Open main menu

Wesley Livsey Jones (October 9, 1863 – November 19, 1932) was an American politician. He served in both the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate representing the state of Washington.

Wesley Jones
JONES, WESLEY L., SENATOR LCCN2016861944 (cropped).jpg
Senate Majority Whip
In office
November 9, 1924 – March 4, 1929
Acting: November 9, 1924 – March 4, 1925
LeaderCharles Curtis
Preceded byCharles Curtis
Succeeded bySimeon D. Fess
United States Senator
from Washington
In office
March 4, 1909 – November 19, 1932
Preceded byLevi Ankeny
Succeeded byElijah S. Grammer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1899 – March 4, 1909
Preceded byWilliam C. Jones
Succeeded byJames W. Bryan (1913)
Personal details
Born
Wesley Livsey Jones

(1863-10-09)October 9, 1863
Bethany, Illinois, U.S.
DiedNovember 19, 1932(1932-11-19) (aged 69)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Minda Nelson
(m. 1886; his death 1932)
Children2
EducationSouthern Illinois College, Enfield (BA)

Born near Bethany, Illinois days after the death of his father, who was serving in the Union Army during the American Civil War, Jones grew up working on farms. He taught school before graduating from Southern Illinois College in Enfield, Illinois. He studied law in Chicago, passed the bar, and became active in politics as a Republican. In 1889, he moved to North Yakima, in eastern Washington, where he worked in real estate and practiced law. In 1898, he was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives, where he served five terms. He won a seat in the United States Senate in 1908; he served from 1909 until his death, and served in both leadership positions and as chairman of several Senate committees.

Jones lost his 1932 bid for reelection. He died soon after the November election, but before his term expired in March 1933. He died in Seattle, and was interred at Seattle's Bonney-Watson Mortuary.

Early lifeEdit

Jones was born near Bethany, Illinois, the son of Wesley and Phoebe Jones;[1] he was born three days after the death of his father, who was serving as a private in Company B, 41st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War.[2] He graduated from Southern Illinois College in Enfield, Illinois, and studied law in Chicago while teaching school at night.[3]

He passed the bar in 1886, and started a law practice in Decatur, Illinois.[3] He also began to get active in politics, having joined the Republican Party. While living in Illinois, Jones campaigned for James G. Blaine for president in 1884, and for Benjamin Harrison in 1888.[4]

Marriage and familyEdit

In 1886 Jones also married Minda Nelson, starting a family.[1] They had two children together, daughter Hazel E. and son Harry B. Jones. [5][1] Hazel Jones later married Arthur Coffin.[5]

Move to Washington stateEdit

In 1889, Jones moved to North Yakima, in eastern Washington. It was a developing area near the Yakima River. He worked in the real estate business and continued to practice law.[3]

The town developed near the Yakama Indian Reservation, where several related peoples had been settled since the mid-nineteenth century, when they signed a treaty ceding millions of acres of land to the United States.

Political careerEdit

After moving to Washington state, Jones became was active in the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War. His leadership roles in the organization gave him name recognition that enabled him to begin a political career.[1] Beginning in 1890, Jones was a sought-after campaign speaker in Washington, and took part in Republican rallies throughout the state.[4]

In 1898, Jones was elected to represent Washington's at-large congressional district.[3] He was reelected four times, and served in the U.S. House from March 4, 1899 to March 3, 1909.[3]

In 1908, Jones ran successfully for a seat representing Washington in the United States Senate. He was first elected by the state legislature, but, after passage of the 17th amendment to the US Constitution in 1913, he was later elected by popular vote. [3] Jones was reelected by popular vote in 1914, 1920, and 1926; he served from March 3, 1909 until his death.[6] In 1917, Jones moved from Yakima to Seattle, the state's major city and port, located on Puget Sound on the west side of the Cascade Mountains.[7]

In the Senate, Jones advanced to a leadership position as Majority Whip, a post he held from 1924 to 1929.[8] He also served as chairman of several committees, including: Industrial Expositions (61st Congress); Fisheries (62nd Congress); Disposition of Useless Executive Papers (64th and 65th Congresses); Investigate Trespassers Upon Indian Land (65th Congress); Commerce (66th through 71st Congresses); and Appropriations (71st and 72nd Congresses).[8]

