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Robert Ernest Andrews (born August 4, 1957) is a Democratic politician formerly a U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district, serving from 1990 to 2014. The district includes most of Camden County and parts of Burlington County and Gloucester County.

Rob Andrews
RobAndrewsOfficialPhoto.JPG
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 1st district
In office
November 6, 1990 – February 18, 2014
Preceded byJames Florio
Succeeded byDonald Norcross
Personal details
Born
Robert Ernest Andrews

(1957-08-04) August 4, 1957 (age 61)
Camden, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Camille Spinello
Children2
Alma materBucknell University (B.A.)
Cornell Law School (J.D.)

In 2014, he resigned his position in the middle of his term, while being investigated by Congress for alleged ethics violations for using campaign funds for personal use.[1][2]

Contents

Early life, education, and early careerEdit

Andrews was born in Camden, New Jersey, the son of Josephine (née Amies) and Ernest Andrews; he is predominantly of Scottish and Scotch-Irish descent and counts American portrait painter Charles Willson Peale and Johannes Roosevelt among his ancestors.[3] He grew up in Bellmawr and attended Triton Regional High School in Runnemede.[4] Andrews was the first in his family to attend college, graduating from Bucknell University in 1979 with a BA in political science, summa cum laude. He later attended Cornell University Law School, earning his JD degree with honors in 1982. Before his election to Congress, Andrews was involved in legal education as a member of Cornell Law Review‍‍ '‍s board of editors. A native of Camden and graduate of Bucknell University and Cornell Law School, he was an attorney and an adjunct professor at the Rutgers School of Law–Camden. From 1983 onward, Andrews operated a private law practice. In 1986, he was elected as a member of the Camden County Board of Chosen Freeholders, where he served for four years, including two years as freeholder director (1988–1990).

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

First elected to Congress in 1990, Andrews served for 24 years as the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district, which includes most of Camden County and parts of Burlington County and Gloucester County. In the U.S. House of Representatives, he served on the Committee on Armed Services, Committee on the Budget, and Committee on Education and Labor, where he served as chairman of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions.[5]

ElectionsEdit

First elected to Congress in 1990, Andrews served for 24 years as the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district, which includes most of Camden County and parts of Burlington County and Gloucester County. In the U.S. House of Representatives, he served as chairman of the Committee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions.[5] In 1990, after a 15-year incumbent Democratic U.S. Congressman James Florio resigned from the U.S. House of Representatives to take office as Governor of New Jersey, Andrews won the 1990 special election and simultaneous general election against Gloucester County Freeholder Daniel J. Mangini.[6] He subsequently won re-election every two years until his retirement. Andrews had the 10th longest tenure among U.S. Representatives in New Jersey history, and the fifth longest among Democrats state.[7] In November 2004, he received more votes than anyone ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, a record which he broke once again in 2012.[8][not in citation given]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

  • Congressional Arts Caucus
  • Congressional Fire Services Caucus [10]
  • Hunger Caucus [11][12]

TenureEdit

By his colleagues, Andrews is most known as doing what was “right for the people while doing financially right for the country."[citation needed] The New York Times characterized Congressman Andrews as "fiscally conservative but socially moderate."[13] He has a lifetime rating of 17.24 from the American Conservative Union and a 2007 rating of 100 from Americans for Democratic Action.[14][15] He has a liberal rating of 76.2 and a conservative rating of 23.8 from the National Journal.[16]

In leadership, Andrews was a key player in developing and implementing many bipartisan bills. President George W. Bush often remarked, "Congressman Rob Andrews, thanks for coming. We're sure proud you're here." [17] On Andrew's retirement, President Obama stated "He helped put into place key workplace protections for hardworking Americans, pushed to improve education for American students, and fought for clean energy programs to foster America’s energy independence....the first in his family to attend college, Rob has worked hard to preserve the American Dream for future generations." [18] Andrews served his entire Congressional career on the House Committee on Education and Labor. He was the Democratic leader and ranking member on the Education Subcommittee on Employer-Employee Relations, and was the chairman of the Education Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions which has responsibility for the health insurance, pension and labor laws of the nation. He also served on the House Armed Services Committee, which maintains jurisdiction over funding for the military forces.[19]

