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Lamar is a city in and the county seat of Barton County, Missouri, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,532.[7] Lamar is well known as the birthplace of President Harry S. Truman.

Lamar, Missouri
Location of Lamar, Missouri
Location of Lamar, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°29′37″N 94°16′20″W / 37.49361°N 94.27222°W / 37.49361; -94.27222Coordinates: 37°29′37″N 94°16′20″W / 37.49361°N 94.27222°W / 37.49361; -94.27222
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyBarton
Area
 • Total5.43 sq mi (14.06 km2)
 • Land5.12 sq mi (13.26 km2)
 • Water0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
Elevation
961 ft (293 m)
Population
 • Total4,532
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
4,363
 • Density830/sq mi (320/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64759
Area code(s)417
FIPS code29-40376[4]
GNIS feature ID0720770[5]
Websitecityoflamar.org

GeographyEdit

Lamar is located at 37°29′37″N 94°16′20″W / 37.49361°N 94.27222°W / 37.49361; -94.27222 (37.493676, -94.272111).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.43 square miles (14.06 km2), of which 5.12 square miles (13.26 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water.[1]

HistoryEdit

Lamar was laid out in 1856. It was named for Mirabeau B. Lamar, second president of the Republic of Texas.[9]

Lamar underwent multiple attacks by rebels during the Civil War.

The Lynching of Jay Lynch, Age 28, took place in Lamar, Missouri on May 28, 1919. Prior to the Civil Rights era, Lamar was considered a sundown town.[10]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880907
18902,860215.3%
19002,737−4.3%
19102,316−15.4%
19202,255−2.6%
19302,3815.6%
19402,99225.7%
19503,2338.1%
19603,60811.6%
19703,7604.2%
19804,0537.8%
19904,1682.8%
20004,4256.2%
20104,5322.4%
Est. 20164,363[3]−3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,532 people, 1,866 households, and 1,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 885.2 inhabitants per square mile (341.8/km2). There were 2,099 housing units at an average density of 410.0 per square mile (158.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 0.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 1,866 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.6% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,425 people, 1,835 households, and 1,154 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,154.5 people per square mile (446.1/km²). There were 1,995 housing units at an average density of 520.5 per square mile (201.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.61% White, 0.18% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 1,835 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,296, and the median income for a family was $38,007. Males had a median income of $26,375 versus $20,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,684. About 9.7% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.

TransportationEdit

Lamar Municipal Airport (LLU) serves the city and surrounding communities.

EducationEdit

Public education in Lamar is administered by Lamar R-I School District, which operates Lamar High School.[11]

Lamar has a public library, a branch of the Barton County Library.[12]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Birthplace of Harry S. Truman in Lamar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 207.
  10. ^ Loewen, James W. (2005). Sundown Towns : a hidden dimension of American racism. The New Press. p. 13. ISBN 156584887X.
  11. ^ "Lamar R-I School District". Great Schools. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Hours and Locations". Barton County Library. Retrieved 4 June 2019.

External linksEdit