Mordecai Oliver

Mordecai Baldwin Oliver (October 22, 1819 – April 25, 1898) was an attorney and two-term U.S. Representative from Missouri.

Mordecai Baldwin Oliver
Mordecai Baldwin Oliver with fellow members of the Howard Committee (cropped).jpg
Secretary of State of Missouri
In office
GovernorHamilton Rowan Gamble
Willard Preble Hall
Preceded byBenjamin Franklin Massey
Succeeded byFrancis A. Rodman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1857
Preceded byWillard P. Hall
Succeeded byJames Craig
Personal details
BornOctober 22, 1819
Anderson County, Kentucky
DiedApril 25, 1898 (aged 78)
Springfield, Missouri

Born in Anderson County, Kentucky, Oliver attended the common schools and then studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1842 and commenced practice in Richmond, Missouri. He served as a prosecuting attorney for the Fifth Judicial Circuit in 1848.

Oliver was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-third Congress and reelected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1853–March 3, 1857).

Oliver was elected as a Unionist Secretary of State of Missouri in 1861.

He resumed the practice of law in St. Louis, Missouri, and served as judge of the criminal court 1889–1893. He moved to Springfield, Missouri, where he died April 25, 1898. He was interred in Hazelwood Cemetery.


  • United States Congress. "Mordecai Oliver (id: O000075)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Willard P. Hall
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
James Craig
Political offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Franklin Massey
Missouri Secretary of State
Succeeded by
Francis A. Rodman