Jeffry Lane Flake (born December 31, 1962) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona, a seat to which he was first elected in 2012., Flake was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013.
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2013
Serving with Jon Kyl
|Preceded by||Jon Kyl|
|Succeeded by||Kyrsten Sinema (elect)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Arizona's 6th district
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||J. D. Hayworth|
|Succeeded by||David Schweikert|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Arizona's 1st district
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Matt Salmon|
|Succeeded by||Rick Renzi|
Jeffry Lane Flake
December 31, 1962
Snowflake, Arizona, U.S.
Cheryl Bae (m. 1985)
|Relatives||Jake Flake (uncle)|
|Education||Brigham Young University (BA, MA)|
Born in Snowflake, Arizona, Flake attended Brigham Young University and received his Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees in international relations and political science from the university, respectively. Flake became a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in South Africa in the early 1980s, where he learned to speak Afrikaans. After returning to the United States, Flake served as Executive Director of the Goldwater Institute before his election to the House of Representatives from Arizona's 1st congressional district in 2001, as a Republican. He served as the representative for the 1st district until renumbering following the 2000 census redefined the district to be Arizona's 6th congressional district, from which he served in until his Senate inauguration in 2013.
Flake sought the Republican nomination for the 2012 Senate election after incumbent Jon Kyl announced his retirement. He defeated Democratic candidate and former Surgeon General Richard Carmona in the general election.
Flake was one of the bipartisan "Gang of Eight" U.S. senators that pushed an immigration reform bill through the Senate in 2013. He is known as a vocal critic of President Donald Trump, but has generally voted in line with Trump's position. Flake announced on October 24, 2017, that he would not seek re-election in 2018.
Early life, education and early careerEdit
Jeffry Lane Flake was born in Snowflake, Arizona, the son of Nerita (née Hock) and Dean Maeser Flake. His birth town was named in part for his great-great-grandfather, Mormon pioneer William J. Flake. Flake obtained a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations and a Master of Arts in Political Science from Brigham Young University. He took a two-year leave of absence to serve as a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in South Africa in the early 1980s. He speaks Afrikaans. He worked in the public affairs sector after college and was the Executive Director of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia and Executive Director of the Goldwater Institute before entering the House of Representatives. He opposed economic sanctions on South Africa in the 1980s, arguing that sanctions would harm the black population who were already suffering under apartheid policies.
U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit
Flake was first elected to Congress in 2000 from what was then the 1st District, after Republican incumbent Matt Salmon stepped down to honor a self-imposed term limit. The district, which included most of the East Valley, was then renumbered as the 6th district as Arizona gained two Congressional seats because of the results of the 2000 census. Flake easily defeated his primary challenger.
In his campaign in 2000, Flake had pledged to serve no more than three terms in Congress which would see him serve no later than January 2007. Shortly after being elected for a third time, Flake announced in early 2005 that he had changed his mind on pledging term limits and was planning to run for reelection in 2006. "It was a mistake to limit my own terms," Flake said.
In that same election, three out of five mayors in his home district opposed his reelection because, according to Flake, he did not "bring pork barrel spending" to the mayors' cities. In 2006, several Democrats had announced their intention to run for the seat but only one met the June filing deadline, and that particular filing was rejected due to an insufficient number of nominating signatures. "I did expect to have a primary opponent. I deserve one," Flake said, referring to the term-limit pledge which he had broken. "By all rights, I ought to have an opponent. I just got lucky, I guess."
In February 2011, Flake announced that he was running for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retiring Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl in 2012. Flake easily won the Republican nomination against real estate businessman Wil Cardon. He faced former surgeon general Richard Carmona, who sought office for the first time in the general election. In May 2012, Flake led Carmona by 13 points in the polls. In an October 2012 poll by Public Policy Polling, Flake was trailing Carmona by two points. After the race tightened, the Wall Street Journal criticized a controversial Flake ad that accused Carmona of having "issues with anger, with ethics, and with women." Flake was endorsed by the Casa Grande Dispatch, the United States Chamber of Commerce, the Senate Conservatives Fund, and the Club for Growth. Flake defeated Democratic Richard Carmona 49–46% on November 6, 2012. He won mainly on the strength of carrying Maricopa County, home to Phoenix and 60 percent of the state's population, by 77,200 votes, more than the overall margin of 67,900 votes. He also benefited from Mitt Romney carrying the state by 10 points in the presidential election.
Flake succeeded retiring Republican U.S. Senator Jon Kyl on January 3, 2013.
Flake used his experience surviving in the wild for six days with a Democratic Senator to develop an idea to end partisan gridlock in Washington. In 2014, Flake and U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM) were featured on a Discovery Channel reality TV show, Rival Survival, where the two stayed on a small Micronesian island for six days. Flake later joked during a speech at the National Press Club that sending both Senate leaders (Majority Leader Senator Harry Reid [D-NV] and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell [R-KY]) to a remote island together might reduce partisanship and allow more legislation to move forward.
Flake was on the field during practice for the annual Congressional Baseball Game when the Congressional baseball shooting happened on June 14, 2017. He said the attendees were like "sitting ducks" and that it was likely that the Capitol Police saved their lives:
All of a sudden, we heard a very loud shot. Everybody thought 'sounds like a gun'. The gunman was over by the third base dugout, with a clear view of the field and everybody on it. A lot of us dove into the dugout and tried to get as many as we could, but at that point, there was firing behind us from the security detail, the Capitol Police, and I started yelling back, 'are you friendly?' – making sure that it was our guy, because we didn't know if there were other shooters that had us surrounded, and were coming into the dugout.