As a member of the House leadership, Andrews was an advocate for job creation and economic growth.[20] Rob Andrews of New Jersey introduced legislation that changed the tax code.[21][22] Andrews was part of bipartisan legislation that protects consumers from unfair rate hikes and abusive fees levied by credit card companies. [23]

Along with Senator McCain, Andrews worked on the Weapons System Acquisition Reforms Act, to reform a system where taxpayers and military were charged too much for a defense system with many issues. His plan was to limit cost overruns and strengthen oversight and accountability by appointing officials who will be charged with closely monitoring purchased weapons systems to ensure that costs are controlled. These defense projects will be closely reviewed, and if they don't provide the desired value, they will be terminated. The law was also designed to enhance competition and end conflicts of interest in the weapons acquisitions process so that American military and taxpayer defense companies can get good defense at a lower cost.[24] [25] Andrews was involved in the Iran Sanctions Enhancement Act of 2007 bill. [26]

Andrews led the bipartisan discussion to save taxpayers billions of dollars.[27][28] According to President Barack Obama, he was an original author of the Affordable Care Act that was designed to cut the costs for American taxpayers on healthcare.[29] These reports were proven in 2019, when the ACA reduced the American deficit by $143 billion between 2010 and 2019. [30] "The reduced costs came from preventive medicine for the previously 33 million who had no coverage who previously had to wait until their illness became so critical that they used the hospital emergency room as their primary care provider, costing taxpayers billions per year.”[31][32]

Andrews is a strong advocate for firefighters and volunteers. In 2010, he heralded a federal grant of more than $400,000 for Camden city fire department for safety gear and training. [33][34]. Andrews helped Winslow Fire Department with a federal grant award of $479, under the U.S. Homeland Security's Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, to help cover the critical gear and training.[35] At the National Fire and Emergency Services Dinner, President George. W. Bush recognized Andrews for his contribution to the fire and safety communities. [36][37]

After the stock market crash of 2008, Andrews brought more than 20,000 jobs back to constituents by the development of a NJ Transit Center, which connects South Jersey to Central Jersey.[38]

Voting historyEdit

By his constituents, Andrews is known as "a real choice, a real change." [39]

Andrews supports equal pay. [40] and supported the Paycheck Fairness Act which recognizes and aims to eradicate gender-based wage discrimination that remains a problem for women in the U.S. workforce and to strengthen the Equal Pay Act. [41] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, "women only make 77 cents for every dollar earned by a man" and The Institute of Women's Policy Research found that this "wage disparity will cost women anywhere from $400,000 to $2 million over a lifetime in lost wages." [42]

Andrews is a supporter of minimizing student loan interest rates and reducing higher education annual hikes. [43][44][45] In 2007, Andrews proposed the The College Cost Reduction and Access Act. "While family income has failed to increase, the cost of living and the cost of a college education have continued to rise, placing added pressure on aspiring college students and their families, and preventing some students from attending college. The College Cost Reduction and Access Act would boost college financial aid by more than $20 billion over the next five years and cuts interest rates on subsidized student loans in half over the next four years. The bill pays for itself by reducing excessive federal subsidies paid to lenders in the college loan industry by $20.9 billion. It also includes $750 million in federal budget deficit reduction." [46]

Andrews co-authored a bill to prevent the Commodities Futures Trade Commission to properly[clarification needed] oversee speculation and price manipulation in the energy market that was created by Enron lobbyist that exempted energy markets CFTC regulation. H.R. 3043 and H.R. 406 also would provide a cost effective means for home heating since the cost of home heating oil had nearly tripled from $627 in 2001 to $1,841 in 2007-2008. [47]

