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Collin Clark Peterson (born June 29, 1944) is an American politician, a member of the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party, the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 7th congressional district, and the most senior representative from Minnesota, serving since 1991. He is the chair of the House Committee on Agriculture as of the start of the 116th Congress and is the dean of the Minnesota congressional delegation. A conservative Democrat, his district, Minnesota's largest and most rural district, includes most of the western area of the state, including Moorhead, Fergus Falls, Bemidji, Detroit Lakes, Thief River Falls, Willmar, Marshall, and Alexandria.

Collin Peterson
Collin Peterson official photo.jpg
Chair of the House Agriculture Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byMike Conaway
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byBob Goodlatte
Succeeded byFrank Lucas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 7th district
Assumed office
January 3, 1991
Preceded byArlan Stangeland
Member of the Minnesota Senate
from the 10th district
In office
January 4, 1977 – January 5, 1987
Preceded byRoger L. Hanson
Succeeded byCal Larson
Personal details
Born
Collin Clark Peterson

(1944-06-29) June 29, 1944 (age 74)
Fargo, North Dakota, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationMinnesota State University Moorhead (BA)
WebsiteHouse website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1963–1969
UnitArmy National Guard

Contents

Early life, education, and early political careerEdit

Collin Peterson was born in Fargo, North Dakota, grew up on a farm in Baker, Minnesota, and received his B.A. at Minnesota State University Moorhead.

Peterson was a member of the Minnesota Senate for the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (the Minnesota branch of the Democratic Party) from 1977 to 1986, representing a district in northwestern Minnesota. In 1976, he defeated Republican nominee Frank DeGroat 55%-45%.[1] In 1982, he won re-election against State Representative Cal Larson by just 200 votes, or 0.8% difference.[2]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

ElectionsEdit

1980s

In 1984, he ran for Minnesota's 7th congressional district in Northwestern Minnesota, held by Republican Arlan Stangeland. Peterson lost 57%–43%.[3] In 1986, he ran in a rematch and narrowly lost by just 121 votes.[4] In 1988, he ran again but lost in the DFL primary to State Senator Marv Hanson 55%–45%.[5] Hanson went on to lose to Stangeland 55%–45%.

1990s

In 1990, he ran for a fourth time and won the primary. In the general election, he finally defeated seven-term incumbent Stangeland by 54%–46%.[6] Stangeland's stock had dropped sharply after he admitted making a number of personal calls on his House credit card.[7][8]

In 1992, he narrowly won re-election by a 50%–49% margin against former State Representative Bernie Omann.[9] In a 1994 rematch, Peterson won again by a 51%–49% margin, despite the Republican Revolution.[10] In 1996, he won re-election with 68% of the vote, and won every county in the district.[11] In 1998, he won re-election with 72% of the vote.[12]

2000s

In the 2000s, Peterson never faced a serious re-election challenge and only once did he win re-election with less than two-thirds of the vote. In 2000, he was mentioned as a possible candidate for the U.S. Senate against Republican Rod Grams, but he chose to run for re-election, winning with 69% of the vote.[13] In 2002, he won with 65% of the vote. In 2004, he won with 66% of the vote. In 2006, he won with 70% of the vote. In 2008, he won with 72% of the vote.

2010s

In 2010, Peterson survived another Republican wave election. This time, he defeated Lee Byberg 55%–38%, his worst election performance since 1994.[14] In 2012, Peterson won re-election with 60.38% to Republican Lee Byberg's 34.85% and Independent Adam Steele's 4.67%.

In 2013, Republicans began pressuring Peterson, in hopes of convincing him to retire. His seat is one of only a handful that is represented by a Democrat but was carried by Mitt Romney in the 2012 election and is seen as a top pick-up opportunity should Peterson retire. Their tactics included airing television advertisements, hiring a press staffer to give opposition research to reporters, hiring a tracker to follow him around his district and record him, and sending mobile billboards with critical statements on them to drive around his hometown. Peterson responded by saying "They don't have anybody else to go after. It's kind of ridiculous, but whatever."[15][16] After Republicans spread rumors that Peterson was planning to buy a house in Florida and retire there, he said: "I went from neutral on running again to 90 percent just because of this stupid stuff they're doing. You can't let these people be in charge of anything, in my opinion."[17] On March 17, 2014, Peterson officially announced that he was running for re-election, saying, "I still have a lot of work to do".[18] Despite being heavily targeted by national Republican groups, Peterson defeated Republican State Senator Torrey Westrom in the general election by 54% to 46%.