Former President Obama called Flake that morning to extend his best wishes and prayers for the victims. Flake had flown with Obama from Washington, D.C., to Arizona in 2011 after the shooting of then-Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords.
On October 24, 2017, Flake announced in a speech that he would not seek a second term in the Senate. Flake's speech, which was described by McKay Coppins as a "thundering indictment of his party, his president, and his country's political culture," was called "the most important speech of 2017" by Chris Cillizza.
In May 2018, Flake stated that he would donate to Democratic Senator Joe Manchin's campaign if Don Blankenship (who had served time in prison) won the West Virginia Republican Senate primary. Blankenship was defeated by Patrick Morrisey. Democrat Kyrsten Sinema narrowly won Flake's Senate seat in the United States Senate election in Arizona, 2018.
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Special Committee on Aging
Jeff Flake has used the phrase "traditionally conservative Republican" to describe his political preference. The non-partisan National Journal published an analysis of his 2013 voting record and gave him a composite ideological score of 65% conservative and 35% liberal. The New York Times used an analysis of the Senate's ideological composition and ranked Flake as the fourth most conservative Senator in 2017. The American Conservative Union gives Flake a lifetime 93% conservative score and the fiscally conservative Americans for Prosperity gave Flake a 98% lifetime score; the American Civil Liberties Union, an organization focused on civil rights and liberties, gave Flake a 53% rating in 2014 and a 35% rating in 2016.
Budget and economyEdit
Flake is a fiscal conservative, and a critic of government waste and advocates reducing federal spending. He was described by columnist Robert Novak as an "insistent reformer". Flake is a signer of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge and one of eight House members to receive a 100% approval rating from the American Conservative Union. A "scourge of pork-barrel spending", Flake was ruled the least profligate spender in Congress by Citizens Against Government Waste in July 2007 and designated a "taxpayer superhero." In 2008, Flake voted against the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).
Flake is "known for his ardent opposition to earmarks." He has been called an "anti-earmark crusader," and frequently challenges earmarks proposed by other members of Congress. Since May 2006, he has become prominent with the "Flake Hour," a tradition at the end of spending bill debates in which he asks earmark sponsors to come to the house floor and justify why taxpayers should pay for their "pet projects." He is credited with prompting House rule changes to require earmark sponsors to identify themselves.
Until September 2010, Flake issued a press release listing an "egregious earmark of the week" every Friday. Usually the earmark will be followed by Flake making a humorous comment; as an example, Rep. Flake once said of Congressman Jose Serrano's $150,000 earmark to fix plumbing in Italian restaurants, "I would argue this is one cannoli the taxpayer doesn't want to take a bite of." The "earmark of the week" releases were ended and replaced with the "So Just How Broke Are We?" series of releases. In March 2010, the House Appropriations Committee implemented rules to ban earmarks to for-profit corporations, a change Flake supported. "This is the best day we've had in a while," he said to the New York Times, which reported that approximately 1,000 such earmarks were authorized in the previous year, worth $1.7 billion.
In September 2018, Flake was among six Republican senators, Mike Lee, Pat Toomey, Rand Paul, David Perdue, and Ben Sasse, as well as Bernie Sanders, that voted against a $854 billion spending bill, meant to avoid another government shutdown. Said bill included funding for the departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Labor and Education.
In 2012, it was reported that Flake had on at least five occasions voted against legislation intended to prevent natural disasters and provide aid to those harmed by natural disasters. In 2005, Flake was one of only 11 House representatives to vote against a bill providing supplemental emergency funds to handle damage from Hurricane Katrina.
President Donald TrumpEdit
Flake is known as a vocal critic of Republican President Donald Trump. Trump was "furious" that Flake called on him to withdraw from the presidential race after the emergence of the Access Hollywood tape. In August, 2017, Flake published his book Conscience of a Conservative: A Rejection of Destructive Politics and a Return to Principle, which expanded on his criticisms of Donald Trump. As of December, 2018, according to FiveThirtyEight, Flake had voted with Trump's position on legislative issues 84% of the time.
In October 2017, upon announcing that he would not seek re-election in 2018, Flake delivered an impassioned speech on the Senate floor notable for its denunciation of the Trump Administration. Flake's speech, which was described by McKay Coppins as a "thundering indictment of his party, his president, and his country's political culture," was called "the most important speech of 2017" by Chris Cillizza.
In May 2018, Flake said that Trump had "debased" the presidency, that he had a "seemingly bottomless appetite for destruction and division," and that he possessed "only a passing familiarity with how the Constitution works." Flake vowed to hold up some of Trump's judicial nominees for lower courts positions until he obtained a non-binding vote in the Senate expressing opposition to Trump's tariffs. However, as of October 10, 2018[update], Flake had voted in line with Trump's position 84% of the time during 2017 and 2018. He was one of two Republicans to vote against the confirmation of Trump's nominee to be CIA Director, Gina Haspel. Flake has also refused to push Trump to take a firmer stance on Russia. In November 2018, Flake announced that he would once again vote to hold up Trump's nominees to the judiciary until the Senate voted on a bill to protect the independence of Robert Mueller's FBI investigation. Flake was one of two Republicans to oppose the nomination of Thomas Farr to the federal judiciary and his is opposition was crucial to the derailing of Trump's nominee.
