Open main menu

Harold Trent Franks (born June 19, 1957) is a former American politician and businessman who served as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 8th congressional district from 2003 to 2017. He is a member of the Republican Party. The 8th district, numbered as the 2nd District from 2003 to 2013, is located in the West Valley portion of the Valley of the Sun and includes Glendale, Surprise, Sun City, Peoria and part of western Phoenix.

Trent Franks
Trent Franks, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona
In office
January 3, 2003 – December 8, 2017
Preceded byEd Pastor
Succeeded byDebbie Lesko
Constituency2nd district (2003–2013)
8th district (2013–2017)
Member of the Arizona House of Representatives
from the 20th district
In office
January 1985 – January 1987
Serving with Debbie McCune Davis
Preceded byGlenn Davis[1]
Succeeded byBobby Raymond
Personal details
Harold Trent Franks

(1957-06-19) June 19, 1957 (age 62)
Uravan, Colorado, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Josephine Franks (m. 1980)
EducationOttawa University

In December 2017, the House Ethics Committee announced that it would investigate allegations of sexual harassment against Franks.[2] Franks had repeatedly asked two female staffers to bear his children as surrogate mothers, and allegedly offered one of them $5 million to carry his child and retaliated against her when she declined.[3][4][5][6] The women feared that Franks wanted to impregnate them sexually as part of the surrogacy process.[3][6] Franks acknowledged discussing surrogacy with the aides but denied the other allegations; he resigned from Congress immediately after the ethics investigation was announced, blaming his situation on "the current cultural and media climate".[3][7][8]

Early life, education, and business careerEdit

Franks was born in Uravan, Colorado, a company town which is now a ghost town. Franks is the son of Juanita and Edward Taylor Franks.[9] He was born with a cleft lip and palate. After his parents separated, Franks took care of his younger siblings. While his parents took financial responsibility, he took on a leadership role at home.[10] Franks graduated from Briggsdale High School in Colorado in 1976.[11] After high school, Franks bought a drilling rig and moved to Texas to drill wells with his best friend and his younger brother. He moved to Arizona in 1981, where he continued to drill wells.

In 1987, he completed a course of study at the non-accredited Utah's National Center for Constitutional Studies, formerly known as the Freemen Institute.[12] For one year, from 1989 to 1990, he attended the Arizona campus of Ottawa University.[13]

Early political careerEdit

Arizona legislatureEdit

In 1984, while working as an engineer for an oil and gas royalty-purchasing firm, Franks began his political career by running for a seat in the Arizona House of Representatives, against incumbent Democrat Glenn Davis, an attorney, in District 20 in central Phoenix. Franks, who was a member of the Arizona Right to Life organization and president of the Arizona Christian Action Council, campaigned against abortion and in favor of tougher child abuse laws. He defeated Davis by 155 votes.[14] In the state legislature, Franks served as vice-chairman of the Commerce Committee and Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Child Protection and Family Preservation.

Franks was defeated in his re-election bid in November 1986.[15]

Mecham administrationEdit

In January 1987, he was appointed by Republican Governor Evan Mecham to head the Arizona Governor's Office for Children, which is a Cabinet-level division of the governor's office responsible for overseeing and coordinating state policy and programs for Arizona's children.

In late 1987, Franks founded the Arizona Family Research Institute, a nonprofit organization affiliated with James Dobson's Focus on the Family.[16] He was the executive director of the organization for four and a half years.[17]

In April 1988, after Mecham was impeached and removed from office, Franks and other appointees resigned their positions. Franks had been under investigation following an Associated Press report about his decision to spend nearly $60,000, without getting bids, for a conference at a former campaign contributor's hotel.[18] Later in 1988, he ran again for a legislative seat, moving to District 18 shortly before the filing deadline.[19] He was successful in the Republican primary but lost in the November general election.

Political activismEdit

In 1992, when Franks was chairman of Arizonans for Common Sense, one of the organization's efforts was a constitutional amendment on the November 1992 ballot in Arizona that banned most abortions.[20][21] The initiative lost, getting about 35 percent of the votes cast.

In August 1995, Arizonans for an Empowered Future, of which Franks was chairman, launched an initiative campaign to amend the state constitution, replacing the graduated state income tax with a flat 3.5 percent rate, and allowing parents to deduct the costs of private-school tuition.[22] The initiative was not one of those appearing on the ballot in 1996.

