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Warrenton, North Carolina

Warrenton is a town in and the county seat of Warren County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 862 at the 2010 census. Warrenton, now served by U.S. 401 and U.S. 158, was founded in 1779. It became one of the wealthiest towns in the state from 1840 to 1860, as it was the trading center of an area of rich tobacco and cotton plantations. It has a large stock of historic architecture. More than 90 percent of its buildings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places and its National Historic District encompasses nearly half its area.

Warrenton, North Carolina
Location of Warrenton, North Carolina
Location of Warrenton, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°24′1″N 78°9′25″W / 36.40028°N 78.15694°W / 36.40028; -78.15694Coordinates: 36°24′1″N 78°9′25″W / 36.40028°N 78.15694°W / 36.40028; -78.15694
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyWarren
Area
 • Total0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
 • Land0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
390 ft (119 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total862
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
852
 • Density960/sq mi (370/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27589
Area code(s)252
FIPS code37-71100[2]
GNIS feature ID0996808[3]

History and attractionsEdit

Warrenton was founded at the time when Bute County was divided to form Warren and Franklin counties. Named for Dr. Joseph Warren, a patriot and soldier who fell at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War, it was incorporated in 1779. William Christmas platted and surveyed the streets and lots, and public squares that year. He established one hundred lots of one-half acre each, convenient streets and squares, and a common area for the use of the town.

 
Courthouse and Confederate monument, circa 1930

The area was developed as tobacco and cotton plantations dependent on the labor of enslaved African Americans. Warrenton served as a center for trade and entertainment for the region's planters and their slaves. The planters and merchants built large homes in the town, and kept slaves as domestic servants. The majority of slaves worked as laborers on the plantations; some would package and transport the tobacco and cotton to town for shipping out to markets.

Many early and mid-19th century houses have been preserved. The planters chartered private academies to educate their children, one of the earliest being The Warrenton Male Academy, formed in 1788. A girls' school was founded by Jacob Mordecai, a Sephardic Jew, whose son Moses became a prominent lawyer in Raleigh. Commercial and government structures in the town date to the late 19th century and early 1900s.

In the 1850s, the town became a busy center of commerce when the railroad was built to improve shipping of the commodities of the rich tobacco and cotton fields to markets; it became the wealthiest town in North Carolina of the time. The well-known builder Jacob Holt lived here; he built Greek Revival style houses throughout the region and his workshop supplied millwork to builders even farther afield.

As one of the wealthiest towns in North Carolina from 1840 to 1860, Warrenton had property owners who built fine residences and commercial buildings, forming the core of its current historic architecture. They employed the prominent architects Jacob W. Holt and Albert Gamaliel Jones, who designed and built houses in the Federal, Greek Revival, and Italianate styles.

The Warrenton Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, and includes over 200 contributing buildings.[4] The Coleman-White House, Elgin, Liberia School, Reedy Rill, Shady Oaks, Sledge-Hayley House, Mansfield Thornton House, and John Watson House are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18501,242
18601,52022.4%
1870941−38.1%
1880816−13.3%
1890740−9.3%
190083613.0%
1910807−3.5%
192092714.9%
19301,07215.6%
19401,1477.0%
19501,1661.7%
19601,124−3.6%
19701,035−7.9%
1980908−12.3%
19909494.5%
2000811−14.5%
20108626.3%
Est. 2016852[1]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ Richard Alston Stats. Pro-Football-Reference. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  7. ^ David Henderson Stats. Basketball-Reference. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  8. ^ Randy Jordan Stats. Pro-Football-Reference. Retrieved 22 March 2019.

External linksEdit