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John Nathan Deal (born August 25, 1942) is an American attorney and politician serving as the 82nd and current Governor of Georgia since 2011. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a member of the Democratic Party in 1992 and switched to the Republican Party in 1995. On March 1, 2010, Deal announced his resignation from Congress to run for Governor of Georgia.

Nathan Deal
Nathan Deal, official 110th Congress photo.jpg
82nd Governor of Georgia
Assumed office
January 10, 2011
LieutenantCasey Cagle
Preceded bySonny Perdue
Succeeded byBrian Kemp (elect)
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia
In office
January 3, 1993 – March 21, 2010
Preceded byEd Jenkins
Succeeded byTom Graves
Constituency9th district (1993–2003)
10th district (2003–07)
9th district (2007–10)
Member of the Georgia Senate
from the 49th district
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1993
Preceded byHoward Overby
Succeeded byJane Hemmer
Personal details
John Nathan Deal

(1942-08-25) August 25, 1942 (age 76)
Millen, Georgia, U.S.
Political partyRepublican (1995–present)
Other political
Democratic (before 1995)
Sandra Dunagan (m. 1966)
ResidenceGovernor's Mansion
EducationMercer University (BA, JD)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1966–1968
RankUS Army O3 shoulderboard rotated.svg Captain

Deal faced a crowded field of candidates in the July Republican primary election, ultimately facing former Georgia Secretary of State Karen Handel in a tightly contested August 10, 2010 primary runoff election, and won by fewer than 2500 votes.[1] The following day, Handel declined to pursue a recount and conceded. On November 2, Democratic opponent Roy Barnes called to concede the race for governor of Georgia, making Deal the governor-elect to succeed term-limited Sonny Perdue in 2011.[2]

Deal won his re-election campaign for governor in 2014. He will be succeeded by Governor-elect Brian Kemp.


Early lifeEdit

Deal was born in the town of Millen and grew up on a farm in Sandersville. His parents, Mary (née Mallard) and Noah Jordan Deal, were teachers.[3]

He attended Mercer University in Macon, where he earned his bachelor and law degrees with honors.[4] After he earned his Juris Doctor degree in 1966, he went into the United States Army, where he earned the rank of captain.[5]

Deal spent twenty-three years in private law practice. He was also a criminal prosecutor, a Hall County juvenile court judge, and a Northeastern Judicial Circuit superior court judge. In 1980, he was elected to the Georgia Senate as a Democrat.[6][7]

In November 1990, he was elected by his party to be the President Pro Tempore, the second highest ranking position in the chamber.[8] Democrat Jane R. Hemmer replaced him, but was defeated by Republican Casey Cagle.[citation needed]

U.S. House of Representatives (1993–2010)Edit


Deal was first elected to Congress in November 1992 as a Democrat, succeeding eight-term incumbent Ed Jenkins in Georgia's 9th congressional district. He was re-elected as a Democrat in 1994.[citation needed]

However, on April 11, 1995, shortly after Republicans assumed control of the US House of Representatives for the first time in 40 years, Deal joined the Republican Party, which was led by Speaker Newt Gingrich, a fellow Georgian. Years later, Gingrich said that Deal became a Republican because he liked what he saw in the Contract With America.[9][10]

Deal was handily re-elected in his first election as a Republican in the 1996 General Election, even though Jenkins endorsed his Democratic opponent, attorney McCracken "Ken" Poston. This was the first time his district had elected a Republican for a full term since Reconstruction.[citation needed]

Deal was unopposed for re-election in 1998, 2002 and 2004 and defeated an underfunded Democratic candidate in 2000. His district was renumbered the 10th District in 2003, but became the 9th again after a mid-decade redistricting in 2006.[citation needed]

In November 2006, Deal was re-elected 77%–23%. His Democratic opponent was John Bradbury, a former elementary school teacher turned truck driver. His district, already heavily Republican, became even more Republican after the mid-decade redistricting pushed it further into the Atlanta suburbs.[citation needed]


Deal's voting record was relatively moderate in his first term, getting ratings in the 60s from the American Conservative Union (ACU). He moved sharply to the right after his party switch and voted for all four articles of impeachment against Bill Clinton. From 1996 onward, he garnered ratings of 90 or higher from the ACU.

