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Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 319,431,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in North Carolina. Its county seat is Fayetteville.[2]

Cumberland County, North Carolina
Cumberland County, North Carolina courthouse.jpg
Cumberland County Courthouse in Fayetteville
Seal of Cumberland County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Cumberland County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Founded1754
Named forPrince William, Duke of Cumberland
SeatFayetteville
Largest cityFayetteville
Area
 • Total658 sq mi (1,704 km2)
 • Land652 sq mi (1,689 km2)
 • Water6.1 sq mi (16 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)332,546
 • Density500.5/sq mi (193.2/km2)
Congressional districts8th, 9th
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.co.cumberland.nc.us

Cumberland County is part of the Fayetteville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The county was formed in 1754 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.

In 1771 parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County were combined to form Wake County. In July 1784 the western part of Cumberland County became Moore County; the eastern part became Fayette County in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, but the name Cumberland County was restored three months later. In 1855 the northern part of Cumberland County became Harnett County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Cumberland County and Robeson County were combined to form Hoke County.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 652 square miles (1,690 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.[3]

Major highwaysEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
17908,730
18009,2646.1%
18109,3821.3%
182014,44654.0%
183014,8342.7%
184015,2843.0%
185020,61034.8%
186016,369−20.6%
187017,0354.1%
188023,83639.9%
189027,32114.6%
190029,2497.1%
191035,28420.6%
192035,064−0.6%
193045,21929.0%
194059,32031.2%
195096,00661.8%
1960148,41854.6%
1970212,04242.9%
1980247,16016.6%
1990274,56611.1%
2000302,96310.3%
2010319,4315.4%
Est. 2017332,546[4]4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 302,963 people, 107,358 households, and 77,619 families residing in the county. The population density was 464 people per square mile (179/km²). There were 118,425 housing units at an average density of 181 per square mile (70/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.15% White, 34.90% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Cumberland County's population was 51.5% non-Hispanic whites. It was 36.7% African-American. 6.4% of the population was Latino. 3.1% of the population reported more than one race. 2.1% of the population was Asian. 1.7% of the population was Native American.

There were 107,358 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,466, and the median income for a family was $41,459. Males had a median income of $28,308 versus $22,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 10.40% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Law and governmentEdit

Cumberland County is a member of the regional Mid-Carolina Council of Governments.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 40.2% 51,265 56.2% 71,605 3.6% 4,636
2012 39.7% 50,666 59.4% 75,792 0.9% 1,183
2008 40.9% 52,151 58.6% 74,693 0.6% 731
2004 51.6% 49,139 48.1% 45,788 0.3% 299
2000 49.4% 38,129 50.1% 38,626 0.5% 396
1996 44.8% 29,804 49.3% 32,739 5.9% 3,936
1992 42.1% 27,139 47.0% 30,291 10.9% 7,040
1988 53.1% 27,057 46.7% 23,789 0.3% 133
1984 58.2% 31,602 41.6% 22,614 0.2% 103
1980 47.6% 21,540 48.8% 22,073 3.6% 1,615
1976 36.8% 14,226 62.8% 24,297 0.4% 160
1972 70.5% 24,376 28.5% 9,853 1.1% 366
1968 32.0% 9,143 34.7% 9,938 33.3% 9,539
1964 39.6% 9,093 60.4% 13,864
1960 41.0% 8,072 59.0% 11,601
1956 43.1% 6,699 57.0% 8,862
1952 45.8% 7,474 54.2% 8,839
1948 19.2% 1,741 55.1% 4,996 25.7% 2,325
1944 23.3% 2,014 76.7% 6,615
1940 15.6% 1,118 84.4% 6,050
1936 13.6% 1,024 86.4% 6,505
1932 15.6% 931 83.8% 5,012 0.7% 40
1928 51.7% 3,534 48.3% 3,297
1924 31.7% 1,372 67.5% 2,923 0.9% 37
1920 37.9% 1,972 62.1% 3,233
1916 38.2% 1,217 61.8% 1,971
1912 8.4% 235 60.1% 1,678 31.5% 880

EducationEdit

Cumberland County is home to Fayetteville State University (an HBCU in the CIAA Conference), Methodist University (a member of the USA South Athletic Conference), and Fayetteville Technical Community College.

