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Herbert H. Kohl (born February 7, 1935) is an American businessman, notably as former CEO of Kohl's, and politician. Alongside the help of his brother and father, the Kohl family created the first Kohl's Department Stores in Wisconsin. Kohl is a former United States Senator from Wisconsin and a member of the Democratic Party. Kohl is also a philanthropist and the former owner of the Milwaukee Bucks of the National Basketball Association. He chose not to seek re-election in 2012 and was succeeded by fellow Democrat Tammy Baldwin.

Herb Kohl
Herbert Kohl, official photo.jpg
Chair of the Senate Aging Committee
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byGordon H. Smith
Succeeded byBill Nelson
United States Senator
from Wisconsin
In office
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byWilliam Proxmire
Succeeded byTammy Baldwin
Personal details
Born (1935-02-07) February 7, 1935 (age 84)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
RelativesDan Kohl (Nephew) John Kohl (Cousin) Christopher J. Kohl (Nephew)
EducationUniversity of Wisconsin–Madison (BS)
Harvard University (MBA)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1958–1964
UnitArmy Reserve

Contents

Early life, education and careerEdit

Kohl was born and raised in Milwaukee, the son of Mary (née Hiken) and Max Kohl. His father was a Polish Jewish immigrant and his mother was a Russian Jewish immigrant.[1][2] He attended Washington High School. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1956 and a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard Business School in 1958. While an undergraduate, he joined the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity. He was also a roommate of Major League Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig.[3] Between 1958 and 1964, Kohl was a member of the United States Army Reserve.[4]

After finishing graduate school, Kohl worked as an investor in real estate and the stock market, eventually spinning off his own company, Kohl Investments, to manage these assets. He and his brother became heir to a family-owned chain that included 50 grocery stores and several department stores, pharmacies and liquor stores. In 1970, Kohl was named president of Kohl's and served until the corporation was sold to BATUS Inc. (formerly British American Tobacco) in 1978.

Kohl purchased the Milwaukee Bucks from Jim Fitzgerald in 1985 for $18 million[5] to ensure the team remained in Milwaukee. In 2003, he considered an offer to sell the team to former NBA superstar Michael Jordan, but decided to retain ownership. On April 16, 2014, Kohl agreed to sell the Bucks for $550 million to New York-based billionaires Wesley Edens and Marc Lasry. Kohl was elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 2007.

Early political careerEdit

Kohl served as Chairman of the Wisconsin Democratic Party between 1975 and 1977.

U.S. SenateEdit

Political positionsEdit

Kohl has been described as a populist-leaning liberal.[6]

Kohl supported President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; he voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009,[7] and he voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[8]

Fiscal policyEdit

He has voted in favor of most lawsuit reform measures as well as for rules tightening personal bankruptcy. He has long supported amending the U.S. Constitution to require a balanced budget. He was one of the few Democrats to vote for the tax cut passed in 2001, and he also supported the elimination of the "marriage penalty." Despite these views, he has been seen as generally supportive of progressive taxation. Like many moderate Democrats, he voted in favor of the welfare reform measures in the mid-1990s. He is also not opposed to the creation of individual, private savings accounts to supplement Social Security.[6]

Kohl has generally had a pro-environmental record and has been an outspoken proponent of American energy independence. He supports increased production of hydrogen cars, establishing a federal goal for reducing oil consumption by 40 percent, and disallowing oil speculation in protected areas. However, he has voted against Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards. Kohl has been rated highly by groups that desire universal health care. He has voted in favor of expanding Medicare and SCHIP and has desired that prescription drugs be included under federal health coverage. During his 2006 re-election campaign, Kohl advocated that HMOs be placed under more scrutiny in order to determine if they're effectively delivering care.[6]

Social policyEdit

Kohl is strongly pro-choice and opposes the death penalty. He is highly in favor of affirmative action and supports setting aside funds for women and minorities. Although he voted in favor of the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act, Kohl rejected the recent proposal to amend the U.S. Constitution to define marriage as between one man and one woman and has supported measures that ban discrimination based on sexual orientation. Kohl has consistently voted against the flag desecration amendment and in recent years has voted against restrictions on travel to Cuba and funding for TV Martí. In 2005, he secured a victory for one of his main causes: requiring handguns to be sold with child safety locks. The amendment was attached to the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, with every Democrat and many Republicans voting in favor of the amendment. Earlier in his career, he helped push the Gun-Free Schools Act which the U.S. Supreme Court overturned in 1995 and has submitted many amendments to that effect.[9] He is a strong supporter of public education and has rejected school vouchers. Kohl has voted in favor of allowing for the establishment of educational savings accounts.