During his 17 years in Congress, Deal rose to chair the Health Subcommittee of Energy and Commerce, where he became a noted expert on entitlement reform and health care policy.[11]

Nathan Deal introduced H.R. 698, the Citizenship Reform Act, which would eliminate birthright citizenship for illegal aliens in the U.S. The 14th Amendment begins "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States...." Deal's argument is that illegal aliens (and their children) are not subject to U.S. jurisdiction.[12]

Recovery Services, Inc. controversyEdit

The Office of Congressional Ethics released a report on March 30, 2010, that concluded Deal appeared to have improperly used his office staff to pressure Georgia officials to continue the state vehicle inspection program that generated hundreds of thousands of dollars a year for his family's auto salvage business. Deal stated: "I have done nothing wrong and am not going to let this tarnish my (...) record of public service."[13]

The Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE), released their investigative report (Review No. 09-1022) on March 30, 2010. The report stipulates,

Representative Nathan Deal and his business partner own Recovery Services, Inc. a/k/a Gainesville Salvage & Disposal ('GSD'), located in Gainesville, Georgia... The OCE does not take a position on Representative Deal's motivations for inserting himself into discussions of potential modifications to a state vehicle inspection program... The OCE reviews the facts as presented at the time of review and does not take a position on whether Representative Deal's income from GSD was mistakenly reported as earned income since 2006 on his federal income taxes... [F]or all the reasons stated above, the OCE Board recommends further review by the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct.

(Note: Report was submitted on January 28, 2010.) The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, otherwise known as the House Ethics Committee, never reported or commented on any investigation of Representative Deal.[14]

Resignation from congressEdit

Deal's resignation, announced March 1, 2010, excluded him from the Office of Congressional Ethics' jurisdiction.[15][16] Although this seemed too coincidental for some, Deal maintained in a speech to supporters that the resignation was so that he could "devote [his] full energies" to the gubernatorial campaign.[17] Before returning to Georgia to run for governor, Deal cast his final congressional vote against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.[18]

Committee assignmentsEdit


2010 election for GovernorEdit

Incumbent Republican Governor Sonny Perdue was term-limited in 2010. Seven candidates filed to run in the Republican primary. In the initial Republican primary in July, no candidate received the 50% threshold to win the primary outright. Georgia Secretary of State Karen Handel ranked first with 34%, qualifying for the run-off election. Deal ranked second with 23% of the vote.

Candidates who didn't qualify include State Senator Eric Johnson (20%), Insurance Commissioner John Oxendine (16%), State Senator Jeff Chapman (3%), businessman Ray McBerry (3%), and businessman Otis Putnam (0%). Deal performed the strongest in the northern part of the state, where he lives and represents. However, he also won some counties in the southern part of the state, such as Candler (30%) and Tift (24%). He won five counties with a majority including his home of Hall (64%), Dade (56%), Walker (56%), White (53%), and Stephens (53%).[19]

The run-off election between Handel and Deal was very competitive. Deal was endorsed by former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, U.S. Rep. Jack Kingston, and former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee. Handel was endorsed by Arizona Governor Jan Brewer and former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin.[20]

On August 10, Deal defeated Handel 50.2%-49.8%, a difference of just 2,519 votes. Handel performed well in the western and eastern borders of the state, as well as the counties surrounding Atlanta. She won the heavily populated Fulton County with 71%, her best performance in the state followed by Glascock (70%) and Burke (70%). Deal's two best counties were Taliaferro (80%) and Hall (79%).[21]

In the general election, he faced former governor and state senator Roy Barnes (D) and John Monds (L). Barnes previously won the 1998 gubernatorial election with 52% of the vote,[22] and lost re-election in 2002 to State Senator Sonny Perdue 51%-46%. Perdue was the first Georgia Republican Governor since Reconstruction.[23][24]

Barnes has always been considered a moderate. After he lost re-election, he returned to practicing law for the last eight years until trying to make a comeback. Deal tried to connect Barnes with President Barack Obama. Barnes said "if you would listen to what is being said, you would have thought that this is an election for president of the United States." Barnes also tried to distance himself from Obama saying his health care law was "the greatest failure of political leadership in my lifetime". On November 3, Deal defeated Barnes 53%-43%.[25]