In January 2015, Peterson stated that he is "running at this point" for re-election in 2016, saying that the efforts by Republicans to unseat him had "energized me" and "got me fired up".[19] In October 2014, he said that he may keep running until 2020 because the Republicans "made me mad" with their efforts to defeat him or persuade him to retire.[20]

Committee assignmentsEdit

116th Congress
Past membership

Caucus membershipEdit

Political PositionsEdit

Peterson was one of the original founders of the Blue Dog Coalition,[30] the caucus of House Democrats who identify as moderates and conservatives.[31] He is one of the most conservative Democrats in Congress and frequently crosses the party line.[32][33][34][35][36][37] In 2008, a report by Congressional Quarterly found he had the lowest party loyalty score over the previous five years of any member of the Minnesota congressional delegation.[38] In the 109th Congress, he was rated 50% conservative by a conservative group[39] and 57% progressive by a liberal group.[40]

During the first session of the 115th United States Congress, Peterson was ranked the most bipartisan member of the House of Representatives by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by the Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to assess congressional bipartisanship.[41][42]

Social IssuesEdit

Peterson is generally conservative on social issues; he strongly opposes abortion and has been one of the few Democrats to vote against embryonic stem cell research.[13][43] He has voted to ban physician assisted suicide and also to approve the proposed Flag Desecration Amendment to the United States Constitution.[44] He also voted for the Defense of Marriage Act and supports the death penalty.[13][35]

In January 2019, in reference to President Trump's proposed wall across the southern border, Peterson said, "I’d give him the whole thing … and put strings on it so you make sure he puts the wall where it needs to be. Why are we fighting over this? We’re going to build that wall anyway, at some time." Peterson furthered that there could be stipulations requiring some funding go toward Border Patrol and security measures at ports of entry being improved.[45]

On April 4, 2019, Peterson was the only Democrat to vote against the reauthorizing of the Violence Against Women Act, citing his disappointment with the law being "made partisan with the inclusion of language that would strip individuals’ right to due process with respect to their 2nd Amendment rights."[46]

Hunting and conservationismEdit

His district contains some of the most conservative counties in the state and also the state's most rural district; many DFLers outside the Twin Cities are hunters and trappers who oppose gun control.[34][38] Peterson is a conservationist, but opposes "excessive environmental regulation" because he argues they harm farmers.[34] He is an avid hunter and supports animal trapping, but in 2000 he joined with The Humane Society of the United States to pass legislation that stopped the interstate shipping of birds for cockfighting.[13][47] He has supported legislation that would end protection for wolves in the Endangered Species Act.[48]

In 2004, he joined with Minnesota Attorney General Mike Hatch in suing the state of North Dakota over what they argued were discriminatory laws that forbade non-North Dakota residents from hunting during the first week of the waterfowl hunting season.[49] Their case was rejected by the United States District Court for the District of North Dakota, a decision which was upheld by the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.[50]

GunsEdit

He has an "A" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) and is a "staunch" supporter of gun rights[51] The NRA endorsed him in 2010. [52]

Economic issuesEdit

Although he's been called a strong fiscal conservative,[38] he is somewhat closer to the liberal wing of his party on economic issues: he has voted against most free trade agreements, the North American Free Trade Agreement,[34] the Freedom to Farm Act, and the Telecommunications Act of 1996. He also voted against both versions of the Patriot Act and he has been sharply critical of the No Child Left Behind Act, which he contends is unfair to rural students.[33][34][53] He supports the FairTax, a national sales tax, estate-tax repeal, tort reform, and the Bush tax cuts. He voted against the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act.[33]

Peterson joined the House Republicans in voting against the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993.[33]

Along with John Conyers, in April 2006 Peterson brought an action against George W. Bush and others alleging violations of the Constitution in the passing of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005.[54] The case (Conyers v. Bush) was ultimately dismissed.[55]

On January 28, 2009, Peterson was amongst the seven Democrats who voted in the House together with the unanimous Republican opposition against President Obama's stimulus package (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009).[56][57]

International tradeEdit

In 1998, as part of an effort to change what were considered unequal fishing regulations between the U.S. and Canada, Peterson gained attention by proposing a constitutional amendment that would allow the residents of Minnesota's Northwest Angle to vote on whether they wanted to secede from the United States and join the Canadian province of Manitoba.[58] Peterson said that the amendment, which was part of a mock secession movement, was successful in bringing the issue to the attention of the White House: "In just the day after I introduced (the amendment), people from the vice president's office have been asking questions, people in the White House (too). I've got meetings scheduled with the U.S. trade representative... we've educated people on both sides of the border, and I think we've brought it closer to the point where we'll get this thing resolved."[59]