Foreign policyEdit

Kohl has voted against many free trade agreements including the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and more recently the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and voted against the Freedom to Farm Act in 1996. However, he has also supported fast tracking trade normalization with China and establishing free trade with some smaller countries of the developing world. He voted in 2002 to authorize military force in Iraq; however, he voted against authorizing the Gulf War in 1990. Kohl has voted on a number of occasions with more liberal Democrats to reduce military spending, voting against 1996 defense appropriations increases and supporting a veto of funding new military projects. Despite having been among the 98 U.S. Senators who voted for the PATRIOT Act, Kohl subsequently opposed this legislation and has voted to require warrants for wiretapping or the detention of prisoners.[6]

Political campaignsEdit

Kohl won election to the U.S. Senate in 1988 with his trademark catchphrase "Nobody's Senator But Yours".[10] He was re-elected in 1994, 2000 and 2006. He did not seek re-election in 2012.

Electoral historyEdit

United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Herb Kohl (incumbent) 1,439,214 67.31 +5.77%
Republican Robert Lorge 630,299 29.48 -7.56%
Green Rae Vogeler 42,434 1.98 +1.98%
Independent Ben J. Glatzel 25,096 1.17 +1.17%
United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Herb Kohl (incumbent) 1,563,238 61.54 +3.25%
Republican John Gillespie 940,744 37.04 -3.65%
United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 1994
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Herb Kohl (incumbent) 912,662 58.29 +6.21%
Republican Bob Welch 636,989 40.69 -6.86%
United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Herb Kohl 1,128,625 52.08
Republican Susan Engeleiter 1,030,440 47.55
Wisconsin U.S. Senate Election 1988 – Democratic Primary
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Herb Kohl 249,226 46.78
Democratic Tony Earl 203,479 38.19
Democratic Ed Garvey 55,225 10.37
Democratic Doug La Follette 19,819 3.72

Personal lifeEdit

Kohl was one of the wealthiest U.S. Senators.[11] In 2016, Forbes estimated Kohl's net worth at $630 million.[12]

On May 13, 2011, Kohl announced he would not run for re-election in 2012, saying, "The office doesn't belong to me. It belongs to the people of Wisconsin, and there is something to be said for not staying in office too long."[13]

Kohl has never married.[14]

PhilanthropyEdit

Kohl's philanthropy is widely admired. He donated $25 million to the University of Wisconsin–Madison for construction of its new sports arena, which was named the Kohl Center.[citation needed] In 1990, Kohl established the Herb Kohl Educational Foundation Achievement Award Program, which provides annual grants totaling $400,000 to 200 graduating seniors, 100 teachers and 100 schools throughout Wisconsin.[15] In 2016, he gave $1.5 million to the La Follette School of Public Affairs to create the Herb Kohl Public Service Research Competition, promoting public policy research.[citation needed]

Kohl surprised Wisconsin teachers in 2016 by funding every request — nearly 700 of them — to underwrite classroom projects in 140 districts through the website DonorsChoose.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Jews of Capitol Hill: A Compendium of Jewish Congressional Members - Kurt F. Stone - Google Books. Books.google.ca. 2010-12-29. ISBN 9780810877382. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
  2. ^ http://www.kohl.senate.gov/upload/Working-Hard-for-Working-Families.pdf
  3. ^ "10 Things You Didn't Know About Herb Kohl". US News. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
  4. ^ "Herb Kohl". Alumni Park. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  5. ^ Walker, Don. "Kohl sells Bucks for $550 million; $200 million pledged for new arena". Jsonline.com. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
  6. ^ a b c d "Herbert Kohl on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  7. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  8. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  9. ^ Kohl Amendment: Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act
  10. ^ TIME magazine, June 24, 2001
  11. ^ USA Today, May 20, 2005
  12. ^ "Herb Kohl". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
  13. ^ Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, May 12, 2011
  14. ^ "Herb Kohl preparing to give back to Wisconsin — big time", Milwaukee Business Journal, March 6, 2015
  15. ^ University of Wisconsin Alumni Association, December 23, 2014

External linksEdit