Frank P. Woods
Frank Plowman Woods (December 11, 1868 – April 25, 1944) was a five-term Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 10th congressional district, in north-central Iowa. He reached a House leadership position after only two terms. However, in 1917 his vote against the United States' declaration of war on the German Empire effectively ended his political career, leading to his loss of the Republican nomination for re-election to his seat, and of his leadership position for the remainder of his final term.
Frank Plowman Woods
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Iowa's 10th district
March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1919
|Preceded by||James P. Conner|
|Succeeded by||Lester J. Dickinson|
|Born||December 11, 1868|
Sharon, Wisconsin, United States
|Died||April 25, 1944 (aged 75)|
Altadena, California, United States
|Resting place||Mountain View Cemetery|
Born near Sharon, Wisconsin, Woods attended the public schools and the Northern Indiana Normal School, Valparaiso, Indiana. He moved to Estherville, Iowa, in 1887 and worked in a newspaper office for two years. He engaged in the real estate, loan and insurance business until about 1902 when he helped organize the Iowa Savings Bank of Estherville. He also became involved in the publication of the Northern Vindicator newspaper of Estherville, before and after its merger with the Emmet County Republican. He managed Iowa Governor Albert B. Cummins' successful campaign for a third term in 1906, and served as chairman of the Republican State Central Committee in 1906 and 1907.
In 1908, Woods defeated incumbent Congressman James Perry Conner in the Republican primary for Iowa's 10th congressional district, and then won the general election. His district, known as the "big tenth," was made up of Boone, Calhoun, Carroll, Emmet, Greene, Hamilton, Humboldt, Hancock, Kossuth, Palo Alto, Pocahontas, Winnebago, and Webster counties. He sided with the progressive wing of his party, against the more conservative "stand-patters." As a Republican his seat was relatively secure; in its fifty-year existence the 10th district never elected a Democrat.
In 1913, after his second re-election, he was elected chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee. However, his congressional career took a hard turn in April 1917, when he was one of only 56 members of Congress to vote against the resolution declaring war against Germany. Several weeks later, Woods also voted against the Espionage Act of 1917.
The other Iowa congressman to vote against war, Harry E. Hull, survived the resulting furor and won re-election, but Woods did not. Facing many challengers from his own party in the wartime 1918 Republican primary election, he was defeated by Algona lawyer (and future U.S. Senator) L. J. Dickinson. In the immediate aftermath of his loss in the primary, fellow National Republican Campaign Committee members demanded that he also resign his leadership position. Those efforts faded when Woods announced he would resign following the summer recess, but when he changed his mind, he was forced out of the chairmanship. In all, Woods served in the House from March 4, 1909 to March 3, 1919.
After Congress, Woods returned to Estherville. In 1921, he moved to the Pasadena, California area, where his parents had moved several years earlier. He lived in California until his death in Altadena, California on April 25, 1944. He was interred in Mountain View Cemetery.
- "Congressmen Opposed to War," Oelwein Register, 1918-06-19 at 3.
- Editorial, "The Fate of Frank Woods," The Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette, 1918-08-30 at p. 4.
- "Frank P. Woods, former local resident, dies,' Estherville Daily News, 1944-04-06, at p. 1.
- "Allison and Woods," Buffalo Center Tribune, 1908-03-05 at p.1.
- "REPUBLICANS ORGANIZE; Woods, Progressive, Heads Committee to Frame Campaign Plans, The New York Times, 1913-08-30.
- "Scathing Letter from Cap. Head," The Estherville Enterprise, 1918-05-08 at p. 1.
- "Woods is Only One Defeated," Waterloo Times-Tribune, 1918-06-05 at 1.
- "REPUBLICANS MOVE TO FORCE WOODS OUT; Congressional Committee Prepares to Unseat Chairman Who Opposed War Measures," The New York Times, 1918-08-24.
- Media related to Frank P. Woods at Wikimedia Commons
- United States Congress. "Frank P. Woods (id: W000721)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
James P. Conner
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 10th congressional district
Lester J. Dickinson
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.