2011 Ethics InvestigationEdit

In 2011, then Georgia Government Transparency and Campaign Finance Commission Executive Secretary Stacey Kalberman and Deputy Executive Secretary Sherilyn Streiker launched an ethics investigation into Deal's campaign finances during his 2010 gubernatorial race. According to the complaint, Deal had used state campaign funds to pay legal bills stemming from a federal ethics investigation when he was in Congress, that he had personally profited from his gubernatorial campaign's $135,000 rental of aircraft from a company he partly owned, and that he had accepted campaign contributions beyond the legal limits.[26] The campaign also paid a total of $135,000 to consulting companies which were owned by Deal's daughter-in-law and the father of Chris Riley, Deal's chief of staff.[27]

As Kalberman and Streiker were preparing to serve subpoenas to Deal on grounds of these allegations, his chief of staff, and others involved in the case, Kalberman's salary was cut by $35,000 and Streiker was ousted from her position.[28] Soon after, Kalberman was forced to resign and was replaced by Holly LaBerge, who was recruited by the governor's office.[citation needed]

On July 23, 2012, the ethics commission cleared Deal of major ethics violations while finding he made "technical defects" in a series of personal financial and campaign finance reports. In July 2012, Deal agreed to pay $3,350 in administrative fees to resolve violations of campaign finance and disclosure laws.[29]

Holly LaBerge, the head of the ethics commission that cleared Deal of major ethics violations, claimed in July 2014 that Ryan Teague, Deal's counsel, called her to say: "It was not in the agency's best interest for these cases to go to a hearing … nor was it in their best political interest either." Deal has stated that he is "not aware of any communications along those lines".[30]

2014 gubernatorial electionEdit

Deal ran for re-election in 2014. He defeated two primary challengers and defeated Democratic State Senator Jason Carter in the general election with 53% of the vote to Carter's 45%.

Governor of Georgia (2011–present)Edit

Governor Deal, April 2017


Deal took office as governor on January 10, the second Monday of 2011. His second inauguration took place on January 12, 2015.[31][32]


In 2011, despite protests outside his office and threats of boycotts,[33] Deal signed Georgia HB 87 into law, which increased the state's enforcement powers in regards to illegal immigration, as well as required many employers to determine whether their newly hired employees are illegal immigrants or not.[34]

Criminal justice reformEdit

In 2011, Georgia was in the midst of a criminal justice crisis. The prison population had doubled in the past two decades to 56,000, along with the state's incarceration budget. The recidivism rate was 30 percent for adults and 65 percent for juveniles. In response, Deal commissioned the Georgia Criminal Justice Reform Council, tasked with performing an exhaustive review of the state's current system, identifying key areas of focus and providing recommendations for reforms.[35] These areas included increased funding and support for accountability courts, overhauling the juvenile justice system, and implementing prisoner re-entry initiatives. The Council's work resulted in bipartisan legislation that is paying dividends. Through these efforts, Georgia has avoided the need for 5,000 additional prison beds over 5 years and saved taxpayers at least $264 million.[36] A 2014 study showed that "prison sentences imposed on African-American offenders have dropped by 20 percent."[37]

On April 25, 2013, Governor Deal signed HB 349 into law, which enacted a second round of criminal justice reforms. These reforms took a "smart on crime" approach and were based on recommendations from the Special Council on Criminal Justice Reform. This law gave those who, while locked up, have earned money toward college in the form of a HOPE Scholarship G-E-D Voucher the ability to use that money up to two years after their release.[38] In addition, Gov. Deal reinvested $5M to create a voluntary grant program that gives communities incentives to offer judges more non-confinement sentencing options. These could include substance abuse treatment or family counseling. These methods have been proven to better reduce recidivism for low-risk offenders.