On December 2, 2014, the Senate passed the Bill Williams River Water Rights Settlement Act. The bill would put an end to a fight over water rights in the Bill Williams River Watershed in Arizona. Flake introduced the Senate version of the bill along with Senator John McCain. The bill also helps the Hualapai Native American tribe, which uses water from the watershed. The bill would put a limit on the amount of water that a local mining company can use, and it would give legal recognition to the tribe's rights to the water source. At a House hearing on the bill in September 2014, in which both the Hualapai Tribe and Freeport Minerals company testified, both the tribe and the company agreed that the bill would provide each, and other interests, with benefits. The settlement would guarantee water rights for the tribe; provide water for Freeport's mine in Bagdad, Arizona; and give the state of Arizona rights to a property area that would be used for a conservation program for several species. The Arizona Chamber of Commerce supported the legislation, saying, "The settlement of water rights claims is a priority in our state in order to provide clarity and long-term certainty to all water users across Arizona."
In 2014, the EPA announced that it would make some changes to the federal regulation of water. Two different cases that went before the Supreme Court resulted in the court ordering the EPA to specify which waterways in the U.S. are considered protected by the Clean Water Act. Flake and McCain sent a letter to the head of the EPA, citing a number of reasons why the regulation would hurt Arizona. One of the senators' concerns was about waterways that only flow in certain parts of the year. Flake and McCain believe that if the EPA includes those types of waterways in the new regulations, the regulations would have a negative effect on Arizona's agriculture industry. One of the reasons the EPA is using in deciding which waterways will fall under the new regulation is by concluding whether pollution in waterways will negatively affect other waters downstream. Flake and McCain asserted in their letter that little proof existed to back up such a conclusion, but the EPA responded by saying that the proposed regulation was carefully examined and was made with bipartisan input. Additionally, Flake and McCain wrote that the new changes could make it harder for Arizona firefighters to fight wildfires.
Flake advocated against the rule for two primary reasons. First, Flake wrote that the EPA proposed rule did not make a distinction between waterways that flow all year or just part of the year. Flake said that 94 percent of Arizona's waterways do not flow continuously year-round, and argued that the lack of distinction in the rule would affect most of Arizona's waterways. Second, Flake argued that the scientific evidence used by the EPA to back up the rule was "anything but settled." Flake and McCain had written to the EPA administrator about their concerns earlier, on May 6, 2014. An editorial published by the Arizona Republic said that the EPA rule would have the effect of requiring the CAP Canal to treat drinking water twice, which would increase costs to Arizona residents. The editorial claims that the canal, and all water sources that go to people's homes, already have to meet Safe Drinking Water Act regulations.
Despite Flake's efforts against the bill, however, it was signed in to law by President Barack Obama on December 16, 2014.
Flake voted in favor of the Iraq Resolution (authorizing the Iraq War) in the House of Representatives in October 2002. In a debate on the House floor on the authorization of force (October 8, 2002), Flake said, "We ought to let history be our guide here. But the most recent history in this case that we ought to look at is the vote that took place in this Chamber 12 years ago. During that time, we faced a very similar decision. Should we thwart Saddam Hussein in his attempt to go beyond his boundaries or should we appease him? Fortunately, the majority of this body and the other body agreed we ought to thwart him; and I think we can all agree that, had we not done so, that the biological and chemical weapons that Saddam Hussein possesses would be added to nuclear weapons which he would certainly possess today had he not been thwarted at that time. We are in this position today, I would submit, because we have no other choice. This is our only reasonable option. War will no doubt come at great cost. When we visit the war memorials, we see that cost, but the cost of appeasement is far greater. I commend the House leadership for bringing this resolution forward and for shepherding it through process. I especially commend our President who so forcefully pushed for this resolution and who has so deliberately pushed for this resolution. I urge support for the resolution."
After the 2006 election in which Republicans lost control of the House of Representatives largely due to the unpopularity of the war in Iraq, Flake changed his position on the Iraq War to one of cautious opposition, including voting against appropriations. At a 2008 congressional hearing featuring General David Petraeus, Flake said, "I still have a hard time seeing the big picture and what constitutes success [in Iraq]. That's not just one side of the aisle with those kind of concerns. Many on this side of the aisle have that as well."
Flake supported President Barack Obama's 2014 decision to begin the process of normalizing relations between the United States and Cuba, despite opposition to the policy change from other Republican senators. Flake joined Democrats Chris Van Hollen and Patrick Leahy on a trip to Cuba to return Alan Gross to the United States. Gross, an American aid worker, had been imprisoned in Cuba for five years but was released as part of the agreement between Obama and Cuban leader Raúl Castro. Flake believes that the United States embargo against Cuba is flawed, stating, "The policy that we've had in place for the past 50 years has done more in my view ... to keep the Castro regimes in power than anything we could've done." Flake has traveled to Cuba nine times and supports loosening restrictions on Americans traveling to Cuba.
On April 17, 2013, Flake joined 45 other senators in voting against the Manchin-Toomey Amendment, which would have required background checks on private gun sales. Following the vote, Flake was criticized for changing his position on background checks. Just days before the vote, he had sent the mother of one of the Colorado theater shooting victims a handwritten letter stating that "strengthening background checks is something we agree on." In response to a question asking whether he was worried about potential political consequences vowed by gun-control groups, Flake replied, "That's the beauty of a 6-year term. I truly want to do something on this, but what has been a little upsetting is to hear people try to maintain that we were just caving to pressure, discounting any issues that we had with the legislation, with the language. That's just not right." Following his no vote, Flake's approval rating fell from 45% favorable–43% unfavorable, to 32% favorable–51% unfavorable according to one poll, making him the most unpopular senator in America as of April 2013[update].
