Lamar is a city in and the county seat of Barton County, Missouri, United States.[4] As of the 2020 census, the city population was 4,266.[5] It is known as the birthplace of Harry S. Truman, the 33rd president of the United States.

Lamar, Missouri
Location of Lamar, Missouri
Location of Lamar, Missouri
Lamar is located in Missouri
Lamar
Lamar
Location within Missouri
Lamar is located in the United States
Lamar
Lamar
Lamar (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°29′52″N 94°16′45″W / 37.49778°N 94.27917°W / 37.49778; -94.27917
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyBarton
Area
 • Total5.53 sq mi (14.32 km2)
 • Land5.21 sq mi (13.51 km2)
 • Water0.31 sq mi (0.81 km2)
Elevation951 ft (290 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,266
 • Density818.18/sq mi (315.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64759
Area code417
FIPS code29-40376[3]
GNIS feature ID2395617[2]
Websitecityoflamar.org

The city government is consolidated with City Township.[6] The city of Lamar is surrounded by, but is not part of, Lamar Township.

Geography

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Lamar is located in central Barton County adjacent to a bend in the North Fork Spring River and lies on US Route 160 just east of US Route 71.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.43 square miles (14.06 km2), of which 5.12 square miles (13.26 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water.[8]

Climate

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Climate data for Lamar 7N, Missouri (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1890–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
81
(27)
93
(34)
95
(35)
98
(37)
107
(42)
118
(48)
113
(45)
105
(41)
96
(36)
87
(31)
76
(24)
118
(48)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 42.5
(5.8)
47.5
(8.6)
57.2
(14.0)
66.9
(19.4)
74.8
(23.8)
83.6
(28.7)
88.4
(31.3)
87.9
(31.1)
80.4
(26.9)
69.5
(20.8)
56.5
(13.6)
45.6
(7.6)
66.7
(19.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.4
(0.2)
36.7
(2.6)
45.7
(7.6)
55.3
(12.9)
64.5
(18.1)
73.5
(23.1)
77.9
(25.5)
76.8
(24.9)
68.9
(20.5)
57.6
(14.2)
45.8
(7.7)
36.0
(2.2)
55.9
(13.3)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 22.4
(−5.3)
26.0
(−3.3)
34.2
(1.2)
43.7
(6.5)
54.1
(12.3)
63.3
(17.4)
67.4
(19.7)
65.7
(18.7)
57.3
(14.1)
45.6
(7.6)
35.0
(1.7)
26.4
(−3.1)
45.1
(7.3)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−28
(−33)
−12
(−24)
15
(−9)
29
(−2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
43
(6)
25
(−4)
16
(−9)
2
(−17)
−18
(−28)
−28
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.96
(50)
2.25
(57)
3.31
(84)
5.10
(130)
7.10
(180)
6.25
(159)
4.62
(117)
3.78
(96)
4.78
(121)
3.75
(95)
3.53
(90)
2.43
(62)
48.86
(1,241)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.2
(8.1)
1.8
(4.6)
1.4
(3.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.7
(1.8)
7.3
(19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.3 5.9 8.4 9.4 10.9 10.3 8.1 7.2 7.1 8.1 6.8 5.6 94.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.7 1.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.0 4.3
Source: NOAA[9][10]

History

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Lamar was laid out in 1856. It was named for Mirabeau B. Lamar, second president of the Republic of Texas.[11] The city suffered multiple attacks by rebels during the Civil War.

On May 28, 1919, 28-year-old Jay Lynch was lynched in Lamar. It was considered to be a sundown town prior to the Civil Rights era.[12]

Demographics

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Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880907
18902,860215.3%
19002,737−4.3%
19102,316−15.4%
19202,255−2.6%
19302,3815.6%
19402,99225.7%
19503,2338.1%
19603,60811.6%
19703,7604.2%
19804,0537.8%
19904,1682.8%
20004,4256.2%
20104,5322.4%
20204,266−5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

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At the 2010 census there were 4,532 people, 1,866 households, and 1,202 families living in the city. The population density was 885.2 inhabitants per square mile (341.8/km2). There were 2,099 housing units at an average density of 410.0 per square mile (158.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 0.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9%.[13]

Of the 1,866 households 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.6% were non-families. 31.2% of households were one person and 17.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age was 39.6 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census

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At the 2000 census there were 4,425 people, 1,835 households, and 1,154 families living in the city. The population density was 1,154.5 inhabitants per square mile (445.8/km2). There were 1,995 housing units at an average density of 520.5 per square mile (201.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.61% White, 0.18% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40%.[3]

Of the 1,835 households 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 33.3% of households were one person and 18.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

The age distribution was 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.

The median household income was $29,296 and the median family income was $38,007. Males had a median income of $26,375 versus $20,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,684. About 9.7% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

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Lamar Municipal Airport (LLU) serves the city and surrounding communities. The airport has a 4,000-ft concrete primary runway with approved GPS approaches (runway 17-35) and a 2,900-ft asphalt crosswind runway with one approved GPS approach (runway 3-21).

Education

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Public education in Lamar is administered by Lamar R-I School District, which operates Lamar High School.[14]

Lamar has a public library, a branch of the Barton County Library.[15]

Notable people

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Birthplace of Harry S. Truman in Lamar

References

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  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lamar, Missouri
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. "Guide to State and Local Census Geography" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 10, 2016. (updated for 2010 Census)
  7. ^ Missouri Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 1st ed., 1998, p. 50 ISBN 0899332242
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  9. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  10. ^ "Station: Lamar 7N, MO". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  11. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 207.
  12. ^ Loewen, James W. (2005). Sundown Towns : a hidden dimension of American racism. The New Press. p. 13. ISBN 156584887X.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  14. ^ "Lamar R-I School District". Great Schools. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  15. ^ "Hours and Locations". Barton County Library. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
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