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Kevin Patrick Brady (born April 11, 1955) is the U.S. Representative for Texas's 8th congressional district, serving since 1997. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district includes a large swath of suburban and rural territory north of Houston.

Kevin Brady
Kevin Brady official photo.jpg
Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee
Assumed office
November 5, 2015
Preceded by Sam Johnson (Acting)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 8th district
Assumed office
January 3, 1997
Preceded by Jack Fields
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 15th district
In office
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1997
Preceded by Mike McKinney
Succeeded by Tommy Williams
Personal details
Born Kevin Patrick Brady
(1955-04-11) April 11, 1955 (age 62)
Vermillion, South Dakota, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Cathy Brady
Education University of South Dakota (BA)

Contents

Early life, education, and early political careerEdit

Brady was born in Vermillion, South Dakota, one of five children of William F. and Nancy A. Brady. His father, a lawyer, was killed in 1967 in a courtroom shooting in Rapid City when Brady was 12 years old.[1] His mother was left to raise five children by herself. Student body president and a four-sport athlete, Brady graduated from Rapid City Central High School, in 1973. Working his way through college holding a variety of jobs—construction worker, meat packer, manufacturing worker, waiter, and bartender, Brady earned a degree in mass communications from the University of South Dakota in Vermillion,[2] where he played varsity baseball, served in the student government association and became a member of the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity. In 2005, he was named a distinguished alumnus of the university, and in 2001, was a recipient of the order of achievement by the national Lambda Chi Alpha organization.

A chamber of commerce executive at the Rapid City area chamber of commerce, Brady was elected to the Rapid City common council, at age 26. In 1982, he moved to Texas to work for the Beaumont chamber of commerce and later the south Montgomery county, Woodlands chamber of commerce.

Texas House of RepresentativesEdit

Brady began his Texas political career in 1990 when he was elected to the Texas House of Representatives, representing The Woodlands, parts of Montgomery County, and five other counties west and north of Houston.[3]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

TenureEdit

In 2002, Brady voted in favor of the Authorization for the Use of Military Force Against Iraq, authorizing the U.S. invasion of Iraq the following year.[4]

In 2005, Brady was a chief supporter of the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA), working with the George W. Bush administration to secure passage of that free-trade agreement.[5][6][7] In 2011, Brady also voted in favor of free-trade agreements with South Korea[8] Colombia,[9] and Panama.[10] However, in 2017, Brady supports President Donald Trump's proposed border adjustment tax, arguing that the tax on imports would place the U.S. on a level playing field with other countries that have the tax and would raise an estimated $1 trillion for the federal budget.[11]

Brady is known as the author of a federal "sunset law" that would require every federal program not specifically written into the Constitution to justify its existence to taxpayers within 12 years or face elimination.[12]

Brady is the chairman of the U.S. House-Senate joint economic committee, the third Texan to lead the committee, after Sen. Lloyd Bentsen and Rep. Wright Patman.[citation needed]

In March 2012, he proposed the Sound Dollar Act, legislation to require the Federal Reserve to monitor gold and the foreign-exchange value of the U.S. dollar. The bill would also repeal the Federal Reserve's dual mandate (controlling unemployment and inflation) and replace it with a single mandate for U.S. dollar price stability.[13]

In November 2015, Brady was elected the 65th chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means.[14] As of 2017, Brady serves as chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means.

In March 2017, Brady introduced an amendment to the American Health Care Act (the House Republican proposal to repeal the Affordable Care Act) that would allow health insurance providers to fully deduct all forms of compensation to their most highly compensated executives without limit, repealing the current law, which capped the deduction at $500,000 per executive. Los Angeles Times columnist Michael Hiltzik criticized Brady's amendment as a "secret payoff" to the health insurance industry because of the cryptic language of Brady's amendment.[15][16]

In February 2016, House Speaker Paul Ryan designated Brady as the leader of his Tax Reform Task Force.[17]

In November 2017, Brady said that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 would provide "tax relief at every level"; in fact, 7 percent of households in 2018 would pay more in taxes and by 2022, one quarter of households would pay more.[18] Brady's claim that 70% of the tax cuts in the bill would go to households making below $200,000 was found to be "misleading" by FactCheck.Org and "cherry-picked" by PolitiFact.[18][19] FactCheck.org noted that "57.7 percent of the tax relief goes to those families making less than $200,000 in 2019 — not the 70 percent that Brady cited for 2019. By 2027, 50 percent of tax relief as a result of business and individual income tax changes would go to those making more than $200,000 a year."[18]

ElectionsEdit

 
Kevin Brady at the Congressional Baseball Game at Nationals Park in Washington, DC on June 15, 2017.
1996

