing.]

1933–1945: Two seatsEdit

New York gained two seats following the 1930 Census.

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd  
John Fitzgibbons
Democratic Elected in 1932.
Retired.
 
Elmer E. Studley
Democratic Elected in 1932.
Retired.
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1943
74th
75th
76th
77th
 
Matthew J. Merritt
Democratic Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Retired.
 
Caroline O'Day
Democratic Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Retired.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th  
Winifred C. Stanley
Republican Elected in 1942.
Retired.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present