Franks worked for and later became president of Liberty Petroleum Corporation,[23] a small oil exploration company established in 1996.[24] Franks served as a consultant to conservative activist Pat Buchanan's presidential campaign.[25]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit


Franks at the 2011 Veterans Day parade in Phoenix, Arizona

Franks ran for Arizona's 4th congressional district in 1994, after incumbent U.S. Representative Jon Kyl decided to run for the U.S. Senate. He lost to John Shadegg, 43%–30%.[26]


Following the 2000 Census,[27] Arizona got two additional seats.[28] Franks' home in Glendale was drawn into the 2nd district. That district had previously been the 3rd District, represented by 13-term incumbent Republican Bob Stump, who was not running for reelection. The initial favorite in the race was Lisa Jackson Atkins, Stump's longtime chief of staff, whom Stump had endorsed as his successor. Atkins had long been very visible in the district (in contrast to her more low-key boss) to the point that many thought she was the district's representative. Franks narrowly defeated Atkins in the seven-candidate Republican primary, 28%–26%, a difference of just 797 votes.[29][30] He won the November 2002 general election, defeating Democrat Randy Camacho, 60%–37%.[16][31]


Franks faced unusually strong competition in the Republican primary from the more moderate businessman Rick Murphy. Franks defeated him 64%–36%.[32] He won re-election to a second term, by defeating Camacho in a rematch, 59%–38%.[33]


He won re-election to a third term with 59% of the vote.[34]


He won re-election to a fourth term with 59% of the vote.[35]


Franks was again challenged in the Republican primary. However, he easily defeated Charles Black, 81%–19%.[36] He won re-election to a fifth term with 65% of the vote.[37]


For his first five terms, Franks represented a vast district encompassing most of northwestern Arizona. While the district appeared rural, the bulk of its population was in the West Valley, which had dominated the district since it was drawn into what was then the 3rd in 1967. The district appeared to be gerrymandered because of a narrow tendril connecting the Hopi reservation to the rest of the district. However, due to longstanding disputes between the Hopi and Navajo, it had long been believed the two tribes should be in separate districts.

However, after the 2010 census, Franks' district was renumbered as the 8th District, and reduced to essentially the Maricopa County portion of the old 2nd. As evidence of how much the West Valley had dominated the district, Franks retained 92 percent of his former constituents, even as he lost 85 percent of his old district's land.[38] He was challenged in the Republican primary by Tony Passalacqua, whom Franks defeated easily, 83%–17%.[39] The new 8th was no less Republican than the old 2nd, and Franks won a sixth term with 63% of the vote.[40]

Congressman Franks speaking at a rally in November 2014

Franks won his party's election in the Republican primary on August 26, 2014.

Political positionsEdit

In 2009, National Journal ranked Franks among the "most conservative" members of the U.S. House of Representatives.[41] He was a member of the Republican Study Committee.[42]

Online gamingEdit

In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act[43][non-primary source needed] and H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.[44][non-primary source needed]

Homeland securityEdit

On October 14, 2009, Franks joined with three other members of Congress in calling for the investigation of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) over allegations of trying to plant "spies" based on a CAIR memo indicating that the group planned to "develop national initiatives such as Lobby Day" and place "Muslim interns in Congressional offices." The request followed publication of the book Muslim Mafia. Representative Sue Myrick had written the foreword, which characterized CAIR as subversive and aligned with terrorists.[45] CAIR countered that these initiatives are extensively used by all advocacy groups and accused Franks and his colleagues of intending to intimidate American Muslims who "take part in the political process and exercise their rights."[46][47]


Franks signed the Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[48] In 2010, Franks voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. He received high approval ratings from the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council.[49] In November 2011, he voted to pass H.R. 2930, which authorizes crowdfunding for small businesses.[citation needed]

In 2009, Franks signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity promising to vote against any global warming legislation that would raise taxes.[50]

Criticism of the Obama administrationEdit

He opposed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, saying "the thought of Americans' health care decisions being put into the hands of an unimaginably large bureaucracy is a frightening prospect."[51][non-primary source needed] He was not supported by American Public Health Association or the Children's Health Fund.[52]