With the help of the Council and the Vera Institute of Justice, Gov. Deal has developed extensive performance measures to track the success of previous reform to ensure they are enhancing public safety and saving taxpayer dollars. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported, "Since 2007 alone, more than three-dozen such courts have opened their doors across Georgia. In the first quarter of 2014, more than 4,100 offenders were enrolled in the state's 105 accountability courts, and many of these participants would likely be in prison without this alternative."[37]

In regards to the final step of criminal justice reform, re-entry, Governor Deal went a step further. On April 25, 2014, Governor Deal announced the creation of the Governor's Interfaith Council, composed of religious leaders across Georgia, to expand upon recent criminal justice reforms. These programs and council advisors will implement cost-effective strategies will work to increase the number of former offenders returning to the workforce and supporting their families.[39] By removing barriers to employment, housing and education for rehabilitated offenders, a larger number of returning citizens are able to rejoin the workforce and support their families. Some of Deal's initiatives include education and jobs training programs, "banning the box" and creation of the Department of Community Supervision, which streamlines re-entry programs across various state agencies.[36]

Safe Carry Protection ActEdit

In 2014, Deal signed House Bill (H.B.) 60, the Safe Carry Protection Act, referred to by critics as the "Guns Everywhere" Law.[40] Deal stated that gun rights through the United States Constitution's Second Amendment are important to people in Georgia.[40] The Safe Carry Protection Act took effect on July 1, 2014, and permits licensed gun owners to carry guns into many public and private places, including churches, school property, bars, nightclubs, libraries, and some government buildings in Georgia.[40][41][42][43][44][45] The law was supported by the Georgia Baptist Convention which included 3,600 Baptist churches in Georgia in favor of increased church autonomy,[44] but was not supported by Catholic or Episcopalian church leaders due to their belief that it is against Jesus' teachings.[44][46] By 2016, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution found that while 57% of Georgians believed that owning a gun protects people, 59% disapproved of the law itself.[47]

Resettlement of Syrian refugeesEdit

In the wake of 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris and San Bernardino, California, Governor Deal issued an executive order ordering state agencies to "halt any involvement in accepting refugees from Syria for resettlement in the state of Georgia",[48] resulting in the state's Department of Human Resources refusing to process applications for food stamps and other benefits filed by newly arrived Syrian refugees.[49] Deal rescinded his order on January 4, 2016, after Georgia Attorney General Sam Olens said Deal lacked the authority to issue it.[50]

"Religious liberty" bill vetoEdit

On March 28, 2016, Deal vetoed a religious liberty bill that had been passed by both houses of the Georgia State Legislature, and that had been opposed by multiple large corporations, including, the Coca-Cola Company and the Home Depot.[51]

Campus carryEdit

On May 3, 2016, Deal vetoed a campus carry bill that had been passed by the state legislature, after a number of state legislators refused to include exceptions for child-care centers and other places on college campuses. Had Deal signed the bill into law, it would have made concealed carrying of guns legal at every public college in Georgia, so long as the carrier was 21 or older and had a proper permit.[52][53] One year later, on May 4, 2017, Deal signed a revised and stricter version of the campus carry bill into law.[54][55]

Transit LawEdit

On May 3, 2018 Deal signed The ATL transit law. The law allows 13 Metro Atlanta counties to raise the transit sales tax if voters consent. The law also allows Gwinnett to have a MARTA vote and Cobb to set up a MARTA district. The following day Deal announced that $100M would be going to MARTA over the next 10 years.

Electoral historyEdit

Georgia gubernatorial election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % +
Republican Nathan Deal 1,345,237 52.75% -0.27%
Democratic Jason Carter 1,144,794 44.89% +1.92%
Libertarian Andrew Hunt 60,185 2.36% -1.65%
Write-in David Byrne 420 0.17%
Write-in Matthew Jamison 10 0.00%
Write-in Chancey Andrell Porter 2 0.00%
Majority 200,443 7.86% -2.19%
Turnout 2,550,648
Republican hold Swing
Georgia Republican primary gubernatorial election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nathan Deal 430,170 72.15%
Republican David Pennington, III 99,548 16.70%
Republican John Barge 66,500 11.15%
Georgia gubernatorial election, 2010[56]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Nathan Deal 1,365,832 53.02% -4.93%
Democratic Roy Barnes 1,107,011 42.97% +4.75%
Libertarian John Monds 103,194 4.01% +0.17%
Write-ins 124 0.00%
Majority 258,821 10.05% -9.68%
Turnout 2,576,161
Republican hold Swing
Georgia Republican primary runoff gubernatorial election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nathan Deal 291,035 50.2%
Republican Karen Handel 288,516 49.8%
Georgia Republican primary gubernatorial election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Karen Handel 231,990 34.1%
Republican Nathan Deal 155,946 22.9%
Republican Eric Johnson 136,792 20.1%
Republican John Oxendine 115,421 17.0%
Republican Jeff Chapman 20,636 3.0%
Republican Ray McBerry 17,171 2.5%
Republican Otis Putnam 2,543 0.4%
Georgia's 9th congressional district: Results 1992–2000, 2006–2008;
Georgia's 10th congressional district: Results 2002–2004[57]
Year District Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1992 9th Nathan Deal 113,024 59% Daniel Becker 77,919 41%
1994 9th Nathan Deal 79,145 58% Robert L. Castello 57,568 42%
1996 9th McCracken "Ken" Poston 69,662 34% Nathan Deal 132,532 66%
1998 9th (no candidate) Nathan Deal 122,713 100%
2000 9th James Harrington 60,360 25% Nathan Deal 183,171 75%
2002 10th (no candidate) Nathan Deal 129,242 100%
2004 10th (no candidate) Nathan Deal 219,136 100%
2006 9th John D. Bradbury 39,240 23% Nathan Deal 128,685 77%
2008 9th Jeff Scott 70,401 25% Nathan Deal 216,925 75%