HealthcareEdit

In 2003, he was one of just 16 Democrats to vote for President Bush's Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act.[33]

On March 21, 2010, Peterson voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as Obamacare).[60][61] In January 2016, he voted to repeal the Affordable Care Act (he was the sole Democrat in the House to vote for the repeal).[62] In 2017, he voted against Republican efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act.[63]

AgricultureEdit

From 2003 through 2005, $14.7 billion in crop subsidies went to the congressional districts of members on the House Committee on Agriculture, an analysis by the non-partisan Environmental Working Group found. That was 42.4% of the total subsidies. Peterson is reported to have brought $874 million to his District.[64] In Peterson's district, which includes sugar beets, wheat and poultry, 58% of the $2.8 billion paid out in crop subsidies from 1995 to 2005 went to 10% of recipients, according to the Environmental Working Group, which tracks farm spending. The chairman says he has no problem with that. "Ten percent of the farmers produce 90% of the food," he says.

In January 2005, he was selected by the House Democratic Caucus to succeed former Texas Congressman Charlie Stenholm as the Ranking Member on the Committee on Agriculture. He became the committee's chairman after the Democrats won control of the House two years later.

Peterson was a cosponsor of the Agricultural Job Opportunities, Benefits, and Security Act of 2005[65][66] which would provide job protection for three million illegal immigrant agricultural workers and their families, and extend the visas of legal immigrant agricultural workers.

In addition to this, Peterson is the current chair of the House committee on Agriculture as of 2019.

MilitaryEdit

Peterson was one of the few Democrats to vote in favor of the Military Commissions Act of 2006.[67]

Price gougingEdit

In May 2007, Peterson was the lone Democrat to vote against the Federal Price Gouging Prevention Act.[68]

Freedom of speech and Hate speechEdit

In April 2009, Peterson voted against the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act.[69]

Environmental issuesEdit

On May 6, 2009, Peterson voiced his opposition to climate change legislation proposed by the Obama Administration saying, "I will not support any kind of climate change bill – even if you fix this – because I don't trust anybody anymore. I've had it." Peterson predicted that an Environmental Protection Agency proposal to assess indirect effects of ethanol production on greenhouse gas emissions, combined with the climate change legislation, could "kill off corn ethanol."[70]

Town meetingsEdit

On July 27, 2009, a controversy erupted after Peterson was quoted in a Politico.com article saying, "25 percent of my people believe the Pentagon and Rumsfeld were responsible for taking the twin towers down. That's why I don't do town meetings." The state Republican Party denounced the remark as "outrageous and offensive". Peterson apologized for the comment, which he described as "off-hand".[71]

AbortionEdit

Peterson is a pro-life Democrat. In 2010, he was endorsed by the National Right to Life Committee[72].

In 2011, he co-sponsored HR 3, the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act.[73] The bill contained an exception for "forcible rape," which opponents criticized as potentially excluding drug-facilitated rape, date rape, and other forms of rape.[74] The bill also allowed an exception for minors who are victims of incest.[73]

Yemeni civil warEdit

Peterson was one of five house Democrats who voted for the US to continue selling arms to Saudi Arabia and to support the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[75][76] Asked why he voted against the resolution and what he knew about the Yemeni civil war, Peterson said, "I don’t know a damn thing about it".[76] Peterson also said that the resolution on US involvement in the Yemeni civil war would have jeopardized a farm bill that was under consideration at the same time; according to New York magazine's Eric Levitz, "by all accounts, voting against the Yemen resolution would not have doomed the farm bill."[76]

Electoral historyEdit

2018
2018 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin C. Peterson 146,672 52.1 -0.4
Republican Dave Hughes 134,668 47.9 +0.4
N/A others 168 >0.1 -
2016
2016 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin C. Peterson 173,589 52.5 -1.7
Republican Dave Hughes 156,952 47.4 +1.7
N/A others 307 0.1 -
2014
2014 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 130,546 54.21% -6.2%
Republican Torrey Westrom 109,955 45.66% +10.9%
2012
2012 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 197,791 60.38% +5.2%
Republican Lee Byberg 114,151 34.85% -2.8%
Independence Adam Steele 15,298 4.67% -
2010
2010 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 133,086 55.2 -17
Republican Lee Byberg 90,682 37.6 -
Independent Gene Waldorf 9,310 3.9 -
Independence Glen Menze 7,904 3.3 -24.4
2008
2008 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 227,180 72.2 +2.2
Republican Glen Menze 87,057 27.7 -
2006
2006 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 179,163 69.7 +4
Republican Michael Barrett 74,680 29.0 -
Constitution Ken Lucier 3,303 1.3 -
2004
2004 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 207,254 66.1 +1
Republican David Sturrock 106,235 33.8 -
2002
2002 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 170,191 65.3 -
Republican Dan Stevens 90,320 34.7 -
1990
1990 Seventh Congressional District of Minnesota Elections[78]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Collin Peterson 107,126 53.51 -
Republican Arlan Stangeland 92,876 46.40 -