In September 2009, he called President Barack Obama an "enemy of humanity" with his spokesperson later clarifying the remarks were in response to President Obama's position on abortion.[53]


In a 2010 interview, discussing the legacy of slavery which Franks described as a "crushing mark on America's soul", the congressman said, "Half of all black children are aborted. Far more of the African American community is being devastated by the policies of today than were being devastated by the policies of slavery."[54][55][56][57][58]

In June 2013, he proposed a bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks, without exceptions for rape and incest. In defense, he stirred controversy when saying that "the incidents of rape resulting in pregnancy are very low." He later clarified, "Pregnancies from rape that result in abortion after the beginning of the sixth month are very rare."[59][60] The bill passed by a vote of 228–196.[61]

In 2017, he again proposed the same bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks without exceptions for rape and incest. The bill passed by a vote of 237–189.[62]

Franks presided over a hearing to ban abortions after 20 weeks in the District of Columbia, in which he did not allow D.C.'s lone delegate and Member of Congress, Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton, to testify. In doing so, he said Congress has the authority to "exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever" in the District, even though the heavily Democratic district is strongly opposed to the ban.[63]

Franks has also been involved in the founding of a crisis pregnancy center in Tempe, Arizona, that's still in operation today.[64] In the past, Franks has picketed abortion clinics but has ceased to do so stating in a June 2013 interview that "It became clear to me that I could be more effective by trying to do something to light a candle rather than curse the darkness."[64]


Franks in 2016

During the 2008 campaign, Franks stated that he is skeptical about global warming and other commonly accepted theories supported by the scientific community.[65]

He opposes same-sex marriage.[66]

Franks supports the right to bear firearms. The interest group Gun Owners of America has given Franks high approval ratings.[67] In 2011, he voted to pass the National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act.[68]

Franks has also been active with Operation Smile.[69]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

Legislation sponsoredEdit

  • On April 9, 2013, Franks introduced the Keep the Promise Act of 2013 (H.R. 1410; 113th Congress).[72] If enacted, the bill would prevent the Arizona Native American tribe Tohono O'odham from building a planned casino in the Phoenix metropolitan area.[73]
  • On July 14, 2017, Franks introduced Amendment No. 13 to the National Defense Authorization Act of 2018.[74] The amendment called for a database surveying American Muslim leaders in order to identify violent and "unorthodox" strains of Islam. Critics of the amendment, including, most notably, Minnesota Democratic congressman Keith Ellison, the first Muslim elected to the United States Congress, repudiated the amendment as an attempt to subject one religion to special scrutiny.[75] Ultimately, the amendment was defeated 217-208, with 27 House Republicans joining all the House Democrats in voting in opposition.[76]

Sexual harassment scandal and resignationEdit

On December 7, 2017, the House Ethics Committee announced that it would create a special investigative subcommittee to determine if Franks had engaged in "conduct that constitutes sexual harassment and/or retaliation for opposing sexual harassment."[2][77] According to reports, Franks repeatedly asked at least two female staff members if they would consider serving as surrogate mothers for Franks and his wife,[77] offering to compensate at least one staff member $5 million if she conceived him a child and allegedly retaliating against one of the staff members for refusing his demand.[5] Upon being briefed on the allegations, Speaker of the House Paul Ryan found them to be "serious and requiring action" and, after confronting Franks, determined that the allegations, "which he did not deny"—warranted a referral to the House Ethics Committee. Ryan called the allegations "credible claims of misconduct."[5]

In a statement, Franks detailed his struggle with infertility, and said, "Due to my familiarity and experience with the process of surrogacy, I clearly became insensitive as to how the discussion of such an intensely personal topic might affect others." He wrote, "I have absolutely never physically intimidated, coerced, or had, or attempted to have, any sexual contact with any member of my congressional staff," but said he would resign effective January 31, 2018, because of the "collective focus on a very important problem of justice and sexual impropriety" and he was "deeply convinced I would be unable to complete a fair House Ethics investigation before distorted and sensationalized versions of this story would put me, my family, my staff, and my noble colleagues in the House of Representatives through hyperbolized public excoriation."[78]