In March 2013, he joined with Senators Lindsey Graham, Mark Begich and Mark Pryor in introducing a bill that would prevent people from buying guns who have used an insanity defense, were ruled dangerous by a court, or had been committed by a court to mental health treatment.
In 2007, Flake introduced legislation that would have provided a path to legalization for illegal immigrants, granted temporary legal status to illegal immigrants who paid a fine and passed background checks, and created a guest worker program. Also in 2007, Flake was removed from the House Judiciary Committee by Republican Minority Leader John Boehner for "bad behavior", which Boehner said was criticism of party leaders, though Flake himself attributed it to his support of comprehensive immigration reform.
In 2009, Flake introduced the Stopping Trained in America PhDs From Leaving the Economy (STAPLE) Act (H.R. 1791). The bill would have authorized students who earned a Ph.D. in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics from U.S. universities to be admitted for permanent residence and to be exempted from the numerical limits on H-1B nonimmigrants. The bill was reintroduced in 2011 and was referred to the Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement in February of that year.
In 2010, Flake voted against the DREAM Act, which would have provided a path to citizenship for unauthorized immigrant minors provided that they join the military or go to university. In late October 2012, Flake stated that he may support it in the future.
In 2013, Flake was a member of the "Gang of Eight"—a bipartisan group of eight senators (four Democrats and four Republicans)—who sponsored an immigration overhaul bill. Flake said of the group: "Pretty quickly we determined that everybody around that table wanted to do this. We weren't looking to score political points." The Senate passed the bill with 68 votes, but the bill failed in the House.
When in November 2014, Obama announced on TV that he would use his executive powers to allow some undocumented immigrants to remain in the United States, Flake said that the best response would be not to shut down the government, but to pass a bill that addresses immigration problems. As for Obama's executive plan, Flake said that he opposed it. Flake opposed using a government funding bill to stop Obama's executive action, but Flake also said that he believed that both parties' strategies would make it more difficult to pass immigration reform legislation.
Flake has publicly said that he believes that the reason so many children in recent years have come across the U.S. border illegally without parents is because parents believe their children will be able to stay in the United States if they do so. Flake has said that the Republican Party needs to take a rational approach to solving immigration problems, and if it does not, the party will have a difficult time winning national elections. Flake said that Jeb Bush's support of an immigration system reform makes Bush more electable in a general election. Flake supported Jeb Bush's remarks about immigration being an act of love, and said, "Growing up here in Arizona, I've seen what motivates those who come here illegally. Sure, some come with the intent to do harm or simply to take advantage of our generosity. But many come to find work to feed their families. To lump everyone who crosses the border illegally into the same class is unfair and unproductive."
Flake spoke out against President Donald Trump's January 2017 executive order to prohibit immigration from seven predominantly Muslim countries. He stated that "It's unacceptable when even legal permanent residents are being detained or turned away at airports and ports of entry."
In 2015, Flake and Senator John McCain published a report detailing what they called "paid patriotism" by the U.S. Department of Defense for using soldiers, military equipment and resources at professional sports events in the United States. The report gave evidence that taxpayer-funded patriotic displays extended not only to the NFL but also to Major League Baseball, the National Hockey League and Major League Soccer.
In October 2017, Flake refused to support Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore in the December 2017 Senate special election in Alabama. Flake said that he could not support a candidate who believed that Muslims should not be allowed to serve in Congress. After the Washington Post reported in November 2017 that a number of women had accused Moore of having pursued sexual relationships with them or sexually assaulted them when they were teenagers, Flake quickly condemned Moore and said he would prefer that Doug Jones, the Democratic candidate, win the special election instead of Moore. On December 5, 2017, one week before the election, Flake donated $100 to the Jones campaign and posted a tweet which said "Country over Party".
In October 2008, Esquire named Congressman Flake one of the Ten Best Members of Congress, saying in part, "A true conservative, Flake is as rare as the dodo. Republicans should learn from him, and liberals and libertarians will find in him a strong privacy-rights ally." During the 2005 debate on renewal of the expiring provisions of the USA Patriot Act, Jeff Flake successfully submitted several amendments to the bill in the House of Representatives. One required the FBI director to personally sign off on any request for library and bookstore records before applying to the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, but it was altered in the United States Senate version of the bill. Two of his amendments were signed into law and they subjected any National Security Letter and its gag order to a judicial challenge by the recipient, and narrowed the scope of "Sneak and Peek" warrants to have definite time limits on their duration and extensions before they need to notify the target of the investigation. Before that, "Sneak and Peek" warrants could be extended by the standard of not "unduly delaying trial" without any defined time limitation. This amended bill was titled the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 and it was signed into law on March 9, 2006. This bill also required three Inspector General investigations that led to the discovery of exigent letters and National Security Letter abuses. On February 8, 2011, Flake voted to renew key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. The vote failed. On February 10, 2011, Flake again voted to renew key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. This vote succeeded.
