Open main menu

KVRR, virtual channel 15 (UHF digital channel 19), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Fargo, North Dakota, United States. It is the flagship television property of Red River Broadcasting, which has owned the station since its inception. KVRR's studios are located at the intersection of South 40th Street and South 9th Avenue in Fargo, and its transmitter is located near Rollag, Minnesota. KVRR also handles master control and some internal operations for sister station and fellow Fox affiliate KQDS-TV in Duluth, Minnesota.

KVRR
Current KVRR logo
Fargo, North DakotaMoorhead, Minnesota
United States
CityFargo, North Dakota
BrandingKVRR (general)
KVRR Local News (newscasts)
SloganWhere Local News Comes First
ChannelsDigital: 19 (UHF)
Virtual: 15 (PSIP)
TranslatorsSee below
Affiliations15.1: Fox (1986–present)
15.2: Antenna TV
OwnerRed River Broadcasting
(Red River Broadcast Company, LLC)
First air dateFebruary 14, 1983 (36 years ago) (1983-02-14)
Call letters' meaningValley of the Red River
(coverage area)
Former callsignsKVNJ-TV (1983–1985)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
15 (UHF, 1983–2009)
Former affiliationsIndependent (1983–1986)
Transmitter power1,000 kW
Height379 m (1,243 ft)
Facility ID55372
Transmitter coordinates46°40′29″N 96°13′40″W / 46.67472°N 96.22778°W / 46.67472; -96.22778
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license informationProfile
CDBS
Websitewww.kvrr.com

The station's programming is simulcast on three full-power satellite stations: KJRR (VHF channel 7) in Jamestown, North Dakota, KBRR (VHF channel 10) in Thief River Falls, Minnesota (serving Grand Forks) and KNRR (VHF channel 12) in Pembina, North Dakota (which also covers parts of southern Manitoba, Canada, including Winnipeg).

On cable, KVRR (or one of its satellite stations) is available in most of the market on channel 10 in standard definition, and on Midco digital channel 610 and Sparklight digital channel 1010 in high definition.

HistoryEdit

 
KVRR studio in Fargo, North Dakota.

The station first signed on the air on February 14, 1983, under the callsign KVNJ-TV. It was the first independent station in the Dakotas, as well as the first new standalone full-power commercial station to sign on in the Fargo/Grand Forks market in 29 years. WDAZ-TV (channel 8) in Grand Forks had signed on in 1967, but is co-owned with Fargo's WDAY-TV (channel 6).

The station changed its call letters to KVRR in 1985; that year, KBRR signed on from Thief River Falls, Minnesota as a satellite station serving Grand Forks. Satellite station KNRR signed on from Pembina in 1986, with intentions to target Winnipeg and southern Manitoba. Shortly afterward, on October 6, 1986, the three-station network became a charter affiliate of the upstart Fox network. However, the stations still programmed themselves as independents, since Fox carried only one program at the time (The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers, which was beaten in the ratings by NBC's The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, from which she was subsequently banned from appearing). KJRR in Jamestown joined KVRR's regional network in 1988; KJRR served as the network's affiliate for the eastern portion of the Bismarck television market (excluding the city of Bismarck itself) until November 1999, when KNDX signed on as Fox's first affiliate in central North Dakota.

In December 1988, KVRR partnered with three other independent stations in Minnesota—KTMA (now CW affiliate WUCW) in Minneapolis–Saint Paul, KXLI (now Ion Television owned-and-operated station KPXM) in St. Cloud and KXLT-TV (now a Fox affiliate) in Rochester—to create a new regional television network called the Minnesota Independent Network (MIN). Despite good intentions, the network never got off the ground.

The stations also carried programming from the United Paramount Network (UPN) on a tape delay from the network's debut on January 16, 1995 until its programming was dropped in 1998, due to the presence of Minneapolis UPN affiliate KMSP-TV on cable providers in most of KVRR's viewing area (when KMSP became a Fox owned-and-operated station in September 2002, KCPM in Grand Forks signed on as a full-time UPN station in 2003).

 
KVRR's last logo while branded simply "Fox," used from March 2014 through early 2015.