The following day, Franks's wife was allegedly admitted to the hospital "due to an ongoing ailment", and Franks decided to resign effective immediately.[79]

A week after Franks' resignation, Melissa Richmond wrote an op-ed in the Washington Post accusing him of rescinding an offer to intern at his office after she declined to come over to his house on a Sunday night when his wife was not present.[80] Franks denied this allegation.[81]

Electoral historyEdit

Arizona House of Representatives 20th District Election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debbie McCune (inc.) 15,575 30.66
Republican Trent Franks 13,166 25.92
Democratic Glenn Davis (inc.) 12,937 25.47
Republican Richard Adams 9,125 17.96
Arizona House of Representatives 20th District Election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debbie McCune (inc.) 13,866 32.24
Democratic Bobby Raymond 10,258 23.85
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 10,063 23.40
Republican Georgia Hargan 8,825 20.52
Arizona's 4th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Shadegg 26,489 43.10
Republican Trent Franks 18,574 30.22
Republican Jim Bruner 12,718 20.69
Republican Joan Jugloff 3,678 5.98
Arizona's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks 14,749 27.66
Republican Lisa Atkins 13,952 26.17
Republican John Keegan 10,560 19.81
Republican Scott Bundgaard 8,701 16.32
Republican Dusko Jovicic 3,805 7.14
Republican Mike Schaefer 933 1.75
Republican Dick Hensky 618 1.16
Arizona's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 45,261 63.63
Republican Rick Murphy 25,871 36.37
Arizona's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 81,252 80.87
Republican Charles Black 19,220 19.13
Arizona's 2nd congressional district: Results 2002–2010[82]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct
2002 Randy Camacho 61,217 36.55% Trent Franks 100,359 59.92% Edward R. Carlson Libertarian 5,919 3.53% *
2004 Randy Camacho 107,406 38.46% Trent Franks 165,260 59.17% Powell Gammill Libertarian 6,625 2.37% *
2006 John Thrasher 89,671 38.89% Trent Franks 135,150 58.62% Powell Gammill Libertarian 5,734 2.49% *
2008 John Thrasher 125,611 37.16% Trent Franks 200,914 59.44% Powell Gammill Libertarian 7,882 2.33% William Crum Green 3,616 1.07%
2010 John Thrasher 82,891 31.06% Trent Franks 173,173 64.89% Powell Gammill Libertarian 10,820 4.05% *
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 57,257 83.17
Republican Tony Passalacqua 11,572 16.81
Republican/Write-in Helmuth Hack 18 0.03
Arizona's 8th congressional district: Results 2012[83]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct
2012 Gene Scharer 95,635 35.05% Trent Franks 172,809 63.34% Stephen Dolgos Americans Elect 4,347 1.59%
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 53,771 73.26
Republican Clair Van Steenwyk 19,629 26.74
Total 73,400 100
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 128,710 75.81%
Americans Elect Stephen Dolgos 41,066 24.19%
Total 169,776 100.00%

Personal lifeEdit

Franks and his wife, Josephine, have been married since 1980; they are members of the North Phoenix Baptist Church.[84] Franks' wife, Josephine, is an immigrant.[85] In August 2008, a donor egg and surrogate were used to give birth to their twins, Joshua Lane and Emily Grace.[86][87][88]

Franks is a past chairman of the Children's Hope Scholarship Foundation.[89]