Personal lifeEdit

Peterson lives in Detroit Lakes, just east of Moorhead. He is divorced and previously dated former Congresswoman Katherine Harris, the former Republican Secretary of State of Florida.[34] He is a licensed private pilot and frequently travels by private plane across his district.[13][34]

In December 2005, Peterson joined four Republicans to form the Second Amendments, a rock and country band.[79]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MN State Senate 10 Race - Nov 02, 1976". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  2. ^ "MN State Senate 10 Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  3. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 06, 1984". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  4. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 04, 1986". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  5. ^ "MN District 7 - DFL Primary Race - Sep 13, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  6. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 06, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  7. ^ Apple, R.W., Jr. "In Minnesota politics, a test of character." New York Times: 30 October 1990.
  8. ^ Rasky, Susan F. "The 1990 elections: Four issues and how they played at the polls before uncertain voters." New York Times: 8 November 1990.
  9. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 03, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  10. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 08, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  11. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  12. ^ "MN District 7 Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Collin Peterson". Minnesota Public Radio. 2004. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  14. ^ "MN - District 07 Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  15. ^ "GOP pokes at Peterson on healthcare and the IRS". MPR News. May 28, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  16. ^ "Parties Push For House Retirements". National Journal. May 23, 2013. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  17. ^ "Peterson says GOP efforts to push him out having the opposite effect". MPR News. June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Democratic U.S. Rep. Collin Peterson will run again". Star Tribune. March 17, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  19. ^ "Rep. Collin Peterson: I am planning on running again next year". startribune.com. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  20. ^ Allison Sherry (October 27, 2014). "@collinpeterson said he may run til 2020 cuz the Republicans 'made me mad'". Twitter. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  21. ^ Other sessions include the "107th Congress (2001-2002) H.RES.25.EH"
  22. ^ Peterson has also been the Chairman at least three times:
    • H.Res. 7: 112th Congress (2011-2012) H.RES.7.EH,
    • H.Res. 8: 111th Congress (2009-2010) H.RES.8.EH and
    • H.Res. 7: 110th Congress (2007-2008) H.RES.7.EH
    • but not in the 109th Congress.
  23. ^ H.Res. 43: 102nd Congress (1991-1992) H.RES.43.ATH
  24. ^ H.Res. 34: 103rd Congress (1993-1994) H.RES.34.EH
  25. ^ H.Res. 31: 104th Congress (1995-1996) H.RES.31.EH
  26. ^ H.Res. 13: 105th Congress (1997-1998) H.RES.13.EH
  27. ^ H.Res. 7: 106th Congress (1999-2000) H.RES.7.ATH
  28. ^ 107th Congress (2001-2002) H.RES.25.EH
  29. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  30. ^ "Members". Blue Dog Coalition. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  31. ^ Certain, Geni (2012). Professor-Politician, The Biography of Alabama Congressman Glen Browder. NewSouth Books. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-58838-254-2.
  32. ^ Tim Nelson (July 29, 2009). "GOP targets U.S. Rep. Collin Peterson". MPR News. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  33. ^ a b c d e "The Defectors". Prospect.org. October 5, 2005. Archived from the original on April 16, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g "7th District so big, candidates use planes like cars". Minnesota Public Radio. October 14, 2002. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  35. ^ a b "After marriage ruling, many Minnesota politicians eager to move on". Minnesota Public Radio. June 27, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  36. ^ Colin Diersing (August 19, 2014). "Peterson's Greatest Challenge Yet, but GOP Still Looks to 2016". Roll Call. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  37. ^ "Republicans make U.S. Rep. Collin Peterson an early target". Star Tribune. June 27, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  38. ^ a b c Eric Ostermeier (October 26, 2008). "Election Profile: Minnesota's 7th Congressional District (2008)". Humphrey School of Public Affairs. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  39. ^ "Congressional Voting Scorecard 2005" (PDF). SBE Council’s Congressional Voting Scorecard 2005. Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council. June 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2006. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  40. ^ "Leading with the Left". Progressive Punch. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  41. ^ "The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: The Lugar Center. April 24, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  42. ^ "Collin Peterson No. 1 on bipartisanship". Detroit Lakes, Minnesota: Detroit Lakes Online. May 3, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  43. ^ "Stem-cell debate to spill over into '06". The Hill. May 26, 2005. Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  44. ^ "Dayton stands firm on flag issue". St. Paul Pioneer Press. July 5, 2005. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  45. ^ "Dem lawmaker calls on Democrats to 'give Trump the money' for border wall". The Hill. January 22, 2019.