From the mid-1990s until March 2015, KVRR did not include any regional, channel, or call letter branding on-air outside of FCC-required station identifications, a rarity among American television stations. The four stations were collectively branded as "Your Fox Station" or officially, "Fox." The newscasts were branded as Fox News. The station began phasing out the "Fox" branding in favor of simply branding by the KVRR call letters in March 2015. Station management stated that the rebrand was done in order to bring its branding in line with the Fargo market's other major network stations (NBC affiliate KVLY-TV (channel 11), ABC affiliate WDAY-TV (channel 6), Grand Forks' ABC affiliate WDAZ-TV (channel 8), and CBS affiliate KXJB-LD (which brands by its former channel number as "KX4", now occupied by KRDK-TV), which have long branded with their call letters) and to distinguish the station from Fox News Channel; KVRR is one of only a handful of Fox affiliates that omits network references in their branding. KVRR launched a website on September 15, 2011.

In the summer of 2015, Red River Broadcasting announced that Antenna TV will be carried on the digital subchannels of all of its owned TV stations and satellite stations on January 1, 2016, including KVRR (relayed on KBRR, KJRR, and KNRR), KQDS-TV in Duluth, and KDLT-TV in Sioux Falls, South Dakota (relayed on KDLV in Mitchell).[citation needed]

KNRR and the old KCNDEdit

KNRR (channel 12) operates on a channel frequency previously occupied by KCND-TV, a station formerly owned by Gordon McLendon. In September 1975, Izzy Asper acquired the station and relocated it to Winnipeg, relaunching as CKND-TV on VHF channel 9 (now an owned-and-operated station of the Global Television Network). Ten years later, in 1986, channel 12 returned to the air, as KVRR semi-satellite, KNRR.

The coverage area of KNRR's analog signal included Winnipeg, which has almost double the population of KVRR's entire primary service area in North Dakota and western Minnesota. However, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) barred Winnipeg-area cable systems from carrying KNRR due to concerns that local advertisers would purchase time on KNRR rather than on television stations in the Winnipeg market.[1][2] As a result, Shaw Cable systems in the Winnipeg area carry Rochester, New York affiliate WUHF as the Fox station available in the market, while MTS TV carries Fox's owned-and-operated station in Minneapolis–Saint Paul, KMSP-TV.

Even during the analog television era, when the northern fringe of KNRR's grade B signal contour encompassed Winnipeg, KNRR was all but impossible to receive in the River Heights and North End neighborhoods of the city, and was also subject to interference from hydro lines and telephone relay stations.[3] Over time, KNRR's transmitter degraded and was not replaced, further reducing the signal quality.[4]

KNRR shut down its signal on June 12, 2009, when the digital television transition took place. KNRR had not installed a digital transmitter, and its post-transition digital allotment on UHF channel 15 had already been reassigned to PBS member station KGFE as that station's post-transition allocation.[5] Although it easily could have ceased operations permanently, the station's digital signal resumed operation in late October 2009, albeit operating at a very low power.[6][7]

Although it can be received in several rural counties in North Dakota and Minnesota, the station's largest potential audience lies in the urban centers of southern Manitoba, including Altona, Morden and Winkler.[8]

Digital televisionEdit

 
KVRR tower in Tansem, Minnesota.

Digital channelsEdit

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming
[9]
15.1 720p 16:9 KVRR-DT Main KVRR programming / Fox
15.2 480i 4:3 ANTENNA Antenna TV[10]

Analog-to-digital conversionEdit

In the early 2000s[when?], KVRR became the first commercial television station (the first being Prairie Public Television member stations KFME (channel 13), KGFE in Grand Forks and KCGE-DT in Crookston, Minnesota) in eastern North Dakota to transmit a digital signal.

KVRR shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 15, on February 1, 2009. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 19.[11] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF channel 15.

KVRR and KJRR were the only stations in KVRR's regional network to broadcast programming in high-definition until March 2011, when KBRR and KNRR upgraded their digital signals to transmit programming in HD. On March 18, 2011, Midcontinent Communications added KBRR's high definition feed on its systems in Grand Forks and Devils Lake as it became available.[12]

Satellite stations and translatorsEdit

Satellite stationsEdit

KVRR operates three full-power satellite stations: KJRR, KBRR, and KNRR. These stations fully simulcast KVRR, but KBRR and KNRR occasionally air separate commercials for Grand Forks and the northern portion of the viewing area.

