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James Paul Maher (November 3, 1865 – July 31, 1946) was an American labor union official, businessman, and politician. A Democrat, he is most notable for his service as a U.S. Representative from New York, a position he held for five terms (1911-1921).

James P. Maher
James P Maher.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1921
Preceded byOtto G. Foelker
Succeeded byMichael J. Hogan
Constituency3rd district (1911–13)
5th district (1913–19)
7th district (1919–21)
Mayor of Keansburg, New Jersey
In office
January 1, 1926 – March 15, 1927
Preceded byThomas J. Gilmore
Succeeded byClarence H. Watson
Personal details
Born(1865-11-03)November 3, 1865
Brooklyn, New York, USA
DiedJuly 31, 1946(1946-07-31) (aged 80)
Keansburg, New Jersey
Resting placeSt. Joseph's Cemetery,
Keyport, New Jersey USA
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Jane Moran (m. 1890-1937, her death)
ProfessionHatter
Union treasurer
Real estate broker

Early lifeEdit

Maher was born in Brooklyn, New York, one of several children born to Irish immigrants John and Maria Maher.[1] He attended the parochial schools of Brooklyn and graduated from Brooklyn's St. Patrick's Academy.[2] Apprenticed as a hatter, he moved to Danbury, Connecticut in 1887 and was employed as a hat sizer and in other positions on the factory floor.[2]

CareerEdit

He was active in his local union and the American Federation of Labor.[2] Maher became treasurer of the United Hatters of North America in 1897, a post he held until his election to Congress.[1][2] As a labor union leader, he gained a reputation for successful mediation and adjudication of worker-management disputes.[2] Maher returned to Brooklyn in 1902[2] and was active with several charitable and fraternal organizations, including the Civic Association of New York, Society of the Holy Name, Knights of Columbus, and Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.[1]

Maher was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Sixty-first Congress in 1908.[3] He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1921).[3] He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Labor (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses).[3] He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1920 to the Sixty-seventh Congress.[3]

After leaving Congress, Maher entered the real estate business in Brooklyn.[3] He later moved to Keansburg, New Jersey, where he continued in real estate.[3] In 1925, Keansburg employed a borough manager to oversee the local government's day to day operations, and reduced the size of its town council from five members to three.[4] Maher ran successfully for a seat on the council, and was the top vote getter among the candidates.[5] Upon taking office in January 1926, Maher was chosen to serve as mayor.[6] He served until March 1927, when voter dissatisfaction with a significant increase in the municipal budget and the taxes to fund it led to his recall.[7] In 1937, Maher was an unsuccessful candidate for the town council.[8]

Death and burialEdit

Maher died in Keansburg on July 31, 1946.[3] He was buried at St. Joseph's Cemetery, Keyport, New Jersey.[3]

FamilyEdit

In 1890, Maher married Mary Jane (Moran) Maher (1867-1937).[1] They were the parents of a son, Charles Maher, who lived in Keansburg.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Obituaries, James P. Maher, Former Official". Asbury Park Evening Press. Asbury Park, NJ. August 2, 1946. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Congress Candidates Chosen by Democrats". The Brooklyn Citizen. Brooklyn, NY. October 6, 1908. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-1989. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. 1989. p. 1491. ISBN 978-0-1600-6384-8 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Keansburg Nominations". Asbury Park Press. Asbury Park, NJ. Associated Press. October 29, 1925. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Gilmore Reelected Keansburg Mayor". Asbury Park Press. Asbury Park, NJ. November 4, 1925. p. 20 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Ralph K. Linville takes Office as Borough Manager". The Daily Register. Red Bank, NJ. January 6, 1926. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Keansburg Votes to Recall Maher". Long Branch Daily Record. Long Branch, NJ. March 16, 1927. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Keansburg Votes Mayor Confidence". Long Branch Daily Record. Long Branch, NJ. May 12, 1937. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.

SourcesEdit