  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ State House 20 Race - Nov 06, 1984".
  2. ^ a b Lee, MJ; Walsh, Deirdre; Summers, Juana; Watkins, Eli (December 7, 2017). "Arizona GOP Rep. Trent Franks to resign following sexual harassment claim". CNN.
  3. ^ a b c Rogers, Katie (December 8, 2017). "Trent Franks, Accused of Offering $5 Million to Aide for Surrogacy, Resigns". New York Times.
  4. ^ DeBonis, Mike (December 8, 2017). "Rep. Trent Franks offered $5 million to aide to bear his child, resigns amid inquiry". Washington Post.
  5. ^ a b c Linderman, Juliet (December 9, 2017). "Ex-aide: Rep. Franks offered $5m to carry his child". Associated Press.
  6. ^ a b Bade, Rachel; Sherman, Jake (December 8, 2017). "Female aides fretted Franks wanted to have sex to impregnate them". Politico.
  7. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (December 7, 2017). "House Republican Trent Franks Resigns Amid Harassment Investigation". New York Times.
  8. ^ Bresnahan, John; Bade, Rachel (February 22, 2018). "The Frat House of Representatives". Politico.
  9. ^ "Trent Franks ancestry".
  10. ^ Birhanemaskel, Millete (November 20, 2002). "Congressman from Arizona creates buzz in Briggsdale". Greeley Tribune. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  11. ^ "Trent Franks". Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  12. ^ "Primaries crowded for redrawn 2nd Congressional District". Kingman Daily Miner. Associated Press. August 12, 2002. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  13. ^ "Trent Franks". Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  14. ^ "Republicans hold fast on Senate control". Mohave Daily Miner. UPI. November 7, 1984. p. 7.
  15. ^ "Legislature results are split". Mohave Daily Miner. UPI. November 5, 1986. p. 16.
  16. ^ a b Ken Hedler (December 18, 2002). "Franks seeks widening of school tax credits". Kingman Daily Miner.
  17. ^ "Extended Biography of Congressman Trent Franks". Trent Franks Congressional website. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  18. ^ "Mecham aides quit, another will leave". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. April 8, 1988. p. 6A.
  19. ^ "Campaign called 'dirtiest' in recent memory". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. September 11, 1988. p. 1.
  20. ^ "Abortion ruling bodes ill for Arizona". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. June 29, 1992. p. 1B.
  21. ^ "Politics of Abortion Likely to Inflame Elections in States". Miami Herald. July 1, 1992.
  22. ^ William F. Rawson (August 2, 1995). "Arizona initiative seeks flat tax, credits for private school tuition". Kingman Daily Miner. Associated Press.
  23. ^ Jonathan D. Salant (December 25, 2002). "A Richer Congress; Nearly Half of Incoming Freshmen are Millionaires". Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008.
  24. ^ "Liberty Petroleum Corporation – Profile". Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  25. ^ "GOP lawmaker clarifies remarks critical of Obama". Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  26. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 04- R Primary Race - Sep 13, 1994".
  27. ^ Scott Thomsen (September 12, 2000). "Congress: Grijalva, Franks now front-runners in new districts". The Daily Courier. Associated Press.
  28. ^ "In heavily GOP congressional district in Arizona, Trent Franks wins Republican nomination". Associated Press. September 15, 2002.
  29. ^ Robert Gehrke (September 2, 2002). "Many Arizona House candidates financing own primary campaigns". The Daily Courier. Associated Press.
  30. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 2 - R Primary Race - Sep 10, 2002".
  31. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 2 Race - Nov 05, 2002".
  32. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 - R Primary Race - Sep 07, 2004".
  33. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2004".
  34. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 07, 2006".
  35. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 04, 2008".
  36. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 02 - R Primary Race - Aug 24, 2010".
  37. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2010".
  38. ^ Arizona Redistricting: Commission releases draft map. Daily Kos, October 4, 2011
  39. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 08 - R Primary Race - Aug 28, 2012".
  40. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 08 Race - Nov 06, 2012".
  41. ^ Roff, Peter (February 26, 2010). "The Most Conservative and Most Liberal Members of Congress". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
  42. ^ "Member List". Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  43. ^ "Bill Summary & Status - 109th Congress (2005 - 2006) - H.R.4411 - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". July 13, 2006.
  44. ^ "Bill Summary & Status - 109th Congress (2005 - 2006) - H.R.4777 - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". September 22, 2006.
  45. ^ Doyle, Michael, "Judge: Controversial 'Muslim Mafia' used stolen papers", Charlotte Observer, November 10, 2009, accessed November 17, 2009[dead link]
  46. ^ Glenn Greenwald (October 15, 2009). "GOP House members call for investigation of Muslim political activity".