Andrews was part of the armed services Committee and House Select Intelligence Committee that oversaw the capture of Osama Bin Laden without American casualties. [48] Andrews traveled to Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2000s. [49] House Armed Services Committee Ranking Republican Member Adam Smith said "Congressman Andrews has been an integral part of the Armed Services Committee with his leadership, tenacity and expertise with a great depth of knowledge on a wide range of national security issues. While he stood firmly behind his positions and his principles, he was also always cordial and respectful of his colleagues. As a member of Congress he was a relentless advocate for the people of New Jersey. He was also a staunch advocate for our troops as well as their families. He was a leader on the committee on nuclear non-proliferation issues, seeking to reduce the spread of nuclear weapons, particularly to terrorists. He worked to save tax payer dollars by pushing the Department of Defense to improve its acquisition processes. In short, Rob found a way to lend his intelligence and commitment to some of the most important issues within the committee's jurisdiction. In more than two decades of service, the list of Rob Andrews' accomplishments could go on and the House Armed Services Committee will be a different place without him. As a friend, I relied on Rob's colorful commentary and wise counsel." [50][51][52]

Andrews supports equal opportunity for marriage: [53][54]

When asked his greatest contribution, Andrews said, "Where people asked for my help and I helped them, instances where I made government responsive to the people." Andrews is the only Democrat who pledged he would not raise taxes. [55]

Leadership and legacyEdit

In November 2004, he received more votes than anyone ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, a record he broke in 2008 and 2012 (and remains as of 2018). [8]

Representative Andrews was a ranking member and part of the House Leadership. In the U.S. House of Representatives, Andrews served as a member of the Democratic Leadership in his capacity as co-Chairman of the Steering and Policy Committee. He served on the Committee on Armed Services, the Budget Committee and the Committee on Education and the Workforce, where he was its Ranking Member and former Chairman of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions.Through his work on the committees, Congressman Andrews became known as a leading voice on issues surrounding health care, workplace, education, budget, and national defense. [56] [57] [58]

As of 2013, of anyone with 10 or more years and out of the 535 members, Andrews sponsored the 3rd most bills and 13th in bipartisan bills. [59] Andrews sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas: Foreign Trade and International Finance (49%), Armed Forces and National Security (9%), International Affairs (9%), Labor and Employment (9%), Health (7%), and Animals (7%).[60] [61]

In 2014, sources familiar with Andrews said he planned to retire from Congress for a position at a prestigious law firm.[62] Andrews retired from the House with the 10th-longest tenure among U.S. Representatives in New Jersey history, and the fifth-longest among Democrats in his state.[7]

Other political activitiesEdit

In 1997, Andrews ran for Governor of New Jersey. In the Democratic primary, he was defeated 40%–37%, a margin of 9,993 votes, by State Senator Jim McGreevey.[63] Andrews was a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 U.S. Senate election.[64] Andrews lost to incumbent Lautenberg, but subsequently won re-election to his house, with Andrews "received more votes in November 2008 than anyone ever elected to the U.S. House in New Jersey, breaking his own record."[65]

Andrews remained friends with both 2008 presidential candidates, Senator McCain and former President Obama.[66]

Personal lifeEdit

Andrews is married and has two daughters, Jackie and Josie.[67]