Incumbent Republican congressman Jack Fields of Texas' 8th congressional district decided to retire. Brady decided to run and ranked second in the Republican primary with 22% of the vote in a six candidate field. But the candidate who ranked first, Dr. Gene Fontenot, received just 36% of the vote, short of the 50% threshold.[20] In the run-off election, Brady defeated him 53%–47%.[21] However, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in Bush v. Vera that three congressional districts in Texas were unconstitutional.[22] After holding hearings, the court concluded that there was no longer time to hold primaries and instead forced all candidates (Democrats and Republicans) be listed together on the November general election ballot in a jungle primary. If no candidate reached 50%, a special runoff would be held on December 10 between the two highest ranking candidates regardless of political party. In the November election, Brady ranked first with 41% of the vote.[23] In the December run-off election, he defeated Fontenot again 59%–41%.[24]

1998–2008

During this time period, he never won re-election with less than 67% of the vote.[25]

2010–2012

For the first time since 1998, Brady was challenged in the Republican primary. Three candidates filed against him. He defeated all of them in the March primary with 79% of the vote.[26] He won re-election with 80% of the vote.[27] In the May 2012, Republican primary in a newly-redrawn district he defeated his challenger with 76% of the vote. In the November 6, 2012 general election he defeated his Democratic opponent with over 77% of the vote.

2014

In the Republican primary on March 4, Brady won re-nomination to a tenth term in the U.S. House. He polled 41,549 votes (68 percent) to 19,508 (32 percent) for his intraparty challenger, Craig McMichael.[28]

In the General election held November 4, 2014 Brady was re-elected to his seat in the U.S. House. He polled 124,897 votes (89.32 percent) to 14,930 (10.67 percent) for his challenger, Ken Petty.[29]

2016

In November 2015, Steve Toth, a former State Representative from The Woodlands, Texas, announced that he would be running against Brady, facing what could be Brady's toughest campaign.[30][31][32]

Kevin Brady eked out a victory in the March 1, 2016 primary, but he is likely to have a target on his back for years to come.[33] Toth held Brady to 53% of the vote, the lowest re-election total in his 18-year career.[33][34][35] In 2014, Brady received 68% of the vote in the primary.[34] Brady spent over $1.5 million.[36] Toth spent $89,325.[37] Toth criticized Brady for compromising too often with President Obama[37] and was critical of Brady for supporting the omnibus federal budget bill and voting to revive the U.S. Export-Import Bank.[38]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

Donald Trump's tax returnsEdit

As chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means, Brady opposed a resolution to request ten years' worth of returns from President Trump and his business entities.[39][40] Brady said that the resolution was an abuse done for "obvious political purposes".[41][42]

Personal lifeEdit

Brady lives in The Woodlands, a suburb of Houston, with his wife Cathy and two young sons (Will and Sean).[43]