On March 7, 2017, Flake introduced a bill to eliminate FCC Internet privacy rules that were passed under President Barack Obama. His proposed bill would allow Internet service providers to share and sell consumers' browsing history without consent. In regards to Obama's FCC Internet Privacy rules, Flake stated that "It is unnecessary, confusing and adds yet another innovation-stifling regulation to the Internet." Flake received $22,700 in donations from paid lobbyists representing Internet service providers and tech firms to sponsor the anti-privacy legislation. In April 2017, the legislation passed both houses of Congress, which are Republican-controlled, allowing ISPs to sell consumer browsing history and other information without the user's consent. One constituent at a town-hall meeting told Flake that "You sold my privacy up the river."
In 2010, Flake was one of fifteen Republican House members to vote in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, which repealed the U.S. military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy, which banned openly gay service members. The Human Rights Campaign, which scores politicians' support for LGBT rights, gave Flake a score of 12% in the 115th Congress and a 32% in the 114th Congress. Flake had voted to amend the U.S. Constitution to ban same-sex marriage with a Federal Marriage Amendment in 2004 and 2006.
Although he voted in favor of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) in 2007, which would have banned discrimination based on sexual orientation, Flake said he had concerns with the 2013 version, which includes both sexual orientation and gender identity. When the vote occurred on November 7, Flake cast his vote in favor of the 2013 version of ENDA.
Flake has also cosponsored the bipartisan STATES Act proposed in the 115th U.S. Congress by Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren and Colorado Senator Cory Gardner that would exempt individuals or corporations in compliance with state cannabis laws from federal enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act.
In March 2016, Flake said that Judge Merrick Garland, President Barack Obama's nominee for the Supreme Court seat vacated by the death of Antonin Scalia, should not be confirmed unless Hillary Clinton won the 2016 presidential election. Flake argued that should Clinton win, Garland should be confirmed in the Senate's lame-duck session because he was less liberal than any nominee Clinton might put forward. After meeting with Garland in April, Flake reiterated this position, saying that confirmation hearings on Garland's nomination should not be taken up until after the election, so that the American people could choose the next president, unless Clinton won, in which case, "we ought to approve him quickly."
In April 2017, he voted to invoke cloture (end debate) on the nomination of Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch, putting an end to the Democratic filibuster. Flake also voted for the "nuclear option," ending the ability to filibuster Supreme Court nominees, and deviating from Senate tradition. He stated, "While changing Senate rules was not my preferred outcome, this will simply make de jure what was de facto prior to 2003, when filibusters were virtually never used on the executive calendar."
On September 28, 2018, Flake announced his intention to vote for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh. Kavanaugh had been accused of sexual assault by a number of women, including Dr. Christine Blasey Ford, who testified for several hours before the Senate Judiciary Committee the day before Flake's announcement. Kavanaugh subsequently testified and denied the allegations. Flake said that Ford's testimony was "compelling", but added that Kavanaugh's response was "persuasive" and left him "with as much doubt as certainty" regarding what had occurred. Following his announcement, Flake was confronted by Ana Maria Archila and Maria Gallagher, two anti-Kavanaugh protestors, in a Senate office building elevator. On the same day, Flake voted not to subpoena Mark Judge to appear before the Judiciary Committee, who Ford said was present during her sexual assault. That afternoon, Flake voted to advance Kavanaugh's nomination out of the Senate Judiciary Committee, but said he was a "yes" vote "only if the final Senate vote [was] delayed for one week, during which time the FBI [could] investigate sexual harassment allegations against Kavanaugh"; Senate Republican leaders agreed to support the proposed investigation. Later that day, President Trump directed the FBI to undertake a one-week investigation of the allegations against Kavanaugh, which found no corroboration for the charges against Kavanaugh.
Potential 2020 presidential campaignEdit
Flake and his wife Cheryl (née Bae) have been married since 1985. They live in Mesa and have five children. The Flakes are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Flake spent time in Zimbabwe and South Africa as a missionary. His uncle, Jake Flake, served in both houses of the Arizona state legislature, including as speaker of the state house.
In 2009, while serving as a Representative, Flake spent a week alone on the island of Jabonwod, one of the Marshall Islands, as a survivalist venture. He survived by eating crabs, coconuts, and fish. Having enjoyed the experience, he decided to repeat it when he was a senator, this time bringing his two youngest sons with him to another island in the area, Biggarenn, for four days during a congressional recess in 2013.
|2000||David Mendoza||97,455||42.38%||Jeff Flake||123,289||53.61%||Jon Burroughs||Libertarian||9,227||4.01%|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2002||Deborah Thomas||49,355||31.57%||Jeff Flake*||103,094||65.94%||Andy Wagner||Libertarian||3,888||2.49%|
|2004||(no candidate)||Jeff Flake||202,882||79.38%||Craig Stritar||Libertarian||52,695||20.62%|
|2006||(no candidate)||Jeff Flake*||152,201||74.80%||Jason M. Blair||Libertarian||51,285||25.20%|
|2008||Rebecca Schneider||115,457||34.55%||Jeff Flake*||208,582||62.42%||Rick Biondi||Libertarian||10,137||3.03%|
|2010||Rebecca Schneider||72,615||29.12%||Jeff Flake*||165,649||66.42%||Darell Tapp||Libertarian||7,712||3.09%||Richard Grayson||Green||3,407||1.37%|
|2012||Richard Carmona||1,036,542||46.20%||Jeff Flake||1,104,457||49.23%||Marc J. Victor||Libertarian||102,109||4.55%|
- Conscience of a Conservative: A Rejection of Destructive Politics and a Return to Principle. 2017. ISBN 978-0399592911, OCLC 993780116
- Senator Jeff Flake Presents Wastebook Porkémon Go January 2017. 2017. ISBN 978-1973708094, OCLC 1011043585
- Jurassic Pork: Old Earmarks Have Survived. 2015. ISBN 978-1540739100, OCLC 980361667
- "Jeff Flake". www.nndb.com. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "U.S. Senate: Senators of the 114th Congress". www.senate.gov. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Jeff Flake ancestry, Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com; retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- Schorn, Daniel (February 11, 2009). Rep. Flake On Cutting Congressional Pork. CBS News .