Electoral historyEdit

New Jersey's 1st congressional district: Results 1990–2012[68][69]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1990
(special)
Rob Andrews 71,373 55% Daniel J. Mangini 58,087 45%
1990 Rob Andrews 72,415 54% Daniel J. Mangini 57,299 43% Jerry Zeldin Libertarian 1,592 1% Walter E. Konstanty Pride and Honesty 1,422 1% William H. Harris Populist 1,066 1%
1992 Rob Andrews 153,525 67% Lee A. Solomon 65,123 29% James E. Smith Pro-Life Pro-Family Veteran 3,761 2% Jerry Zeldin Libertarian 2,641 1% Kenneth L. Lowndes Pro-Life Independent Conservative 2,163 1% Nicholas Pastuch America First Populist 859 <1%
1994 Rob Andrews 108,155 72% James N. Hogan 41,505 28%
1996 Rob Andrews 160,413 76% Mel Suplee 44,287 21% Michael Edmondson Independent 2,668 1% Patricia A. Bily Independent 1,873 1% Norman E. Wahner Independent 1,493 1%
1998 Rob Andrews 90,279 73% Ronald L. Richards 27,855 23% David E. West, Jr. Independent 1,684 1% Joseph W. Stockman Independent 1,324 1% Edward Forchion Independent 1,257 1% James E. Barber Independent 943 1%
2000 Rob Andrews 167,327 76% Charlene Cathcart 46,455 21% Catherine L. Parrish Independent 3,090 1% Edward Forchion Independent 1,959 1% Joseph A. Patalivo Independent 781 <1%
2002 Rob Andrews 121,846 93% (no candidate) Timothy Haas Libertarian 9,543 7%
2004 Rob Andrews 201,163 75% S. Daniel Hutchison 66,109 25% Arturo F. Croce E Pluribus Unum 931 <1%
2006 Rob Andrews 140,110 100% (no candidate)
2008 Rob Andrews 191,796 72% Dale M. Glading 70,466 26% Matthew Thieke Green 1,778 <1% Margaret Chapman Back to Basics 1,188 <1% Everitt M. Williams, III Think Independently 954 <1% Alvin Lindsay Lindsay for Congress 483 <1%
2010 Rob Andrews 106,334 63% Dale M. Glading 58,562 35% Mark Heacock Green 1,593 <1% Margaret Chapman Time for Change 1,257 <1% Nicky I. Petrutz Defend American Constitution 521 <1%
2012 Rob Andrews 210,470 68% Gregory W. Horton 92,459 30% John William Reitter Green 4,413 1% Margaret Chapman Reform Party 1,177 <1%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1] | Feb 4, 2014 | N.J. Democrat Rob Andrews to resign from Congress | Ed O’Keefe | [2]
  2. ^ [3] | Feb 05, 2014 | Rob Andrews Resigning From Congress | By Luke Johnson | [4]
  3. ^ "Robert Andrews ancestry". freepages.rootsweb.com. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  4. ^ Robert Ernest Andrews, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Politics, Policy, Political News". POLITICO. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  6. ^ Sipress, Alan (November 7, 1990). "Andrews Holds Off Mangini's Challenge Captures Seat In Congress Held For Years By Florio". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Ostermeier, Eric (February 4, 2014). "Andrews Exits US House with Top 10 Longest Tenure in New Jersey History". Smart Politics.
  8. ^ a b "Biography". Congressman Robert E. Andrews. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Congressional Fire Services Caucus - Congressional Fire Services Institute". www.cfsi.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  11. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  12. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  13. ^ Robert E. Andrews - First District of New Jersey Archived April 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "2007 Votes by State Delegation". web.archive.org. May 10, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  15. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  16. ^ National Journal's 2007 Vote Ratings for New Jersey[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "President Bush Attends White House Tee Ball Game on South Lawn". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  18. ^ "Statement from the President on the Retirement of Congressman Rob Andrews". whitehouse.gov. February 4, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  19. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  20. ^ "Rob Andrews and Henry Cuellar Photos Photos: Nancy Pelosi And House Democrats Hold Press Conference". Zimbio. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  21. ^ "President Bush Discusses Homeownership Financing". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  22. ^ RepGaramendi (April 22, 2010). "Putting the economy back on track - Rep. Andrews". Retrieved March 4, 2019 – via YouTube.
