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Thomas Sutler Williams (February 14, 1872 – April 5, 1940) was a United States Representative from Illinois and a Judge of the Court of Claims.

Thomas Sutler Williams
Thomas S. Williams (Illinois Congressman).jpg
Judge of the Court of Claims
In office
November 1, 1929 – April 5, 1940
Appointed byHerbert Hoover
Preceded byNicholas J. Sinnott
Succeeded byJohn Marvin Jones
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 24th district
In office
March 4, 1915 – November 11, 1929
Preceded byH. Robert Fowler
Succeeded byClaude V. Parsons
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
In office
1899-1901
Personal details
Born
Thomas Sutler Williams

(1872-02-14)February 14, 1872
Louisville, Illinois
DiedApril 5, 1940(1940-04-05) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placeCedar Hill Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
EducationAustin College

Contents

Education and careerEdit

Born on February 14, 1872, in Louisville, Clay County, Illinois, Williams attended the Willis district school, Louisville High School and then graduated in 1896 from Austin College in Effingham, Illinois.[1] He entered private practice in Louisville, Illinois from 1896 to 1915.[2] He was city attorney of Louisville, Illinois from 1897 to 1899.[2] He was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1899 to 1901.[2] He was Mayor of Louisville, Illinois from 1907 to 1909.[2] He was a prosecutor for Clay County from 1908 to 1915.[2] He became the owner and publisher of the Clay County Republican in Louisville, Illinois in 1920.[1] He moved to Harrisburg, Saline County, Illinois in 1926.[1]

Congressional serviceEdit

Williams was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives of the 64th United States Congress and to the seven succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1915, until his resignation November 11, 1929.[1] He was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Commerce for the 66th United States Congress.[1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Williams was nominated by President Herbert Hoover on October 17, 1929, to a seat on the Court of Claims (later the United States Court of Claims) vacated by Judge Nicholas J. Sinnott.[2] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 1, 1929, and received his commission the same day.[2] His service terminated on April 5, 1940, due to his death in Washington, D.C.[2] He was interred in Cedar Hill Cemetery.[1]

Williams v. United StatesEdit

While a judge, Williams' salary was reduced by the Legislative Appropriation Act of June 30, 1932, which was part of Congress's efforts to economize the costs of government during the Great Depression. Williams sued the federal government, claiming that his salary could not be reduced because Section 1 of Article III of the United States Constitution forbids it. The Supreme Court ruled on Williams v. United States in 1933, deciding that the Court of Claims was an Article I, or legislative, court and that therefore Congress had the authority to reduce the salaries of the judges of the Court of Claims.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f United States Congress. "Thomas Sutler Williams (id: W000542)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Williams, Thomas Sutler - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  3. ^ Williams v. United States, 289 U.S. 553 (1933)

SourcesEdit