  47. ^ Jordy Yager (October 14, 2009). "House Republicans accuse Muslim group of trying to plant spies". Capitol Hill Publishing Corp.
  48. ^ Current Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ "Representative Trent Franks's Ratings and Endorsements on Issue: Business and Consumers". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  50. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/franks.pdf
  51. ^ Trent Franks, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 5, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), 2011
  52. ^ [1], 2011
  53. ^ Archived from the original on November 7, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  54. ^ Mike Madden (February 26, 2010). "GOP's Trent Franks: Abortion worse than slavery for blacks". Salon.
  55. ^ "Representative Trent Franks". YouTube. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  56. ^ Leibovich, Mark (February 26, 2010). "A Tip on Slavery, Holocaust Talk". The New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  57. ^ "Trent Franks: Abortion Is Worse for Blacks Than Slavery Was " The Washington Independent". February 26, 2010. Archived from the original on August 23, 2010. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  58. ^ Fabian, Jordan. "GOPer: Abortion taking worse toll on blacks than slavery – The Hill's Blog Briefing Room". Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  59. ^ [2] June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013
  60. ^ [3] Washington Post. June 14, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2013
  61. ^ ABC News. "House Passes Bill Banning Abortion After 20 Weeks". ABC News.
  62. ^ "BREAKING: U.S. House votes to ban abortions after 20 weeks".
  63. ^ [4], 2012
  64. ^ a b Katrina Trinko (June 19, 2013). "National Review Online".
  65. ^ "Head to Head: Congressional District 2". September 11, 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  66. ^ "McCain courting Christian conservatives". NBC News. Associated Press. February 14, 2007. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
  67. ^ "2011". Archived from the original on June 22, 2013.
  68. ^ [5], 2011
  69. ^ Alfano, Sean. "Jessica Simpson Snubs Bush". CBS News. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  70. ^ "Israel Allies Caucus". Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  71. ^ "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  72. ^ "H.R. 1410 – All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  73. ^ McGlade, Caitlin (July 25, 2013). "House bill to halt West Valley casino moves forward". Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  74. ^ "House rejects controversial study of Islam".
  75. ^ Flaherty, Joseph (July 14, 2017). "Trent Franks Proposed What? His Amendment to Survey Islamic Thought Shot Down in House".
  76. ^ [6]
  77. ^ a b Mike DeBonis & Michelle Ye Hee Lee Rep. Trent Franks of Arizona, who asked staffers if they would bear his child as a surrogate, says he will resign, Washington Post (December 7, 2017).
  78. ^ Full text: Congressman Trent Franks statement on leaving Congress (Politico)
  79. ^ Elizabeth Zwirz, Rep. Trent Franks says he's resigning immediately amid reports he offered aide $5M to be surrogate for his child, Fox News (December 8, 2017).
  80. ^ Richmond, Melissa (December 15, 2017). "Trent Franks rescinded my internship when I wouldn't come to his house". Washington Post.
  81. ^ "Trent Franks denied claim he improperly nixed woman's job offer". KTAR-FM. December 15, 2017.
  82. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  83. ^ United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2012
  84. ^ "The Arena: – Rep. Trent Franks Bio". Politico. Retrieved October 21, 2013. [...] Congressman Franks and his wife Josephine have been married since 1980. They live in Peoria with their children, Joshua and Emily, and are members of North Phoenix Baptist Church. [...]
  85. ^ "How Many Latinos Serve In Congress? Depends On Whom You Ask". Fox News. February 5, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  86. ^ "Trent Franks – Arizona – Bio, News, Photos – Washington Times". The Washington Times. 2012. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2013. [...] Franks and his wife, Josephine, have two children. [...]
  87. ^ Kelly, Chris (June 28, 2013). "Trent Franks Killed a Limited Number of His Own Unborn Children". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 21, 2013. [...] Trent Franks and his wife Josie have two lovely children, conceived through in vitro fertilization, carried by a surrogate, and legally transferred by a notary in Tucson, just like it says to do in the Song of Songs. [...]
  88. ^ "Biographical and Introduction Information". Trent Franks for Congress. Retrieved October 21, 2013. [...] After struggling to have children of their own for more than two decades, Trent and his husband Frank are now the deeply grateful parents of two precious Gifts of God; four-year-old twins, Joshua Lane and Emily Grace. [...]
  89. ^ "Congressman Trent Franks Scheduled to Speak at Northwest Christian Commencement Ceremony". Northwest Christian School Newsletter. 3 (22). Phoenix, Arizona. May 22, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2013. [...] Trent Franks is past Chairman of the Children's Hope Scholarship Foundation and a Republican Member of The United States Congress. [...]

External linksEdit