- Flake, United States Senator Jeff. "About Jeff – United States Senator Jeff Flake". www.flake.senate.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Rolly: My recollection of events 20 years ago turned out to be a little flaky" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Salt Lake Tribune.
- Arizona Secretary of State website: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 22, 2004. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Stone, Andrea (April 12, 2006). "Term-limit pledges get left behind". USA Today.
- Giblin, Paul. "Flake faces solo race after judge removes hopeful", East Valley Tribune, July 12, 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- U.S. House of Representatives / Arizona 06. CNN. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- "The Liberty Committee". Retrieved June 24, 2007.
- Tang, Layla (February 14, 2011) "U.S. Rep. Flake announces Senate bid", KGUN9-TV. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
- Zapler, Mike; Isenstadt, Alex (August 29, 2012). "Arizona House primary results: Ben Quayle booted from Congress". Politico.
- Finley, Allysia (October 5, 2012). "Arizona's Flake Out". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- Finley, Allysia (October 15, 2012). "Flake's Flip-Out". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "Editorials: Paton in 1st District". Casa Grande Dispatch. October 8, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "U.S., Arizona Chambers of Commerce Endorse Jeff Flake for U.S. Senate". Western Free Press. October 10, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- U.S. Senator Jim DeMint, SCF Chairman (April 20, 2012). "Jeff Flake for U.S. Senate". senateconservatives.com. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
- "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Jeff Flake for Senate". Club For Growth. February 14, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- Phillip, Abby (November 6, 2012). "Jeff Flake Wins Arizona Senate Race". OTUS. ABC News. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
- Ray, Jordan (September 18, 2014). "Jeff Flake: Send Harry Reid, Mitch McConnell to island". Politico. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Martinez, Marc (2017-06-14). "Senator Jeff Flake recounts baseball practice shooting". KSAZ Fox-10. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
- Schor, Elana (2017-06-14). "Obama reaches out to Sen. Flake after shooting". Politico. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
- Nowicki, Dan. "Arizona's Jeff Flake announces he will not seek reelection to the U.S. Senate". AZCentral. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- Coppins, McKay (October 25, 2017). "The Tragedy of Jeff Flake". The Atlantic. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- Cillizza, Chris (October 25, 2017). "Jeff Flake gave the most important speech of 2017". CNN. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- CARNEY, JORDAIN (2018-05-07). "Flake says he'll donate to Manchin if Blankenship wins primary". The Hill. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema wins Arizona US Senate seat". AP NEWS. 2018-11-13. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "Jeff Flake blasts Trump, stokes presidential-campaign speculation with N.H. speech". azcentral. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
- "Jeff Flake's Ratings and Endorsements". votesmart.org.
- Parlapiano, Alicia. "Where Senators Stand on the Health Care Bill". Retrieved 2018-08-09.
- Copeland, Libby (July 9, 2006) Congressman Paul's Legislative Strategy? He'd Rather Say Not., Washington Post
- "It's gotta be the hair". East Valley Tribune. July 12, 2007. Archived from the original on August 31, 2007. Retrieved August 5, 2007.
- Novak, Robert (January 24, 2008). "The Pork-as-Usual GOP". The Washington Post. A4.
- Current Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Atr.org. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- US House Standouts. conservative.org
- Caldwell, Christopher (July 22, 2007) The Antiwar, Anti-Abortion, Anti-Drug-Enforcement-Administration, Anti-Medicare Candidacy of Dr. Ron Paul, New York Times
- Larison, Daniel (February 10, 2011) Kyl Will Not Be Missed, The American Conservative
- Wilson, Reid and Friedman, Dan (February 10, 2011) Kyl Won't Run Again Archived October 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., National Journal
- "America's Newsroom". 'Fox News'. Youtube.com. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- Rogers, David (June 29, 2006). "Tilting at Appropriations?". The Wall Street Journal. A4.
- Kelly, Matt (October 17, 2006). "Congressman says earmarks could cost GOP power". USA Today.
- Lichtblau, Eric (March 11, 2010). "New Earmark Rules Have Lobbyists Scrambling", The New York Times.
- CARNEY, JORDAIN; ELIS, NIV (2018-09-18). "Senate approves $854B spending bill". The Hill. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- Foley, Elise (2012-10-30). "Jeff Flake Has History Of Voting No On Disaster Bills". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
- "Flake votes against $50B Hurricane Katrina relief funding". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
- Trump's White House is recruiting primary challengers against Republican Sen. Jeff Flake. Eric Bradner. CNN. 18 July 2017. Accessed 19 July 2017.
- Flake, Jeff (2017). Conscience of a Conservative: A Rejection of Destructive Politics and a Return to Principle. Random House. ISBN 978-0-399-59291-1.
- Senior, Jennifer (2017-07-31). "Republican Senator Jeff Flake Rails Against Trump, but to What End?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
- Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
- Cillizza, Chris (October 25, 2017). "Jeff Flake gave the most important speech of 2017". CNN. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- Sullivan, Sean (2018-05-23). "Republican Sen. Jeff Flake: 'Our presidency has been debased'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-05-24.