  46. ^ "House votes to reauthorize Violence Against Women Act, closing 'boyfriend loophole'". The Hill. April 4, 2019.
  47. ^ "Strange Allies Battle Against Cockfighting". Los Angeles Times. April 1, 2000. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  48. ^ "GOP targets landmark Endangered Species Act for big changes". The Big Story. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  49. ^ Laura McCallum (March 9, 2004). "Minnesota suing North Dakota over hunting laws". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  50. ^ "Minnesota Hatch v. Hoeven". FindLaw. August 3, 2006. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  51. ^ "U.S. Rep. Collin Peterson opposes new ban on assault weapons". St. Paul Pioneer Press. December 20, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  52. ^ Birkey, Andy (October 4, 2010). "National Rifle Association endorses Walz". The Minnesota Independent. Archived from the original on December 18, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  53. ^ "Two candidates seek to represent US District 7". Herald-Journal. 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  54. ^ "11 House Members to Sue Over Budget Bill". ABC News. Associated Press. April 27, 2006. Archived from the original on February 5, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  55. ^ "Judge Dismisses Budget Bill Lawsuit". ABC News. Associated Press. November 6, 2006. Archived from the original on February 3, 2009. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
  56. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (January 28, 2009). "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 46 on "Making supplemental appropriations for fiscal year ending 2009"". House of Representatives Roll Call. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
  57. ^ Kevin Díaz (January 30, 2009). "Rep. Peterson: Stimulus is flawed". Star Tribune. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
  58. ^ Stoddard, Grant (January – February 2011). "The Lost Canadians". The Walrus. pp. 24–31.
  59. ^ David Brauer (March 21, 1998). "Fishing Dispute Has Territory In Minnesota Angling To Secede". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  60. ^ "Peterson Statement on Health Care Vote" (Press release). March 21, 2010. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved Mar 25, 2010.
  61. ^ Haberkorn, Jennifer. "Just 4 anti-ACA House Dems left". POLITICO. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  62. ^ Staff, MPR News. "The latest vote to repeal Obamacare wasn't along party lines". www.mprnews.org. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  63. ^ Staff, MPR News. "How your members of Congress voted on the health care bill". www.mprnews.org. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  64. ^ Dilanian, Ken, " Billions go to House panel members' districts", USA Today. July 26, 2007.
  65. ^ H.R. 884: Agricultural Job Opportunities, Benefits, and Security Act of 2005, GovTrack.us
  66. ^ Bill Text 109th Congress (2005–2006) S.359.IS, THOMAS
  67. ^ "GovTrack: House Vote On Passage: H.R. 6166 [109th]: Military Commissions Act of 2006". Govtrack.us. September 27, 2006. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  68. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 23, 2007). "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 404". House of Representatives Roll Call. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
  69. ^ [1]. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  70. ^ Sally Schuff (May 6, 2009). "Peterson cries foul on EPA ethanol proposal, vows not to support climate change bill". Feedstuffs. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
  71. ^ Roper, Eric (July 29, 2009). "Peterson apologizes for slap at constituents". Retrieved July 28, 2009.[dead link]
  72. ^ National Right to Life PAC Endorses Chip Cravaack for Congress in Minnesota 8th Congressional District Archived July 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  73. ^ a b "Full text of House Resolution 3: No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act". Govtrack.us. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  74. ^ "What is 'forcible rape' exactly?". The Washington Post.
  75. ^ Fuller, Matt; Ahmed, Akbar Shahid. "5 Democrats Bail Out Paul Ryan And Protect Saudi Arabia". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  76. ^ a b c Levitz, Eric. "Democrat On Why He Voted to Prolong Yemen War: 'I Don't Know a Damn Thing About It'". New York Magazine. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  77. ^ "2018 State Canvassing Board". Minnesota Secretary of State. pp. 19–20. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  78. ^ "State Canvasing Board 1990". sos.state.mn.us. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  79. ^ Minnesota District 7:Rep. Collin Peterson (D)

External linksEdit