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Aaron Gould Sheinin (August 11, 2010). "Deal defeats Handel in August 2010 Republican primary". Archived from the original on March 21, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  2. ^ "Deal defeats Barnes to take Governor's Mansion". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  3. ^ "Nathan Deal (b. 1942)". 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  4. ^ [1] Archived July 11, 2012, at WebCite
  5. ^ "Governor Nathan Deal: Office of the Governor". January 10, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  6. ^ "The U.S. Congress Votes Database". The Washington Post.
  7. ^ "Candidate - Nathan Deal". Our Campaigns. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  8. ^ "The Albany Herald". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  9. ^ "Georgia Congressman Deserts Demos/Nathan Deal is third to switch to GOP since Nov. 8". San Francisco Chronicle. April 11, 1995. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  10. ^ Newt Gingrich talks about Nathan Deal on YouTube in campaign video for Deal's gubernatorial bid.
  11. ^ USA (2015-09-28). "Health Subcommittee Chairman Takes Lead on Cancer Care: Interview With Rep. Nathan Deal". PMC 2794635. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  12. ^ H. R. 698 (see especially section 3)
  13. ^ March 30, 2010, by Eric Lipton (March 29, 2010). "Ethics Report Faults Ex-Congressman". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  14. ^ OCE (March 26, 2010). "Review No. 09-1022" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 7, 2010.
  15. ^ Justin Elliott (March 1, 2010). "Did GOP Rep Resign To Squelch Ethics Probe?". Retrieved September 25, 2010.
  16. ^ Aaron Gould Sheinin (March 1, 2010). "Breaking: Deal says he'll resign from Congress | Gold Dome Live". Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  17. ^ March 1, 2010 by Aaron Gould Sheinin and Jim Tharpe. "Deal's resignation upends state politics". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
  18. ^ "Nathan Deal on the Issues". Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  19. ^ "GA Governor - R Primary Race". Our Campaigns. July 20, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  20. ^ "Karen Handel Concedes Georgia GOP Governor Runoff to Nathan Deal". CBS News. August 11, 2010. Archived from the original on January 23, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  21. ^ "GA Governor - R Runoff Race". Our Campaigns. August 10, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  22. ^ "GA Governor Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1998. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  23. ^ "Handel, Deal Neck and Neck in GOP Gubernatorial Runoff". Fox News Channel. August 11, 2010.
  24. ^ "GA - Governor Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 2002. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  25. ^ "GA Governor Race". Our Campaigns. November 2, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Copeland, Larry (July 16, 2014). "New ethics memo surfaces, roiling Ga. governor's race". USA Today.
  27. ^ Walls, Jim (August 28, 2011). "Probe sought Deal data". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  28. ^ Sheinin, Aaron (April 4, 2014). "Jury rules in favor of ex-ethics chief; awards $700,000 judgment". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  29. ^ Cassidy, Christina (December 12, 2013). "Subpoenas Related To Ethics Complaints Involving Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal". The Huffington Post.
  30. ^ Sheinin, Aaron (July 14, 2014). "Ethics chief claims Deal aides pressured her, threatened agency". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  31. ^ "Georgia Gubernatorial Inauguration". C-SPAN.
  32. ^ Associated Press (2015-01-12). "Gov. Deal inauguration today". Augusta Chronicle.
  33. ^ Valdes, Gustavo (13 May 2011). "Georgia governor signs controversial anti-illegal immigration law". CNN. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  34. ^ "Georgia governor signs immigration bill into law". USA Today. Associated Press. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  35. ^ Press Release (February 16, 2011) - "Deal, Leaders Seek Commission on Criminal Justice Reform". Governor Nathan Deal - Office of the Governor.