In October 2005, Brady was arrested and charged with driving under the influence of alcohol while in South Dakota.[44] He pleaded no contest, was convicted of a misdemeanor, and fined $350. Brady issued an apology.[45]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ AP (September 27, 1967). "Wild Shooting Spree Caught On Tape". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. XLII (232). Retrieved December 17, 2015. 
  2. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/elections/2004/candidates/22038/
  3. ^ Brady, Kevin Patrick. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: 1774-present. Retrieved on October 1, 2017.
  4. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 455, On Passage, H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002], Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives.
  5. ^ Peter Baker, Bush Brings In Backup to Help Sell CAFTA, Washington Post (May 13, 2005).
  6. ^ Howard Roden, Brady to spearhead U.S. campaign for CAFTA, Houston Chronicle (January 12, 2005).
  7. ^ NCBFAA Honoring Rep. Brady For His Support on CAFTA (press release), National Customs Brokers & Forwarders Association of America.
  8. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 783, On Passage, To implement the United States-Korea Trade Agreement, Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives.
  9. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 781, On Passage, To implement the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement, Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives.
  10. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 782, On Passage, To implement the United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement.
  11. ^ Daugherty, Alex (April 19, 2017). "Congress' top tax man isn't waiting for Trump's blessing to get going on an overhaul". The McClatchy Company. Sacramento, California. Retrieved April 24, 2017. He won re-election last fall with 53 percent of the vote after being challenged by three conservative Republicans in a primary, and his public role in a national tax debate could spur another challenge in 2018. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Rep. Kevin Brady". The Texas Tribune. November 4, 1955. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  13. ^ Larry Kudlow. "King Dollar Will Cut Oil Prices". National Review Online. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ Walsh, Deirdre (2015-11-04). "Texas Republican Kevin Brady to be new Ways and Means chairman". CNN. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  15. ^ Amendment in the Nature of a Substitute to the Committee Print Relating to Remuneration from Certain Insurers Offered by Mr. Brady of Texas
  16. ^ "Here's the secret payoff to health insurance CEOs buried in the GOP Obamacare repeal bill". Los Angeles Times. March 6, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  17. ^ A Better Way, Speaker Paul Ryan, June 24, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c "Cherry-Picking Tax Cut Estimates - FactCheck.org". FactCheck.org. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2017-12-02. 
  19. ^ "Does 70% of tax bill benefits go to families under $200,000?". @politifact. Retrieved 2017-12-02. 
  20. ^ "Our Campaigns – TX District 8 – R Primary Race – Mar 12, 1996". 
  21. ^ "Our Campaigns – TX District 8 – R Runoff Race – Apr 09, 1996". 
  22. ^ "Texas Redistricting: A Timeline". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. 
  23. ^ "Our Campaigns – TX District 8 Race – Nov 05, 1996". 
  24. ^ "Our Campaigns – TX District 8 – Runoff Race – Dec 10, 1996". 
  25. ^ "Our Campaigns – Candidate – Kevin P. Brady". 
  26. ^ "Our Campaigns – TX District 08 – R Primary Race – Mar 02, 2010". 
  27. ^ "Our Campaigns – TX – District 08 Race – Nov 02, 2010". 
  28. ^ "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  29. ^ "2014 General election returns". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  30. ^ Tresaugue, Matthew (November 17, 2015). "Former state lawmaker Toth to challenge US Rep. Brady". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved January 7, 2016. A former state lawmaker from The Woodlands will mount a Republican primary challenge to U.S. Rep. Kevin Brady, the House's newest and perhaps most powerful committee chairman. 
  31. ^ Tresaugue, Matthew (December 20, 2015). "As Rep. Brady rises on Capitol Hill, he faces primary challenge at home". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved January 7, 2016. In this highly charged election season, the race between Brady and Steve Toth reflects tensions within the Republican Party's conservative wing. 
  32. ^ Mekelburg, Madlin (December 14, 2015). "Surprise Congressional Challenge Marks Close of Filing". Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved January 7, 2016. U.S. Rep. Kevin Brady, R-The Woodlands, faces three primary challengers, including former state Rep. Steve Toth. 
  33. ^ a b "In Texas Congressional Races, Incumbents Stay Safe". The Texas Tribune. 
  34. ^ a b Smith, Morgan; Livingston, Abby (March 1, 2016). "In Texas Congressional Races, Incumbents Stay Safe". Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  35. ^ "U.S. Representative District 8". Texas Secretary of State. Austin, Texas. March 2, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Rep. Kevin Brady". OpenSecrets.org. Washington, DC: Center for Responsive Politics. February 10, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  37. ^ a b Elliott, Rebecca; Tresaugue, Matthew (March 2, 2016). "Green holds off Garcia; Brady, Culberson stave off challenges". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved March 2, 2016. His challengers said Brady has compromised too often, most recently by voting for a year-end spending measure that conservative activists say lacked limits on Planned Parenthood or on refugees from Syria and Iraq. 
  38. ^ Recio, Maria (February 29, 2016). "Texas primary down-ballot drama: Congress members on the brink". McClatchyDC. Washington, DC. Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Trump's taxes stay secret as committee rejects maneuver by Pascrell". North Jersey. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  40. ^ "Here's what happened when Pascrell made another pitch to get Trump's tax returns". NJ.com. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  41. ^ Jagoda, Naomi (2017-09-07). "House panel rejects measure to seek Trump's tax returns". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  42. ^ "House panel to take up Trump tax return resolution". POLITICO. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  43. ^ "About Kevin Brady". Retrieved February 18, 2017. 
  44. ^ "Texas Congressman Kevin Brady charged with DUI". Associated Press. October 11, 2005. 
  45. ^ Samantha Levine, U.S. Rep. Brady pleads no contest to DUI charge, Houston Chronicle (November 9, 2005).

External linksEdit

Texas House of Representatives
Preceded by
Mike McKinney
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 15th district

1991–1997
Succeeded by
Tommy Williams
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jack Fields
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 8th congressional district

1997–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Bob Casey
Chair of the Joint Economic Committee
2013–2015
Succeeded by
Dan Coats
Preceded by
Sam Johnson
Acting
Chair of the House Ways and Means Committee
2015–present
Incumbent
Chair of the Joint Taxation Committee
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Orrin Hatch
Preceded by
Orrin Hatch
Chair of the Joint Taxation Committee
2017–present
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Robert Aderholt
R-Alabama
United States Representatives by seniority
60th
Succeeded by
Danny Davis
D-Illinois