- "Why Trump's GOP critics never go nuclear". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-07-17.
- "Senate confirms veteran agent Gina Haspel as first female CIA director despite torture role". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Breuninger, Kevin (2018-06-28). "Sen. Jeff Flake says his threat to block judges won't affect Trump's Supreme Court nominee". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-07-17.
- Flaherty, Joseph (2018-07-17). "15 Times Jeff Flake Criticized Trump, Then Nothing Happened". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
- CNN, Jeremy Herb,. "GOP blocks vote on Mueller protection bill". CNN. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "Flake Pledges To Block Committee Votes On Judges — Until Mueller Bill On Senate Floor". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- "GOP Sen. Scott opposes Trump judicial nominee Farr, sinking nomination". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
- "US Senate approves Water Rights Settlement Act". The Daily Courier. Prescott, Arizona: Western News&Info, Inc. December 3, 2014. Archived from the original on January 5, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Rivers, Miranda (September 21, 2014). "House panel asked to approve 'meaningful bill' for Arizona's Bill Williams River". KTAR News. Phoenix, Arizona: Bonneville International. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Heiden, Helen (July 9, 2014). "Four things Arizonans need to know about The Bill Williams River Water Rights Settlement Act". Arizona Chamber of Commerce & Industry. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Heinsius, Ryan (December 8, 2014). "EPA's Proposed Waterways Rule Draws Ire of Arizona's Senators". KNAU Public Radio. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Flake, Jeff (November 14, 2014). "Flake, McCain Call on EPA to Abandon Rule Expanding Water Regs to Arizona's Dry Streambeds". U.S. Senator Jeff Flake. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Flake, Jeff (May 6, 2014). "Flake Calls on EPA to Abandon Proposed "Waters of the U.S." Rule". U.S. Senator Jeff Flake. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- "Proposed EPA rule could hurt Arizona's water supply". Editorial. The Arizona Republic. May 27, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
-  House roll call vote
- "FURTHER CONSIDERATION OF H. RES. 114, AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF MILITARY FORCE AGAINST IRAQ RESOLUTION OF 2002". Congressional Record Volume 148, Number 131. 8 October 2002. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- Fickess, Jim (February 22, 2007) Flake: Patience with Iraq waning, Arizona Republic
- Milbank, Dana (April 10, 2008) From the GOP, the General Gets Unfriendly Fire, Washington Post
- Rep. Jeff Flake on US Cuba Policy: End the Embargo, Reason.tv
- Clemons, Steve (April 15, 2007) Jeff Flake and Charlie Rangel Break Through Taboo of Exposing America's Failed Cuba Policy Archived April 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Talking Points Memo
- French, Lauren (December 20, 2014). "Obama's Republican ally on Cuba". Politico. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Moore, Tina (April 19, 2013). "Arizona senator told mother of theater shooting victim that he supported gun background checks, then voted against them". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- Memoli, Mike (April 18, 2013). "Twitter". Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Memoli, Michael A. (April 18, 2013). "Senate sets aside gun bill, for now". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
- Abad-Santos, Alexander (April 29, 2013). "How Jeff Flake Became the Most Unpopular Senator in America". The Atlantic Wire. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- "Graham introduces background check bill with NRA backing". CNN. March 6, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Bunis, Dena (March 21, 2007). "Legalization path planned". Orange County Register. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Articles – Inside Report: Democratic Discipline. RealClearPolitics (January 13, 2007). Retrieved on 2012-11-05.
- "Our Opinion: Capsule comments – Tucson Citizen Morgue, Part 1 (2006–2009)". tucsoncitizen.com. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- H-1B bill seeks to 'staple' green cards to PhDs. Siliconindia.com (April 7, 2009). Retrieved on 2012-11-05.
- STAPLE Act (2009; 111th Congress H.R. 1791). GovTrack.us. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- STAPLE Act (H.R. 399). GovTrack.us. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- Freking, Kevin. "Democratic candidates pitch DREAM Act for platform". sandiegouniontribune.com. Associated Press. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
- "Career politician Jeff Flake reversed his position on the DREAM Act; after he voted against the DREAM in December 2010". Tucsoncitizen.com. October 29, 2012. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- O'Keefe, Ed (June 24, 2014). "Q&A with Jeff Flake on immigration: 'Citizenship ought to be earned and valued'". The Fix. The Washington Post. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- McLaughlin, Seth (July 10, 2014). "Jeff Flake: House should have passed Senate immigration bill". Washington Times. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- Benen, Steve (November 20, 2014). "The easiest immigration solution is also the best". The Maddow Blog. MSNBC. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- Kapur, Sahil. "Jeff Flake: Don't Shut Down Gov't Over Immigration, Pass Reform Instead". Talking Points Memo. November 19, 2014.