  36. ^ a b Shavin, Naomi (2015-04-01). "GOP Governor Nathan Deal Is Leading the U.S. on Prison Reform". New Republic. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  37. ^ a b Rankin, Bill & Gould Sheinin, Aaron (August 2, 2014) - "Fewer Black Georgians Sent to Prison". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  38. ^ Press Release (August 4, 2014) - "AJC: Deal's Criminal Justice Reforms Paying Dividends". Governor Nathan Deal - Office of the Governor.
  39. ^ Press Release (April 25, 2014) - "Deal: Interfaith Council Will Build Upon Criminal Justice Reform Initiatives". Governor Nathan Deal - Office of the Governor.
  40. ^ a b c Georgia law allows guns in some schools, bars, churches, CNN, Atlanta, GA: Cable News Network/Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., April 23, 2014, Sayers, D.M. & McLaughlin, E.C.. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  41. ^ House Bill 60, Official Code of Georgia Annotated, Georgia House of Representatives, Atlanta, GA, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  42. ^ Ga. governor signs 'guns everywhere' into law, USA Today, New York, NY: Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc., April 23, 2014, Copeland, L. & Richards, D.. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  43. ^ Georgia governor signs 'unprecedented' gun rights bill, The Huffington Post, The Huffington Post, LLC, April 23, 2014, Lavender, P.. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  44. ^ a b c Georgia’s sweeping gun law sparks religious backlash, Time, May 5, 2014, Sanburn, J.. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  45. ^ Georgia lawmakers pass controversial 'guns everywhere' bill, MSNBC, New York, NY: NBC Universal, March 21, 2014, Richinick, M.. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  46. ^ Catholic archbishop: No guns in my churches,, West Palm Beach, FL: Newsmax Media, Inc., April 30, 2014, Burke, C.. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  47. ^ "New AJC poll shows voters disapprove of Georgia's new gun law". Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  48. ^ "State of Georgia Executive Order" (PDF). November 13, 2015.
  49. ^ Redmon, Jeremy (December 10, 2015). "Georgia won't process benefits applications for new Syrian refugees". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  50. ^ "Georgia: Governor Lifts Block Against Syrian Refugees". The New York Times. Associated Press. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  51. ^ Ellis, Ralph (28 March 2016). "Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal to veto 'religious liberty' bill". CNN. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  52. ^ Bluestein, Greg (3 May 2016). "Deal rejects Georgia's 'campus carry' bill". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  53. ^ "Georgia governor vetoes "campus-carry" concealed gun bill". CBS News. Associated Press. 3 May 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  54. ^ "Governor Nathan Deal Signs "Campus Carry" Bill". WAGA-TV. May 4, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  55. ^ Hagen, Lisa (May 4, 2017). "Flipping On The Issue, Georgia Gov. Signs Campus Carry Bill". NPR. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  56. ^ "11/2/2010 - Federal and Statewide". Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  57. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 25, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008.

External linksEdit



U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ed Jenkins
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 9th congressional district

Succeeded by
Charlie Norwood
Preceded by
Charlie Norwood
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 10th congressional district

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 9th congressional district

Succeeded by
Tom Graves
Party political offices
New office Chair of the Blue Dog Coalition for Policy
Served alongside: Gary Condit (Administration), John S. Tanner (Communications)
Succeeded by
Collin Peterson
Preceded by
Sonny Perdue
Republican nominee for Governor of Georgia
2010, 2014
Succeeded by
Brian Kemp
Political offices
Preceded by
Sonny Perdue
Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
Brian Kemp
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Georgia
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Phil Murphy
as Governor of New Jersey
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Georgia
Succeeded by
Dannel Malloy
as Governor of Connecticut