  23. ^ "Remarks by the President at signing of the Weapons Systems Acquisition Reform Act". whitehouse.gov. May 22, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  24. ^ "Background On The National Defense Authorization Act Signing". whitehouse.gov. October 28, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  25. ^ "Reform for Our Troops". whitehouse.gov. May 22, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  26. ^ "Latest Oil, Energy & Metals News, Market Data and Analysis - S&P Global Platts - S&P Global Platts". www.spglobal.com. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  27. ^ "Discussion on Cost Containment at Bipartisan Meeting on Health Care Reform". whitehouse.gov. February 25, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  28. ^ "Congressman Rob Andrews at Yale to Talk About Health Care Law". YaleNews. Yale University. March 21, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  29. ^ "Statement from the President on the Retirement of Congressman Rob Andrews". Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  30. ^ Amadeo, Kimberly. "Who Really Pays for Obamacare?". The Balance. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  31. ^ Amadeo, Kimberly. "Will You Have to Pay Obamacare Taxes This Year?". The Balance. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  32. ^ "Closing Remarks by the President at White House Forum on Health Reform, followed by Q&A, 3/5/09". whitehouse.gov. March 5, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  33. ^ "Camden People - David Yates". www.dvrbs.com. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  34. ^ Andrews, Robert E. (June 27, 2007). "H.R.1643 - 110th Congress (2007-2008): Volunteer Firefighter and EMS Personnel Job Protection Act". www.congress.gov. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  35. ^ "CNBNEWS.NET/Gloucester City". CNBNEWS.NET/Gloucester City. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  36. ^ "Remarks by the President at the National Fire and Emergency Services Dinner". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  37. ^ "Camden People - William Hillman, Camden NJ Fire Department". www.dvrbs.com. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  38. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  39. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  40. ^ "Rob Andrews on Civil Rights". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  41. ^ "Workplace Discrimination, Jun 12 2007 - Video - C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  42. ^ "House Passes the Paycheck Fairness Act". Speaker Nancy Pelosi. July 31, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  43. ^ "Representative Rob Andrews Student Loans Health Care Decision, Jun 30 2012". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  44. ^ "Higher Education Costs, Jul 10 2003 - Video - C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  45. ^ "College Costs, Sep 23 2003 - Video - C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  46. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  47. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  48. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  49. ^ "House Foreign Affairs Committee - Congressional Chronicle - C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  50. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  51. ^ http://democrats.armedservices.house.gov/index.cfm/2014/2/ranking-member-smith-s-statement-on-rob-andrews-retirement
  52. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  53. ^ "Voice for Equality: Rob Andrews - Freedom to Marry". www.freedomtomarry.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  54. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  55. ^ Preston, Jennifer (May 28, 1997). "Robert E. Andrews Adds Vinegar to New Jersey Race". Retrieved March 4, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  56. ^ "Former Congressman Rob Andrews Joins Board of New Jersey Health Care Quality Institute - New Jersey Health Care Quality Institute". www.njhcqi.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  57. ^ "Rob Andrews section case - User Clip - C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  58. ^ "McCain the Pain, Pelosi's Communications Push, Rohrabacher Helps Friends, CR to March 4, Trivia". POLITICO. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  59. ^ "Robert "Rob" Andrews's 2013 legislative statistics". GovTrack.us. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  60. ^ "Search Bills in Congress". GovTrack.us. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  61. ^ "Search Bills in Congress". GovTrack.us. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  62. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 11, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  63. ^ Pulley, Brett. "McGreevey Wins Democratic Nod for Governor", The New York Times, June 4, 1997. Retrieved November 28, 2007.
  64. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  65. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/robert-e-andrews-d-nj/gIQAJy6OAP_print.html
  66. ^ "BrothersJudd Blog: April 2005 Archives". brothersjuddblog.com. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  67. ^ Profile of Camille Spinello Andrews from Rutgers School of Law - Camden. Retrieved December 23, 2006.
  68. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
  69. ^ "New Jersey's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 4, 2019.

External linksEdit