The Cumberland County Schools system is the fourth largest public school system in the state of North Carolina. There are 17 high schools in Cumberland County: Cape Fear, Cross Creek Early College, Cumberland International Early College, Douglas Byrd, E.E. Smith, Fuller Performance Learning Center, Gray's Creek, Howard Health and Life Sciences, Jack Britt, Massey Hill Classical, Pine Forest, Reid Ross Classical, Seventy-First, South View, Terry Sanford, Alger B. Wilkins, Ramsey Street, and Westover.

Cumberland County Public Library & Information CenterEdit

The Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center began as the Fayetteville Library Society after being incorporated by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1794.[11] The Fayetteville Library Society was the first library organization or group to become incorporated in the state of North Carolina.[12] The current library director for the Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center is Ms. Jody Risacher [13] and she is also a member of the 2018 Library Board of Trustees for Cumberland County. Board of Trustee members are appointed every three years by the Cumberland County Board of Commissioners.[14]

Director Risacher was initially hired as the deputy director for the Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center in the late 1990s and became the library’s director in 2008. Director Risacher was named the Library Director of the Year by the North Carolina Public Library Association in 2013.[15]

Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center is home to 8 branches: Bordeaux Branch, Cliffdale Regional Branch, East Regional Branch, Headquarters Branch, Hope Mills Branch, North Regional Branch, Spring Lake Branch, and West Regional Branch. The newest branch is the West Regional Branch Library which opened in 2010 (6) and the oldest branch was the Gillespie Street Branch which originated as the James Walker Hood Library in 1942 and was a branch specifically for African Americans.[16] The mission statement for the Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center is “The library opens windows to the world by encouraging expression, enlightenment, and exploration”.[17]

In 2012, the Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service, which is only awarded to five libraries in the United States each year.[18]

In 2018, the Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center won two grants via the American Library Association [19] and the Arts Council of Cumberland County for a total of $5,300.00. One grant was used to support a pilot program at a local high school and the other to support the Cumberland County Storytelling Festival and Artrepreneur program.[20]

The Cumberland County Court Library which was previously located in the Judge E. Maurice Braswell Courthouse moved to the Headquarters Library in February 2018. The Court Library is now situated in the Local and State History Room and collection materials are now available to the general public via local libraries. Library staff is available to assist patrons with finding information but they cannot offer patrons legal advice.[21]

Some of the current services offered by the branch libraries include children’s, young adult, and adult programming, genealogy and local history, homeschooling resources, and homework help for students. Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center offers patrons access to free downloads for audiobooks, ebooks, magazines, videos, and resources for education purposes. Patrons are able to access these resources remotely online via the use of the patron’s library card number and pin.The library branches also offer computer training courses/classes, as well as story times, and opportunities for people or groups in the community to reserve spaces for meetings and programs.[22]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

 
Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

TownsEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

  • Beaver Dam
  • Black River
  • Carvers Creek
  • Cedar Creek
  • Cross Creek
  • Eastover
  • Gray's Creek
  • Manchester
  • Pearces Mill
  • Rockfish
  • Seventy-First

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  11. ^ "The origins of the North Carolina state library, 1700-1840" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  12. ^ "Useful Books: Community Libraries in Antebellum North Carolina". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  13. ^ "About the Library". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  14. ^ "Board of Trustees". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  15. ^ "Cumberland County Library Director Named Director of the Year" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  16. ^ "Library History". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  17. ^ "Long Range Plan FY 2016 -2020" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  18. ^ "Cumberland County Library Director Named Director of the Year" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  19. ^ "Public Library Received American Library Association Grant" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  20. ^ "Public Library Receives Arts Council Grants". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  21. ^ ". Court Library Services Moving to Headquarters Location". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  22. ^ "Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center Homepage". Retrieved November 25, 2018.

External linksEdit