- Page, Susan (June 25, 2014). "A year later, bright hopes quashed on immigration". USA Today. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- Alman, Ashley (April 21, 2014). "Jeff Flake Shows Support For Jeb Bush's 'Act Of Love' Immigration Comment". Politics. Huffington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Blake, Aaron (2017-01-29). "Coffman, Gardner join Republicans against President Trump's travel ban; here's where the rest stand". Denver Post. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Feldman, Dan (November 5, 2015). "NBC Sports: John McCain-Jeff Flake report: At least seven NBA teams accepted 'paid patriotism'". NBC Sports. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- "Flake and McCain Expose Paid Patriotism at Pro Sporting Events in New Government Oversight Report". Office of U.S. Senator Jeff Flake. November 4, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Thomsen, Jacqueline (2017-11-13). "Flake: I'll support the Democrat over Moore in Alabama Senate race". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
- Anapol, Avery (2017-12-05). "Flake donates $100 to Doug Jones campaign: 'Country over Party'". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
- "The 10 Best Members of Congress," Esquire Magazine. October 2008. Esquire.com. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- H. R. 3199. One Hundred Ninth Congress of the United States of America. gpo.gov. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 (2006; 109th Congress H.R. 3199). GovTrack.us. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005: A Legal Analysis. (PDF) . Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 (2006; 109th Congress H.R. 3199). GovTrack.us. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
- Sensenbrenner Feels 'Betrayed' by FBI's Patriot Act Violations Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Main Justice (April 14, 2010). Retrieved on 2012-11-05.
- Charles Doyle (December 27, 2010). National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse of the Legal Background and Recent Amendments. fas.org
- Final Vote Results for Roll Call 26. clerk.house.gov (2011)
- Final Vote Results for Roll Call 29. clerk.house.gov (2011)
- Chaitin, Daniel (2017-03-08). "Sen. Jeff Flake introduces bill to kill Obama-era FCC Internet privacy rules". Washington Examiner. MediaDC. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- Kimberly Kindy, May 30, 2017, Washington Post, How Congress dismantled federal Internet privacy rules, Retrieved May 30, 2017
- Lauren Phillips (October 2012). "Candidates in tight races disavow Indiana candidate's abortion remark". Dallas News. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
- Geidner, Chris (December 15, 2010). House Passes DADT Repeal Bill Archived October 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., Metro Weekly.
- House Vote 638 – Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' Archived January 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., New York Times (December 15, 2010).
- Campaign, Human Rights. "Congressional Scorecard | Human Rights Campaign". Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- Clerk of the House (September 30, 2004). "Final Vote Results For Roll Call 484". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Clerk of the House (July 18, 2006). "Final Vote Results For Roll Call 378". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Parlapiano, Alicia; Andrews, Wilson; Lee, Jasmine C.; Shorey, Rachel (July 28, 2017). "How Each Senator Voted on Obamacare Repeal Proposals". The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- "Jeff Flake Opposes Discrimination Against LGB (But Not T) People". Huffington Post. November 4, 2013.
- Senate Passes ENDA in Bipartisan Vote U.S. News and World Report. 7 November 2013.
- "Cosponsors – S.3032 – 115th Congress (2017–2018): STATES Act". www.congress.gov. 2018-06-07. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- "GOP Supreme Court blockade showing early cracks". Politico. March 3, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- "Senators say they might confirm Obama's high court pick after election". Reuters. March 18, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- "Flake meets with Supreme Court nominee, won't support a vote". AZ Central. April 14, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Bendery, Jennifer (May 9, 2016). "GOP Senator: If We Lose In November, We Should Confirm Merrick Garland". Huffington Post. The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Parlapiano, Wilson Andrews, Audrey Carlsen, Jasmine C. Lee, Alicia; Singhvi, Anjali (2017-04-06). "How Senators Voted on the Gorsuch Filibuster and the Nuclear Option". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
- "Arizona senators go 'nuclear' with GOP, pave way for Gorsuch vote | Cronkite News". Cronkite News – Arizona PBS. 2017-04-06. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
- Rowland, Geoffrey (2018-09-28). "Flake says he will vote to confirm Kavanaugh". TheHill. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
- "Flake confronted by two female protesters after announcing he'll back Kavanaugh". CNN. 2018-09-28. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
- "Jeff Flake says he will vote for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
- McLeod, Paul (September 28, 2018). "Trump Has Ordered An FBI Investigation Of The Sexual Assault Allegations Against Brett Kavanaugh". BuzzFeedNews.com. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
- Peterson, Kristina; Andrews, Natalie (2018-09-28). "Kavanaugh Nomination Advances to Full Senate With One-Week Delay". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
- "GOP releases summary of FBI report on Kavanaugh: 'No corroboration of the allegations'".
- https://www.facebook.com/pages/Ed-OKeefe/147995121918931. "Jeff Flake on running for president in 2020: 'I have not ruled it out'". Washington Post.
- Rojas, Warren; Rojas, Warren (June 8, 2015). "Alexis Flake May Be Congressional Baseball's Biggest Fan". Roll Call – via www.rollcall.com.
- Lynch, Michael W. (February 2001). Reason Magazine, Soundbite: The Missionary's Positions Consulted on July 28, 2007.
- Reid, Betty (June 8, 2008). "State Senator Jake Flake dies at Snowflake home". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Flake, Jeff (October 12, 2009). "1 Rep., 1 Week, 1 Deserted Island". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- O'Keefe, Ed (June 2, 2013). "1 Senator, 2 Sons, 4 Days, 1 Deserted Island: Jeff Flake Escapes Again to the South Pacific". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- Hohmann, James; Deppisch, Breanne; Greve, Joanie (August 2, 2017). "The Daily 202: Jeff Flake delivers the most courageous conservative rebuttal of Trumpism yet". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jeff Flake|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeff Flake.|
- U.S. Senator Jeff Flake official U.S. Senate site
- Jeff Flake at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Jeff Flake on IMDb
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 1st congressional district
J. D. Hayworth
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 6th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Arizona
Served alongside: John McCain, Jon Kyl
|Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority