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George Holden Tinkham (October 29, 1870 – August 28, 1956) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Massachusetts.

George Holden Tinkham
George Holden Tinkham circa 1918.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts
In office
March 4, 1915 – January 3, 1943
Preceded byAndrew James Peters (11th)
John J. Douglass (10th)
Succeeded byJohn J. Douglass (11th)
Christian Herter (10th)
Constituency11th district (1915–33)
10th district (1933–43)
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
1910–1912
Personal details
BornOctober 29, 1870
Boston, Massachusetts
DiedAugust 28, 1956 (aged 85)
Cramerton, North Carolina
Resting placeForest Hills Cemetery, Boston, Massachusetts
Political partyRepublican
Alma materHarvard University
ProfessionAttorney
Military service
Battles/warsWorld War I

Early yearsEdit

Tinkham was born October 29, 1870, in Boston, Massachusetts,[1] to Frances Ann Holden and George Henry Tinkham, a produce dealer.[citation needed] He graduated from Harvard College in 1894.[1]

CareerEdit

Tinkham served as a member of the Boston Common Council in 1897 and 1898.[1] After this first venture into politics he resumed his education at Harvard Law School. He was admitted to the bar in 1899 and commenced practice in Boston.[1] Tinkham returned to public office, serving as a member of the Boston Board of Aldermen from 1900 to 1902.[1][2][note 1]

Tinkham spent the next several years working as a lawyer. In 1910 he returned to public service, being elected as a member of the Massachusetts State Senate, where he served from 1910 to 1912.[1][2]

During World War I he served in the military;[1] Tinkham would later tell Life magazine that during his service he fired the first American shot against the Austrians.[3]

Tinkham was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-fourth Congress and to the thirteen succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1915 – January 3, 1943).[1] During that time Tinkham was nicknamed "the conscience of the House" for his efforts to protect voting rights for African Americans,[2] in part by highlighting of the South's disproportionate representation in the House related to that region's voting population.[4]

Tinkham did not stand for renomination in 1942. He continued to practice law in Boston until his retirement; died in Cramerton, North Carolina, August 28, 1956; interment in Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston.[1]

In his spare time, he went on safaris in Kenya.[3]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Boston Common Council and the Boston Board of Aldermen were later combined into the Boston City Council, following a rewrite of Boston's city charter.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i United States Congress. "George H. Tinkham (id: T000283)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
  2. ^ a b c Office of History and Preservation, Office of the Clerk (2008). "The Negroes' Temporary Farewell". Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2007. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
  3. ^ a b Lang, Will (December 16, 1940). "Tinkham the Mighty Hunter". Life. Vol. 9 no. 25. pp. 69ff. ISSN 0024-3019. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
  4. ^ "Demands Inquiry on Disfranchising; Representative Tinkham Aims to Enforce 14th and 15th Articles of Constitution". The New York Times. December 6, 1920. Retrieved 2012-12-08.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Andrew J. Peters
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1933
Succeeded by
John J. Douglass
Preceded by
John J. Douglass
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district

March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1943
Succeeded by
Christian Herter
Political offices
Preceded by
Member of the
Boston, Massachusetts
Common Council

1897–1898
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the
Boston, Massachusetts
Board of Aldermen

1900 – 1902
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the
Massachusetts State Senate

1910 – 1912
Succeeded by