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Andrew John Volstead (October 31, 1860 – January 20, 1947) was an American member of the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota, 1903–1923, and a member of the Republican Party. His name is closely associated with the National Prohibition Act of 1919, usually called the Volstead Act. The act was the enabling legislation for the enforcement of Prohibition in the United States beginning in 1920.

Andrew Volstead
AndrewVolstead.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1923
Preceded byFrank Eddy
Succeeded byOle J. Kvale
Personal details
Born
Andrew John Volstead

October 31, 1860
Kenyon, Minnesota, U.S.
DiedJanuary 20, 1947(1947-01-20) (aged 86)
Granite Falls, Minnesota, U.S.
Resting placeGranite Falls Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
ProfessionLaw

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Volstead was born in Kenyon, Goodhue County, Minnesota, to Norwegian-American parents Jon Einertson Vraalstad (John Vrolstad), a distant relative of Queen Sonja of Norway,[citation needed] and wife Dorothea Mathea Lillo. He was educated at St. Olaf College, became a lawyer and served as mayor of Granite Falls, Minnesota, from 1900 to 1902. According to his obituary in 1947 Minneapolis Star, he first practiced law in Grantsburg, Wisconsin before moving to Granite Falls in 1886.

Congressional careerEdit

While in Congress, he served as chairman of the House Judiciary Committee from 1919 to 1923. Although often considered the author of the Volstead Act, he collaborated with Wayne Wheeler of the Anti-Saloon League, who conceived and largely drafted the bill. However, Volstead sponsored the bill and championed, promoted and facilitated its passage.[1] He also helped author the Capper-Volstead Act, which enabled farmers to form locally owned cooperatives without fear of prosecution under the Sherman Antitrust Act. The law is still in effect.

Volstead was a member of the 58th, 59th, 60th, 61st, 62nd, 63rd, 64th, 65th, 66th, and 67th congresses. He was defeated in his attempt to be elected to an 11th term in 1922. Shortly thereafter he was hired as legal adviser to the chief of the National Prohibition Enforcement Bureau. Upon Repeal of Prohibition in 1933, Volstead returned to Granite Falls, Minnesota, where he resumed the private practice of law. He died in 1947. Volstead's former home, located at 163 Ninth Avenue, Granite Falls, Minnesota, is a National Historic Landmark. He is buried in the Granite Falls city cemetery.[2]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • United States Congress. "Andrew Volstead (id: V000114)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The 18th Amendment". University at Albany, SUNY. Archived from the original on October 11, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  2. ^   This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress document "VOLSTEAD, Andrew John, (1860–1947)".

External linksEdit