Station City of license
(other locations served)
Channel First air date Second letter of callsign meaning ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
KJRR Jamestown
(Valley City)
Digital: 7 (VHF)
Virtual: 7 (PSIP)
February 8, 1988; 31 years ago (1988-02-08) Jamestown, North Dakota 21.3 kW 135 m (443 ft) 55364 46°55′25.5″N 98°46′20.2″W / 46.923750°N 98.772278°W / 46.923750; -98.772278 (KJRR)
KBRR Thief River Falls, MN
(Grand Forks)
Digital: 10 (VHF)
Virtual: 10 (PSIP)
September 1985; 34 years ago (1985-09) Red River Broadcasting Company 9.3 kW 198.1 m (650 ft) 55370 47°58′38″N 96°36′18″W / 47.97722°N 96.60500°W / 47.97722; -96.60500 (KBRR)
KNRR Pembina
(Southern Manitoba/Winnipeg)
Digital: 12 (VHF)
Virtual: 12 (PSIP)
September 19, 1986; 33 years ago (1986-09-19) Northern North Dakota 4.4 kW 427 m (1,401 ft) 55362 48°59′44″N 97°24′28″W / 48.99556°N 97.40778°W / 48.99556; -97.40778 (KNRR)

TranslatorsEdit

KVRR serves its large coverage area with three translators. All are owned by local municipalities and relay KBRR.

City of license Callsign Channel
Baudette K16KE-D 36.2
Roseau K26OH-D 17.1
Williams K36LW-D 36.2

KVRR originally relayed its programming on a large network of translators throughout eastern North Dakota and west-central Minnesota. However, only one remains and two more in Lake of the Woods County were added as multiplexed digital subchannels after their transition to digital broadcasts in 2011. K26OH-D/Roseau is owned by Roseau County and K16KE/Baudette and K36LW/Williams are owned by Lake of the Woods County.

K61BJ in Donnelly, Minnesota, K54AT in Brainerd, Minnesota, K33HB in Devils Lake, North Dakota, and K05IV in Park Rapids, Minnesota are no longer actively used as translators of KVRR. K61BJ was thought to be in operation by KVRR, but due to lack of communication it was found that the translator was damaged beyond repair by a lightning strike in 2005. K54AT was taken off the air in mid-April 2008, never to return. This was due to several reasons, the most significant being that the Brainerd was already served by a translator of Twin Cities Fox O&O KMSP-TV. K33HB was knocked off-the-air due to a tower collapse. K05IV's license was surrendered to the Federal Communications Commission on June 12, 2013.

KVRR originally maintained translators in north-central Alexandria, Bemidji, Grand Rapids, Red Lake, and Walker, Minnesota. However, the Bemidji translator was forced off the air by the sign-on of WFTC satellite station KFTC, which was affiliated with Fox at the time. The Grand Rapids translator now carries sister station KQDS-TV in Duluth, whose master control and non-news programming originates from Fargo. The Alexandria, Red Lake and Walker translators, owned by private groups, now carry stations from the Twin Cities.

ProgrammingEdit

Syndicated programs broadcast on KVRR include The Big Bang Theory, Divorce Court, Family Feud, and The People's Court, among others.[citation needed]

News operationEdit

 
Previous KVRR FOX News logo until 2014.

KVRR presently broadcasts 9½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 1½ hours each weekday and one hour each on Saturdays and Sundays). As with most programming, the station's newscasts are simulcast on satellite stations KJRR, KBRR and KNRR, with separate Grand Forks area commercials occasionally inserted on KBRR/KNRR.

KVRR launched its news department in July 2000, when it debuted a half-hour nightly newscast at 9 p.m., becoming the first primetime newscast in the Fargo market. In 2009, the station debuted a half-hour weeknight-only newscast at 6 p.m. On September 19, 2011, the 9 p.m. newscast was expanded from 35 minutes to one hour. On February 5, 2014, KVRR became the third and last television news operation in the Fargo-Grand Forks market (after KXJB-TV 4/KVLY 11 and WDAY 6/WDAZ 8) to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ARCHIVED - Decision CRTC 86-1006
  2. ^ ARCHIVED - Decision CRTC 94-793
  3. ^ Prokosh, Kevin (January 10, 1986). "KNRR reception depends on where viewers live". Winnipeg Free Press.
  4. ^ http://data.fcc.gov/mediabureau/v01/tv/application/1286412.html
  5. ^ APPLICATION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO CONSTRUCT A DIGITAL TELEVISION BROADCAST STATION
  6. ^ Resurrected Pembina station to provide Winnipeg’s first over-the-air digital signal
  7. ^ Northpine Index
  8. ^ RabbitEars coverage map for KNRR
  9. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KVRR
  10. ^ "Antenna TV". KVRR. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  11. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ http://www.grandforksherald.com/event/article/id/197301/group/homepage/
  13. ^ "KVRR broadcasts first high-definition newscast". Prairie Business Magazine. Forum News Service. February 6, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.

External linksEdit