Jones was a successful advocate for federal investment in the Pacific Northwest. He secured funding for several irrigation projects, which particularly aided farmers in the more arid eastern part of the state. In 1906 he proposed a bill requiring the Yakama Nation to give up three-quarters of their land in order to gain any irrigation rights.[9] This was opposed not only by the confederated tribes but by their allied European-American advocates, such as Lucullus Virgil McWhorter, a prominent rancher in Yakima who worked to support Native American rights and culture. In 1914 Jones's bill finally died in committee.[10]

Jones also gained construction of a large naval facility, the Puget Sound Navy Yard in Bremerton, on the west side of Puget Sound. It was important to the area economy and continues to provide many jobs in the area.[11] In 1920 he sponsored and secured passage of the Jones Merchant Marine Act, which stipulated that only American ships could carry cargo between American ports, thereby making Alaska dependent on Seattle-based shipping.[12]

Jones was a vocal proponent of prohibition throughout his political career. Initially this aided his popularity, but it likely contributed to his electoral defeat in 1932.[5] More importantly, the Great Depression had set in, and many Republicans lost to Democrats in this election, as voter sought other solutions to growing unemployment. Jones was defeated by Democrat Homer Bone, who swept in with President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Death and burialEdit

Jones died in Seattle on November 19, 1932, shortly after losing reelection to his Senate seat, but before his final term had expired.[8] A replacement was appointed to serve until the next election. His ashes were interred at Bonney-Watson Mortuary in Seattle.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d A Biographical History, with Portraits, of Prominent Men of the Great West, p. 685.
  2. ^ National Magazine, p. 481.
  3. ^ a b c d e f National Magazine, p. 482.
  4. ^ a b Who's Who in America, p. 1037.
  5. ^ a b c "Senator Jones of Washington Dies", p. 1.
  6. ^ Wesley L. Jones, late a Senator from Washington, p. 5.
  7. ^ Official Congressional Directory, p. 119.
  8. ^ a b c d "Biography, Wesley Livsey Jones".
  9. ^ McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil. "The Crime Against the Yakamas", North Yakima: Republic Print, 1913, p. 2
  10. ^ Evans, Steven Ross (1996). Voice of the Old Wolf. Pullman: Washington State University Press, p. 5
  11. ^ "Biographical Notes, Wesley L. Jones Papers, 1896-1932".
  12. ^ "The Merchant Marine Act of 1920".

SourcesEdit

BooksEdit

  • Campbell, John A. (1902). A Biographical History, with Portraits, of Prominent Men of the Great West. Chicago, IL: Western Biographical and Engraving Co.
  • Marquis, Albert Nelson (1910). Who's Who in America. VI. Chicago, IL: A. N. Marquis & Company.
  • United States Congress (1919). Official Congressional Directory. 65. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
  • United States Congress (1933). Wesley L. Jones, late a Senator from Washington. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office – via GenealogyBank.com.

MagazinesEdit

  • Chapple, Joe Mitchell (February 1, 1910). "Affairs at Washington". National Magazine. Boston, MA: Chapple Publishing Company.
  • Jones, Wesley L. (1922). "The Merchant Marine Act of 1920". Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science. New York, NY: Columbia University. p. 233.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)

InternetEdit

NewspapersEdit

External sourcesEdit

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William C. Jones
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's at-large congressional district

1899–1909
Vacant
Title next held by
James W. Bryan
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Levi Ankeny
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Washington
1909–1932
Served alongside: Samuel H. Piles, Miles Poindexter, Clarence Dill
Succeeded by
Elijah S. Grammer
New office Chair of the Senate Industrial Expositions Committee
1909–1911
Succeeded by
Elihu Root
Preceded by
Jonathan Bourne Jr.
Chair of the Senate Fisheries Committee
1911–1913
Succeeded by
John Thornton
Preceded by
James Paul Clarke
Chair of the Senate Executive Papers Disposition Committee
1915–1918
Succeeded by
Merrill Moores
Preceded by
Paul O. Husting
Chair of the Senate Indian Land Trespassers Committee
1918–1919
Succeeded by
Henry F. Ashurst
Preceded by
Duncan U. Fletcher
Chair of the Senate Commerce Committee
1919–1930
Succeeded by
Hiram Johnson
Preceded by
Charles Curtis
Senate Majority Whip
1924–1929
Acting: 1924–1925
Succeeded by
Simeon D. Fess
Preceded by
Francis E. Warren
Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1930–1932
Succeeded by
Frederick Hale
Party political offices
New title Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
(Class 3)

1914, 1920, 1926, 1932
Succeeded by
Ewing Colvin
Preceded by
Charles Curtis
Senate Republican Whip
1924–1929
Acting: 1924–1925
Succeeded by
Simeon D. Fess